Search Guide for the NTIS Database

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    Organization of the Search GuideSection I - Introduction:ProvidesabasicintroductiontothefeaturesoftheNTISDatabase,howitdiffersfromothergovern-mentand/orscientificandtechnicaldatabasesandhowitsupple-mentsothergovernmentdatabases.

    Section II - NTIS Database Elements: Eachcomponentfieldofthebibliographicrecordisdefinedwithexamples.PresentstherecordstructureandcompositionoftheNTISDatabase.Changesintheuseofafieldarediscussed.NTISnamesandlabelsforthefieldsinthebibliographiccitationareidentified.

    Section IIIOnline Searching Hints:Includesonlinesearchinghintsarrangedalphabeticallybytopicandfield.Pointscoveredare:searchingaccessionnumbersandspeciallyassignedinforma-tionproducttypenumbers;abbreviations,acronyms;biologicalspecies;chemicalstudies;andverbalizationofscientificandmathematicalsymbols.Distinctionsbetweensponsoringagenciesandperformingagenciesinthecorporateauthorfieldareshown.

    TheNTISsubjectcategorycodesareinterpretedwithemphasisonhealthcareandmedicine,environment,andbusiness-relatedinformation.Geographicfeaturesandlocationsaredemonstratedaswellasdiscussionsofdevelopingcountry,foreignlanguagedocumentsandtranslations.Searchingforreprints,maps,patents,andenvironmentalimpactstatementsarealsocovered.Theplace-mentandmeaningofsponsoringagencyacronymcodesarealsonoted.

    Section IV Selected References for Assistance in Searching the NTIS Database:ContainsalistofreferencestotheauthorityfilesusedbyNTISanditscooperatingagenciesattheDepart-mentofEnergy,NASAandtheDefenseTechnicalInformationCenter.

    Section V Online Access:Presentscontactinformationforthevendorsthatprovideaccesstothedatabase,includingthecompanyname,address,telephonenumberandfaxnumber.Eachonlineservicessearchanddisplaycommandsarepresented.AnNTISDatabasebibliographicrecordisfurnishedineachven-dorsformatshowingthevendorFieldNamesandlabelsfortheNTISDatabase.Vendorsystemfeaturesarelisted.Foradditionalexamplesofthesearchprocess,requestindividualdocumentationfromeachonlinevendor.

    Appendix ANTISSubjectCategories:AlphabeticalListingbyMajorCategories

    Appendix BNTISSubjectCategories:AlphabeticalListingofAllCategories

    Appendix CNTISSubjectCategories:AlphabeticalListingwithScopeDescriptions

    Appendix DNTISSubjectCategories:NumericalListingofMajorCategories

    Appendix ENTISSubjectCategories:NumericalListingwithScopeDescriptions

    Purpose of the Search GuideThisguideprovidestheinformationnecessaryforproductiveandcost-effectivesearchandretrieval.Usethismanualto:

    Minimizefalsehits,whicharecommontosuchlargeandvarieddatabases;

    ClarifytheNTISDatabaseinformationderivedfrommultiplegovernmentsources;

    Gainanin-depthunderstandingofthedatabasestructure;

    Providebackgroundreferencesandhistoricalper-spective;and

    Serveasareferencemanualforusers,orateach-ingtoolattrainingseminars.

    AudienceThispublicationtargets:

    Newonlinesearchers;

    Userswhoarefamiliarwithonlinesearchtech-niquesbutnotfamiliarwiththeNTISDatabase;

    Librariansorinstructorswhotrainusersoflibraryservices;and

    Researchersusingonlinesystems.

    Search Guide for the NTIS DatabaseIntroduction

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    e 2The NTIS Database and Related Products

    Section I

    IntroductionTheNTISDatabasecontainssummariesofscientific,technical,engineering,andbusinessinformationproductsacquiredbyNTISfrom1964tothepresent.Printedormicroformindexesprovideaccesstothetitlesthatpredatetheonlinedatabase.Thedatabaseisavailabletothepublicthroughanumberofcommercialven-dorsthatarelistedinSectionV.TheNTISDatabaseisupdatedonaweeklybasisbyNTIS.However,commercialvendorupdateschedulescanvary.

