Setting Standards for the Smart Grid George W. Arnold, Eng.Sc.D. National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability National Institute of Standards and.

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Setting Standards for the Smart Grid George W. Arnold, Eng.Sc.D. National Coordinator for Smart Grid Interoperability National Institute of Standards and Technology July 14, 2009 Slide 2 The NIST Role In cooperation with the DoE, NEMA, IEEE, GWAC, and other stakeholders, NIST has primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes protocols and model standards for information management to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 Title XIII, Section 1305. Smart Grid Interoperability Framework Slide 3 The Need for Standards is Urgent Example: Smart Meters $40 - $50 billion dollar deployment nationwide Underway now ARRA will acclerate Rapid technology evolution Absence of firm standards Source: Congressional Research Service Report 3 Slide 4 Comparison of Smart Grid with Next Generation Telecom Network Telecom Next Generation Network Smart Grid Real-world examplesVerizon FiOS, AT&T UverseXcel Boulder, Colorado First trials20042008 Standards coordination started 20032008 # key standards bodies315 Release 1 standards issued20052009 Release 2 issued2008Will be issued on rolling basis # standards documents~600 so farWill be hundreds Nature of standardsMostly mix & match of existing standards Mix & match of existing standards and many new 4 Slide 5 White House Meeting May 18 Chaired by Secretaries Locke and Chu 66 CEOs and senior executives, federal and state regulators We need to move fast it can be done! Consensus does not mean unanimity SG investments being made now cannot be ignored Standards need to allow for innovation Open standards are essential Todays regulatory assumptions may have to evolve 5 Slide 6 We Need A Standards Roadmap Capabilities Priorities Reference Model Standards Release Plan Responsibilities Governance Testing and Certification 6 Slide 7 NIST Three Phase Plan 7 PHASE 1 Identify an initial set of existing consensus standards and develop a roadmap to fill gaps PHASE 1 Identify an initial set of existing consensus standards and develop a roadmap to fill gaps PHASE 2 Establish public/private Standards Panel to provide ongoing recommendations for new/revised standards PHASE 2 Establish public/private Standards Panel to provide ongoing recommendations for new/revised standards PHASE 3 Testing and Certification Framework PHASE 3 Testing and Certification Framework MarchSeptember 20092010 Slide 8 Roadmap Focus Areas FERC-identified priority applications: Demand Response Wide-Area Situational Awareness Electric Storage Electric Transportation Additional priority applications: Advanced Metering Infrastructure Distribution Grid, including Distributed Energy Resource Integration Cross-cutting priorities Cybersecurity Data networking 8 Slide 9 9 Demand Response Reference Model Slide 10 10 Customer Facility Automation: BACnet ANSI ASHRAE 135-2008/ISO 16484-5 ZigBee/HomePlug Smart Energy Profile OpenHAN LON: ANSI/CEA 709.1-B (2, 3, 4 phy layers), CEA-852.1 OPC-UA Meter information ANSI C12.19 DR Signaling: OpenADR Demand Response Reference Model Slide 11 Next Step: Plan to Fill Gaps Move OpenADR to a formal standard Pricing information standard Meter standards Storage device interconnection Object models for electric transporation 11 Slide 12 A Once In A Lifetime Opportunity! 12

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