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586 Appliances, Bondages, Surface markiegs, &c. The fees payable for the Fmal examination shall be,-for the whole examination, £15, for re-entry in all subjects after rejPction, E5. There are six periods of examination annually, four in Edinburgh and two in Glasgow, and candidates may present themselvesvat either examining centre irrespectively of the place of the previous examination. The Registrar in Edin- burgh is Mr. J. Robertson, Solicitor, 54, George-liqu’1.re; and the Registrar in Glasgow, Mr. A. Duncan, LL.U., 242, St. Vincent-street, to whom fees and certificates must be sent. Note.-In applyiDg for copies of the Regulations students should state whether they commenced medical btudy before or after Jan. 1st, 1892. ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS OF EDINBURGH. The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh admits to the examination for its single Licence any candidate who .’ already holds a Dip’cma in Medicine of any British. Indian, or Colonial university or of any British or Colonial College of Physicians, or of the Society of Apothecaries of London or Apothecaries’ Hall, Dublin, granted under the provisions ( of the Medical Act, 1886, whose preliminary examination and course of professional study is proved to be sufficient to fulfil the requirements of the College, or to those who have passed a full examination for any of the above. Female practitioners are now admitted to the Licence of the College but not to the Fellowship, and the regulations for the licence apply to practitioners of either sex. Every candidate for a surgical diploma must have followed his course of study in a university, or in an established school of medicine, or in a provincial school specially 3 recognised by the College of Surgeons of that division of the United Kingdom in which it is situate. , Under the title Established School of Medicine are com- prehended the medical schools of those cities of Great Britain and Ireland in which Diplomas in Surgery are granted, and such colonial and foreign schools as are similarly circumstanced in the countries in which they exist. PROFESSIONAL EXAMINATION FOR THE DIPLOMA OF THE COLLEGE. Candidates for the Diploma of the College will be sub- jected to one professional examination, partly in writing and partly practically and orally. Opportunities for the examinations will be presented four times in each year. On each of these occasions the candi- dates will assemble to write answers to the questions pro- posed. and the clinical and oral examinations shall be conducted on the days immediately succeeding. Unsuccessful candidates will be remitted to their studies for a period to be determined by the judgment of the examiners, but not in any case for less than three months. The examination will embrace the principles and prac- tice of surgery (including operative surgery and surgical pathology), clinical surgery, and surgical anatomy, and will not take place before the termination of the full period of study. Applications for examination must be made to Mr. James Robertson, solicitor, 54, George-square, Edinburgh, clerk to the College, not later than one week prior to the date of examination. On the production of the required document Mr. Robertson will give the candidate an order authorising the examiners to admit him to examination. The fee of 15 15s. payable to the College must be lodged in the hands of Mr. Robertson not later than one week pre- ceding the examination day. The sum of £10 10s. will be returned to each unsuccessful candidate. Under special circumstances candidates can be examined on days other than those fixed by the regulations. The fee for a special examination is as follows, viz., £20 for examination, of which £10 will be returned to candidates remitted on examination. In order to test more effectually the practical knowledge of candidates recent dissections and anatomical specimens will be employed during examination. They will also be subjected to a practical clinical examination in the Surgical Hospital, including the application of surgical apparatus, bandages, surface markings, &c., and may, if it be con- sidered necessary to test their knowledge, be required to perform operations on the dead body. ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF EDINBURGH. The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh grants its single Licence on terms similar to those of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, as above mentioned. SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF LONDON. There are two examinations-Primary and Final. The Final examination is divided into Section I. and Section II. The Primary examination is held quarterly, on the first Wednesday and on the Monday and Thursday of the same week, in the months of January, April, July, and October. Final examinations are held monthly. The Primary examination consists of two parts. Part I. Elementary Biology ; Chemistry, Chemical Physics, including the Elementary Mechanics of Solids and Fluids, Heat, Light, and Electricity ; Practical Chemistry ; and Materia Medica and Pharmacy. A synopsis indicating the range of the sub- jects in the examination will be sent with the regulations on application. Evidence of instruction in these subjects must be produced prior to examination. Part 11. includes Anatomy, Physiology, and Histology. This examination cannot be passed before the completion of twelve months’ Practical Anatomy with Demonstrations, and these subjects cannot be taken separately except in the event of the candi- date having previously passed in one. Evidence must be produced ot the candidate’s course of study. A schedule for the Primary examination, to be obtained of the Secretary, must be signed by the Dean of the Medical School or other authority. Section I. of the Final examination consists of three parts. Part I. includes the Principles and Practice of Surgery, Surgical Pathology, and Snr- gical Anatomy, Operative Manipulation, Instruments, and Appliances. Part II. includes the Principles and Practice of Medicine, Pharmacology, Patholcgy and Morbid Histology: Forensic Medicine, Hygiene, Theory and Practice of Vaccination ; and Mental Diseases. Part III. includes Midwifery, Gynaecology, and Diseases of New-born Children and the Use of Obstetric Instruments and Appliances. Section I. of the Final examination cannot be passed before the expiration of 45 months after registration as medical student, during which time not less than three winter sessions and two summer sessions must have been passed at one or more of the medical schools connected with a general hospital recognised by the Society. Section II. of the Final examination con- sists of two Parts. Part 1. Clinical Surgery ; Part II. Clinical Medicine and Medical Anatomy. Section II. cannot be passed before the end of the fifth year. The course of study for the Primary examination is as follows :Elementary Biology, not less than three months; Chemistry and Chemical Physics, six months ; Practical Chemistry, three months; Pharmacy and Dis- pensing, three months; Anatomy, six months ; Practical Anatomy with Demonstrations, twelve months ; Physiology, six months ; Histology with Demonstrations, three months. The study of these subjects must be pursued at a Medical School recognised by the Society. Instruction in Pbarmacy and Dispensing must be given by a registered medical practitioner or by a member of the Pharmaceutical Society by examination or in a public hospital, infirmary, or dispensary. The course of study for the Final examination, Section I., includes attendance on the Surgical and Medical Practice (with Post-mortem Examinations) at a hospital connected with a medical school for a period of one winter and one summer session ; lectures on the Principles and Practice of Surgery, six months ; Practical Surgery, three months; Clinical Surgical Lectures, nine months ; Dressership, six months; Performance of Surgical Operations on the Dead Body ; lectures on Principles and Practice of Medicine, six months ; Pathology, three months ; Clinical Medical Lectures, nine months ; Clinical Clerkship,4 six months; Forensic Medi- cine, Hygiene, and Insanity, three months; Midwifery and Gynaecology, three months ; Clinical Instruction in the same, tbref months ; a course of Practical Midwifery ; attendance on 20 Midwifery cases. The course of medical study must extend over the above-mentioned period of 45 months. The course of study for the Final examination Section II. includes either attendance on the Practice of Medicine and Surgery at a hospital or other institution recognised by the Society for a further period of 12 months. 4 These offices must be held at a hospital, or other institution recognised by the society.

