romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali `sarmrToa is nivTebi,romlebic

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Text of romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali `sarmrToa is...

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)

    sanivTo

    samarTali

    sanivTo

    samarTali

    2015 1DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    romis samarTalSi uZveles periodSi ganasxvavebdnen `familia~-s da `pecunia~-s cnebebs; familia-Si igulisxmeboda ojaxis mamis xelisuflebis qveS myofi ojaxis wevrebic; pecunia_Si ki individualuri sakuTreba, qoneba.

    nivTebi (res) • samoqalaqo brunvaSi arsebuli (res in

    commercium) • samoqalaqo brunvidan amoRebuli (res

    extra commercium)

    romis samarTalSi uZveles periodSi ganasxvavebdnen `familia~-s da `pecunia~-s cnebebs; familia-Si igulisxmeboda ojaxis mamis xelisuflebis qveS myofi ojaxis wevrebic; pecunia_Si ki individualuri sakuTreba, qoneba.

    nivTebi (res) • samoqalaqo brunvaSi arsebuli (res in

    commercium) • samoqalaqo brunvidan amoRebuli (res

    extra commercium)

    2015 2DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    samoqalaqo brunvidan amoRebuli iyo RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebi (res divini iuris), mag. saRmrTo, religiuri da wminda nivTebi; maTgan ganasxvavebdnen adamianuri samarTlis nivTebs (res humani iuris), romelic umeteswilad viRacis sakuTrebaa da Tavis mxriv an sajaroa (res publicae) an kerZo (res privatae).

    samoqalaqo brunvidan amoRebuli iyo RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebi (res divini iuris), mag. saRmrTo, religiuri da wminda nivTebi; maTgan ganasxvavebdnen adamianuri samarTlis nivTebs (res humani iuris), romelic umeteswilad viRacis sakuTrebaa da Tavis mxriv an sajaroa (res publicae) an kerZo (res privatae).

    2015 3DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `nivTebi umTavresad or jgufad iyofa. erTi jgufi RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebs warmoadgens, meore ki _ adamianuri samarTlis. RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebia, magaliTad, saRmrTo da religiuri nivTebi. wminda nivTebic, magaliTad, qalaqis kedlebi da karebi garkveulad RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebs warmoadgenen. is, rac RvTaebriv samarTals ekuTvnis, aravis qonebas ar Seadgens. xolo is, rac adamianuri samarTlisaa, umravles SemTxvevaSi viRacis qonebas warmoadgens...~gaiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 1.

    `nivTebi umTavresad or jgufad iyofa. erTi jgufi RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebs warmoadgens, meore ki _ adamianuri samarTlis. RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebia, magaliTad, saRmrTo da religiuri nivTebi. wminda nivTebic, magaliTad, qalaqis kedlebi da karebi garkveulad RvTaebrivi samarTlis nivTebs warmoadgenen. is, rac RvTaebriv samarTals ekuTvnis, aravis qonebas ar Seadgens. xolo is, rac adamianuri samarTlisaa, umravles SemTxvevaSi viRacis qonebas warmoadgens...~gaiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 1.

    2015 4DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `saRmrTo, religiuri da wminda nivTebi vinmes qonebas ar Seadgenen.~ marciane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 6, 2.

    `xolo adamianuri samarTlis nivTebi an sajaroa da an kerZo. sajaro nivTebi vinmes qonebad ar iTvleba da TviT korporaciis (universitas) kuTvnilebad aris miCneuli. kerZo nivTebi ki calkeul pirs ekuTvnis.~ gaiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 1.

    `saRmrTo, religiuri da wminda nivTebi vinmes qonebas ar Seadgenen.~ marciane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 6, 2.

    `xolo adamianuri samarTlis nivTebi an sajaroa da an kerZo. sajaro nivTebi vinmes qonebad ar iTvleba da TviT korporaciis (universitas) kuTvnilebad aris miCneuli. kerZo nivTebi ki calkeul pirs ekuTvnis.~ gaiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 1.

    2015 5DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    • religiuri nivTebia (res religiosae) _ taZrebi, salocavebi, Sesawiri adgilebi, sasaflao;

    • saRmrTo nivTebia (res sacrae) _ RmerTisadmi sajarod Sewiruli nivTebi;

    • wminda nivTebi (res sanctae) _ qalaqis kedlebi da karebi;

    • sajaro nivTebia (res publicae) _ cixeebi, sapyrobileebi, gzebi, Teatrebi; sajaro nivTebSi Sedis aseve xazinis kuTvnili nivTebi (res fisci);

    • res universitatis _ warmoadgenda saerTo-saTemo, korporaciis sakuTrebaSi Semaval nivTebs.

    • religiuri nivTebia (res religiosae) _ taZrebi, salocavebi, Sesawiri adgilebi, sasaflao;

    • saRmrTo nivTebia (res sacrae) _ RmerTisadmi sajarod Sewiruli nivTebi;

    • wminda nivTebi (res sanctae) _ qalaqis kedlebi da karebi;

    • sajaro nivTebia (res publicae) _ cixeebi, sapyrobileebi, gzebi, Teatrebi; sajaro nivTebSi Sedis aseve xazinis kuTvnili nivTebi (res fisci);

    • res universitatis _ warmoadgenda saerTo-saTemo, korporaciis sakuTrebaSi Semaval nivTebs.

    2015 6DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `sarmrToa is nivTebi, romlebic [RmerTebisadmi] sajarod aris miZRvnili da ara kerZod.~ marciane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 6, 3.

