Sap Infosys FICO

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Finance and Controlling Day 1

Introduction to SAP

Business without ERPCustomers 4PP contacts Purchasing for raw material

PurchasingCustomer Calls to place order for a Car

1

Sales office/Inventory contacts PP

Production Planning3

3Sales office contacts Inventory

2

Sales-3-

Inventory

Business without ERP (Contd..)

Lets add some more Business Processes

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Business without ERP (Contd..)CustomersWhere is my car What is this confusion What to manufactur e?? Whom to contact for status? What is Cost and profit

Production Planning

Sales

Shop floor Finance

Purchasing Vendors Inventory-5-

Lets Deliver the end product to customer..I did not order for a TRUCK!!!!

Dear Sir, Your Order

Sales

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Business without ERP (Contd..)

I AM NOT TAKING DELIVERY AND WILL NEVER DEAL WITH YOU!

We are SORRY Sir

Sales

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Overall Picture

Vendors

Sales General Ledger

Purchasing

Customers

A/R

A/P

Production Planning Inventory Shop Floor Execution

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Why Enterprise Architecture Why Enterprise Architecture ? Numerous disparate information systems Integrating the data becomes costly Time Money Resources

Inconsistencies and duplication of data Lack of timely information Required: Central enterprise definitions Required: Centrally controlled business change

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Enterprise Structure Integrating Business

Marketing

FA Treasury GL AP Purchasing

HR

Payroll

Shop Floor Sales

Partner SystemsPP

AR Plants

Mfg.

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Enterprise Architecture - Benefits Eliminates the duplication, discontinuity and redundancy in data Increases the return on investment made on IT implementations Delivers quality information designed for the Enterprise as a whole Faster and cheaper Delivers quality information to produce a quality enterprise Satisfying Partners/Customers Reducing required manpower

ERP-12-

Quiz Time

What is the full form of SAP? When was SAP founded?

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Quiz Time What is the full form of SAP?Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing

When was SAP founded?Founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther, Hopp, Hector, Plattner and Tschira Renamed in 1977 Before 1977 : Systems Analysis and Program Development (German : Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung)

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History of SAP Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing German : Systeme, Anwendungen, Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung

Founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther, Hopp, Hector, Plattner and Tschira Renamed in 1977 Before 1977 : Systems Analysis and Program Development (German : Systemanalyse und Programmentwicklung)

SAP is both the name of the Company as well as their ERP Product SAP system comprises of a number of fully integrated modules, which covers virtually every aspect of the business Three systems developed : R/1, R/2, R/3

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Steps to Strategic ERPEnterprise Resource Planning is evolved through these stages Enterprise Resource Planning Inter-Enterprise Co-operation Collaborative Business

Create Strategic Value Total Company Value Automation Efficiency and Control

80s R/2

90s R/3

Today mySAP ERP

Evolution of ERP-16-

For Over 30 Years, SAP Has Been Driving ERP and They Continue to Do SoERP Rapid AdoptionCompanies start to adopt ERP on a massive scale

mySAP ERP

E-Business is now seen as an extension of ERP, not a replacement. SAP is leading the new industry standard for collaborative business applications.

Dot.com Hype: ERP = Old E-Business = New ERP = The Business Software IndustryThe approach that SAP established becomes industry standard. New competitors enter the market. Trends seemed to indicate that ERP was an out-offashion model

SAP Invents Real-Time ERPSAP defines and establishes a new approach to Integrated Standard Business Software.

70s

80s

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90s

00s

Evolution of SAP

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Quiz Time

SAP R/3 client server architecture evolved in year___________. Which is the latest SAP product? mySAP ERP mySAP Business Suite mySAP.com with one step business

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Quiz Time

SAP R/3 client server architecture evolved in year 1992 Which is the latest SAP product? mySAP ERP mySAP Business Suite mySAP.com with one step business

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SAP R/3 Architecture

3 Tier Client / Server Architecture The SAP R/3 architecture is based on a 3-tier client/server principle Presentation Server Application Server Database Server Dedicated Servers are linked by Communication Networks Perform tasks without sacrificing data integration and processes within the system, as a whole

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SAP R/3 System Architecture (Contd...2)

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Overview of Presentation & Database Servers The Presentation Server GUI only At workstation Very light Sends requests to application server Obtains screens from application server and displays

The Database Server Interface between application server and RDBMS Also holds the vendor specific DB driver

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SAP R/3 Conceptual Areas SAP Conceptual Areas

Application Area(Initiate and execute SAP transactions) (Functional)

Basis Area(The technical administration of the system) (Authorizations/Ids/etc)

Development Area(1. A developers workbench 2. Create & Test ABAP/4 programs) (Technical)

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Systems in R3Transport Request

Development System (DC)

Quality System (QC)

Production System (IC)

Client 110 100 etc..

