RUNNING HEAD: Annotated Bibliography ... RUNNING HEAD: Annotated Bibliography Annotated Bibliography

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    RUNNING HEAD: Annotated Bibliography

    Annotated Bibliography of Grade 1-8 Science Resources which Reflect the Diversity of the

    Ontario Classroom Authors:

    Jason Singh Mukhi (University of Toronto) Dr. John Percy (University of Toronto in Mississauga)

    Belinda Longe (Ontario Institute for Studies in Education)

  • Annoted Bibliograpghy 2

    Annotated Bibliography of Grade 1-8 Science Resources which Reflect the Diversity of the Ontario Classroom

    Purpose of the Bibliography: The purpose of this document is to develop an annotated bibliography of resources that represented the diversity of the Ontario science classroom.

    Many teachers consult different resources when developing their lesson plans and teaching their classes. However, not many of these resources cater to all students, especially to visible minorities. We were especially concerned about students from groups that have traditionally been under-served or under-represented in science and technology. As a result, we have compiled a list of resources, such as websites, books, journal articles, etc, that would accomplish this goal.

    We hope elementary teachers will refer to our bibliography when they develop and/or teach their classes. High school teachers will also find this bibliography useful in developing their lesson plan, especially the section on science and ethics, since many of the resources are generally applicable. Common Questions about the Bibliography: 1. How can the bibliography be used?

    Teachers can use this bibliography in multiple ways. For example, they can locate the resources and then use them to prepare their lesson plans. Another possibility is for the students to use the bibliography to locate the resources and then explore each topic. Some resources include ideas for lesson plans or activities. 2. Who is represented in the bibliography? Some of the groups that have been represented in this bibliography include: people who are Aboriginal, African, Chinese, females, Hispanic, Latin, South Asian, or living with a disability. 3. How is the bibliography organized? We organized the bibliography using the strands of the Ontario Science Curriculum for grades one to eight. A copy of the strands has been provided below. This chart will help you navigate through the bibliography. We also added a section called “Science and Ethics” at the end of the bibliography. This section looks at some of the controversial issues in science. We recommend that teachers who teach higher level classes consider using these resources.

    Furthermore, while looking for these resources, we found many resources that represent the different countries of the world. We also found many resources that had a Canadian context to them. Consequently, we placed a Canadian flag in the left hand margin to notify teachers of these Canadian materials. Teachers who wish to locate these resources can do so easily by looking for the Canadian flag. Although many of the resources are from the US, they are still useful in Ontario classrooms. Additionally, most of the resources we located were websites. As a result, we decided to make the other materials, such as books and journal articles, stand out by placing a letter in the left hand margin. For example, a “B” stands for a book, and a “J” stands for a journal article.

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    4. What are some limitations of the bibliography? For some of the strands, we had difficulties locating resources that we thought teachers could use. As a result, teachers who use the bibliography will realize that some of the strands do not have any or just a few resources listed under certain strands. Additional Resources:

    Furthermore, we would be happy to receive suggestions of other resources to add to this list. Please send these to Dr. John Percy at jpercy@utm.utoronto.ca The Ontario Science Curriculum (Grades 1-8):

    Understanding Life Systems

    Understanding Structures and Mechanisms

    Understanding Matter and Energy

    Understanding Earth and Space Systems

    Grade 1

    Needs and Characteristics of Living Things

    Materials, Objects, and Everyday Structures

    Energy in Our Lives

    Daily and Seasonal Cycles

    Grade 2 Growth and Changes in Animals

    Movement Properties of Liquids and Solids

    Air and Water in the Environment

    Grade 3 Growth and Changes in Plants

    Strong and Stable Structures

    Forces Causing Movement

    Soils in the Environment

    Grade 4 Habitats and Communities

    Pulleys and Gears Light and Sound Rocks and Minerals

    Grade 5 Human Organ Systems

    Forces Acting on Structures and Mechanisms

    Properties of and Changes in Matter

    Conservation of Energy and Resources

    Grade 6 Biodiversity

    Electricity and Electrical Devices

    Properties of Air and Principles of Flight

    Space

    Grade 7 Interactions in the Environment (or Interactions Within Ecosystems)