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Page 1: SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF LONDON

586

Appliances, Bondages, Surface markiegs, &c. The fees

payable for the Fmal examination shall be,-for thewhole examination, £15, for re-entry in all subjects afterrejPction, E5.There are six periods of examination annually, four in

Edinburgh and two in Glasgow, and candidates may presentthemselvesvat either examining centre irrespectively of theplace of the previous examination. The Registrar in Edin-burgh is Mr. J. Robertson, Solicitor, 54, George-liqu’1.re; andthe Registrar in Glasgow, Mr. A. Duncan, LL.U., 242, St.Vincent-street, to whom fees and certificates must be sent.Note.-In applyiDg for copies of the Regulations students

should state whether they commenced medical btudy beforeor after Jan. 1st, 1892.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS OF EDINBURGH.

The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh admits tothe examination for its single Licence any candidate who .’

already holds a Dip’cma in Medicine of any British. Indian,or Colonial university or of any British or Colonial Collegeof Physicians, or of the Society of Apothecaries of Londonor Apothecaries’ Hall, Dublin, granted under the provisions

(

of the Medical Act, 1886, whose preliminary examinationand course of professional study is proved to be sufficient tofulfil the requirements of the College, or to those who havepassed a full examination for any of the above. Female

practitioners are now admitted to the Licence of the College but not to the Fellowship, and the regulations for thelicence apply to practitioners of either sex. Every candidate for a surgical diploma must have followed

his course of study in a university, or in an establishedschool of medicine, or in a provincial school specially 3

recognised by the College of Surgeons of that division of the- United Kingdom in which it is situate. ,

Under the title Established School of Medicine are com-

prehended the medical schools of those cities of Great

Britain and Ireland in which Diplomas in Surgery are

granted, and such colonial and foreign schools as are

similarly circumstanced in the countries in which theyexist.

PROFESSIONAL EXAMINATION FOR THE DIPLOMA OF THECOLLEGE.

