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  • Athens, 24th of October 2009

    Maher ChebboVP, Head of EMEA Utilities & Communication industries - SAP [email protected]

    EU SmartGrids Council – Chair of Demand and Metering Groupco-chair ICT for Energy Efficiency Consultation for DG-INFSOAdvisory Technical Coordination for EU project SEESGEN-ICT

    SmartGrids: Overview of Smart Grid Technologies –Application Prospects - EU initiatives.

    mailto:[email protected]

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 2

    Why European SmartGrids?

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 3

    Why do we need SmartGrids ?

    Rasons for Blackout : Weather, Sudden increase of demand, Operational errors, Human error, MS-Border operability, Plant Breakdown & Accidents, Cables failure, Power Line Slides, etc

    Answering Networks failures, Blackouts and Environment complianceAnswering increased energy demand and Power shortage :

    Global Energy demand is predicted to increase 60% over the next 30 years Without action, the EU's energy consumption is expected to rise by 25% by 2012

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 4

    European Energy policy goals (20/20/20) for 2020 : The roadmap of ETP SmartGrids

    Regulation ofMonopolies

    Innovation andCompetitiveness

    Low Prices And Efficiency

    Primary EnergySources

    Reliability andQuality

    CrossBorder

    Support

    AmenityPreservation

    ClimateChange

    Kyoto andPost-Kyoto

    Inte

    rnal

    Mark

    etSecurity of Supply

    Environment

    20/20/20

    Euro

    pean

    Smar

    tGrid

    s20

    /20/

    20 in

    202

    0

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 5

    Progressive active customer participation

    Stakeholders involved Customer participation aspects

    Visibility, transparency, customer empowerment, Devices losses, buildings losses, etc

    (analytical tools, AMR)

    Better real time prices (price signals)(Connected devices, Demand Response, ICT, AMI)

    Automatic decision support system(Intelligent automation, benchmarks, forecasting, AMI)

    Prosumer & active retailing(bi-directional trade, AMI)

    eEnergy(electronic marketplace, virtual …)

    Pan EuropeanEnergy

    Data M

    anagement

    European Union, Governments and Utilities

    Consumers acting as Power Suppliers

    Suppliers, Consumers, Technology & Service Providers

    Retailers to Consumers

    Consumers

    … from passitve to active transactions in the marketplace to saveconsumer’s energy and balance load

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 6

    Custom

    ers

    Retail Op

    erations

    Call Center

    Planning

    Electric Production

    Primary resources

    Genera

    tion

    Operati

    ons

    Transm

    ission

    Management of Smart Grids with DER Integration

    Sales/Marketing

    HQ/Finance

    Distrib

    ution

    Basic limited operations, monitoring, visibility and control available for today’s distribution grid

    Smart Applications that manage the Smart Distribution Grids focusing on SCADA systems improvement and interoperability, focusing technically on Energy Savings technologies

    TODAY

    TOMORROW

    http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl=http://www.carboncommentary.com/wp-includes/images/offshore-windfarm.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.carboncommentary.com/author/chris-goodall&h=98&w=130&sz=134&tbnid=0P0uT0QNX74J:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwind%2Bfarm%2Bphoto&hl=en&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=1&ct=image&cd=1

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 7

    Custom

    ers

    Retailers

    ,

    Aggregat

    ors, ESC

    Os

    Call Center

    Planning

    Electric Production

    Primary resources

    Genera

    tion

    Operati

    ons

    Transm

    ission

    Demand Side Integration

    Sales/Marketing

    HQ/Finance

    Distrib

    ution

    Limited awareness, ICT tools and services leading to easy, “automatic”, natural and freely decided customer participation to save energy – Limited Customer empowerement

    Demand Side and Demand Response Management enabled by friendly, end user oriented ICT solutions with embedded DSO load control and customer decision support system to save energy

    TODAY

    TOMORROW

    Regulators

    http://www.google.de/imgres?imgurl=http://www.carboncommentary.com/wp-includes/images/offshore-windfarm.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.carboncommentary.com/author/chris-goodall&h=98&w=130&sz=134&tbnid=0P0uT0QNX74J:&tbnh=98&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dwind%2Bfarm%2Bphoto&hl=en&sa=X&oi=image_result&resnum=1&ct=image&cd=1

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 8

    How to deploy European SmartGrids?

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 9

    What are the Elements for Success?

