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345 requisite for these Licences and Degrees are the following :—Bachelors in Medicine must be Bachelors in Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cambridge, and have spent four years, at least, in the study of medicine, including the follow- ing Courses of Lectures:-Anatomy and Physiology, Practical Anatomy, Surgery, Chemistry, lIateria Medica and Pharmacy, Institutes of Medicine and Pathology, Practice of Medicine, Midwifery—each of these eight courses is of six months’ duration ; Botany, Practical Chemistry, Medical Juripru- dence—each of these courses is of three months’ duration. Xine months’ attendance on the Clinical Instruction given in the Hospital of Sir Patrick Dun; nine months’ attendance on the Clinical Instruction of any Medico- Chirurgical Hospital approved by the Board of Trinity College. After the completion of the foregoing Courses, the Candidates for the Degree of Bachelor in Medicine must pass a public Examination, of at least two days’ duration, partly written and partly oral. The Lectures of the Professors of the School of Physic, Trinity College, are recognised by the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland, by the King and Queen’s College of Physicians, and by all the other Licensing Corporations in the United Kingdom. Doctors in Medicine, must be Bachelors of Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cam- bridge, of three years’ standing. They require no qualification in medicine, additional to that necessary for the Bachelor in Medicine. Fee payable for degree of M.D. £12. Masters in Surgery, must be Bachelors of Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cam- bridge, and have passed four years’ study of Surgery, and attendance on the following courses:-Anatomy and Physiology, two courses, each of six months ; Theory and Practice of Surgery, two courses, each of six months; Demonstra- tions and Dissections, three courses, each of six months; Practice of Medicine, Chemistry, Materia Mediea, Midwifery, one course eich of six months’ dura- tion; Practical Chemistry, Botany, ’Medical Jurisprudence, one course each, of three months’ duration; attendance on the Clinical Instruction of three sessions, of nine months each, in any of the recognised Medico-Chirurgical Hospitals. Having completed the foregoing courses, the candidate for this Degree must pass a public examination of two days’ duration, partly written and partly eral. Fee payable fordegree of M.C., .810. Licentiates i.z -3lediciiie must have kept one full year in Arts. The qualifi- cation is the same as for the Degree of Bachelor in Medicine,-viz., atten- dance on the prescribed courses of instruction, and the passing of a similar public examination. Fee payable for the Licence in Medicine, £25. Licentiates in Surgery must have kept one full year in Arts. The qualifi- cation is the same as for the Degree of Master in Surgery-viz., attendance on the prescribed courses of instruction, and the passing of a similar public ex- amination. Fee payable for the Licence in Surgery, .e5. All candidates for degrees and licences in Medicine and Surgery are recom- mended to pass two examinations; one of them preliminary, which will be held at the close of the second year of medical study, and the other, as hereto- fore, after the full curriculum has been completed. The subjects required at the preliminary examination are the following:-Anatomy and Physiology, Botany and Materia Medica, Chemistry and Physics. Scholarships and Exhibitions.-The board of Trinity College give two Medi- cal Scholarships annually, tenable for two years, with a salary of 4320 per annum. The subjects are the same as those required at the preliminary M.B. examination. The examination is held in June each year. The Professors of the University School award two senior and one junior exhibition each year. The senior is examined at the termination of each winter session in Medicine, Surgery; Midwifery, Institutes, and Medical Jurisprudence. First exhikition, £15; second do. £10. The junior is examined for at the same time and in the same subjects as the Scholarships. Dissections.—The dissecting-rooms, which are furnished with every appliance wherebv the study of Practical Anatomy may be aided, will be opened on the 1st of October. Dissections will be superintended thoughout the session, and every assist- ance given to the Pupils, by the Professors of Anatomy and Physiology, by the Lecturers on Practical Anatomy, and by the Demonstrators, one or more oj whom constantly attend in the dissecting-room. Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital will be visited at 9 o’clock, A.M. daily, by the Clinical Professors, and Clinical Lectures delivered twice in each week during the winter session, as also during the months of May, June, and July. The library of the College of Physicians is open on every Tuesday and Friday, at three o’clock, for the delivery of books to students subscribing 10s. THE QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY IN IRELAND, Granting the degree of M.D., is the centre or head of the Queen’s Colleges of Belfa;-t, Cork, and Galway, each of which possesses a Faculty of Medicine. The curriculum of Medical study extends over a period of four years, and is divided into two periods of two years each. The first period comprises attendance on Chemistry, Natural History, Anatomy, and Physiology, Practical Anatomy, Materia Medica, and Pharmacy. The second period comprises attendance on Anatomy and Physiology, Practical Anatomy, Theory and Practice of Surgery, Midwifery and Diseases of Women and Children ; Theory and Practice of Medicine, Medical Jurisprudence. At least three of the above courses of Lectures must be attended in some one of the Queen’s Colleges; the remainder may be taken at the option of the Candidate, in any University College or School recognised by the Senate of the Queen’s University. Candidates are required before graduating to have also attended in one of the Colleges of the Queen’s University Lectures on Natural Philo- sophy, and on one modern language, and to have passed the Matriculation Examination. They are further to attend during the first period Practical Chemistry in a recognised laboratory; and the practice during six months of a medico-chirurgical hospital containing at least sixty beds, together with clinical lectures delivered therein; during the second period three months’ Practical Midwifery in a recognised hospital with not less than thirty beds, or six months Practical Midwifery in a recognised hospital with fifteen beds; and eighteen months’ practice of a medico-chirurgical hospital, containing at least sixty beds, and in which clinical instruction is delivered. There are two University Examinations; one comprising the subjects of study in the first period, the other the subjects of the second period. Candidates may, if they prefer to do so, pass both these examinations at the same time. The Univer- sity Examinations are held twice in each year, in June and September. Further information will be found in the "Queen’s University Calendar," or may be obtained bv application to the Secretary, Queen’s University, Dublin Castle. KING AND QUEEN’S COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS IN IRELAND. Candidates for the Licentiateship in Medicine are required to make appli- cation to the College for permission to be examined according to the form supplied by the Registrar, having previously lodged the admission fee in the Bank of Ireland, to the credit of the College fund. , Candidates are required to give proof of their having attained the age of twenty-one years, and of having been engaged during a period of four years in the study of Medicine, at a school or schools recognised by the College; and shall also produce evidence of having studied the following subjects :-Ana- tomy, Physiology, Practical Anatomy, Chemistry, Practical Chemistry, Materia Medica and Botany, Medical Jurisprudence, Practice of Medicine and Pathology, Surgery, Midwifery; and of having attended a medico-ehirur- gical hospital in which regular courses of clinical lectures are delivered, together with clinical instruction, for twenty-seven months, or such hospital for eighteen months, with nine months’ attendance on a medical hospital, and similar courses of clinical lectures and clinical instruction, the attendance in each case being for not more than nine months in any year—namely, for six winter and three summer months,-and the attendance on a medico-chirur- gical hospital and medical hospital not being taken out in the same year; and of having attended Practical Mdwifery for six months at a recognised Lying- in Hospital, or produce evidence satisfactory to the College, in each individual case, of having attended Practical Midwifery. Candidates who are not personally known to any Fellow of the College are required to transmit testimonials of character from registered physicians or surgeons, testimonials from physicians or surgeons of public hospitals or infirmaries being preferred. Students are recommended to divide their course of study into two periods, of two years each: the first to comprise Anatomy and Physiology, Surgery, Chemistry, Botany, and hospital attendance; the second to comprise Practice of Medicine, Materia Medica, Medical Jurisprudence, Midwifery, and hospital attendance. The examination is divided into two parts :-First part : Anatomy, Physio- logy, Botany, and Chemistry. Second part: Materia Medica, Practice of Medicine, Medical Jurisprudence, and