of 50/50
SISTEM INFORMASI KEKAYAAN NEGARA | Pertemuan 1 | SISTEM INFORMASI DAN MODEL PENGEMBANGANNYA Program Magister Manajemen | Akuntansi Pemerintahan Dr. Tb. Maulana Kusuma [email protected] | http://mkusuma.staff.gunadarma.ac.id

[Sistem Informasi dan Model Pengembangannya]

  • View
    215

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Text of [Sistem Informasi dan Model Pengembangannya]

  • SISTEM INFORMASI KEKAYAAN NEGARA | Pertemuan 1 | SISTEM INFORMASI DAN MODEL PENGEMBANGANNYA Program Magister Manajemen | Akuntansi PemerintahanDr. Tb. Maulana Kusuma [email protected] | http://mkusuma.staff.gunadarma.ac.id

  • KONSEP INFORMASI: DATA vs INFORMASIData: raw factsAlphanumeric, image, audio, and video

    InformationOrganized collection of factsHave value beyond the facts themselves

    *

    *

  • Defining and organizing relationships among data creates information.Identical data can be represented in different formations different meaning / information.

    DATA vs INFORMASI (lanjutan)*

    *

  • TRANSFORMASI DATA MENJADI INFORMASI*

    *

  • KARAKTERISTIK INFORMASI*

    *

  • KARAKTERISTIK INFORMASI (lanjutan)*

    *

  • SISTEM INFORMASISet of interrelated components: collect, manipulate, disseminate data and informationProvide feedback to meet an objectiveExamples: ATMs, airline reservation systems, course reservation systems*

    *

  • UNSUR-UNSUR SISTEM INFORMASI*

  • SISTEM INFORMASI BERBASIS KOMPUTERManual vs Computerized information systems Computer-based information system (CBIS)Hardware, software, databases, telecommunications, people, and proceduresCollect, manipulate, store, and process data into information

    *

    *

  • KOMPONEN CBIS*

  • ERA SISTEM INFORMASIData Processing (DP) EraTo improve operational efficiency by automating information-based processes

    Management Information Systems (MIS) EraTo increase management effectiveness by satisfying their information requirements for decision making

    Strategic Information Systems (SIS) EraTo improve competitiveness by changing the nature or conduct of business IS/IT as a source of competitive advantage

    *

  • JENIS-JENIS SISTEM INFORMASITransaction processing systems (TPS)Capture and record information about organizations transactions

    Management information systems (MIS)Take information captured by TPS Produce reports for planning and control

    Decision support / knowledge-based systems (DSS/KBS)Explore impact of available options or decisions (what-if scenarios)Automate routine decision making

    *

  • JENIS-JENIS SISTEM INFORMASI (lanjutan)Enterprise applicationsHighly integrated systems that support company-wide operations and dataOften combine aspects of TPS, MIS, DSS/KBS

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS)Communication support systemsFacilitate communication internally and with customers and suppliers

    Office support systemsHelp employees create and share documents

    *

  • RENCANA STRATEGIS SISTEM INFORMASI*

  • CONTOH STRUKTUR ORGANISASI DIVISI SISTEM INFORMASI*

  • SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMENManagement information system (MIS)A collection of people, procedures, software, databases, devicesProvides information to managers/decision makers

    Primary focus is operational efficiencyMIS outputsScheduled reportsDemand reportsException reports

    *

    *

  • SISTEM PENUNJANG KEPUTUSANDecision support system (DSS)A collection of people, procedures, software, databases, devicesSupports problem-specific decision making

    Focus is on decision-making effectiveness*

    *

  • UNSUR SISTEM PENUNJANG KEPUTUSAN*

  • UNSUR SISTEM PENUNJANG KEPUTUSAN (lanjutan)Model base: provides decision makers access to a variety of models and assists them in decision makingDatabaseExternal database accessAccess to the Internet and corporate intranet, networks, and other computer systemsDialogue manager: allows decision makers to easily access and manipulate the DSS and to use common business terms and phrases*

