Ruth Risdon Storer Garden Valley- A formal white flower garden was ... from India is a popular moon garden flower because of its ... The secret to a healthy garden is

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Ruth Risdon StorerGarden GardenValley-AWise Ellen ZagorySign made possible by a grant from the Elvenia J. Slosson FoundationUCDAVISRBORETUMHow do Iselect mulch?How often should I mulch?How much mulch do I need?UCDAVISRBORETUMMulch protects the soil and improves the appearance of the home garden.Mulch reducesweeds by blocking sunlightthat weed seeds need to growwater needs by protecting soilfrom losing water to evaporationand run-off fertilizer needs by breakingdown and adding its ownnutrients to the soil soil compaction by cushioningthe soil belowMulch improvesappearance by covering bareground and reducing weedsdrainage over time by breakingdown and improving soilstructuresoil health by adding nutrientsto the soil as it breaks downplant health by improving soiland growing conditionsCarmia FeldmanWhat is mulch?Mulch is a protective coveringspread on the ground aroundplants. It improves the health ofyour garden. The Arboretum uses medium,shredded fir bark mulch becauseit is attractive, durable and natural-looking. Notice thismulch around you in the Valley-Wise Garden. Betsy FaberArboretum volunteers mulchingMulched home gardenarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenMulch protects the soil and improves the appearance of the home garden.Carmia FeldmanHow do I select mulch?Choose: fine or medium-sized mulch pieces less than 2 longPopular kinds of mulches include: Shredded bark or wood Nut shells Pine needles or other tree leavesHow much mulch do I need?Small plants2 deepLarge plants, trees4 deepPathways and bare ground4 deepIf you spread mulch too thinly, you lose its benefits.How often should I mulch?Apply mulch at least once a year or as needed tomaintain an optimum depth of 2-4. Mulched home gardenMulch reducesweeds by blocking sunlightthat weed seeds need to growwater needs by protecting soilfrom losing water to evaporationand run-off fertilizer needs by breakingdown and adding its ownnutrients to the soil soil compaction by cushioningthe soil belowMulch improvesappearance by covering bareground and reducing weedsdrainage over time by breakingdown and improving soilstructuresoil health by adding nutrientsto the soil as it breaks downplant health by improving soiland growing conditionsUCDAVISRBORETUMWhat is mulch?Mulch is a protective coveringspread on the ground aroundplants. It improves the health ofyour garden. The Arboretum uses medium,shredded fir bark mulch becauseit is attractive, durable and natural-looking. Notice thismulch around you in the Valley-Wise Garden. Betsy FaberArboretum volunteers mulchingarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenMulch_9x6_inside 4/20/07 1:56 PM Page 1Who was Ruth Risdon Storer?Dr. Ruth Risdon Storer was YoloCountys first pediatrician and an avid gardener. She shared many of the plantshere with the Arboretum and helped tofund this garden. First planted in 1980, thisdemonstration garden was inspired byStorers own home garden. Like her garden,it has year-round color, beauty and requireslittle maintenance. Arboretum staff test new plants here for use in Valley-Wise gardens. Explore this garden for Arboretum All-Starsour top recommended plants. WELCOME TO THERuth Risdon StorerGardenA Valley-WiseGardenarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon StorerHow can I save money?How can I live in a more beautiful, healthy environment?How can I have more free time?Ellen Zagory Valley-Wise GardenDr. RuthsPrescription for Valley-Wise GardeningNameDateAddressDiagnosisRefillLabelDispense as WrittenRHome GardenersAnytimeCentral Valley of CaliforniaHot, dry summers; cold, wet winters; and heavy soilsVisit the Valley-Wise Garden year-round to see seasonal beautyLearn to use Valley-Wise gardening practicesTransform your home garden into a Valley-Wise landscapeXXSeasonallyValley-Wise GardenUCDAVISRBORETUMValley-Wise gardening uses plants and practices suited to Central Valley conditionsBob MarksonEllen Zagory Valley-Wise GardenDr. RuthsPrescription for Valley-Wise GardeningNameDateAddressDiagnosisRefillLabelDispense as WrittenRHome GardenersAnytimeCentral Valley of CaliforniaHot, dry summers; cold, wet winters; and heavy soilsVisit the Valley-Wise Garden year-round to see seasonal beautyLearn to use Valley-Wise gardening practicesTransform your home garden into a Valley-Wise landscapeXXSeasonallyValley-Wise GardenEllen ZagoryValley-Wise Gardeners choose low-water-use plants andhave lower water bills spend less on chemical fertilizersand pesticides use long-lived plants that dontneed regular replacementValley-Wise Gardeners provide food and shelter for butterflies and