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    [Lihat sebelah

    6355/1 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA SULIT

    MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

    PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN

    SIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2009

    ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    Kertas 1

    Satu jam lima belas minit

    JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHUArahan

    For Examiners Use

    Marks

    Question 1 10A

    Question 2 10

    B 30

    TOTAL 50

    1. Tuliskan nama dan kelas anda padaruang yang disediakan.

    2. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi duabahagian : Bahagian A dan Bahagian B.

    3.

    Jawabsemuasoalan.4. Tuliskan semua jawapan anda untukBahagian A dan Bahagian B di ruangan

    yang disediakan.

    5. Anda dinasihatkan supaya mengambilmasa 30 minit untuk menjawab soalan

    dalam Bahagian A dan 45 minit untukmenjawab soalan dalam Bahagian B.

    Instructions

    1. Write your name and classin the space provided.2. This question paper consists of two sections : Section A andSection B.3. Answerall questions.4. Write all your answers forSection A andSection Bin the space provided.5. You are advised to spend 30 minutes to answer the questions in Section A and 45 minutes

    on the questions in Section B

    Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 8 halaman bercetak

    SULIT

    6355/1

    English for

    Science and

    Technology

    Kertas 1

    September

    20091 jam

    6

    35

    5

    6355/1

    Nama : .. Kelas :.. papercollection

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    2

    Section A

    [20 marks]

    [Time suggested: 30 minutes]

    Question 1

    Read the following text and complete the given task.

    (Adapted from:Just English Vol 2. Issue 3)

    Insects first appeared over 400 million years ago. Today, scientists have recorded over900,000 species of insects, more than all other plants and animals. The typical insect

    structure, comprising a head, thorax and abdomen with six legs and a set of wings, is

    particularly mobile and robust.

    As a general rule insects get a very bad press. Over the centuries, insects have been

    responsible for spreading terrible diseases such as malaria, sleeping sickness and plague.Insects such as locusts have also consumed crops before they are harvested, causing famineand starvation. However, despite such damning evidence, perhaps it is now time to restore

    the balance and consider life without insects.

    Insects are primary food source for the majority of reptiles, amphibians and birds.

    Deprived of their food source, such animals would quickly die out. Without insects,

    flowering plants would not be pollinated and would fail to reproduce. In addition, insects arenatures most effective recyclers. Without insects to recycle the nutrients in dead animals

    and plants, the earth would swiftly cease to contain essential nutrient. Eventually, if there

    were no insects, only wind-pollinated plants would survive and the land would be inhabited

    by only a sparse and meagre animal life.

    There are a number of explanations for the amazing success of insects. Insects are

    capable of changing form, or metamorphosing, and consequently are able to exploit separateforms of food and habitat whether on land or in the water.

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    3

    Based on the information from the text, complete the table below.

    [10 marks]

    INSECTS

    TYPICAL STRUCTURE

    1._______________________________________________

    2._______________________________________________

    3._______________________________________________

    4._______________________________________________

    THREATS5._______________________________________________

    6._______________________________________________

    USEFULNESS7._______________________________________________

    8._______________________________________________

    ABILITIES9._______________________________________________

    10.______________________________________________

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    4

    Question 2

    Read the following text and complete the given task.

    When scientists first examined the human brain, they found it to be divided into two

    hemispheres, which are nearly identical in appearance, mirroring each other just as the two

    sides of the body do. When Roger Sperry examined patients whose connection between the

    two hemispheres - the corpus callosum - was severed, he found that the two sides of brain

    seemed to have different functions.

    Many investigators have studied the differences between the functions of the two

    hemispheres and have found their relationship to be quite complex. Unfortunately, however,

    most people have tended to over-generalise. The left brain is supposed to be logical, rational

    and analytical, whereas the right brain is supposed to be creative and emotional. The brains

    hemispheres are not so simplistically split into two neat divisions. In fact, both hemispheres

    participate in almost all our mental activities.

    Both hemispheres are in operation when we reason. The left hemisphere is dominant in

    recognising abstract differences. The right hemisphere tends to recognise sameness.