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Clients in R/3 The Logon Client 3 digit number ( 000 to 999) Helps maintain independent sets of data within the same R/3 system

Client mechanism and handling

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Clients in R/3

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R/3 Technology EnvironmentHardwareUNIX Systems Bull IBM Digital SNI HP SUN Bull/Zenith Compaq Data General ... Digital NCR HP (Intel) Sequent IBM (Intel) SNI IBM AS/400 IBM S/390

Operating AIX Reliant systems Digital UNIX UNIX (SINIX)HP-UX SOLARIS ADABAS D DB2 for AIX INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE

Windows NT

OS/400

OS/390

Databases

ADABAS D MS SQL Server INFORMIX-OnLine ORACLE

DB2 for OS/400

DB2 for OS/390

Dialog SAPGUI Languages

Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows NT, OSF/Motif *, OS/2 Presentation Manager (PM), Macintosh *, Java ABAP/4, C, C++, HTML, Java

Platforms and Databases supported by R/3Operating Systems Supported Hardware Supported Front ends Supported Databases

AIX SINIX SOLARIS HP-UX Digital Unix

IBM SNI SUN Digital HP Bull

Win 3.1/ 95 / NT OSF / Motif OS/2 Macintosh Win 3.1 / 95 / NT OSF / Motif OS/2 Macintosh

DB2 for AIX Informix Online Oracle 7.1 ADABAS D Oracle 7.1 SQL Server 6.0 ADABAS D

Windows NT

AT&T Compaq Bull / Zenith HP (Intel) SNI IBM (Intel) Digital (Intel) Data-General

OS/400

AS/400

Win 95 OS/2

DB2/400

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Client Server Benefit

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Quiz TimeMatch the followingPresentation Server Application Server 3 Digit number Client Testing/ UAT Unix Systems Authorizations Windows Basis Quality System GUI Oracle Client Business Administration

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Quiz TimeMatch the followingPresentation Server Application Server 3 Digit number Client Testing/ UAT Unix Systems Authorizations GUI Business Administration Client Quality System (QC) Windows Basis

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SAP R/3 Modules

SAP Modules

SD Sales and Distribution MM Materials Management PP Production Planning

FI Financial Accounting

SD MM PP

FI CO AM

CO Controlling AM Asset Management

QMQM Quality Management PM Plant Maintenance WM Warehouse Management

SAP R/3PM WM PS WF

HRHR Human Resources WF Workflow PS Project System

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SAP R/3 Application Modules Financial accounting (FI) Controlling (CO) Asset management (AM) Materials management (MM) Sales and Distribution (SD) Production Planning (PP) Quality management (QM) Plant maintenance (PM) & Customer Service (CS) Project system (PS) Human resources (HR) Workflow (WF)

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Module Functionalities

MM Material Procurement Inventory Management Batch Management Goods inspection Invoice Verification

PP BOM/Work Center/Routing MRP Capacity Evaluations Production Orders QM in production

SD Inquiry processing Sales Order Processing Delivery Processing Billing

FI General Ledger Accounts Payable Accounts receivable Cash management

CO Cost Center Accounting Product Costing Order Contribution Analysis

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Quiz TimeMatch the followingFinancial Accounting Controlling Materials Management Sales & Distribution Production Planning Project System Inventory Management Shop Floor Control Financial Reporting Profit center Accounting Billing Activity monitoring Asset Management

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Quiz TimeMatch the followingFinancial Accounting Controlling Materials Management Sales & Distribution Production Planning Project System Asset Management & Financial Reporting Profit center Accounting Inventory Management Billing Shop Floor Control Activity monitoring

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Module FI Financial Accounting External reporting of General ledger Accounts receivable/payable Sub-ledger accounts

with a user-defined Chart of Accounts Key elements General ledger Accounts payable