    Ronnie Belmans - Keynote Address CRIS 2009 - Linköping, Sweden

    9

    SmartGridsMaking

    Smart ConnectionsEnabling

    Smart Choices

    Technology

    Regulation

    Standards

    Com

    mer

    cial

    Supp

    ly C

    hain

    Demonstration

    • There are real technical challenges

    • They are solved or solvable by research

    • But technology alone is not enough

    • Demonstration/pilot projects are key

    • Operational proving is a critical step

    • Beware the Valley of Death……

    • Regulatory frameworks may have unintended barriers to innovation

    • New thinking takes time to implement

    • Standards and protocols underpin open systems

    • A Plug & Play approach is needed

    • But there are no quick changes here

    • Market frameworks may not facilitate innovative solutions

    • Attention to intellectual property

    • Export opportunities

    • Innovation needs wide deployment

    • But supply chains have limited capacity

    • Manufacturing, raw material, services and skills

    A Model for SmartGrids

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 10

    Where SmartGrids investments are required for each stakeholder

    Euro

    pean

    Smar

    tGrid

    s20

    /20/

    20 in

    202

    0 Virtual Power Plants ManagementEmissions Management, Predictive Maintenance

    Adaptive generation, Demand Side Management, Energy Storage, Renewable Energies, CCS, Trading

    Interoperable SCADA systems and VPP MonitoringPower flow management (FACTS, WAMS, WAPS)

    Integration of large DG, Self healing NetworksCapacity Planning, Energy Data Management, AMI

    Demand Side Management, Synamic pricing, AMICompetitive Customers multi-channel management

    Bundling and variety of Products and Services Customer segmentation and Energy Efficiency services

    Smart Homes (Smart meters, smart Boxes, smart services)Home Energy Management Systems

    Customers active participation (Demand Response)Customers active participation in the Energy Marketplace

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 11

    European SmartGrids 7 DSO initiative(European Electricity Grid Initiative – NEW)

    12 Demonstration projects involving1.5 Mio customers, 50 000 KM and 20 000 sub-stations

    1.2 b€ estimated funding required for 2010-2015

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 12

    European SmartGrids 7 TSO initiative(European Electricity Grid Initiative – NEW)

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 13

    SmartGrids 2 b€ estimate for RD&Dof 7DSO + 7TSO projects from 2010 to 2018

    SO Research

    (k€)

    Demonstration

    (k€)

    Total

    (k€)TSO/DSO 90 140 230

    TSO 250 260 510

    DSO 240 960 1200

    Total 580 1360 1940

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 14

    European SmartGrids Demand & Metering WG 3outcome

    Infrastructure Layer

    Communications Layer

    Applications Layer

    Overall system and value Chain

    • What structural changes to the physical infrastructure are required?

    • How can asset value be enhanced through increased monitoring & control?

    • What requirements drive the digitial grid?• How to deal with new energy information?• How to ensure data integrity & seciurity ?

    • How to integrate EV?• How to manage & dispatch DG?• How to institutionalize DR?• How to optimize grid operation?

    • How will the interfaces betweenTransmission, Distribution be impacted

    • What role will new market players have ?• What regulatory schemes are required ?

    • To what extent will beyond the meter applications be linked to the physical grid?

    • How will Smart Home devices become linked to the digital ICT layer?

    • How can customer‘s devices be utilizedto achieve important energy efficiency ?

    • What are the Customer Centrictechnologies to be deployed ?

    • What will Energy Capital Management mean ? Evolution from Energy to Information Management ?

    SmartGrids Business Case #5:Active Distribution Networks

    SmartGrids Business Case #6:Retail side Energy Efficiency

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 15

    SmartGrids 7 b€ of RD estimate for Demand & Metering (Active Distribution Networks & Demand)

    b€ b€

    Cost 500 M€ for Active Distribution Networks plus 200 M€ for Demand Side Management for each 1% of SmartGrids penetration

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 16

    SmartGrids benefits

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 17

    SmartGrids benefits per stakeholder, per metric :According to the 7 DSO initiative

    12 Demonstration projects involving1.5 Mio customers, 50 000 KM and 20 000 sub-stations

    1.2 b€ estimated funding required for 2010-2015

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 18

    Peak demand reduction

    Technology Peak Demand Reduction*

    Time of use Pricing Information 8%

    Dynamic Pricing Signals 13%

    Smart Thermostat 27%

    HEMS like device 43%

    * The Brattle Group “The Power of 5 Percent”, The Electricity Journal, October, 2007

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 19

    Demand Side Management Benefits

    Projects Topic Benefits

    Finland Smart metering

    Demand Response

    CRE (French regulator)

    Smart metering Reduction of non technical losses by 50%

    Residential energy efficiency by up to 5%

    CO2 reduction by up to 5% (CRE)

    Demand SideManagement

    7% energy efficiency

    Norway (SINTEF) 24.5% energy efficiency

    DONG Energy 25%-50% reduction in Non Delivered Energy

    35% reduction in fault search time

    Up to 90% reduction in Network Reinforcement costs

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 20

    Source Topic Benefits Benefitsequivalent to …

    €50bn in avoided investment related to peak generation capacity and T&D

    ~150 Medium sized gas power plants

    €25bn annual savings in electricity bills for customers

    ~annual residential electricity consumption of Finland’s

    Demand Response Management report

    (CG-Vaasa ett-Enerdata)