Midwifery. Students may be examined in the subjects of the first part at the termina- tion of the first period of study; or in all the subjects of their education, on the completion of their medical studies. Candidates are required to have passed an examination in the following subjects of preliminary education before the Board of Examiners of this Col- lege, previous to or within the first two years of their professional studies; or to have passed, within the period specified, an examination in general education held by some of the qualifying bodies, or by some one of the national educational bodies approved by the College :-English: Composition. Modern Languages: One French or German author, at the option of the student. Greek: Homer’s Iliad, first book; or Xenophon’s Anabasis, first book; or Walker’s Lucian, first twelve dialogues ;-at the option of the student. Latin: Virgil’s jEneid, first and second books; or Sallust; or first two books of Cusar, " De Bella Gallico ;"-at the option of the student. M athematics : Euclid, first and second books; Arithmetic, to the end of decimal fractions. Students in Arts of one year’s standing, of any University in the United Kingdom, requiring examinations in the first year, and Graduates or Licen- tiates in Medicine or Surgery of any University or College in Great Britain or Ireland, will be exempted from the Preliminary Examination. (The above regulations respecting Preliminary Examination will not apply to candidates who have commenced their professional education previously to the lst of January, 1861.) Candidates qualified as follows are required to undergo the second part of the Professional Examination only, viz.:-1. Graduates in Medicine of a Uni. versity in the United Kingdom, or of any Foreign University approved by the College. 2. Fellows, Members, or Licentiates of the Royal Colleges of Physi- cians of London or Edinburgh, who have been admitted upon examination. 3. Graduates or Licentiates in Surgery. If the President and Fellows be not satisfied with the answering of a candi- date, they may admit him to re-examination after a lapse of not less than two months. The examinations are open to all Fellows and Licentiates of the College. If the applicant be a member of sn Apothecaries’ Company, he must sur- render his certificate as such previously to examination; and, if admitted, must not be registered as an apothecary in any part of the United Kingdom. Members of the College who may desire to obtain the licence in Midwifery will be required to undergo a special examination, and, if approved, will receive such licence, and shall be distinguished as Practitioners in Midwifery in the authorized lists of the College. Candidates for the licence in Midwifery who are not members of the College will be admitted to examination for such licence on the following qualifications :-The degree or licence in Medicine or Surgery from any University or College of Physicians or Surgeons in the United Kingdom, together with a certificate of having attended a six months’ course of lectures on Midwifery, with the attendance for six months at a recognised Lying-in Hospital, or of having attended Practical Midwifery for six months, or produce evidence satisfactory to the College, in each individual case, of having attended Practical Midwifery. The fee for the licence is 151. 158., which may be divided as follows :-For examination at the termination of the first period of study, 5l. 5s.; for final examination for licence, 1(M. 10s. Fee for the Midwifery diploma, 3l. 3a. Fee for the Preliminary Examination, 5s. The Admission Fee, with the exception of 2l. 2s. deducted to meet the expense of the Examination, is returned to any Candidate who may be rejected for the Licence in Medicine; but in the case of a rejected Candidate afterwards passing the Examination in Medicine within twelve months, the sum previously deducted is allowed in the Fee paid for such second Examination. ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND. The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland grants two different diplomas- one conferring the rank of Fellow, and the other that of Licentiate. A Fellow is a member of the corporation, and entitled to vote at all elections for presi- dent, vice-president, and councillors. The letters testimonial granted to the Licentiate enable him to " exercise and enjoy all rights of practice in the art or science of Surgery, or otherwise, which are commonly enjoyed by the Fel- low, and to have free access to the library and museum of the College, and make him eligible to the rank of Fellow, subject to specified regulations." Both Fellows and Licentiates are obliged to make and subscribe to a formal declaration legally binding them to 11 obserye and be obedient to the statutes,