    `saRmrToa (sakraluria) is nivTebi, romlebic saTanado ritualiTa da umaRlesi samRvdeloebis (saeklesio pirebis) meSveobiT RmerTebisadmi aris miZRvnili, magaliTad taZrebi da saCuqrebi, romlebic saTanado ritualiT RvTismsaxurebisTvis aris miZRvnili... xolo adgili, sadac taZari aaSenes, Tundac Senoba daingres, mainc saRmrTo [adgilad] darCeba...~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 8.

    `sarmrToa is nivTebi, romlebic [RmerTebisadmi] sajarod aris miZRvnili da ara kerZod.~ marciane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 6, 3.

    `saRmrToa (sakraluria) is nivTebi, romlebic saTanado ritualiTa da umaRlesi samRvdeloebis (saeklesio pirebis) meSveobiT RmerTebisadmi aris miZRvnili, magaliTad taZrebi da saCuqrebi, romlebic saTanado ritualiT RvTismsaxurebisTvis aris miZRvnili... xolo adgili, sadac taZari aaSenes, Tundac Senoba daingres, mainc saRmrTo [adgilad] darCeba...~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 8.

    2015 7DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `nebismieri piri adgils religiurad Tavisi neba-survilis mixedviT gadaaqcevs, rogorc ki igi mkvdars Tavis miwaSi damarxavs. magram saerTo Tavisufal miwaSi damarxva TanamesakuTris survilis winaaRmdeg nebadarTuli ar aris. xolo saerTo sasaflaoze damarxva sxvebis Tanxmobis gareSec aris SesaZlebeli.~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 8.

    `nebismieri piri adgils religiurad Tavisi neba-survilis mixedviT gadaaqcevs, rogorc ki igi mkvdars Tavis miwaSi damarxavs. magram saerTo Tavisufal miwaSi damarxva TanamesakuTris survilis winaaRmdeg nebadarTuli ar aris. xolo saerTo sasaflaoze damarxva sxvebis Tanxmobis gareSec aris SesaZlebeli.~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 8.

    2015 8DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `wminda (`sancta~) nivTebic, magaliTad qalaqis kedlebi (galavani) da karebi, garkveulad saRvTo samarTals ganekuTvnebian, da amitomac aravis qonebas ar Seadgenen. xolo qalaqis kedlebs (galavans) wmindas imitom vuwodebT, rom vinc maT daazianebs misTvis sikvdiliT dasjaa dawesebuli. amitomac Cven sanqcias (`sanctio~) vuwodebT kanonebis im nawilsac, romelic am kanonis damrRvevTaTvis sasjels gansazRvravT.~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 10.

    `wminda (`sancta~) nivTebic, magaliTad qalaqis kedlebi (galavani) da karebi, garkveulad saRvTo samarTals ganekuTvnebian, da amitomac aravis qonebas ar Seadgenen. xolo qalaqis kedlebs (galavans) wmindas imitom vuwodebT, rom vinc maT daazianebs misTvis sikvdiliT dasjaa dawesebuli. amitomac Cven sanqcias (`sanctio~) vuwodebT kanonebis im nawilsac, romelic am kanonis damrRvevTaTvis sasjels gansazRvravT.~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 10.

    2015 9DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `pirdapiri mniSvnelobiT `wminda~ (sanctum) ewodeba imas, rac arc `saRmrToa~ da arc saero, magram sanqciiT aris daculi. ase, magaliTad, kanoni wmindaa, radgan is garkveuli sanqciiT aris ganmtkicebuli. vinaidan is, rac raime sanqciiT aris gamyarebuli, wmindaa, Tundac is RmerTebisadmi miZRvnili ar iyos.~ ulpiane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 9, 3.

    `pirdapiri mniSvnelobiT `wminda~ (sanctum) ewodeba imas, rac arc `saRmrToa~ da arc saero, magram sanqciiT aris daculi. ase, magaliTad, kanoni wmindaa, radgan is garkveuli sanqciiT aris ganmtkicebuli. vinaidan is, rac raime sanqciiT aris gamyarebuli, wmindaa, Tundac is RmerTebisadmi miZRvnili ar iyos.~ ulpiane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 9, 3.

    2015 10DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `Tu vinme qalaqis kedels daazianebs, igi sikvdiliT isjeba iseve, rogorc is, vinc kedelze kibiT an sxva raime xerxiT gadava, radgan romaeli moqalaqeebisaTvis qalaqidan gasvla mxolod qalaqis karebidan aris nebadarTuli. qalaqidan sxva saSualebiT gasvla mtrul [moqmedebad] ganixileba da uarsayofia, vinaidan remi, romulusis Zma, rogorc gadmogvcemen, swored imis gamo mokles, rom man kedelze gadaZroma moindoma.~ pomponiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 11.

    `Tu vinme qalaqis kedels daazianebs, igi sikvdiliT isjeba iseve, rogorc is, vinc kedelze kibiT an sxva raime xerxiT gadava, radgan romaeli moqalaqeebisaTvis qalaqidan gasvla mxolod qalaqis karebidan aris nebadarTuli. qalaqidan sxva saSualebiT gasvla mtrul [moqmedebad] ganixileba da uarsayofia, vinaidan remi, romulusis Zma, rogorc gadmogvcemen, swored imis gamo mokles, rom man kedelze gadaZroma moindoma.~ pomponiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VIII, 11.

    2015 11DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) sanivTo samarTali

    `xolo yvela mdinare da navsadguri sajaroa, amitom navsadgurebsa da mdinareebSi Tevzis Weris ufleba yvelasaTvis saerToa.~ instituciebi, wigni II, tituli I, 2.

    `korporacias (universitas) da ara calkeul pirebs ekuTvnis , magaliT