Candidates for the Diploma of the College will be sub-jected to one professional examination, partly in writing andpartly practically and orally.

Opportunities for the examinations will be presented fourtimes in each year. On each of these occasions the candi-dates will assemble to write answers to the questions pro-posed. and the clinical and oral examinations shall beconducted on the days immediately succeeding.

Unsuccessful candidates will be remitted to their studiesfor a period to be determined by the judgment of theexaminers, but not in any case for less than three months.The examination will embrace the principles and prac-

tice of surgery (including operative surgery and surgicalpathology), clinical surgery, and surgical anatomy, and willnot take place before the termination of the full period ofstudy.

Applications for examination must be made to Mr. JamesRobertson, solicitor, 54, George-square, Edinburgh, clerkto the College, not later than one week prior to the date ofexamination.On the production of the required document Mr. Robertson

will give the candidate an order authorising the examinersto admit him to examination.The fee of 15 15s. payable to the College must be lodged

in the hands of Mr. Robertson not later than one week pre-ceding the examination day. The sum of £10 10s. will bereturned to each unsuccessful candidate. Under specialcircumstances candidates can be examined on days otherthan those fixed by the regulations. The fee for a specialexamination is as follows, viz., £20 for examination, ofwhich £10 will be returned to candidates remitted onexamination.

In order to test more effectually the practical knowledgeof candidates recent dissections and anatomical specimenswill be employed during examination. They will also besubjected to a practical clinical examination in the SurgicalHospital, including the application of surgical apparatus,bandages, surface markings, &c., and may, if it be con-sidered necessary to test their knowledge, be required toperform operations on the dead body.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS OF EDINBURGH.The Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh grants its

single Licence on terms similar to those of the RoyalCollege of Surgeons of Edinburgh, as above mentioned.

SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF LONDON.There are two examinations-Primary and Final. The

Final examination is divided into Section I. and Section II.The Primary examination is held quarterly, on the firstWednesday and on the Monday and Thursday of the sameweek, in the months of January, April, July, and October.Final examinations are held monthly.The Primary examination consists of two parts. Part I.

Elementary Biology ; Chemistry, Chemical Physics, includingthe Elementary Mechanics of Solids and Fluids, Heat, Light,and Electricity ; Practical Chemistry ; and Materia Medicaand Pharmacy. A synopsis indicating the range of the sub-jects in the examination will be sent with the regulationson application. Evidence of instruction in these subjectsmust be produced prior to examination. Part 11. includesAnatomy, Physiology, and Histology. This examinationcannot be passed before the completion of twelve months’Practical Anatomy with Demonstrations, and these subjectscannot be taken separately except in the event of the candi-date having previously passed in one. Evidence must beproduced ot the candidate’s course of study. A schedule forthe Primary examination, to be obtained of the Secretary,must be signed by the Dean of the Medical School or

other authority. Section I. of the Final examinationconsists of three parts. Part I. includes the Principlesand Practice of Surgery, Surgical Pathology, and Snr-

gical Anatomy, Operative Manipulation, Instruments,and Appliances. Part II. includes the Principlesand Practice of Medicine, Pharmacology, Patholcgyand Morbid Histology: Forensic Medicine, Hygiene,Theory and Practice of Vaccination ; and Mental Diseases.Part III. includes Midwifery, Gynaecology, and Diseases ofNew-born Children and the Use of Obstetric Instruments andAppliances. Section I. of the Final examination cannotbe passed before the expiration of 45 months after

registration as medical student, during which time notless than three winter sessions and two summer sessionsmust have been passed at one or more of the medicalschools connected with a general hospital recognised bythe Society. Section II. of the Final examination con-sists of two Parts. Part 1. Clinical Surgery ; Part II.Clinical Medicine and Medical Anatomy. Section II. cannotbe passed before the end of the fifth year.The course of study for the Primary examination is

as follows :Elementary Biology, not less than three

months; Chemistry and Chemical Physics, six months ;Practical Chemistry, three months; Pharmacy and Dis-

pensing, three months; Anatomy, six months ; Practical

Anatomy with Demonstrations, twelve months ; Physiology,six months ; Histology with Demonstrations, three months.The study of these subjects must be pursued at a MedicalSchool recognised by the Society. Instruction in Pbarmacyand Dispensing must be given by a registered medicalpractitioner or by a member of the Pharmaceutical

