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SmartGrids A key step in the third industrial revolution

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SmartGrids A key step in the third industrial revolution. Ronnie Belmans Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium [email protected] Presentation Objectives. Energy in the environment: local approach - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of SmartGrids A key step in the third industrial revolution

SmartGrids Stakeholder Communications

Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009SmartGrids A key step in the third industrial revolutionRonnie BelmansKatholieke Universiteit Leuven, [email protected]

1Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Presentation ObjectivesEnergy in the environment: local approachEnergy sources, free humans of the local availability and of time: James Watt, first industrial revolution Using all energy available and bringing it to the user: Faraday, Maxwell, electricity, second industrial revolutionHarvesting energy, a greenhouse gas free supply: Einstein, Bequerrel, electricity again, third industrial revolutionRonnie Belmans ([email protected])22Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Technical miracles of the 20th centuryElectrificationAutomobileAirplaneSafe and Abundant WaterElectronics Radio and Television Agricultural MechanizationComputersTelephoneAir Conditioning and RefrigerationInterstate HighwaysSpace ExplorationInternet Imaging Technologies Household AppliancesHealth TechnologiesPetroleum and Gas TechnologiesLaser and Fiber OpticsNuclear TechnologiesHigh Performance MaterialsRonnie Belmans ([email protected])3(Source: National Academy of Engineering)

Stillnew generation paradigms& ageing assets pose a serious challengeTechnical, legal and economic challenges3Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Challenges for 2020 and beyondRonnie Belmans ([email protected])

30GW of solar power in the South ?

50GW of wind power in the North ?Customer Interaction and Intelligent Appliances

New DC Links andInterconnections

Micro- generation in millions of homes ?

plus wind variation / cloud cover / customer choiceSmart Grids will be needed to ensure supply security, connect and operate clean and sustainable energy, and give value for money

44Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009SmartGrids VisionRonnie Belmans ([email protected])Regulation ofMonopoliesInnovation andCompetitivenessLow Prices And EfficiencyPrimary EnergySourcesReliability andQualityCapacityNaturePreservationClimateChangeKyoto andPost-KyotoInternal MarketSecurity of SupplyEnvironment5Driving factors5Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009SmartGrids Vision

Ronnie Belmans ([email protected])

UsersEnergy service providers

Technology providers

Researchers

RegulatorsNetwork companies

TradersGenerators

Governmental agenciesStakeholders66Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009SmartGrids Vision

Ronnie Belmans ([email protected])

Central & dispersed sources Smart materials and power electronics

Central & dispersedintelligenceSeamless integrationof new applications End user real timeInformation & participation

Multi-directional flows7

7Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009SmartGrids VisionRonnie Belmans ([email protected])8

Enable active customer participationAccommodate all generation and storage optionsEnable new products services and marketsProvide power quality for the 21st CenturyOptimise assets and operate efficientlyAnticipate and respond to system disturbances (self-heal)Operate resiliently against attack and natural disasterEnable fundamental changes in Transport and Buildings(Source: SmartGridNews.com)8Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009New generation paradigmImportance of adequate forecasting and control tools !!Ronnie Belmans ([email protected])9

Fresh breezemeans somewherebetween 200 and 1,600 MW A deviation of just +/ 1 m/s may have an impact of +/ 320 MW (with a 2,374 MW installed base) 9Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Conclusion:Action now!Ronnie Belmans ([email protected])102020 targets2050 targetsand beyondREQUIRE application of todays technologiesREQUIRE development of todays technologiesREQUIRES research for tomorrows technologiesThese actions must be put in hand NOW10Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009With and without SmartGridsInput AC needed;show the what is happeningTodaySmartGridVision

Future11Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Future urban view

Fuel Cells & Hydrogen Joint Undertaking Stakeholders General Assembly, October 27, 2009Future European view