SCULPTURES AND PAINTINGS - Information and AND PAINTINGS Sculptures are the true representation of natural imagined forms, which are created in two or three dimensions. Indian sculptures

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    Sculptures are the true representation of natural imagined forms,

    which are created in two or three dimensions. Indian sculptures have close

    link with religion and also it is linked with social conduct. All the sculptures

    inspire us the religious motivation and inspiration with philosophical

    meanings1. Indian sculptures reflected the various aspects of Indian culture,

    folk and classical thoughts dealing with love of nature, sensuality, fertility,

    eternity and divine omniscience etc. Therefore, Indian sculpture can be

    considered as the vehicle or channel that strongly conveys these forces to

    the devotees visiting the temple.

    Indian sculptures mostly include devotional objects created in various

    forms, which display the faith of people on God It is strongly believed that

    Indian sculpture had its beginnings in the early terracotta female figurines

    and stone images of nature-spirits that are found in many villages. By the 1st

    century BC, images of respected gods and goddesses belonging to

    Hinduism and Buddhism started appearing. In the following centuries a new

    trend was set and artists started working in the service of the Hindu,

    Buddhist and Jain communities. As such no stylistic distinctions can be

    made between the images that are created by these different sects. The

    deities carved in rocks or made in Bronze are identified by their different

    form, human or superhuman, and by the attribution with which they are


  • As every artistic tradition in India, may be its sculpture also takes

    roots on the ground of certain visual and aesthetic presence of ideas. This

    reflects the emotional and psychological needs and imaginative

    prepossessions of the people for whom the art is targeted. And for better

    understanding of the meaning of cultural wealth of India, there is no other

    way than studying Indian sculpture2.

    In various places of India, the marvellous Indian art finds its

    expression in many forms. Some of these art forms are ravaged by time,

    pillaged and plundered by conquering of invaders and colonial lords for their

    own benefit, left behind represents Indias historical legacy. But these

    amazing art pieces evoke a sense of awe and wonder in it. India is full of a

    diverse medley of numerous aesthetic traditions that give its art and

    architecture the vitality, which can inspire even today.


    It is said that, sculptures are of great strength and evocation with

    definite physical and visual power from the appearance, sculpture can be of

    two types: round sculpture and relief sculpture. Sculpture that is found in

    round appears more than being just a form. Such sculpture has four sides,

    all one has a sum of four sides, simply four reliefs. There should be a

    progression from one form to another for creating more visual and structural


  • Relief sculpture is considered as another form of sculpture. And it is

    perhaps the oldest form of developments that includes the drawn line or

    mark on a flat surface that may be developed further to gain typical shape.

    Various examples of mans incised drawings indicate this fact. The

    background of this kind of relief may be made up of as much as half the

    volume of the form. But it is made without undercuts; the breaking up of the

    light across the surface into strongly patterned areas is an essential part of

    the bas-relief.

    Essentially, there are two subjects of making various sculpture found

    in India. These are -religious and non-religious types of sculpture. Buddha

    and Jain and Hindu religion related and other religious include old events,

    stories and Lord` sculptures in India are religious. And toys, decoration

    things and statues are non-religious type of sculpture found in Indian



    1. Wooden sculptures

    2. Bronze sculptures

    3. Sand sculptures

    4. Marble sculptures

    5. Stone sculptures

    6. Ivory sculptures

    7. Terracotta sculptures4

  • Annamalaiyar temple which spreads the fragrance of Bliss shines not

    only as a temple for grace, but also as a repository for artistic beauties. This

    temple infuses a sprit of devotion among mankind, and shelters sculptures

    and paintings that gladdens ones heart, and indicates our culture.


    The thousand pillard hall in the Annamalaiyar temple true to its name

    has thousand pillars. At the top and base of these pillars, sculptures of

    Nayak period adorn. Some of the sculptures in the pillars have the images of

    Siva and induce devotion. Besides, some images of Sages, forms of Vishnu,

    floral designs and such proclaim the excellence of our artistic heritage. In the

    temple of Pidari, the images of Sapta Mathas (Sevan Mathers) are chiseled

    in separate stones in lifelike manner. Of these images that of

    Nidhambasundani excels in beauty and elegance.

    In the space of the prakara adjoining the tower of Vallala Maharaja, a

    unique feature, not found elsewhere can be seen. On the western side of the

    wall, a figure of the bird Gandaberunda the royal emblem of the Hoysalas,

    a hero fighting a tiger are sculpted. Apart from these, a continuous frieze of a

    conversation of a king with fishes and a bunch of flowers on both sides are

    also chiseled.

    The sixteen pillars adorning the Mahamandapa of the shrine of

    Unnamalai Amman are a Treasure House of Art and reveal the intricacies of

    the canons of Art. In these pillars are Ashta Lakshmis, Rudra, Durga, Maha

  • Sakti, Maha Sarasvati, Siddivinayakar and Virabadra all scintillating with

    super workmanship. The sculptures that adorn the Gopuras, Vimanas, the

    stucco images of the pillars and walls are a feast to the eyes5.