  • KEMAMPUAN SISTEM PENUNJANG KEPUTUSAN*

  • PERBANDINGAN MIS DAN DSS*

  • PERBANDINGAN MIS DAN DSS (lanjutan)*

  • KEGAGALAN DALAM PEMANFAATAN INVESTASI TIInvestments made only in technology;Not understanding or analyzing the nature of activities that the technology is to support strategically or operationally in the organization.*

  • ADAPTASI TERHADAP TEKNOLOGITechnology diffusion: measure of widespread use of technologyTechnology infusion: extent to which technology permeates a departmentTechnology acceptance model (TAM): specifies factors that can lead to higher acceptance and usage of technology*

  • SISTEM INFORMASI KEKAYAAN NEGARASistem yang digunakan untuk inventarisasi dan pengelolaan kekayaan negara berbantuan komputer.Perancangan, pembuatan dan pengelolaan sistem dibawah kendali Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Negara (DJKN).DJKN dibentuk sesuai Perpres No. 66 / 2006. *

    *

  • DIREKTORAT JENDERAL KEKAYAAN NEGARA Direktorat Jenderal yang mempunyai tugas merumuskan serta melaksanakan kebijakan dan standarisasi teknis di bidang kekayaan negara, piutang negara dan lelang sesuai dengan kebijakan yang ditetapkan oleh Menteri Keuangan, dan berdasarkan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku.Sumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • DIREKTORAT JENDERAL KEKAYAAN NEGARA (lanjutan)VISI"Menjadi Pengelola kekayaan Negara, Piutang Negara dan Lelang yang Bertanggung Jawab untuk Sebesar-besar Kemakmuran Rakyat".MISIMewujudkan optimalisasi penerimaan, efisiensi pengeluaran dan efektifitas pengelolaan kekayaan negara;Mengamankan kekayaan negara melalui pembangunan database serta penyajian jumlah dan nilai eksisting kekayaan negara;Mewujudkan nilai kekayaan negara yang wajar dan dapat dijadikan sebagai acuan dalam berbagai keperluan penilaian;Melaksanakan pengurusan piutang negara yang efisien, efektif, transparan dan akuntabel;Mewujudkan lelang sebagai instrumen jual beli yang mampu mengakomodasikan kepentingan masyarakat. Sumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • DIREKTORAT HUKUM DAN INFORMATIKATUGAS DAN FUNGSIDi bidang hukum, bertugas melaksanakan pengharmonisasian dan penyusunan peraturan perundangan dan petunjuk teknis dibidang pengelolaan kekayaan negara, penilaian, pengurusan piutang negara, dan pelaksanaan lelang, termasuk di dalamnya kegiatan koordinasi penyusunan rancangan peraturan, evaluasi terhadap pelaksanaan peraturan, publikasi dan pengelolaan dokumen hukum, penyiapan petunjuk pelaksanaan pemberian bantuan hukum, dan pelaksanaan bantuan hukum. Di bidang informatika, bertugas melaksanakan penyiapan bahan pengembangan sistem informasi di bidang kekayaan negara, penilaian, piutang negara dan lelang; pengolahan data, layanan informasi dan pengelolaan pusat informasi, pelaksanaan bimbingan teknis sistem informasi, penyusunan manual sistem dan dokumentasi program aplikasi, dan pembinaan jabatan fungsional Pranata Komputer.Sumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • STRUKTUR ORGANISASI DIREKTORAT HUKUM DAN INFORMATIKASumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • SMIPT-KNSistem Manajemen Informasi Pelayanan Terpadu Kekayaan Negara.Sistem yang digunakan untuk inventarisasi kekayaan negara.Pengelolanya adalah Direktorat Hukum dan Informasi, Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Negara.Sumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • PENGELOLAAN SMIPT-KNDJKN memiliki 19.000 Satuan Kerja (Satker) untuk menangani Sistem Akuntansi Barang Milik Negara (SABMN).Dari 19.000 Satker, 7000 Satker telah menggunakan komputer.SMIPT-KN didukung oleh 87 Unit Kerja diseluruh Indonesia, dimana setiap Unit Kerja memiliki 50-400 orang karyawan.Sumber: DJKN melalui wawancara*

  • PENGELOLAAN SMIPT-KN (lanjutan)SMIPT-KN menggunakan Oracle sebagai basis data-nya dan dilengkapi fitur geographic information system (GIS), serat mampu melakukan scanning dokumen penunjang.Sumber daya manusia di kantor pusat terdiri dari 11 orang yang dibantu oleh pihak lain melalui outsourcing.*