    TheNTISDatabasecombinesunclassifiedinputfromtheDepartmentofDefense,DepartmentofEnergy,andNASA,withthatofnumerousothergovernmentagencies,amongwhicharetheEnvironmentalProtectionAgency,NationalInstituteofStandardsandTechnology,andDepartmentoftheInterior,toofferusersawiderangeofinformationresources.ThefullreportsareavailablefromNTISforalmost90percentofthetitlesannouncedonthedatabase.DeliveryserviceandorderingoptionsaredescribedattheendofthisSearchGuide.

    Leasing the NTIS DatabaseOrganizationsthatneedtosearchtheNTISDatabasefrequentlymaywishtoconsiderleasingtheNTISDatabasedirectlyfromNTIS.RequirementsandpricinginformationmaybeobtainedbycontactingtheOfficeofProductManagement(703)605-6515.

    Document Delivery via NTISInordertosatisfyNTISDatabasedocumentrequestsbycustomers,NTISoffersacompetitivelypricedorderingservice.Deliveryisavailableforalmost90percentofthereportsfoundintheNTISDatabase.AftersearchingandidentifyingdocumentsfromtheDatabase,customerscancontactNTIStoorderthecorrespondingfull-textreports.Takeadvantageofthisvaluableservicebycalling1-800-553-6847or(703)-605-6000,orfaxordersto(703)605-6900.Customerscane-mailtheirdocumentrequeststo:orders@ntis.gov,oraccesstheNTISWebsiteathttp://www.ntis.gov/forproductorderinginstructions.LinktoNTISPriceSchedulesfromtheCustomerSupportWebPagehttp://www.ntis.gov/pdf/pricode.pdf.

    NTIS Online Searching Help DeskTheHelpDeskwillansweryourquestionsonsearchingthedatabaseanditssubjectcontentfrom8:30a.m.to5p.m.,Easterntime.Call(703)605-6585.

    Scope of the CollectionViewedbyanymeasure,theNTISinformationcollectionisextremelyvariedinitsmakeup.TheNTISDatabasecontainsinformationaboutenvironmentalsciences,computersciences,telecommunications,healthcare,physicalsciences,internationaltrade,energy,transportation,regulations,researchadministration,business,educationandmore.

    Onaverage,NTIShasaddedover60,000newtitlesperyeartotheNTISDatabaseoverthepasttenyears.ThesereportsbecomeapermanentpartoftheNTIScollection.AstheU.S.Govern-mentscentraltechnicalandscientificinformationservice,NTISannouncessummariesoftheresearchandstudiessponsoredbymorethan600Federalagenciesaswellasfromstateandlocalgovernments.

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    Subject CoverageBecausetheU.S.Governmentfundsmorethanhalfofthere-searchandengineeringactivitiesintheUnitedStates,theNTISDatabasecontainsinformationonmostscientificandtechni-calsubjects.ThenextchartshowsthiscoverageforFY2009.Thesubjectcategories,whichNTISusesincodingitsdatabaseentries,areexplainedindetailintheappendices.

    Approximate Distribution By Subject Headings In NTIS Database Fiscal Year 2009

    subject heading percent Administration&Management 15.00Aeronautics&Aerodynamics 3.00Agriculture&Food 6.00Astronomy&Astrophysics 1.00AtmosphericSciences 2.00Behavior&Society 24.00BiomedicalTechnology&HumanFactorsEngineering 1.00BuildingIndustryTechnology 1.00Business&Economics 15.00Chemistry 6.00CivilEngineering 3.00Combustion,Engines,&Propellants 1.00Communication 3.00Computers,Control,&InformationTheory 7.00Detection&Countermeasures 2.00Electrotechnology 2.00Energy 6.00EnvironmentalPollution&Control 8.00GovernmentInventionsforLicensing .10HealthCare 7.00Industrial&MechanicalEngineering 3.00Library&InformationSciences 3.00ManufacturingTechnology 1.80MaterialsScience 3.00MathematicalSciences 3.00Medicine&Biology 18.00MilitarySciences 16.00MissileTechnology 0.20NaturalResources&EarthSciences 8.00Navigation,Guidance,&Control 0.80NuclearScience&Technology 3.00OceanTechnology&Engineering 4.00Ordnance 2.00Photography&RecordingDevices 0.20Physics 8.00ProblemSolvingInformationforState&LocalGovernments 10.00SpaceTechnology 2.00Transportation 7.00Urban&RegionalTechnology&Development 12.00

    Note: Citations may have been coded with more than one category.