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Page 1: ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND

345

requisite for these Licences and Degrees are the following :—Bachelors inMedicine must be Bachelors in Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cambridge, andhave spent four years, at least, in the study of medicine, including the follow-ing Courses of Lectures:-Anatomy and Physiology, Practical Anatomy,Surgery, Chemistry, lIateria Medica and Pharmacy, Institutes of Medicineand Pathology, Practice of Medicine, Midwifery—each of these eight coursesis of six months’ duration ; Botany, Practical Chemistry, Medical Juripru-dence—each of these courses is of three months’ duration. Xine months’attendance on the Clinical Instruction given in the Hospital of Sir PatrickDun; nine months’ attendance on the Clinical Instruction of any Medico-Chirurgical Hospital approved by the Board of Trinity College.

After the completion of the foregoing Courses, the Candidates for theDegree of Bachelor in Medicine must pass a public Examination, of at leasttwo days’ duration, partly written and partly oral.The Lectures of the Professors of the School of Physic, Trinity College, are

recognised by the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland, by the King andQueen’s College of Physicians, and by all the other Licensing Corporations inthe United Kingdom.

Doctors in Medicine, must be Bachelors of Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cam-bridge, of three years’ standing. They require no qualification in medicine,additional to that necessary for the Bachelor in Medicine.Fee payable for degree of M.D. £12.Masters in Surgery, must be Bachelors of Arts of Dublin, Oxford, or Cam-

bridge, and have passed four years’ study of Surgery, and attendance on thefollowing courses:-Anatomy and Physiology, two courses, each of six months ;Theory and Practice of Surgery, two courses, each of six months; Demonstra-tions and Dissections, three courses, each of six months; Practice of Medicine,Chemistry, Materia Mediea, Midwifery, one course eich of six months’ dura-tion; Practical Chemistry, Botany, ’Medical Jurisprudence, one course each, ofthree months’ duration; attendance on the Clinical Instruction of threesessions, of nine months each, in any of the recognised Medico-ChirurgicalHospitals.Having completed the foregoing courses, the candidate for this Degree must

pass a public examination of two days’ duration, partly written and partlyeral.Fee payable fordegree of M.C., .810.Licentiates i.z -3lediciiie must have kept one full year in Arts. The qualifi-

cation is the same as for the Degree of Bachelor in Medicine,-viz., atten-dance on the prescribed courses of instruction, and the passing of a similarpublic examination.Fee payable for the Licence in Medicine, £25.Licentiates in Surgery must have kept one full year in Arts. The qualifi-

cation is the same as for the Degree of Master in Surgery-viz., attendance onthe prescribed courses of instruction, and the passing of a similar public ex-amination.Fee payable for the Licence in Surgery, .e5.All candidates for degrees and licences in Medicine and Surgery are recom-

mended to pass two examinations; one of them preliminary, which will beheld at the close of the second year of medical study, and the other, as hereto-fore, after the full curriculum has been completed. The subjects required atthe preliminary examination are the following:-Anatomy and Physiology,Botany and Materia Medica, Chemistry and Physics.Scholarships and Exhibitions.-The board of Trinity College give two Medi-

cal Scholarships annually, tenable for two years, with a salary of 4320 perannum. The subjects are the same as those required at the preliminary M.B.examination. The examination is held in June each year. The Professorsof the University School award two senior and one junior exhibition each year.The senior is examined at the termination of each winter session in Medicine,Surgery; Midwifery, Institutes, and Medical Jurisprudence. First exhikition,£15; second do. £10. The junior is examined for at the same time and inthe same subjects as the Scholarships.

Dissections.—The dissecting-rooms, which are furnished with every appliancewherebv the study of Practical Anatomy may be aided, will be opened on the1st of October.

Dissections will be superintended thoughout the session, and every assist-ance given to the Pupils, by the Professors of Anatomy and Physiology, by theLecturers on Practical Anatomy, and by the Demonstrators, one or more ojwhom constantly attend in the dissecting-room.

Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital will be visited at 9 o’clock, A.M. daily, by theClinical Professors, and Clinical Lectures delivered twice in each week duringthe winter session, as also during the months of May, June, and July.The library of the College of Physicians is open on every Tuesday and

Friday, at three o’clock, for the delivery of books to students subscribing 10s.

THE QUEEN’S UNIVERSITY IN IRELAND,Granting the degree of M.D., is the centre or head of the Queen’s Colleges

of Belfa;-t, Cork, and Galway, each of which possesses a Faculty of Medicine.The curriculum of Medical study extends over a period of four years, and isdivided into two periods of two years each. The first period comprisesattendance on Chemistry, Natural History, Anatomy, and Physiology,Practical Anatomy, Materia Medica, and Pharmacy. The second periodcomprises attendance on Anatomy and Physiology, Practical Anatomy,Theory and Practice of Surgery, Midwifery and Diseases of Women andChildren ; Theory and Practice of Medicine, Medical Jurisprudence. At leastthree of the above courses of Lectures must be attended in some one of theQueen’s Colleges; the remainder may be taken at the option of the Candidate,in any University College or School recognised by the Senate of the Queen’sUniversity. Candidates are required before graduating to have also attendedin one of the Colleges of the Queen’s University Lectures on Natural Philo-sophy, and on one modern language, and to have passed the MatriculationExamination. They are further to attend during the first period PracticalChemistry in a recognised laboratory; and the practice during six months ofa medico-chirurgical hospital containing at least sixty beds, together withclinical lectures delivered therein; during the second period three months’Practical Midwifery in a recognised hospital with not less than thirty beds,or six months Practical Midwifery in a recognised hospital with fifteen beds;and eighteen months’ practice of a medico-chirurgical hospital, containing atleast sixty beds, and in which clinical instruction is delivered. There are twoUniversity Examinations; one comprising the subjects of study in the firstperiod, the other the subjects of the second period. Candidates may, if theyprefer to do so, pass both these examinations at the same time. The Univer-sity Examinations are held twice in each year, in June and September.Further information will be found in the "Queen’s University Calendar," ormay be obtained bv application to the Secretary, Queen’s University, DublinCastle.

KING AND QUEEN’S COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANSIN IRELAND.