    The two hemispheres act as partners in language and communication. It appears that the

    left hemisphere is dominant when it comes to understanding grammar and syntax, but when

    it comes to interpreting emotions in communication, the right brain excels. Whenever we use

    language, both hemispheres process the information.

    The brain is not totally divided about music. Many people assume that music is

    mediated solely in the right brain. That is not so. It is true that the right brain recognises

    chords and melodies and seems to mediate pure and slow tones. The left hemisphere is also

    involved in music. Fast music, such as bluegrass, requires the brain to make judgments about

    sequencing and rhythm and for this the left hemisphere lends its services.

    Both hemispheres are involved in our mental activities which are in constant

    communication to make sense out of life.

    (Adapted from:Refining Composition Skills)

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    5

    Based on the information from the text, complete the graphic organiser below.

    BRAIN

    Left Hemisphere Right Hemisphere

    connected by

    1._______________________________

    Common assumptions

    Reasoning abilities

    Language and

    Communication abilities

    Musical abilities

    [10 marks]

    Logical

    2.____________________

    3.____________________

    5._________________________ 9.____________________

    4._________________________

    Recognising sameness

    7.____________________

    8.____________________

    10.___________________6._________________________

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    Section B

    [30 marks]

    [Time suggested: 45 minutes]

    Read the information given and complete the task.

    - Burning of fossil fuels- Deforestation- Open burning- Disposing of waste in landfills- Rising sea levels- Droughts and intense rainstorms-

    Loss of plants and animal species

    - Health problemsWrite a report on the causes and effects of global warming.

    In your report, you must:

    use all the information given elaborate by giving relevant information provide any other additional information

    Your report should not be less than 200 words.

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    7

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

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    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    ______________________________________________________________________________

    KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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    6355/2 2009 Hak Cipta Bahagian Pendidikan & Latihan (Menengah) MARA SULIT

    MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

    PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAANSIJIL PELAJARAN MALAYSIA 2009

    ENGLISH FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    Kertas 2

    Satu jam

    JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

    Arahan

    1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungidua bahagian dan 30 soalan.2. Jawabsemuasoalan.3. Hitamkan semua jawapan anda untukBahagian A dan Bahagian B di dalam kertas

    jawapan yang disediakan.

    4. Soalan-soalan yang dikemukakan dalam kertas soalan diikuti oleh empat pilihanjawapan, iaitu A, B, C dan D. Pilih satu jawapan sahaja

    Instructions

    1. This question paper consists oftwo sections and 30 questions.2. Answerall questions.3. Shade all your answers forSection A andSection B on the answer sheet provided.4. Questions in this question paper are followed by four options, A, B, C andD. Choose

    only one answer.

    Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 15 halaman bercetak dan 1 halaman tidak bercetak

    SULIT

    6355/2

    English for

    Science and

    Technology

    Kertas 2

    September

    2009

    1 jam

    6

    3

    5

    5

    2

    6355/2

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    2

    Questions 1 25 are based on the given stimuli. Study the information carefully andchoose the best answer.

    1. Tsunamis are caused by

    A shallow waters near a coast

    B giant waves of 30 metres or more

    C wave movements in the open ocean

    D earthquakes under the ocean floor

    2. The sediment is made up of

    A tiny pieces of chalk

    B calcium carbonate grains

    C seawater and chalk grains

    D mud and calcium carbonate

    When an earthquake takes place beneath the sea bed, it may produce awave in the sea. In the open ocean, the wave may hardly be noticed. But if

    it reaches shallow water near a coast, the wave may rise to heights of 30metres or more. These giant waves are called tsunamis.

    Chalk is a mineral usually found on the seabed and seaside cliffs. Thismineral is formed from very fine grains of calcium carbonate that haveseparated from seawater and settled to become white, muddy sediment onthe sea floor. Over millions of years, the sediment hardened to form chalk.

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    Questions 3 4are based on the following text.

    3. The word they refers to

    A viruses

    B crystals

    C solutions

    D organisms

    4. Both viruses and cellular organisms

    A contain protein and nucleic acid.

    B need a living cell to multiply.

    C can be turned into crystals.

    D can respond to stimuli.