    Demand Response Management

    202 TWh of annual energy savings ~Total residential consumption in Spain and Germany

    100 million tons of CO2 emission reductions annually

    50% of the 2020 target

    Up to a 15% reduction of BAU emissions in 2020 (7.8 GtCO2e)

    €644 billion savingsSmart2020 report

    (The ClimateGroup – GeSI)

    Overall ICT impact on EnergyEfficiency 2.03 GtCO2e by 2020 ~14% of Total Power sector

    emissions in 2020

    Projects, best practices, benefits, key figures

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 21

    The ideal SmartGrids world

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 22

    The ideal SmartGrids world … Internet like

    Weather Prediction: Sunny, Windy, 23ºC

    Weather Prediction: Sunny, Windy, 23ºC

    Wind leads to more electricity generation

    Wind leads to more electricity generation

    Service Ecosystem 2020+…

    Lower electricity production

    Lower electricity production

    Green Electricity available

    Green Electricity available

    Energy production covers (estimated) needs

    Energy production covers (estimated) needs

    Heat generators are not needed

    Heat generators are not needed

    Sun leads to increased electricity generation

    Sun leads to increased electricity generation Electricity Car can get cheaper recharge

    Electricity Car can get cheaper recharge

    M. S

    ANC

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    006,

    ‘Que

    lle: E

    urop

    ean

    Tech

    nolo

    gy P

    latfo

    rm S

    mar

    tGrid

    s

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 23

    Settlement run Determine the load shape of the settlement area.

    DER & Virtual Power Plants

    Σ Wind site 1

    Σ Wind site 2

    Sum load curves of all wind sites Input parameters:

    1. Turbines energy dataOutput parameter:

    Cumulated energy data per wind site

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 24

    Mobile Metering : Energy Resources Optimization due to Electrical Vehicles and Smart Metering

    Cloud Metering

    Gas Metering

    Electricity Metering

    Water Metering

    Mobile meters (opportunistic connections)

    IP (mostly) C

    omm

    unication Layer over (3G / Internet / W

    imax

    etc...)IP (m

    ostly) Com

    munication Layer over (3G

    / Internet / Wim

    axetc...)

    Request info / Subscribe to Services / push partial functionality (e.g. filter)

    Event based (opportunistic) info

    Asset mgmtAnalyticsPredictionActive Control…

    Asset mgmtAnalyticsPredictionActive Control…

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 25

    3. Schedule tariff change for midnight

    1. Trader requests demand reduction

    2. Business rules select customers and 

    colour changes 

    4. Inform customer via 

    message to IHU

    5. Inform customer via SMS message to 

    mobile

    Retailers “Smart Office” : Customer Centric Management

    No. 25Smart OfficeSeptember 2009

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 26

    Use of Display tools for empoweringConsumers

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 27

    Europe runs Smarter Energy by 2020 …

    The China Energy Roadmap -“Energy for Everyone”

    European Energy Roadmap -“Smart Energy”

    US Energy Roadmap : “Independent Energy”

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 28

    To learn more …

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 29

    To know more, see following SmartGridspublications

    SDD

    April 2006: Vision and strategy publishedFebruary 2007: Strategic Research AgendaOctober 2008: Strategic Deployment Document (SDD

    without Costs/benefits)Q4 2009: SDD with costs/benefits (date to be confirmed)

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 30

    To know more, see followingarticle published in « Metering International » in 2008

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 31

    To know more, see following New European Commission Publication « ICT for a LowCarbon Economy Smart Electricity Distribution Networks”

  • © SAP 2009 / ENERTECH 09 - Maher Chebbo – Athens October 24th 2009 Page 32

    To know more, see following article publishedin « Metering International » in 2008

    Why do we need SmartGrids ? �European Energy policy goals (20/20/20) for 2020 : The roadmap of ETP SmartGridsProgressive active customer participationWhat are the Elements for Success?European SmartGrids 7 DSO initiative�(European Electricity Grid Initiative – NEW)European SmartGrids 7 TSO initiative�(European Electricity Grid Initiative – NEW)SmartGrids 2 b€ estimate for RD&D�of 7DSO + 7TSO projects from 2010 to 2018European SmartGrids Demand & Metering WG 3 outcomeSmartGrids 7 b€ of RD estimate for Demand & Metering (Active Distribution Networks & Demand)SmartGrids benefits per stakeholder, per metric :�According to the 7 DSO initiative�Peak demand reductionDemand Side Management BenefitsProjects, best practices, benefits, �key figuresThe ideal SmartGrids world … Internet likeDER & Virtual Power PlantsMobile Metering : Energy Resources Optimization due to Electrical Vehicles and Smart MeteringRetailers “Smart Office” : Customer Centric ManagementUse of Display tools for empowering ConsumersEurope runs Smarter Energy by 2020 …To know more, see following SmartGrids publicationsTo know more, see following �article published in « Metering International » in 2008To know more, see following New European Commission Publication « ICT for a Low�Carbon Economy Smart Electricity Distribution To know more, see following article published in « Metering International » in 2008