birds to create a healthier ecosystem conserve valuable water resources cause less chemical pollution have colorful gardens that buzzwith lifeValley-Wise Gardeners spend less time on gardenmaintenance spend less time replacingplants have less lawn to mowEllen ZagoryEllen ZagoryWho was Ruth Risdon Storer?Dr. Ruth Risdon Storer was YoloCountys first pediatrician and an avid gardener. She shared many of the plantshere with the Arboretum and helped tofund this garden. First planted in 1980, thisdemonstration garden was inspired byStorers own home garden. Like her garden,it has year-round color, beauty and requireslittle maintenance. Arboretum staff test new plants here for use in Valley-Wise gardens. Explore this garden for Arboretum All-Starsour top recommended plants. WELCOME TO THERuth Risdon StorerGardenA Valley-WiseGardenarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon StorerUCDAVISRBORETUMValley-Wise gardening uses plants and practices suited to Central Valley conditionsBob MarksonAskDrRuth_9x6inside 4/20/07 1:40 PM Page 1arboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenARE APHIDSBy growing buddy, orcompanion, plants aroundyour roses, you can attractbeneficial insects that eataphids and other pests. . .without using chemicals!Instead of using pesticides, try the buddy system.Without Buddy Plants With Buddy PlantsWe eat aphids!Buddy, or companion, plantsprovide food and/or shelterto adult beneficial insects,encouraging them to laytheir eggs near roses.Hungry larvae then hatchand help control aphids andother pests by eating them.LacewingLarva eats aphids andsmall caterpillars.Adult eats nectarand pollen.Ladybird BeetleLarva eats aphids, scalesand mites.Adult eats aphids,scales and mites.Larva eats aphids, thripsand mites.Adult eats nectarand pollen.Syrphid FlyUC IPMUC IPMUC IPMUC IPMUC IPMUC IPMMelissa BorelUC IPMRose bush without buddy plantsRose bush with buddy plantsAphid-infested rose Healthy, aphid-free roseMelissa BorelMelissa BorelUCDAVISRBORETUMAM INo. I am a low-maintenance rose because I am disease resistant.When you buy roses, look onthe label to see if theyre diseaseresistant. This will save youtime, money and effort in yourValley-Wise garden. Notice the Class Act rose in front of you.It is resistant to common fungal diseasesand thrives in the Valley-Wise Gardenwithout the use of pesticides. High Maintenance Roses without disease resistance areprone to unsightly fungal diseases In order to look their best, these rosesmay require high levels of care and fungicide applicationsCommon Fungal Problems in RosesUCDAVISRBORETUMLow Maintenance Roses with disease resistance are easier tocare for because they are less likely to getfungal diseases These roses are beautiful without needingfungicideChoose Low-Maintenance RosesRust Black spot Powdery mildew Rosa Perle dOr Rosa x odoratus Mutabilis Rosa Gruss an AachenArboretum All-Star ratS-llA muterobrAratS-llA muterobrAMelissa BorelUC IPMUC IPMUC IPM 2007Dilip BarmanEllen ZagoryLauren KaneEllen Zagoryarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by a grant from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation Ruth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenWho was Carolee Shields?Carolee Shields was the wife of Judge PeterJ. Shields, an early champion of the founding ofUC Davis. She is credited with starting thelong-standing campus tradition of Picnic Dayby hosting the first event in 1909.After Judge Shields passed away, Mrs.Shields made sure that a bequest from theirestate would create the Shields Oak Grovealong with this garden and gazebo. The formal white flower garden wasplanted in 1976 at the suggestion of Mrs.Shields friends, Ruth Risdon Storer andAlyce Jewett.UCDAVISRBORETUMWELCOME TO THECarolee ShieldsWhite Flower Gardenand Gazeboarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by a grant from the Elvenia J. Slosson FoundationEllen ZagoryEllen ZagoryIn the evening, many of the flowers in this garden havea stronger scent that attracts night-pollinating moths.Historically, white flower gardens were used by aristocrats of ancient India,and later by English socialites, for outdoor parties before air conditioningwas invented. In order to escape summer heat, parties were held in theevening. White flowers were ideal because they shine in the light of themoon.It provides a wonderful destination forArboretum visitorsIt provides food sources for night-pollinating insectsThis garden and gazebo are a beautiful setting for weddings and receptions.For reservations, call Campus Events and Visitor Services (530) 752-2675.WHY IS THERE AIN THE ARBORETUMCarolee Shields (far left), seated behind Judge Shields, hostsone of the first Picnic Day events in the area that eventuallybecame the Arboretum. White garland ginger(Hedychium coronarium)from India is a