    Viruses exhibit some but not all the characteristics of living things. Viruses,like all living cellular organisms, contain protein and nucleic acid.However, unlike cellular organisms, viruses can be solidified into crystals.

    But when placed in solutions, theybecome active again. Unlike cellularorganisms, viruses do not repair, grow, or respond to stimuli. Viruses canreproduce only within a living cell, called a host cell. During reproduction,many viruses kill the host cell. However, cellular organisms do notnecessarily need a host to reproduce.

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    5. Which of the following shows the stages of the primary phase of wastewatertreatment?

    A B C D

    screening

    digesting

    drawing off organic

    matter

    removing of

    inorganicmatter

    grinding

    drying

    screening

    grinding

    removing of

    inorganic

    matter

    drawing off organicmatter

    digesting

    drying

    screening

    digesting

    removing of

    inorganic

    matter

    drawing off organicmatter

    grinding

    drying

    screening

    grinding

    drawing off organic

    matter

    removing of

    inorganicmatter

    digesting

    drying

    Wastewater treatment is essential in providing clean and safe water

    consumption. There are three basic phases of wastewater treatment in a

    treatment plant: primary, secondary and tertiary. In the primary phase,

    the first stage is screening where vertical metal bars remove bulky debris

    or objects. Next, it is passed through a grinder where organic materialsare reduced in size. In a grit chamber, inorganic matters are removed.

    Then, in a sedimentation tank, organic materials are drawn off for

    disposal. Then it is further treated in a closed tank in a process called

    digestion. The final stage is drying where the digested sludge is dried

    and converted into fertiliser.

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    6. A placenta within the womb of female mammals serves as

    A the potential internal organs for the foetus

    B the bloodstream for the foetus and the mother

    C a passage for the supply of nourishment for the foetus

    D a medium for close contact of the foetus and the mother

    7. Both gingko and linden can cure headaches because they work on the patients

    A tensions

    B migraines

    C body circulation

    D circulatory system

    In most mammal species, females carry their young in the uterus duringthe development, nourishing them by a placenta, and give birth to liveyoung. The placenta is a specialised organ within the womb of themother that brings the bloodstream of the foetus into close contact withthe blood stream of the mother. The placenta is attached to the umbilical

    cord. It serves as the provisional lungs, intestines and kidneys of theembryo, without ever mixing maternal and foetal blood. Food, water, andoxygen can pass across from mother to child, and wastes can pass overto the mothers blood and be carried away.

    Gingko may be effective in treating ailments associated with decreasedblood flow to the brain. The circulatory system in the body can beboosted by gingko as well and it is a good option in the treatment ofcirculation headaches. Linden relieves tensions and sinus headaches,helping to calm the mind. Also, linden flowers improve the overallfunctioning of the circulatory system and researchers believe it could

    cure migraine as well.

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    8. Cloned farm animals

    A will all become oversized

    B are unable to live an expected life span

    C develop normally as they reach adulthoodD have largely been successful to survive to term

    9. In order for objects to be moved

    A their weight has to be the same.

    B the surfaces must be in contact with each other.

    C enough friction has to be forced upon the objects.

    D force has to be applied to oppose the friction caused.

    Since Dollys birth in 1997, scientists have successfully cloned a widevariety of farm animals and cloning procedures have become increasinglyefficient. Only a small fraction of the transplanted embryos survive to term,however, with most dying late in pregnancy. Those that survive to be bornusually die soon thereafter. Many become oversized, a condition known aslarge offspring syndrome. The few cloned offspring that reach childhoodface an uncertain future, as their development into adults tends to gounexpectedly haywire. Almost none survive to live a normal life span.

    Friction is a type of force that opposes the motion of an object when theobject is in contact with another object or surface. Friction results from twosurfaces rubbing against each other or moving relative to one another. Itcan hinder the motion of an object or prevent an object from moving at all.The strength of frictional force depends on the nature of the surfaces thatare in contact and the force pushing them together. This force is usuallyrelated to the weight of the object or objects.