Society by examination or in a public hospital, infirmary,or dispensary.The course of study for the Final examination, Section I.,

includes attendance on the Surgical and Medical Practice(with Post-mortem Examinations) at a hospital connected witha medical school for a period of one winter and one summersession ; lectures on the Principles and Practice of Surgery,six months ; Practical Surgery, three months; ClinicalSurgical Lectures, nine months ; Dressership, six months;Performance of Surgical Operations on the Dead Body ;lectures on Principles and Practice of Medicine, six months ;Pathology, three months ; Clinical Medical Lectures, ninemonths ; Clinical Clerkship,4 six months; Forensic Medi-cine, Hygiene, and Insanity, three months; Midwifery andGynaecology, three months ; Clinical Instruction in the same,tbref months ; a course of Practical Midwifery ; attendanceon 20 Midwifery cases. The course of medical study mustextend over the above-mentioned period of 45 months.The course of study for the Final examination Section II.

includes either attendance on the Practice of Medicineand Surgery at a hospital or other institution recognisedby the Society for a further period of 12 months.

4 These offices must be held at a hospital, or other institutionrecognised by the society.

Page 2: SOCIETY OF APOTHECARIES OF LONDON

587

ui six montns as above and six months as a pupilof a registered practitioner holding a public medicalor sargical appointment, or attendance at two specialhospitals for six months (three months at each hos-

pital), and for six months at a general hospital, all fluch

hospitals to be recognised by the Society. Evidence shallalso be given of practical instruction in Infectious Diseasesand in Mental Diseases (at a lunatic asylum or in the wardsof an institution containing a special ward set apart for thetreatment of mental diseases), and in any two of the

following subjects : Ophthalmic Surgery, Laryngologywith Rhinology and Otology, Dermatology, and Diseasesof Children. No candidate is eligible for the Finalexamination who has not completed the curriculum pre-scribed by the Society, in evidence of which a schedule,to be obtained of the Secretary, must be produced, signed bythe Dean of the Medical School or other authority. Prior toSection II. of the Final examination the candidate must

produce certificates : (1) of being 21 years of age ; (2)of moral character ; (3) of the course of medical study ;and (4) of proficiency in vaccination signed by a teacherauthorised by the Local Government Board. Candidatesintending to present themselves for examination are requiredto give 14 days’ notice. A form for this purpose will besent on application.The fee for the L’c nce is 20 guineas. The examination

offices are open from 10 A.M. to 4 P.M. ; on Saturdaysfrom 10 A.M. to 1 P.M. All letters should be addressed tothe Secretary, Court of Examiners, Society of Apothecariesof London, Blackfriars, E.C.

APOTHECARIES’ HALL OF IRELAND.The Licence of this Hall is granted to students who can

present certificates of having fully completed the course ofstudy as laid down in the curriculum. The diploma of theApothecaries’ Hall of Ireland entitles the holder to be

registered as a practitioner in medicine, surgery, and mid-wifery, also with the privileges of the Apothecary Licence.There are four professional examinations, the total fees in con-nexion with which amount to 21 guineas. Ladies are eligiblefor the diploma. Candidates already on the Register willreceive the diploma of the Hall upon passing an examinationin the subjects which are not covered by their previousqualifications and on paying a fee of 10 guineas. Ifmedicine or surgery be required two guineas extra will becharged.The fees payable for each examination are as follows :—

first professional, £55s. second, 95 5s. third, Z5 5s.final examination, £6 6s. If a candidate gives three cleardays’ notice of inability to attend he may present himself atthe ensuing examination without any further fee. A candi-date is allowed for each professional examination which hehas completed at any other licensing body except the final. Ifhe has passed only in some of the subjects in a given exami-nation he has to pay the whole of the fee for that examina-tion. The fees for re-examination are for each subject£11 ls., excepting in the subjects of chemistry, pharmacy,surgery, medicine, second anatomy, and ophthalmology, thetees for which are two guineas each. The fee for the finalalone is £15 15s. when the other examinations have beentaken elsewhere. All examination fees are to be lodged inthe Sackville-street Branch of the Royal Bank of Ireland tothe credit of the Examination Committee. Applications andschedules, together with bank receipt for the fee. must belodged with the Registrar, Apothecaries’ Hall, 40, Mary-street, Dublin, 14 clear days before the first day ofexamination.There are four examinations-first, second, third, and

final. The first three are held quarterly on the third Mondayin January, April, July, and October; there are only twofinals, in January and July. The first examination includesbiology, physics, theoretical and practical chemistry, withan examination at the bench. Pharmacy is put down in thisexamination, but it may be taken at any of the first threeexaminations. Candidates holding a Pharmaceutical licenceare exempt from this subject. Osteology (first anatomy) is also a subject of the first professional examination. The

subjects for the second professional are anatomy of the whole body (the examination in this subject is practical),materia medica and therapeutics, physiology and practical histology. The third examination consists of pathology,materia medica if not taken at second examination, medical jurisprudence, and hygiene. The final examination includes

medicine, oral and clinical surgery, including operations,clinical and oral, clinical ophthalmic surgery, midwifery,and gynæcology. Written papers are required on all thesesubjects.