Candidates for the Licentiateship in Medicine are required to make appli-cation to the College for permission to be examined according to the formsupplied by the Registrar, having previously lodged the admission fee in theBank of Ireland, to the credit of the College fund.

, Candidates are required to give proof of their having attained the age of

twenty-one years, and of having been engaged during a period of four years inthe study of Medicine, at a school or schools recognised by the College; andshall also produce evidence of having studied the following subjects :-Ana-tomy, Physiology, Practical Anatomy, Chemistry, Practical Chemistry,Materia Medica and Botany, Medical Jurisprudence, Practice of Medicineand Pathology, Surgery, Midwifery; and of having attended a medico-ehirur-gical hospital in which regular courses of clinical lectures are delivered,together with clinical instruction, for twenty-seven months, or such hospitalfor eighteen months, with nine months’ attendance on a medical hospital, andsimilar courses of clinical lectures and clinical instruction, the attendance ineach case being for not more than nine months in any year—namely, for sixwinter and three summer months,-and the attendance on a medico-chirur-gical hospital and medical hospital not being taken out in the same year; andof having attended Practical Mdwifery for six months at a recognised Lying-in Hospital, or produce evidence satisfactory to the College, in each individualcase, of having attended Practical Midwifery.

Candidates who are not personally known to any Fellow of the College arerequired to transmit testimonials of character from registered physicians orsurgeons, testimonials from physicians or surgeons of public hospitals orinfirmaries being preferred.

Students are recommended to divide their course of study into two periods,of two years each: the first to comprise Anatomy and Physiology, Surgery,Chemistry, Botany, and hospital attendance; the second to comprise Practiceof Medicine, Materia Medica, Medical Jurisprudence, Midwifery, and hospitalattendance.The examination is divided into two parts :-First part : Anatomy, Physio-

logy, Botany, and Chemistry. Second part: Materia Medica, Practice ofMedicine, Medical Jurisprudence, and Midwifery.

Students may be examined in the subjects of the first part at the termina-tion of the first period of study; or in all the subjects of their education, onthe completion of their medical studies.Candidates are required to have passed an examination in the following

subjects of preliminary education before the Board of Examiners of this Col-lege, previous to or within the first two years of their professional studies;or to have passed, within the period specified, an examination in generaleducation held by some of the qualifying bodies, or by some one of the nationaleducational bodies approved by the College :-English: Composition. ModernLanguages: One French or German author, at the option of the student.Greek: Homer’s Iliad, first book; or Xenophon’s Anabasis, first book; orWalker’s Lucian, first twelve dialogues ;-at the option of the student.Latin: Virgil’s jEneid, first and second books; or Sallust; or first two booksof Cusar, " De Bella Gallico ;"-at the option of the student. M athematics :Euclid, first and second books; Arithmetic, to the end of decimal fractions.Students in Arts of one year’s standing, of any University in the United

Kingdom, requiring examinations in the first year, and Graduates or Licen-tiates in Medicine or Surgery of any University or College in Great Britain orIreland, will be exempted from the Preliminary Examination.(The above regulations respecting Preliminary Examination will not apply

to candidates who have commenced their professional education previously tothe lst of January, 1861.)

Candidates qualified as follows are required to undergo the second part ofthe Professional Examination only, viz.:-1. Graduates in Medicine of a Uni.versity in the United Kingdom, or of any Foreign University approved by theCollege. 2. Fellows, Members, or Licentiates of the Royal Colleges of Physi-cians of London or Edinburgh, who have been admitted upon examination.3. Graduates or Licentiates in Surgery.

If the President and Fellows be not satisfied with the answering of a candi-date, they may admit him to re-examination after a lapse of not less than twomonths.The examinations are open to all Fellows and Licentiates of the College.If the applicant be a member of sn Apothecaries’ Company, he must sur-

render his certificate as such previously to examination; and, if admitted,must not be registered as an apothecary in any part of the United Kingdom.Members of the College who may desire to obtain the licence in Midwifery

will be required to undergo a special examination, and, if approved, willreceive such licence, and shall be distinguished as Practitioners in Midwiferyin the authorized lists of the College. Candidates for the licence in Midwiferywho are not members of the College will be admitted to examination for suchlicence on the following qualifications :-The degree or licence in Medicine orSurgery from any University or College of Physicians or Surgeons in theUnited Kingdom, together with a certificate of having attended a six months’course of lectures on Midwifery, with the attendance for six months at arecognised Lying-in Hospital, or of having attended Practical Midwifery forsix months, or produce evidence satisfactory to the College, in each individualcase, of having attended Practical Midwifery.The fee for the licence is 151. 158., which may be divided as follows :-For

examination at the termination of the first period of study, 5l. 5s.; for finalexamination for licence, 1(M. 10s.Fee for the Midwifery diploma, 3l. 3a.Fee for the Preliminary Examination, 5s.The Admission Fee, with the exception of 2l. 2s. deducted to meet the

expense of the Examination, is returned to any Candidate who may be rejectedfor the Licence in Medicine; but in the case of a rejected Candidate afterwardspassing the Examination in Medicine within twelve months, the sum previouslydeducted is allowed in the Fee paid for such second Examination.

ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND.The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland grants two different diplomas-

one conferring the rank of Fellow, and the other that of Licentiate. A Fellowis a member of the corporation, and entitled to vote at all elections for presi-dent, vice-president, and councillors. The letters testimonial granted to theLicentiate enable him to " exercise and enjoy all rights of practice in the artor science of Surgery, or otherwise, which are commonly enjoyed by the Fel-low, and to have free access to the library and museum of the College, andmake him eligible to the rank of Fellow, subject to specified regulations."Both Fellows and Licentiates are obliged to make and subscribe to a formaldeclaration legally binding them to 11 obserye and be obedient to the statutes,

Page 2: ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS IN IRELAND

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bye-laws, and ordinances of the College, and to the utmost of their power topromote its honour, reputation, and dignity." Fellows, in addition, declarethat they " do not practise the business or profession of an apothecary ordruggist, or indirectly sell drugs or medicines; and that they will not, whileFellows, practise such business or profession."A student who proposes to become a Fellow or Licentiate of the College

must first become a registered pupil, for which he pays a fee of 5l. 5s.; but heis permitted to postpone such entry as registered pupil, and such payment,until the period of his final examination.The following new bye-law has been enacted: "Certificates of attendance

on lectures and of the performance of dissections shall be received from pro-fessors and lecturers in all universities, colleges, and recognised schools inher Majesty’s dominions as qualifications for the Fellowship and letterstestimonial of this College ; and also certificates of attendance on all hospit alsrecognised by the Council, where clinical instruction is given."

APOTHECARIES’ HALL OF IRELAND.The Preliminary Education and Examination ineludea-1. English: Eng-

lish Composition and English History. 2. Mathematics; Arithmetic, theordinary rules, and Vulgar and Decimal Fractions; Euclid, first two Books;and Algebra, including Simple Equations. 3. French: Telemachus orCharles XiI. 4. Latin: the Catiline War of Sallust, and the first three Booksof the aeneid of Virgil. 5. Greek : the Gospel of St. John, and the first twentyDialogues of Lucian, or the first two Books of the Iliad of Homer. 6. NaturalPhilosophy: Hydrostatics, Hydraulics, and Pneumatics ;-the pressure ofLiquids and Gases; Specific Gravity; the Common Pump, the Forcing Pump,and the Air Pump; the Siphon; the Barometer; the Steam Engine. 7. Na-tural History: the Classification and Elementary Structure of Vegetables andAnimals.A Preliminary Examination will be held at the Hall four times in the year,

viz., on the third Friday in the months of January, April, July, and October,at the hour of 2 o’clock, P.M. This Examination will be conducted byGraduates in Arts of the University of Dublin, with Assessors from the Courtof the Hall.

Unsuccessful Candidates will not be re-admitted to Examination until afterthe lapse of six months.

Certificates in Arts granted by any of the Bodies named in Schedule (A) ofthe Medical Act, or by any Educational Institution approved of by the MedicalCouncil, will be recognised by the Hall.The Professional Education and Examination.-Every Candidate for the

Licence to practise must produce Certificates to the following effect :-1. Ofhaving passed an Examination in Arts previously to entering on professionalstudy. 2. Of being registered as a Student in Medicine by one of the Bodiesnamed in Schedule (A) of " the Medical Act." 3. Of being at least twenty-oneyears of age, and of good moral character. 4. Of Apprenticeship to a qualifiedApothecary, or of having been engaged at practical Pharmacy with an Apothe-cary for a period of three years subsequent to having passed the Examinationin Arts. 5. Of having spent four years in Professional Study. 6. Of havingattended the following courses, viz. :-Chemistry, during one winter session;Anatomy and Physiology, during two winter sessions; Demonstrations andDissections, during two winter sessions; Botany and Natural History, duringone summer session; Materia Medica and Therapeutics, during one summersession; Practical Chemistry (in a recognised Laboratory), during threemonths; Principles and Practice of Medicine, during one winter session;Midwifery and Diseases of Women and Children, during six months; PracticalMidwifery at a recognised Hospital (attendance upon twenty cases); Surgery,during one winter session; Medical Jurisprudence, during one summersession; Instruction in the practice of Vaccination. 7. Of having attended,at a recognised Hospital or Hospitals, the Practice of Medicine and ClinicalLectures on Medicine, during two winter and two summer sessions; also thePractice of Surgery and Clinical Lectures on Surgery, during one winter andone summer session.The Examination for the Licence to Practise is divided into two parts :-The First Part comprehends Chemistry, Botany, Anatomy, Physiology,

