Shaken Baby Syndrome 1. Who has heard about Shaken Baby Syndrome and what can you tell me about it? 2. Pre-survey.

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2. Which statement is true about shaking a baby who cries a lot? a. Shaking helps parents blow off steam and really isnt harmful. b. Shaking is better and safer than spanking a baby. c. Shaking can cause brain damage or kill a baby. d. Shaking is an okay way to teach kids that adults are stronger than they are. e. I really dont know.

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Shaken Baby Syndrome 1. Who has heard about Shaken Baby Syndrome and what can you tell me about it? 2. Pre-survey 1. A 2-month-old baby was just fed and the diaper is dry. The baby has been crying for 10 minutes. What should the parents or babysitter do? a. Ignore the baby b. Pick the baby up and hold her/him. c. Try to feed the baby more. d. Yell at the baby to be quiet. e. I really dont know. 2. Which statement is true about shaking a baby who cries a lot? a. Shaking helps parents blow off steam and really isnt harmful. b. Shaking is better and safer than spanking a baby. c. Shaking can cause brain damage or kill a baby. d. Shaking is an okay way to teach kids that adults are stronger than they are. e. I really dont know. 3. When is it safe to shake a baby? a. When the baby reaches 2 years of age. b. When the shaker is another child. c. When the baby is old enough to walk. d. Never e. I really dont know. 4. Which of the following statements about infant crying is true? a. Babies cry to communicate and may mean one thing one day and a different thing another. b. Babies cry just to get attention. c. Parents should always be able to figure out why a baby is crying. d. Crying babies should not be put in a crib so the parents can have a break. e. I really dont know. 5. If a baby is shaken and lives, what problems could the baby have? a. Blindness b. Mental retardation c. Hearing problems d. All of the above e. I dont know. Shaken Baby Syndrome A form of child abuse that occurs when an infant or young child is violently shaken. The constellation of injuries found in shaken babies and young children is virtually never seen in any other mechanism besides violent, whiplash shaking of the head. Common Defense Injuries are not/cannot be mimicked by any disease or medical condition. Falls Resuscitation Choking Physical defect in child Not horseplay or accidental Not by bouncing baby on the knee Not from baby falling off couch or other furniture Not from walking or jogging with the baby in a backpack Not by throwing baby in the air Not from sudden stops in the car seat SBS A baby or young child is more vulnerable to shaking injuries because: Heavy head;25% of total weight Weak neck muscles Larger intracranial space Drastic size and strength difference between victim and perpetrator Demonstration:what happens during shaking? I need a volunteer.. A baby can fall 3 stories and not get as seriously injured as a shaken baby. When a child is shaken in anger and frustration, the force is multiplied 5-10 times more than it would be if the child had simply tripped or fallen. If a baby has been shaken, it is important that it be taken to the hospital right away. Tell the doctor the baby was shaken so proper medical attention may be given. Signs and symptoms Unresponsive Lethargic Having convulsions Change in level of awareness Not able to vocalize or follow movement Difficulty breathing/turn blue Witnesses are rare. Many times if it is a family member, i.e., the father, sentencing can be light to heavy depending on the other family members positions. Many wish for the father to be sentenced to community service, so he can work and help pay for the support and hospital insurance of the victim. However, in the case of a daycare provider, the sentencing is stiffer, but in many cases reduced on appeal, or by the presiding judge. Victim family members want the perpetrators to admit to what they did and show remorse. Injuries caused by shaking Intracranial bleeding -Bridging veins that connect the brain to the surrounding membranes are torn during shaking (Cerebral hemorrhages) Cerebral edema -massive brain swelling Retinal hemorrhages - bleeding in the back of the eye and along the optic nerve Long term effects Severe brain damage Learning disabilities Blindness Paralysis Seizure disorders Impaired motor or cognitive skills Behavior disorders Victim Age Perpetrators Perpetrator Age Number 1 Trigger ??? CRYING Crying is the only the only way a baby can communicate Im hungry cry Im tired cry Change my diaper cry I just want to be held cry I dont feel well cry You cannot spoil a baby under 6 months Crying is an important exercise Lungs and respiratory system Ntl. Shaken Baby Coalition Coping with Crying Some babies cry for no apparent reason. They do NOT do it to make the caregiver crazy or because someone is a bad parent. Therefore, it is essential that EVERYONE have a PLAN! What are 10 ways to quiet a crying baby? Checklist Is the baby hungry? Is the baby uncomfortable? Check diaper, clothes, temperature Is the baby tired? Baby may want to be held, cuddled, swaddled Is the baby sick? Check temp. Is the baby under-stimulated? Rock, walk, go for a ride, read, offer a fun toy Is the baby over-stimulated? Too many people, too much noise, too many toysmove baby to a quiet room Is the baby frustrated? Gently pat or massage, sing or talk to baby. Your touch and gentle voice is comforting and lets him/her know they are secure. Is the baby cranky? Sometimes Baby just needs to cry. Remember Remind self that you are a good parent, caretaker, etc. Take deep breaths Gently lay Baby down on back in a safe place. Take a break. 10 foot rule: Once the baby is in a safe place, stay 10 feet away until you have calmed down. Grab the phone, not the baby. Call a friend, family member or co-worker. Crying will NOT hurt or kill a baby, but shaking them in anger WILL.