    The NTIS Database and Related Products

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    Information SourcesThetitlesintheNTIScollectionaresubmittedbyhundredsofgovernmentagencies,numerousstateandlocalgovernments,federalcontractors,academicinstitutions,foreigngovernments,internationalorganizationsandprivatesectororganizations.

    SincetheAmericanTechnologyPreeminenceAct(PublicLaw102-245)passedin1991,NTISwealthofinformationhasincreaseddramatically.TheATPArequiresallfederalagen-ciestosubmittheirfederally-fundedscientific,technicalandengineeringinformationtoNTISwithin15daysofthedatetheproductismadepubliclyavailable.Consequently,NTIScanprovideitscustomerswithtimelyaccesstoamorediverseandcomprehensiverangeofinformation.Ann

    International SourcesNTISistheleadU.S.Governmentagencyforcooperationininternationaltechnicalinformationexchange.Overseasorgani-zationsthatcurrentlycontributetotheNTIScollectionincludetheNationalAerospaceLaboratoryinJapan,MicromediainCanada,andmanymore.

    Information Product TypesTheNTISinformationcollectioncontainsawidevarietyoftypesofpublications,aswellasothermediafordistributinginformation.ThefollowingtableprovidesasnapshotofsomeofthetypesofinformationproductsreceivedbyNTISin2009.

    The NTIS Database and Related Products

    Types of Information Products

    U.S. Government Produced Number

    Technicalreports 27,295

    Conferenceproceedings 564

    Journalarticles 1,614

    Theses 1,401

    Bibliographies 12

    ComputerProducts 91

    Audiovisuals 31

    Foreign Acquisitions

    Technicalreports 711

    Conferenceproceedings 5

    Theses 21

    Bibliographies 0Top Ten Foreign Contributors Fiscal Year 2009

    country of origin number of citations 1. Netherlands 327 2. Finland 112 3. UnitedKingdom 72 4. Sweden 65 5. Italy 63 6. Canada 57 7.Norway 40 8. Japan 28 9. China 7 10. Taiwan 4

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    Inthe1960s,undertheaegisoftheCommitteeonScientificandTechnicalInformation(COSATI),FederalCouncilonSci-enceandTechnology,themanagersofscientificandtechnicalinformation(STI)programsinthefederalgovernmentadoptedstandardguidelinesforcatalogingtechnicalreports.Fouroftheseagencies,NTIS,theDepartmentofEnergysOfficeofScientificandTechnicalInformation,theNationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministrationsScientificandTechnicalInformationProgram,andtheDefenseTechnicalInformationCenter,exchangebib-liographictapesandcooperateoninformationservices-relatedprojects.Theseagencies,alongwiththeDepartmentofHealthandHumanServices,sponsormorethan90percentoffederallyfundedresearchanddevelopment.

    ThefieldsoftheNTISDatabasearepresentedbelowintheorderthattheyappearontheelectronicmediasenttoonlinedatabasevendors,andotherorganizationsthatleasethedatabasefromNTISforinternaluse.EachvendorhasauniqueloadoftheNTISDatabaseandtheplacementofthefieldsmayvary.

    Field Name: NTIS Order No.Examples:CitationsindexedandabstractedbyNTIS PB2000-123456

    CitationsprovidedbyNASA N2000-12345/6

    CitationsprovidedbytheDepartmentofDefense AD-A123456/7,AD-D123456,AD-M

    CitationsprovidedbytheDepartmentofEnergy DE2000123456

    Definition:EachtitlehasauniqueNTISordernumber(acces-sionnumber/identificationnumber)assignedinthisfield.ThisnumbershouldbeusedwhenorderingthetitlefromNTIS.

    AllNTISordernumbershavealphabeticprefixes.Someal-phabeticprefixesindicatetheoriginatingagencyofthereportcollections,asshownintheaboveexamples.Thealphabeticprefixisfollowedbyafive-toeight-digitnumberandthreealphabeticcharacters.Whensearching,itisagoodpracticetotruncateafterthefirstsixdigitstofindanaccessionnumber;however,whenplacinganorder,theentirealphanumericnumberordermustbeused.

    Note: Not all of the government agencies that have individual accession number alphabetic prefixes are shown in the examples. The examples are limited to agencies with the largest volume of records in the database.

    Field Name: Subject Category CodesExamples: 70A,48D

    Definition:NTISanditspredecessororganizationhaveusedtwosubjectclassificationschemes:

    1)theCommitteeonScientificandTechnicalInformation(COSATI);and

    2)theNTISSubjectCategoryClassification.