Materia Medica, and Pharmacy.The Second-Medicine, Surgery, (Principles of) Pathology, Midwifery,

Forensic Medicine, and Hygiene.The First Part may be undergone at the close of the second Winter Session,

and after the Candidate has attended the Courses upon the several subjectsnamed for this Examination, and the Second not before the completion of thefourth Winter Session.The Licence of the Apothecaries’ Hall, Dublin, entitles its Possessor to be

registered as a Medical Practitioner, under the " Medical Act," and to practiseMedicine and Pharmacy in Great Britain and Ireland.The Governor and Court of Examiners meet at the Hall upon the first two

Fridays in every month for the Examination of Candidates, at the hour of 2o’clock, p.M.Candidates for the Licence must lodge their Testimonials, and enrol their

names and address with the Clerk at the Hall, in Dublin, a week prior to theday of Examination.A rejected Candidate cannot be re-admitted to Examination until after the

expiration of six months.Candidates for the Certificate qf Assistant to an Apothecary, in Compounding

and Dispensing Medicine, must have completed at least three years of hisApprenticeship with an Apothecary, or have a Certificate from an Apothecaryof having been engaged at practical Pharmacy for a period of three years, to-gether with a Certificate of good moral character.The Examination of the intended AS8&Icirc;<<ta"t will be restricted to the British

Pharmacopoeia and to Pharmacy, scientific and practical, including the historyand character of Medicines, their preparation, combination, and doses, and thetranslation of Latin Prescriptions.An Examination of A pprentiees is held at the Hall in the first week in May

annually, upon some subject of Medical Chemistry, which is announced by theCouncil of the Hall at the commencement of the previous Winter Session, anda Prize of Five Guineas is awarded to the successful Competitor.

In reference to the foregoing Education and Examinations it is required bythe Council of the Hall that every Candidate for the Preliminary Examination,or Certificate of Apprentice, shall have read all the Books in the prescribedCourse, and shall pass such Examination as will satisfactorily test his gram-matical knowledge of the languages, his acquaintance with the working ofthe several problems and calculations, and his familiarity with the leadingevents of English History, and with the elements of Physical and NaturalScience.In each department, numerical values will be attached to the answers, and

only Candidates who attain a certain proficiency will obtain the Certificatein Arts," or " Certificate of Apprentice."

This Examination will be conducted by printed papers, and the answerswill be required in writing.

In thefirst part of the Examination for the Licence" the Candidate isrequired to recognise and describe samples of Drags and Plants used inMedicine, and to indicate the chemical and physical means of distinguishingthem; to enumerate and explain the Pharmaceutic preparations of the Phar-maeopceia, with their uses and doses ; to translate Latin prescriptions cor-rectly ; and to answer questions in Human Anatomy, and in Vegetable andAnimal Physiology.This Examination will be partly written and partly oral.In the second part, the Candidate, having passed the first part satisfactorily,

must answer questions in the several departments of Practical Medicine, anddemonstrate and define diseased structure and injuries from pathologicalillustration, and give also the appropriate treatment and the form of Pre-scription suitable in each case.This Examination will be also partly written and partly oral.Doctors of Medicine of any of the Universities in the United Kingdom, or

Surgeons of any of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons, whose qualifications assuch appear in the Medical Register, and who having first passed an Exami-nation in Arts, have also served an Apprenticeship, or the required term atpractical Pharmacy, to a qualified Apothecary, may obtain the Licence of theHall by undergoing an Examination-the former in Pharmacy, and the latterin Medicine and Pharmacy; in either case the Examination of the Candidatewill be confined to one day’s Examination.

"A Register of Medical Students" lies with the Clerk at his Office in theHall, and remains open from the first to theflfteentli day of each Winter andSummer Session for the entry of the names of Students who have passed thePreliminary Examination in Arts, and commenced their professional study.

