SHK Photography Tutorials Book

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    Photography Tutorial Book By Sheikh Haroon Kamran

    !

    in photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period of

    time, for the purpose of exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensorto light to capture a permanent image of a scene. A shutter can also be used to allow

    pulses of light to pass outwards, as in a movie projector or signal lamp.

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    Photography Tutorial Book By Sheikh Haroon Kamran

    Shutter Speed Chart for Photographers

    Weve put together an easy to understand shutter speed chart that explains

    common situations in which you would choose a certain shutter speed.

    Enjoy!

    Shutter Speed Chart Reference

    BulbFor use in very low light conditions like night photography. With this

    setting the photographer controls how long the shutter stays open. Any movement within the frame or by the

    camera will show up as motion blur. A tripod must be used.

    1 second to 1/15For use in low light conditions, night photography, fireworks, etc. A tripod must be used to prevent motion

    blur.

    1/30thFor use when implying motion by panning with a moving object as a photo is taken.The subject appears sharp while the background becomes motion blur.

    Also used in darker conditions and requires a tripod to prevent motion blur.

    1/60th to 1/125thCommon shutter speeds for most existing light situations.

    These shutters speeds combined with small apertures (f/8 to f/166) result in large depth of field.

    1/250th

    Good for freezing human paced action like a person jogging.

    1/500thGood for freezing faster moving objects such as a car or runner.

    1/1000th and fasterGood for freezing objects that move faster than the eyes can see, such as a birds wings in flight or baseball

    pitch.

    Expanding on the Shutter Speed Chart

    Another great reference that expands on shutter speed is a book by Bryan Peterson Understanding Exposure shutter speed chart. Take a look when you have a chance. Its a must have for all photographers!

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    Photography Tutorial Book By Sheikh Haroon Kamran

    Understanding Shutter Speed

    Image by Nasim Mansurov.com - Dolphin - 1/1600 Shutter Speed

    Shutter Speed is one of the three pillars of photography, the other two

    being ISO and Aperture. Shutter speed is where the other side of themagic happens it is responsible for creating dramatic effects by

    either freezing action or blurring motion. In this article, I will try toexplain everything I know about shutter speed in very simple

    language.

    1) What is a Camera Shutter?

    Simply put, a camera shutter is a curtain in front of the camera sensor that stays closed until the camera fires.When the camera fires, the shutter opens and fully exposes the camera sensor to the light that passes through

    the lens aperture. After the sensor is done collecting the light, the shutter closes immediately, stopping the light

    from hitting the sensor. The button that fires the camera is also called shutter or shutter button, because it

    triggers the shutter to open and close.

    2) What is Shutter Speed?

    Shutter speed, also known as exposure time, stands for the length of time a camera shutter is open to exposelight into the camera sensor. If the shutter speed is fast, it can help to freeze action completely, as seen in the

    above photo of the dolphin. If the shutter speed is slow, it can create an effect called motion blur, where

    moving objects appear blurred along the direction of the motion. This effect is used quite a bit in

    advertisements of cars and motorbikes, where a sense of speedand motion is communicated to the viewer by intentionally

    blurring the moving wheels.

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    Photography Tutorial Book By Sheikh Haroon Kamran

    Waterfall - 5 Second Exposure (Shutter Speed)

    Motion can also be frozen to an extent with a camera flash, even at low shutter speeds. Take a look at this

    example:

    Caspian Tern - 1/250 of a second @ ISO 800

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    It was getting dark and even after increasing the sensor sensitivity to ISO 800, the camera still needed at least

    1/250th of a second to properly expose this bird. If I had shot the bird at that speed, the bird would have turnedout to be blurry, since it moved faster than 1/250th of a second. I used an external flash and fired the camera at

    1/250th of a second and as you can see, it helped me to freeze motion, despite having a low shutter speed for a

    bird in flight.

    All of the above is achieved by simply controlling the shutter speed. In summary, high shutter speeds freeze

    action, while low shutter speeds create an effect of motion.

    3) How shutter speed is measured

    Shutter speeds are typically measured in fractions of a second, when they are under a second. For example 1/4means a quarter of a second, while 1/250 means one two-hundred-and-fiftieth of a second or four milliseconds.

    Most modern DSLRs can handle shutter speeds of up to 1/4000th of a second, while some can handle much

    higher speeds of 1/8000th of a second and faster. The longest shutter speed on most DSLRs is typically 30

    seconds (without using external remote triggers).

    4) Fast, slow and long shutter speeds

    Fast shutter speed is typically whatever it takes to freeze action. For me, it is typically above 1/500th of a

    second for general photography and above 1/1000th of a second for bird photography.

    Slow shutter speed is considered to be the slowest shutter speed that you can handle without introducing

    camera shake. Some of the newer Nikon lenses such as the Nikon 70-200mm VR II have special vibration

    reduction technologies within the lens that can handle shutter speeds of up to 1/10th of a second (depending

    on photographers technique), hand-held!

    How about long shutter speed? Long shutter speeds are typically above 1 second, when you have to use a

    tripod to get acceptably sharp images (for low-light/night photography or to capture movement).

    5) How to set shutter speed

    Most cameras handle shutter speeds automatically through in-camera metering. When the camera is set to

    Auto mode, both shutter speed and aperture are automatically selected by the camera. When you shoot in

    Aperture Priority mode, you set the lens aperture, while the camera automatically sets the shutter speed.

    There are two ways to manually set the shutter speed:

    a) By setting the camera to Shutter Priority mode, where you set the shutter speed and the camera

    automatically selects the aperture.

    b) By setting the camera to Manual mode, where you set both shutter speed and aperture manually.

    I recommend letting the camera select the correc