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    10. Compared to other insects, honey bees have a well-developed sense of smell

    because

    A they are mentally well-developed

    B their genetic code is more complex

    C they have more smell-related genes

    D their development is similar to others

    Velocity / ms-1

    10 - - - - - -W X

    8 -

    6 -

    4 -

    2 - Z YI I I I I I I

    0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14time (sec)

    11. The graph shows a velocity time graph of a truck moving in a straight line.

    Where does the truck apply its maximum speed?

    A W

    B X

    C Y

    D Z

    Scientists have mapped the genetic code of honey bees, uncovering clues

    about their complex social behaviour and their heightened sense of smell.

    The honey bees or Apis melliferaevolve more slowly than other insects

    and have more genes related to smell. Even though the honey bees have

    tiny brains, they display mental prowess and can discern a flowers shape,colour and scent quite skilfully.

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    12. Based on the description in the above text, hardware is

    A mainly made of metal and plastic

    B the physical parts of a computer

    C a set of keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer and disk

    D the parts of a computer that can be seen only when it is switched on

    13. People are easily exposed to contamination because

    A people consume food and water many times a day

    B sanitary measures are followed in restaurants

    C food is left exposed all the time

    D all water is contaminated

    Hardware includes all the components used to make a computer. Theentire computer frame that you see, regardless if the computer is switched-off, is the hardware. Hardware is usually made of metal, plastic or fibre. Itconsists of all the parts of the computer which you can actually touch,

    including the keyboard, monitor, mouse, printer and disk.

    Food and water are the most common sources of parasite transmission.Since most of us eat three times a day and drink water frequentlythroughout the day, our exposure to these sources is constant. Tap waterhas been found to be contaminated with parasitic organisms. Manyrestaurants have less than sanitary conditions ranging from foodpreparation and storage to the utensils and servers hands.

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    14. Natural fibres must undergo a number of processes before being turned into cloth.Which of the following is the correct order of the process?

    A Washing ------- spinning ------- mixing

    B Washing ------- weaving ------- knitting

    C Cleaning ------- washing ------- knitting

    D Cleaning ------- spinning ------- weaving

    15. Which statement is true from the diagram above?

    A The Sun changes position during every Equinox.

    B During the September Equinox the south experiences Summer.

    C The Earths rotation around the Sun determines the different seasons.

    D Winter is experienced by the Northern Hemisphere in December and June.

    Natural fibres must be cleaned or washed before being spun (twisted) intolong threads of yarn. Man-made fibres are also spun: cotton polyester is amix of natural and synthetic fibres, for example. The yarn is then woveninto cloth. Not all fabrics are made by weaving. Knitting is a differentprocess that entwines loops of yarns in a wax.

    Sun

    Earths Seasons

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    16. Which of the following would be an example of the energy in a wound-up spring?

    A Kinetic energy

    B Chemical energy

    C Potential energy

    D Mechanical energy

    17. In case of emergency, which type of blood can be given to a patient with an

    unknown blood type?

    A Type A

    B Type B

    C Type O

    D Type AB

    18. The word clump can best be replaced with

    A mix

    B clot

    C stick

    D react

    Kinetic energy is energy in motion. Anything that is moving or changinghas kinetic energy. Potential energy is stored energy. Something haspotential energy when it is not moving, but it is about to move. Mechanicalenergy is produced by objects or machines changing their positions.Chemical energy is released when substances are broken down.

    Two different blood types cannot be mixed together as the blood cells mayclumptogether which can cause fatality. This is why blood types must bematched before blood transfusion can take place.

    A person with Type A blood can donate blood to a person with TypeA or Type AB

    A person with Type B blood can donate blood to a person with TypeB or Type AB

    A person with Type AB blood can donate blood to a person withType AB only

    A person with Type O blood can donate blood to anyone.

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    19. Which of the following diagrams illustrates short-sightedness?

    A B

    C D

    20. It is true that bulimics

    A openly vomit the food they consume.

    B care less about their physical appearance.

    C lose lesser weight compared to anorexics.

    D need more effective treatment compared to anorexics.

    light light

    lightlight

    People with short-sightedness (myopia) are not able to see objects that arefar away. This is because light rays focus in front of the retina, a result fromthe fact that the eye is not able to focus light rays further back, despitemaximum flattening of its lens. Short-sightedness mainly affects a personsability to look at distant objects where the light rays come straight or

    parallel into the eyes.