HOSPITALS AND SCHOOLSFOR

SPECIAL MEDICAL INSTRUCTION IN THEMETROPOLIS.

ST. LuKE’s HOSPITAL FOR LUNATICS, Old-street -Resident Medical Saper-intendent-James Ellis, Esq. (of whom all particulars can be obtained respect-ing the lectures). Sessions of three months each commence on October 1st,Jan. 1st, May lst. Fee for the session, e3 3s.HOSPITAL MB CONSUMPTION AND DISEASES OF THE CHEST, BROMPTON.&mdash;

Pupils are admitted to the hospital practice. Fees: for three months, &pound;3 3s.;for six months, jE5 5s.; perpetual, &pound;10 10s.

Clinical instruction is given daily by the physicians and assistant-physicians.Clinical assistants reside in the hospital. Pupils are eligible for these appoint-ments, which are held for six months.WEST LONDON HOSPITAL, HAMMERSMITH.&mdash;Number of beds 24. Average

of out-patients, 30,000 annually; in-patients, 200.The Apothecaries’ Company receive certificates of attendance on the medical

practice of this hospital for six months of the whole period they require.Gentlemen may enter as articled pupils, and also acquire a knowledge of Prac-tical Pharmacy. Fee for the whole period of apprenticeship (five years),100 guineas.HOSPITAL SHIP, "DREADNOUGHT," off Greenwich: Office, 86, King William-

street, E.C.-This institution contains 200 beds, and is established for therelief of seamen of all nations. Casualties from the shore are also received.Residence is provided on board for students and others who may be desirousof studying diseases incidental to tropical climates before entering the service,or going abroad. Constant opportunities also occur for the performance ofsurgical operations.NATIONAL HOSPITAL FOR THE PARALYSED AND THE EPILEPTIC, 24, Queen-

square, Bloomsbury.-The hospital contains 30 beds. More than 1000 out-patients are now under treatment. The physicians attend every Monday,Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday. Medical practitioners and students will beadmitted on showing their cards.HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN, Great Ormond-street.&mdash;The medical officera

attend daily at nine A.M. Fee for three months’ attendance, R3 3s.; perpetual,&pound;5 5s. Lectures on the Diseases of Children are given weekly during thewinter by the physicians and surgeons. Admission free to students after theirfirst year, on previous written application to the Secretary at the hospital.ROYAL ORTHOP&AElig;DIC HOSPITAL, 315, Oxford-street.&mdash;Operations, Thursdays,

2 P.M. Lectures are regularly given to medical practitioners and students.METROPOLITAN SCHOOL OF DENTAL SCIENCE.&mdash;Winter session: Dental

Surgery, Mr. Hulme, Wednesdays, 7 P.M. Mechanical Dentistry, Mr. Hockley,Thursdays, 7 P.M.&mdash;Summer session: Dental Anatomy and Physiology, Mr.Fuller; Metallurgy, Mr. Tribe.Fee for the lectures required by the College of Surgeons, .fl2 128. Single

course of any of the lectures, &pound;3 3s.QUEEN CHARLOTTE’S LYING-IN HOSPITAL, Marylebone-road. Instituted

1752.-The hospital contains 50 beds.Pupils are admitted to reside and board in the hospital (after having been

examined by the physicians) for three months, on payment of thirty guineas.Females are admitted as pupils to qualify either for midwives or monthlynurses. Terms on application to the matron.ROYAL INFIRMARY FOR WOMEN AND CHILDREN, Waterloo-bridge-road.-

Advanced students in medicine, and such practitioners as may desire it, arepermitted to attend the practice of this institution gratis. If a certificatesignifying such attendance be required, the sum ot five guineas must be paidto the physicians and surgeons in ordinary conjointty.The house-surgeon is permitted to take apprentices, to whom, with the con-

currence of the physicians and surgeons, certificates of attendance ou thepractice may be conceded without fee.ROYAL WESTMINSTER OPHTHALMIC HOSPrTAL, Charing-cross.&mdash;The hospital

contains 32 beds. Fee for attendance on the practice and lectures: threemonths, jE3 3s.; perpetual, &pound;5 5s. The office of house-surgeon is open to thecompetition of the students attending the hospital.

To Correspondents.IN consequence of the present number of THE LANCET being devoted entirely’I to information interesting to students, we are obliged to omit all other

! matter. - Aaswers to correspondents are unavoidably postponed until nextweek.