Seven Wonders of the World
Seven Wonders of the WorldTaj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal stands on the southern bank of the Yamuna River.Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by the Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot.
The Giza Necropolis is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt.This complex of ancient monuments includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids, the massive sculpture known as the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village and an industrial complex. It is located some 9 km inland into the desert from the old town of Giza on the Nile, some 25 km southwest of Cairo city centre. The pyramids, which have historically loomed large as emblems of ancient Egypt in the Western imagination, were popularised in Hellenistic times, when the Great Pyramid was listed by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It is by far the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.
The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built ofconcreteand stone,it is the largestamphitheatre in the world, and is considered one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering.The Great Wall of China
TheGreat Wall of Chinais a series offortificationsmade of stone, brick,tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect theChinese statesandempiresagainst the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of theEurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th centurybclater joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall.Especially famous is the wall built 220-206bcbyQin Shihuang, the First Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall is from theMing Dynasty.ChiChen Itza
The Maya name "Chichen Itza" means "At the mouth of the well of the Itza." This derives fromchi', meaning "mouth" or "edge," andch'enorch'e'en, meaning "well."Itzis the name of an ethnic-lineage group that gained political and economic dominance of the northern peninsula. One possible translation for Itza is "enchanter (or enchantment) of the water,"fromits, "sorcerer," andha, "water.The name is spelledChichn Itzin Spanish, and the accents are sometimes maintained in other languages to show that both parts of the name are stressed on their final syllable. Other references prefer theMayaorthography,Chichen Itza'(pronounced[titen its]). This form preserves thephonemicdistinction betweench'andch,since the base wordch'e'en(which, however, is not stressed in Maya) begins with apostalveolarejectiveaffricateconsonant. The word "Itza'" has a high tone on the "a" followed by aglottal stop.
It is located in theCusco Region,Urubamba Province,Machupicchu DistrictinPeru.It is situated on a mountain ridge above theSacred Valley which is 80 kilometres (50mi) northwest ofCuscoand through which theUrubamba Riverflows. Mostarchaeologistsbelieve that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperorPachacuti(14381472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is the most familiar icon ofInca civilization.The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it a century later at the time of theSpanish Conquest. Although known locally, it was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historianHiram Bingham. Since then, Machu Picchu has become the largest tourist attraction in South America.Most of the outlying buildings have been reconstructed in order to give tourists a better idea of what the structures originally looked like.By 1976, thirty percent of Machu Picchu had been restored.The restoration work continues to this day.