    Structure and Function

    Pure Substances and Mixtures

    Heat in the Environment

    Grade 8 From Cells to Organisms

    Systems at Work Fluids

    Water Systems

    mailto:jpercy@utm.utoronto.ca

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    GRADE 1:

  • Annoted Bibliograpghy 5

    Understanding Life Systems - Needs and Characteristics of Living Things Aboriginal Youth Network. (2005). Nutrition. Retrieved July 2007, from

    http://www.ayn.ca/health/nutrition.aspx

    This website provides information on how the Aboriginal diet changed. For example, the change in the method of obtaining food, the choice of foods, etc. British Columbia Institute of Technology. (n.d). Multiple disabilities. Retrieved August 2007, from http://www.bcit.ca/drc/faculty/disabilityinfo/multiple.shtml

    This article provides information on students who have multiple disabilities. For example, what are the different types of multiple disabilities and what the requirements for each of them are. Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami. (2005). About food chains and food webs. Retrieved July 2007, from

    http://www.itk.ca/environment/tek-ecological-foodweb.php

    This website provides information on food chains and food webs. The website also discusses the difference between consumers and producers. A complex diagram of a food web is also provided. This resource promotes a more diverse picture of science because it discusses food chains by relating it to Inuit people in the Arctic.

    Gill, J. (2001). Dual sensory impairment - devices for deafblind people. Retrieved August 2007, from http://www.tiresias.org/reports/deafblind.htm

    Deafblind people are those who have visual and hearing impairments. This article discusses the

    devices that deafblind people use. ICT and people with special or particular needs. Retrieved August 2007, from

    http://docs.paperless-school.com/ICTAndPeopleWithSpecialOrParticularNeeds

    This website provides information on ICT devices that are used to help people who have special needs, such as a sensory impairment, a physical disability, limited mobility, a learning difficultly, a language difficultly, or multiple disabilities. M., A. (2001). What wattage light causes peas to grow tallest? Retrieved July 2007, from http://www.selah.k12.wa.us/SOAR/SciProj2001/MichelleA.html This website discusses the science project that Michelle conducted on the growth of peas. The project is broken down into the following categories: purpose, hypothesis, experiment design, materials, procedures, results, and conclusion. Additional sections are also provided which provide information on the research report, the bibliography, acknowledgments, and the author. This resource promotes a more diverse picture of science because it shows that girls are also involved in conducting science research projects.

    http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.scholarships.ed.ac.uk/images/canada_flag.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.scholarships.ed.ac.uk/postgraduate/canadian.htm&h=150&w=300&sz=15&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=6Q1GhIhVCOouNM:&tbnh=68&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3DCANADA%2BFlag%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4RNWN_enCA227CA227%26sa%3DN� http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.scholarships.ed.ac.uk/images/canada_flag.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.scholarships.ed.ac.uk/postgraduate/canadian.htm&h=150&w=300&sz=15&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=6Q1GhIhVCOouNM:&tbnh=68&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3DCANADA%2BFlag%26svnum%3D10%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4RNWN_enCA227CA227%26sa%3DN�

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    Rick Hansen Foundation. (2007). Rick's story. Retrieved August 2007, from http://www.rickhansen.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=35&Itemid=46

    This website provides information on Rick Hansen, a person who raised 26 million dollars for

    spinal cord injury by completing his "Man in Motion World Tour".

    Royal National Institute of Blind People. (2007). The life of Helen Keller. Retrieved August 2007, from http://www.rnib.org.uk/xpedio/groups/public/documents/publicwebsite/public_keller.hcsp

    This website discusses the life of Helen Keller, a woman who was deafblind. University of Wa