  • PENGELOLAAN SMIPT-KN (lanjutan)Menyiapkan cetak biru (blue print) dan aplikasi SMIPT-KN yang dimulai pada tahun 2008 selama 3 tahun.Dalam jangka waktu 5 tahun ke depan (tahun 2013), seluruh kekayaan negara sudah didokumentasikan didalam SMIPT-KN.Saat ini sistem belum tersedia dan proses perancangan masih belum bisa diakses oleh publik.Sumber: DJKN melalui wawancara*

  • PENGHAPUSAN BARANG MILIK NEGARA SELAIN TANAH DAN/ATAU BANGUNANSumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • PEMINDAHTANGANAN BARANG MILIK NEGARASumber: http://www.djkn.depkeu.go.id*

  • GAMBARAN UMUM PENGEMBANGAN SISTEMSystem development projectPlanned undertaking with fixed beginning and endProduces desired result or product Can be a large job with thousands of hours of effort or a small one-month project

    Successful development projectProvides a detailed plan to followOrganized, methodical sequence of tasks and activitiesProduces reliable, robust, and efficient system

    *

  • SIKLUS PEMBANGUNAN SISTEMSystems development life cycle (SDLC)Provides overall framework for managing systems development process

    Two main approaches to SDLCPredictive approach assumes project can be planned out in advanceAdaptive approach more flexible, assumes project cannot be planned out in advance

    All projects use some variation of SDLC*

  • PREDICTIVE vs ADAPTIVE*

  • PENDEKATAN SDLC TRADISIONALProject planning initiate, ensure feasibility, plan schedule, obtain approval for projectAnalysis understand business needs and processing requirementsDesign define solution system based on requirements and analysis decisionsImplementation construct, test, train users, and install new systemSupport keep system running and improve*

  • MODEL SIKLUS SDLC TRADISIONAL*

  • PENDEKATAN SDLC ADAPTIFBased on spiral modelProject cycles through development activities over and over until project is completePrototype created by end of each cycleFocuses on mitigating risk

    Iteration Work activities are repeated Each iteration refines previous resultApproach assumes no one gets it right the first timeThere are a series of mini projects for each iteration

    *

  • MODEL SIKLUS SPIRAL*

  • MODEL SIKLUS ITERATIF*

  • KEGIATAN PADA TAHAP PERENCANAANDefine business problem and scope.Produce detailed project schedule. Confirm project feasibility Economic, organizational, technical, resource, and schedule.

    Staff the project (resource management).Launch project official announcement.*

  • KEGIATAN PADA TAHAP ANALISISGather information to learn problem domainDefine system requirementsBuild prototypes for discovery of requirementsPrioritize requirementsGenerate and evaluate alternativesReview recommendations with management*

  • KEGIATAN PADA TAHAP PERANCANGANDesign and integrate the networkDesign the application architectureDesign the user interfacesDesign the system interfacesDesign and integrate the databasePrototype for design detailsDesign and integrate system controls*

  • KEGIATAN PADA TAHAP IMPLEMENTASIConstruct software componentsVerify and test Convert dataTrain users and document the systemInstall the system*

  • KEGIATAN PADA TAHAP SUPPORTMaintain systemSmall patches, repairs, and updates

    Enhance systemSmall upgrades or enhancements to expand system capabilitiesLarger enhancements may require separate development project

    Support usersHelp desk and/or support team

    *

  • TREND PENGEMBANGAN SISTEMMengutamakan pendekatan adaptif, seperti: The Unified Process (UP) iterative and incremental software development process framework.Extreme Programming (XP) a development process that is more responsive to customer needs than traditional methods, while creating software of better quality.Agile Modeling hybrid of UP and XP.Scrum an iterative incremental process of software development.*

  • DAFTAR PUSTAKARalph Stair and George Reynolds, Fundamentals of Information Systems, John Satzinger, Systems Analysis and Design in a Changing World, 4th Edition, Thomson Learning, 2006.Situs Direktorat Jenderal Kekayaan Negara *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *

    *