    Anyonedocumentmayhaveuptofivesubjectcategoriesassignedtoit,althoughsomedocumentsmayhavemore.Ifatitlecoversthreeormoresubcategoriesofamajorsubjectcategory,itisassignedtothegeneralsectionofthemajorcategorycode.Eachcitationinthedatabasecontainsthefullnumberofsubjectcategorycodesthatreflectthesubjectscoveredby20percentormoreofthereport.

    TheNTISSubjectCategoryClassificationhasbeenusedex-clusivelysinceJuly1986.AlistofthesubjectcategorycodesisincludedinthisguideasAppendixB.Itisusedtoarrangethecitationsintosubjectareas.

    Field Name: NTIS PricesNote: This field is not searchable.

    Example:PCA02/MFA01

    Definition: Thesearealphabeticcodesforeachmediuminwhichtheitemisdelivered:

    PaperCopy(PC),Microfiche(MF),CD-ROM,Audiovisual(AV),magnetictape(magtape),anddiskette.Thenumericpartofthecodedeterminesthepriceofanindividualitem.ThecurrentNTISPriceSchedulesareaccessiblefromtheNTISCustomerSupportWebPageathttp://www.ntis.gov/pdf/pricode.pdf.

    Field Name: Corporate Source(s)Example: ArmyInformationSystemsCommand,Chambers-burg,Pennsylvania.

    Definition: Thisisthenameoftheorganization(s)and/orau-thoraffiliation(s)thatperformedtheresearchandpreparedthereport(s).Thecorporatesourceisalsoknownasthecorporateauthorandperformingorganization.

    Since1980,NTIShasmaintainedanup-to-datemachine-read-ablecorporatesourceauthoritylistwithstandardizednamesandanine-digitorganizationcodenumber.Thenine-digitcodeappearsinthedatabaseandissearchable.

    Someonlineservicesasterisktheperformingorganiza-tionnamestodistinguishthemfromthesponsoringorganization(s).Thenamesoforganizationshavebeenenteredinfullandinabbreviatedforms.

    Examples: MassachusettsInst.ofTech MassInst.ofTech MassachusettsInst.ofTechnology

    Data Elements of the NTIS DatabaseSection II

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    Field Name: TitleExample:GuidetoEvaluatingThermalEffectsinConcretePavements

    Definition:Thenameofthedocumentthatappearsonthetitlepageordocumentcover.Acolonisusedwhenseparatingasubtitlefromthemaintitle.

    Foreignlanguagereportspresenttheforeignlanguagetitlefirst,followedbytheEnglishtranslatedtitleinparenthesis.WhenEnglishtranslationsaremadeofforeignlanguagedocuments,theEnglishtitleispresentedpriortotheforeignlanguagetitle.

    Field Name: Journal and Database IssueThisfieldcontainsatitlesoriginalannouncementjournalvolumeandissueintheformatJVVII:

    whereJ=aletterdesignatingthejournal whereVV=atwo-digitvolumenumber;and whereII=atwo-digitissuenumber.

    Example:u9412,GRAI9412,GRA&I9412.

    ThiscorrespondstoreportsthatwereannouncedinGRA&IIssue9412.FollowingtheGRA&Iissuenumberarelettercodesthatdesignateotheragenciesannouncementjournals.Someonlinevendorslisttheexampleshownandsometrans-latedtheuintoGRAIorGRA&Iwiththevolumeandissue.nwasthedesignatedprefixcodefordocumentswhichwereannouncedintheDepartment of Energy Announcement Jour-nals Nuclear Science Abstractsfrom19641976andEnergy Research AbstractsfromJanuary1976August1976.AfterAugust1976,thencodeinthisfieldwasdiscontinued.sisusedinthisfieldtoidentifyNASAdocumentsannouncedinthejournal,ScientificandTechnicalAerospaceReports(STAR).SomevendorsusethesandsomepresentthenameoftheSTARjournalinthisfield.Note:

    Definition:ThisfieldisusedtoidentifytheNTISAnnounce-mentJournalvolumeandissueinGRA&I,andanysourceagencyannouncementjournalvolumeandissueinwhichthecitationfirstappeared.

    Field Name: Title NoteExample:Datafile,Audiovisual,Thesis,Software,FinalReport,MastersThesis,Patent,PatentApplication,Models-simulation,VHSvideo,CD-ROM.

    Definition:Additionaltitleinformationthatc...