popular moongarden flower because of itstropical fragrance.The sphinx moth is attracted to white flowers bytheir sweet fragrance and visibility at night. As themoth feeds on nectar, it pollinates the flowers.Smerinthus cerisyi (left), and Hyles lineata (right), bothin the Sphingidae family.Any white-flowering plant issuitable for a moon garden.Some of these scented favoritesare found in this garden.Ellen ZagoryClockwise from top: summerdaphne (Daphne x transcaucasica),southern magnolia (Magnoliagrandiflora), Argentine rain lily(Zephyranthes candida), and callalily (Zantedeschia aethiopica).Melissa BorelMelissa BorelLindey Family Collection, UC DavisMelissa BorelIt continues a three thousand year-oldgardening traditionEllen ZagoryThe Valley-Wise Garden is watered only once every two weeks for seven months of the year (April-October). Winter rains take care of the rest.Valley-Wise GardenWater during the cool morning hours toreduce water loss through evaporation. NO. The secret to a healthy garden iswatering deeply and infrequently. Deep watering means wetting a plants entire root zone.Constantly wet soils can kill many plants, so allow soil to dry before you water again.It is best to water deeply and infrequently. Deep watering meanswetting a plants entire root zone. The drought-tolerant plants in the Valley-Wise Garden getdeep watering once every two weeks The water loving plants in the nearby White Flower Gardenand Gazebo get deep watering once a week Learning to use your irrigation controller Turning off your watering system during the rainy winter season Adjusting irrigation heads to avoid watering sidewalks and pathways Using water-efficient spray heads that release less water over time Using mulch to reduce water lossNew plantings need more water untiltheir roots have started to grow into thesurrounding soil. Plant in the fall and letthe winter rains water for you. Your plants need enough waterto wet their entire root zone. Lawn Perennials and shrubs TreesEven drought-tolerant plants may need daily water if you plant in the spring or summer. 203412-18 24+Scale: 3/16=1Plants need the most water during thelong, hot days of summer. Turn yoursprinklers OFF in the winter; rains provide plenty of water.Check how deep the water is getting into soilby using a shovel to gently expose the soilwithout disturbing plants. 6Typical root zone depthsMake your irrigation system more water-wise by:Did you know? Most California gardens are given 40%more water than they need Too much watering is the major cause of plant death in many home gardens arboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenEllen ZagoryHow much water do my plants need?How much should I water in different seasons?How much should I water my new plantings?How often should Iwater my plants?How can I make my irrigation system morewater-wise?The Valley-Wise Garden is watered only once every two weeks for seven months of the year (April-October). Winter rains take care of the rest.Do I need to water everyday?What time of day is best for watering?Valley-Wise GardenDid you know? Most California gardens are given 40%more water than they need Too much watering is the major cause of plant death in many home gardens arboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by grants from the Elvenia J. Slosson Foundation and the UC Davis Office of AdministrationRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenUCDAVISRBORETUMRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise GardenWayne Roderick seaside daisyErigeron Wayne RoderickWe eat aphids!Melissa BorelBuddy, or companion, plants like seaside daisyand goldenrod attract adult beneficial insects,adding beauty and function to your garden.Syrphid fly adults feedon the nectar and pollenof companion plants.Growing these plants ina location close to rosesencourages beneficialinsects to lay their eggsnearby. Larvae thenhatch and can feed onaphids and other rosepest insects.California goldenrodSolidago californicaarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by a grant from the Elvenia J. Slosson FoundationPROVIDE BENEFICIAL INSECTSFORMelissa BorelUC IPMWe eat aphids!PROVIDE BENEFICIAL INSECTSFORBuddy, or companion, plants like deergrassand yarrow provide shelter for beneficialladybird beetles.Ladybird beetles staysafe by taking cover inthese companion plants.Growing these plants ina location close to rosesprovides the beneficialinsects with theirfavorite foods: rose pestssuch as aphids, scales,mites, and caterpillars.Emily GriswoldEllen ZagoryUC IPMUCDAVISRBORETUMRuth Risdon Storer GardenA Valley-Wise Gardenarboretum.ucdavis.eduSign made possible by a grant from the Elvenia J. Slosson FoundationMexican DeergrassMuhlenbergia dubiaCommon Yarrow and its hybridsAchillea Creamy

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