    People with bulimia often go on eating spree (binge) and secretly vomit,losing the calories acquired. It is estimated that about 3% of females arebulimic. People with bulimia are also obsessed with their body, weight gainand how they appear to others. Unlike those with anorexia, people withbulimia are often not noticed because their weight varies slightly from theirnormal weight. At the same time, treatment is more effective for bulimiarather than anorexia.

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    21. In the diagram, the understory is labelled as

    A W

    B X

    C Y

    D Z

    Strata of the Tropical Rainforest

    W

    X

    Y

    Z

    The emergents consist of the tops of the tallest trees, which are muchhigher than the average canopy height (ranging up to 270 feet or 81 m). Ithouses many birds and insects while the forest floor is teeming with animallife, especially insects and arachnids plus large animals. The understory isa dark, cool environment that is under the leaves but over the ground.Most of the understory of a rainforest has so little light that plant growth islimited. On the other hand, the canopy; the upper parts of most of thetrees, is full of life. Insects, arachnids, many birds and some mammalsthrive in this area.

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    22. The suitable computer to be used in a submarine is

    A Minicomputer

    B Microcomputer

    C Portable computer

    D Mainframe computer

    Questions 23 24are based on the fol lowing text.

    23. The word elastic can be substituted by

    A rigid

    B flexible

    C dynamic

    D movable

    24. From the text, we can conclude that

    A all senior citizens experience this problem

    B old people tend to suffer from presbyopia

    C presbyopia can be overcome by wearing sunglasses

    D the elderlys eye lenses lose the ability to contract and relax

    Microcomputers or personal computers are small, lightweight and portable.Some of them are more powerful than some of the older, larger mainframecomputers and minicomputers. Mainframe computers are physically thelargest computers you will maintain. Their ruggedness makes them more

    suited than microcomputers and minicomputers to handle the mechanicalshock and vibration, salt spray, temperature and humidity.

    The term presbyopia means old eye and is a vision condition involving theloss of the eyes ability to focus on both near and far objects. It is acondition that occurs as part of normal aging, because when a person getsolder, ones eye lenses become harder and less elastic. The muscles inthe ciliary body also lose their ability to contract and relax. Presbyopiaoccurs gradually over a number of years and is usually noticeable by age40-45.Presbyopia is corrected by wearing glasses with bifocal lenses tosee near and far objects clearly.

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    25. Based on the text above, we can conclude that

    A carbon can be used to cut through many materials

    B diamond is the only gemstone suitable as jewellery

    C diamonds can slice through almost all common materials

    D carbon is used in the manufacture of drilling and cutting tools

    The crystals of about eighty special minerals are known as gemstones.Many gemstones are used just for making jewellery while others have lessglamourous uses. The most valuable gemstone is diamond. It is a crystalof carbon. It is an extremely hard substance that can cut through manymaterials. Industrial diamonds are used in the manufacture of drilling and

    cutting tools. The finest diamonds are cut and polished for jewellery.

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    Questions 26 30 are based on the following passage. Choose the most appropriateanswer from the options given.

    The vibration of an earthquake is felt most strongly along the fault line at the

    epicenter. The majority of earthquakes seem to ____26____ at the depths of 10 to 20miles below the epicenter. Some are deeper, but none come from a greater depth than 450

    miles. It appears that ____27____ forces at these levels cause rocks to slowly, but

    positively, flow or creep.

    The rocks behave as a spring being ____28____, adjusting gradually to the

    great pressure. Sometimes the rock is deformed too rapidly so that the limit of its

    ____29____ is reached, and it breaks. Some of the vast energy of the deforming forces is

    ____30____ by one rock mass rubbing on another. This causes vibration that is

    transmitted from rock to rock for thousands of miles.

    26. A derive

    B evolve

    C originate

    D commence

    27. A central

    B surfaceC underneath

    D underground

    28. A bent

    B broken

    C twisted

    D twirled

    29. A power

    B strengthC condition

    D resilience

    30. A spilled

    B released

    C confinedD absorbed

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