romis samarTali (safuZvlebi) pirebi romis samarTalSi ... mas kanoniT memkvidreoba ekuTvnis~. iuliane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V 12. `vinc muclad aris, igi zustad isevea daculi,

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  • romis samarTali(safuZvlebi)

    pirebi romis

    samarTalSi

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 1

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    romis samarTali erTmaneTisganganasxvavebda calkeul pirTa dakorporaciis anu gaerTianebisuflebebs, Tumca iuridiuli piriscneba romSi Camoyalibebuli aryofila.

    romis samarTlis mixedviT samoqalaqouflebebi Tandayolili ki ar aris, aramed saxelmwifoSi SeZenilia.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 2

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    romis samarTali fizikuri piris(persona) sam statuss ganasxvavebda:

    status libertatis _ Tavisuflebis statusi;

    status civitatis _ moqalaqeobis statusi;

    status familae _ saojaxo statusi.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 3

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    Tavisuflebis statusis mixedviTganasxvavebdnen _ Tavisuflebsa daaraTavisuflebs (monebs);

    moqalaqeobis statusis mixedviT _ romaelebsa (romis moqalaqeebs) daararomaelebs (qveSevrdomebs _ laTinebs, pregrinebs);

    saojaxo statusis mixedviT ki _ ojaxissruluflebian ufross (persona sui iuris) dasxvisi xelisuflebis qveS (persona alienaiurus) myofebs.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 4

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    `vinaidan, romis moqalaqeTagan zogi ojaxis mamaa, zogi_ ojaxis vaJiSvili, zogi ojaxis deda da zogic _ ojaxis qaliSvili, ojaxis mamebs warmoadgenen isini, romlebic `Tavisi xelisuflebisani~ arian da araaqvs mniSvneloba srulwlovanni arian isini Tu ara. amis msgavsad, ojaxis dedebi, ojaxis vaJiSvilebi daojaxis qaliSvilebi arian sxvisi xelisuflebis qveS. vinaidan is, vinc Cemi colisgan Cndeba, Cemsxelisuflebas eqvemdebareba. aseve, is, vinc Cemi Zisganda misi colisgan Cndeba, e.i. Cemi SviliSvili, vaJicada qalic, Cems xelisuflebas eqvemdebareba, aseveSviliSvilis Svilebi, vaJebi da qalebi da a.S.~ ulpiane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VI, 4.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 5

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    statusSi cvlilebas kapitusebi (capitisdeminutio) ewodeboda:

    capitis deminutio maxima _ maqsimaluricvlileba statusSi (TavisuflebisstatusSi cvlileba);

    capitis deminutio media _ nawilobrivi(saSualo) cvlileba statusSi(moqalaqeobis statusSi cvlileba);

    capitis deminutio minima _ minimaluricvlileba statusSi (saojaxo statusSicvlileba).

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 6

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    romis moqalaqeobis SeZenis gzebi: dabadebiT (kanonieri qorwinebidan)

    gaazatebiT

    ucxoelisTvis moqalaqeobis CuqebiT(naturalizaciiT)

    romis moqalaqeobis dakargvis gzebi: gardacvalebiT

    tyved Cavardnis SemTxvevaSi

    mZime sasjelis SefardebiT, gandevniT

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 7

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    romauli toga warmoadgenda romaeli mamakacis zeda samosels; is Tavisuflebis simbolod iTvleboda da ucxoelebsa da monebs misitarebis ufleba ar qondaT.

    senatoristoga

    romaelTaCacmuloba

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 8

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    kerZo samarTalSi romis moqalaqeTauflebrivi mdgomareoba mocavda or ZiriTad elements:

    1) kanonieri qorwinebis ufleba (iusconubii) da

    2) komerciis, anu qonebis SeZenisa dagasxvisebis ufleba (ius commercii)

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 9

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    uflebaunarianoba (caput) ewodeba adamianisunars iqonios uflebebi.

    uflebaunarianoba Tavisufal adamiansdabadebisTanave uCndeba; dabadebuladCaiTvleboda piri mas Semdeg rac dedissxeuls gamoeyofoda da cocxalidaibadeboda; Tundac orsuloba Svid Tvezemetxans ar gagrZelebuliyo.

    uflebaunarianoba jer kidev daubadebel, dedis mucelSi myof, nayofsac gaaCnda.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 10

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    `uaRresad swavluli kacis _ hipokrates _ avtoritetis gamo meSvide Tves dabadebuli ukvesrul nayofad miiCneva~. pavlusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V, 12.