Candidates who desire to obtain the Letters Testimonialof the Apothecaries’ Hall in Ireland must before proceeding

i to the final examination produce evidence of having beenregistered as medical students for 57 months, also of having

attended courses of instruction as follows :-one course each(winter course of six months) of the following : anatomy, (lecture), chemistry (theoretical), midwifery, practice of

medicine, physiology or institutes of medicine, surgery,I dissections, two courses of six months each. Courses of

three months: materia medica, medical jurisprudence,chemistry (practical), practical physiology and histology,

, operative surgery, physics, clinical ophthalmology, biology,clinical instruction in mental disease, pathology, and vacci-nation. Medico-chirurgical hospital, 27 months to be dis-I tributed, at the student’s own discretion, over the last four; years of his study. The candidate may substitute for niner months in this hospital attendance six months as a resident3 pupil. He will be required to present a certificate of havingI taken notes of at least six medical and surgical casesrecorded under the supervision respectively of a physician

and surgeon of his hospital. Three months’ study of fever-i which may be included in his 27 months’ hospital attendance3 -in a hospital containing fever wards, and having taken) notes of five cases of fever- viz., either typhus fever, typhoid3 fever, scarlet fever, small-pox, or measles. Six months’.

practical midwifery and diseases of women during thewinter or summer of the third or the fourth year at arecognised lying-in hospital or maternity. Three months’

practical pharmacy in a recognised clinical hospital or ai recognised school of pharmacy, or a year in the compound-f ing department of a licentiate apothecary or a pharmaceutical3 chemist. Each candidate before receiving his diploma must

produce evidence that he has attained the age of 21 years.- Each candidate must produce evidence of having before. entering on medical studies passed a preliminary examination- in general education recognised by the General MedicalCouncil and of having been registered by that Council as a1 student in medicine. Certificates of medical study will not

be recognised if the commencement of the course to which! the certificate refers dates more than 15 days prior to suchr registration, except in the subjects of physics or biology., This registration is not undertaken by the Hall, but the

student must apply to the Registrar of the General Medical. Council that he may be so entered. The details of the; course of education required and syllabus of the examina-tions will be supplied on application to the Registrar at40, Mary-street, Dublin.

UNIVERSITY OF BRUSSELS.British and other practitioners holding registrable qnalt.

. fications are admitted to the examination for the Doctorateof the University of Brussels without further curriculum.

It is essentially a practitioner’s examination and is separatefrom that intended for the Belgian students who take up the

medical curriculum of the University. The fees are-For matri-t culation, B8 12s. for 1st Part, E4 8s. for 2nd Part, £4 4s.; ;for 3rd Part, E4 8s. for legalisation of diploma, 8s.-total,£22. Candidates who have paid in advance the fees for thel three examinations, and are unsuccessful in the first, recoverthe fees paid for the second and third ; those who fail in the. second recover the fees paid for the third examination.Unsuccessful candidates are allowed to come up again threemonths after rejection on payment of examination fees only,provided this second appearance be in the course of the sameacademical year (October lst to June 30th), otherwise theymust renew the payment of the matriculation fee of E8 12s.

There are three examinations, viz.-1st Part : General Medi-cine ; Pathology and Morbid Anatomy; General Therapeutics;Materia Medica and Phaxmacology ; Special Therapeuticsand Mental Diseases. 2nd Part: Surgery ; Midwifery ;Hygiene; and Medical Jurisprudence. 3rd Part : Clinicalexamination in Medicine at the Hospital ; Clinical Surgicalexamination; examination in Midwifery, consisting of ob-stetrical operations on the mannequin (doll and model ofpelvis) ; examination in Operative Surgery, consisting ofsome of the usual operations on the dead subject, such asAmputation, Ligature of an Artery, &c. ; Regional Anatomyon the Dead Body, with Dissections; and Ophthalmology.The first and second parts are theoretical and the third is

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