    In the Annamalaiyar temple there are several mandapas like jnanapal

    mandapa. Tirthavarimandapa, Thiruarulvilasamandapa, several gopurams

    like Rajagopuram, Kili Goupra etc; several subsidiary shrines like Pidari Koil,

    Kambathu Ilayanar Koil6,

    In Thiruvannamalai temple we can see the stone images as well as

    bronze idols.






    1 Raja Gopuram 1. Gopura Ganapathi, 2. Viral Minda Nayanar

    2 Kambathu Ilayanar Koil

    1. Dvarapalakas 2. Kambathu Ilayanar

    (Mulavar) 3.Ganapathi 4. Surasamhara


    3 Sarva Siddi Vinayakar


    1. Sarva Siddi Vinayakar 2. Mooshkam

    3. Dandyudapani 4. Nagar 5. Big Nandi

    6. Bali peeta

    4 Patala Lingesvarar 1. Patala Lingesvarar 2. Nandi

    5 Gopura Ilayanar


    1. Vinayakar 2. Gopura Ilayanar 3.Valli

    4. Devayani 5. Subramaniar 6. Peacock

    7. Arunagirinathar

    6 Kalyanasundaresuvarar 1. Vinayakar 2. Kalayanasundaresvarar

  • Sannadhi 3.Nandi 4.Ucchipilliar 5.Vanni Tree Vinayakar

    7 Brahma Tirtha

    1. Kala Bairavar 2. Vidyadresvarar

    3. Ganapathi 4. Nalesvarar 5. Brahma

    Lingam 6. Bali peeta 7. Yanai Thirai Konda


    8 Kili Gopura (North) 1. Subramaniar 2. Bhairavar 3. Pichai

    Ilayanar 4. Valli 5. Deivanai 6. Bali Peetam

    9 Third Prakara

    1. Pani Ponn Pottu Kottum Vinayakar.

    2. Dakshinamurthi under the Magizha tree

    3. Vinayakar under the Magizha tree

    4. Jalakantesvarar under the Magizha tree

    5. Nandi under the Magizha tree

    10 Thirukkalyana


    1. Vinayakar 2. Bhimesvarar

    11 Thrid Prakara (West


    1. Kalathisvarar 2. Big Nandi 3. Small nandi

    12 Third Enclosure (North


    1. Kalathisvarar 2. Big Nandi 3. Small Nandi

    13 Pidari Temple

    1. Vinayakar 2. Renuka Devi 3. Puja of

    Kannappar 4. Brahami 5. Maheswari

    6. Kowmari 7. Baishnavi 8. Varahi 9. Indrani

    10. Chamundi 11. Ashtabuja Pidari 12.

    Sastha 13. Bali Peetam

    14 Chidambareswarar


    1. Chidambaraswarar

    15 Jambukeswarar Temple 1. Jambukeswarar 2. Nandi

    16 Ekambareswarar


    1. Ekambaraswarar

    17 Sambanda Vinayakar 1. Sambanda Vinayakar 2. Moorshikam

  • Sannadhi

    18 Flag Staff Mandapa

    1. Front Bali Peeta 2. Nandi 3. Undi

    Vinayakar 4. Subramaniar 5. Valli

    6. Deivayanai

    19 Dhandapani Temple 1. Dhanadapani

    20 Second Enclosure

    1. Adhikara Nandi 2. Indra Lingam

    3. Sanakesvarar 4. Sanantanewarar


    7. Thriunavukarasu swamigal

    8. Sundaramurthi Swamigal

    9. Thirujnana Sambanda Swamigal

    10. Manickvachaka Swamigal

    11. Kowsikesvarar 12. Kuthsarishi Esvarar

    13. Valmickisvarar 14. Agni Lingam

    15. Vigneswarar 16. Visvanadesvarar

    17. Naradesvarar18. Kasi Lingam 19. Nandi

    20. Vaisambayanesvarar 21. Vamarishisvarar

    21 Row of Arupathu Muvar

    1. Sundrarmurthi swamigal 2. Thillai Vazh

    Andanar 3. Thiruneelakanta Nayanar 4.

    Eiyarpagai Nayanar 5. Ilayangudi Nayanar 6.

    Meyporul Nayanar 7. Viral Meenda Nayanar

    8. Amarneedhi Nayanar

    9. Eripatha Nayanar 10. Enadhi Nayanar

    11. Kannappa Nayanar 12. Kungilya kalaya

    Nayanar 13. Manickanchara Nayanar

    14. Arivattya Nayanar 15. Anaya Nayanar

    16. Murthi Nayanar 17. Muruga Nay