Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

  • View
    214

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    1/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    World Environment Day

    Human-Caused Biodiversity Loss and

    Climate Disruption

    Tuesday, June 5, 2007Serverabad, Nawabshah

    Seminar Report

    By

    Nisar Brohi

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    2/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    1. An Introduction

    2. Objectives of the Seminar

    3. Seminar Proceedings

    3.1 Mr. Nek Soomro, Coordinator, Sangat Development

    Foundation (SDF)

    3.2 Mr. Nisar Brohi, Director, Sangat Development

    Foundation (SDF)

    3.3 Mr. Nawaz Brohi, Eminent Journalist

    3.4 Mr. Inayat Udasi, Writer

    3.4 Mr. Nazeer Ahmed, Educationalist

    3.5 Mr. Mir Dost, Naib Nazim, Union Council

    Jamsahib

    3.6 Mr. Ashfaque Gupchani, Social Activist

    4. Recommendations of the Seminar

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    3/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    1.An IntroductionThe global warming and possible environmental

    threats to the various Eco regions of the world are

    todays striking issues in the world. The different

    Eco regions of world have different problems andthreats in nature but one element is common that

    human made causes probably do the most damage.

    When we talk about the global warming, it has many

    causes; such as excess burning fossil fuels,

    Pollution, massive deforestation etc. Pollution is

    one of the biggest man made problems and fossil

    fuels are fuels made of organic matter such as

    coal, or oil. When fossil fuels are burned, they

    give off a green house gas called CO2. The CO2 isthe primary cause to global warming, on the other

    side, the tress that convert CO2 to oxygen are

    being demolished. There is no suitable replacement

    of the trees as important for the Eco system. It is

    fact that the global warming mainly caused by

    humankind, and even still accelerating it. Only

    drastic reduction of the waste gas emission and

    large-scale afforestation can help to the normalcy

    in the global warming.

    The Indus Eco region has had a potential threat

    even to its very existence. When we look at the

    problems/threats to the Indus Eco region, there is

    long list, which has badly affected on the

    biodiversity of the Eco region. Due to construction

    of dams and barrages at the upstream of the

    country, has resulted into shortage of fresh water

    flow to the lower riparian and riverine areas of

    the Indus in Sindh. Which also ultimately

    encouraged the sea intrusion in the coastaldistricts i.e Thatta and Badin. Over harvesting of

    forests, water logging and soil salinity are also

    major causes of the degradation of environment and

    losses of biodiversity.

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    4/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    As the case of Nawabshah district is concerned, it

    was once famous for its both inland and riverine

    forests. There has been massive deforestation under

    the supervision of government agencies during the

    last couple of decades, and also due to growing

    land degradation and water shortages, common people

    also resort to cutting of the forests as to clear

    land for cultivation, because the forestlands are

    rich in fertility. The common people dont care of

    cutting the trees, being unawareness about the link

    of trees with environmental maintainability.

    The large scale deforestation by the Govt agencies

    as well as the people, have created many

    environmental problems in Nawabshah district, as it

    is felt from the growing heat of the district,

    being the top in the country, it is usually remains

    high more than 50 centigrade. Many different warm-oriented diseases have occurred in the district and

    have largely threatened to the ecology and

    biodiversity of the district.

    Sangat Development Foundation (SDF), being

    responsible civil society entity has organized a

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    5/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    one-day seminar on Human-Caused Biodiversity loss

    and Climate Disruption June 5, 2007at Serverabad,

    Nawabshah, on the eve of World Environment Day, in

    order to discuss the role of the state and its

    machinery as well as the role of the civil society

    for the protection of environment and biodiversity.

    The objective of the seminar was also to sensitize

    the responsible social actors regarding their civil

    and moral duties for the protection and development

    of the Indus Eco region and forest trees in the

    country for the stifling of the growing disastrous

    ecological changes.

    2. Objectives of the Seminar

    To highlight the causes of global warming andenvironmental problems.

    To develop the understanding of the common peopleon the environmental issues, especially the

    possible threats to the Indus Eco region and

    biodiversity

    To create awareness to combat the burgeoningenvironmental challenges through community based

    environmental upgradation and social forestry

    To establish forest friendly watch committee forthe promotion and protection of forest trees inthe area.

    3. Seminar Proceedings

    3.1 Mr. Nek Soomro, Coordinator, Sangat Development

    Foundation (SDF)

    While welcoming the participants of the seminar Mr.

    Soomro said the world currently is facing many

    problems, and environment degradation is one of themain issues in the world. The primary cause of the

    environmental disruption is the man made anti-

    environmental actions, which have not only created

    most serious environmental problems and threats to

    the natural Eco system but also playing havoc with

    the lives of the human population. The need is to

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    6/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    address the problems of global warming by reducing

    greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the fossil

    fuels and the destruction of carbon-absorbing

    forests.

    There is direly demand of the time to launch acomprehensive campaign for the protection and

    promotion of the biodiversity, which is only the

    sustainable mean to meet the environmental

    challenges in the country, as well as to ensure the

    safety and security of our coming generations.

    3.2 Mr. Nisar Brohi, Director, Sangat Development

    Foundation (SDF)

    Mr. Brohi giving a presentation on the Global

    Warming and Possible environmental threats, said

    the world is passing through its most critical

    period of human history, coupled with

    multidimensional threats to its very existence.

    There is no exaggeration to say that human

    population activities are the main cause of the

    global warming and huge losses of biodiversity.

    According to the scientists and climatologists, if

    the current global warming trend would not be

    arrested, it would be raised to 3 to 5 centigrade

    in the next hundred years, which would be resulting

    into 16 20 feet raising in the sea level. Due to

    growing global warming trend, many ecological

    changes are expected, which would certainly disturb

    the world Eco system it all. Because of global

    warming, the plains will have a lot more fires than

    expected, the coastal regions will have disastrous

    floods because of all the extra rain. As the

    coastal community of Sindh has already been havinga lot of socio-economic catastrophes, and expected

    coastal floods would certainly add more miseries

    and force the inhabitants to leave their homes and

    flee. A large portion of the polar ice cap might

    melt making sea level rise 16-20 feet; some forests

    in some world regions will dry up and become

  • 8/9/2019 Sangat Sindh Report on World Environment Day Seminar

    7/12

    SEMINAR REPORT: HUMAN-CAUSED BIODIVERISTY LOSS AND CLIMATE DISRUPTION

    deserts by the middle of this new century. The snow

    covered peaks will probably melt causing floods and

    very dangerous mudslides around the globe.

    It is also expected that in coming decades, there

    will also be a dramatic changes in global weathercompared to the weather of today. As there will be

    periods of drought followed by periods of dramatic

    storms. A drought might occur when the plants have

    just sprouted up from the ground. It is ultimately

    the human population and biodiversity of the world

    would suffer.

    Due to the burgeoning global warming, human

    population would host a number of warm-oriented

    diseases, such as malaria, skin cancer etc. Malariais a disease that will increase in coming years. As

    mosquitoes breed in warm, wet places, with the

    increases of rain and warmth during global warming,

    the population of mosquitoes will increase, making

    the risk of increase of this disease. Skin cancer

    is one of the main concerns of the world when

    global warming hits.

    Behind this entire dilemma, there is none but

    irresponsible human actions, which createunfriendly weather increasing the large-scale

    carbon emissio