    `is vinc muclad aris, TiTqmis mTeli samoqalaqosamarTliT [ukve] dabadebulad ganixileba, vinaidan... mas kanoniT memkvidreoba ekuTvnis~.iuliane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V, 12.

    `vinc muclad aris, igi zustad isevea daculi, rogorc ukve dabadebuli, rodesac saqme Tavadnayofis sargebels exeba...~ pavlusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V, 12.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 11

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    qmedunarianoba TanamedroveTvalsazrisiT ganixileba, rogorcpiris unari Tavisi moqmedebiTSeiZinos uflebebi da ikisrosvaldebulebebi.

    qmedunarianoba ZiriTadaddamokidebuli iyo piris asaksa daSeracxadobaze.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 12

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    qmedunarianoba, romis samarTlis mixedviT, Semdegasakobriv jgufebs ganasxvavebda:

    7 wlamde asakis pirebi _ araqmedunarianni (infantes);

    7-14 wlamde pirebi (qalebi 12 wlamde) aRniSnuliasakis pirebi raimes SesaZenad qmedunarianad, magramvaldebulebebis asaRebad, qonebis gasasxviseblad, anderZiT memkvidreobis gansakargavad qmeduunarodmiiCneoda.

    14(12)-25 wlamde pirebi sruli qmedunarianobis mqonedmiiCneodnen, Tumca mamis xelisuflebaSi myofi pirismier dadebuli garigeba SesaZlebeli iyo mamissasarCelo moTxovnis safuZvelze (gamoucdelobisgamo) baTilad CaTvliliyo.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 13

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    qmedunarianobis ganxorcielebis erT-erTiaucilebeli moTxovna, piris Seracxadobaiyo; aqedan gamomdinare suliT avadmyofebida Wkuasustebi araqmedunarianadiTvlebodnen, aseT adamians mzrunvelsuniSnavdnen.

    qmedunarianobis SezRudvis safuZveladiTvleboda, Tu piri gamflangveli, anususti nebisyofis iyo, vinaidan TavisiqceviTa da xasiaTiT safrTxes uqmnidagarigebis Sesrulebas.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 14

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    qalebi, mamakacebTan SedarebiT SezRuduliqmedunarianobis mqoned miiCneodnen:

    `Cveni samarTlis mravali dadgenilebiTqalis mdgomareoba uaresia vidremamakacisa~. papiane, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V, 9.

    qmedunarianobis SezRudvis kidev erTipiroba piris usircxvilod an upatiosnod aRiareba warmoadgenda.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 15

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    XII tabulis kanonebiT Tu garigebis mowme uarsityoda am faqtis Sesaxeb Cvenebis micemaze, uRirsmowmed cxaddeboda.

    aseTi piri garigebis dadebisas mowmed veRar miiRebdamonawileobas da verc TviTon moiwvevda sxvas; aqedan gamomdinare igi faqtiurad kargavda iuscommercii-s.

    klasikur epoqaSi is pirebi, romlebic TavisiznedacemulobiT sazogadoebis pativiscemaskargavdnen, saxelgatexilebad (pativayrilebad, infamia) cxaddebodnen. isini izRudebodnen rogorcsajaro samarTliT (kargavdnen xmis uflebas), isekerZo samarTlis sferoSi.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 16

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    araromaelTa samarTlebrivi mdgomareoba

    Zvel romSi ucxoeli mtrad (hostis) iyogamocxadebuli da misi mokvla an datyveveba(monad gadaqceva) daSvebuli iyo. droTaganmavlobaSi ucxoelTa garkveuli kategoriebisuflebaunarianobis aRiareba moxda.

    laTinebi _ laTinebad Tavdapirvelad iwodebodnenlaciumis mcxovreblebi romelTac gaaCndaTromaelebTan ius civile-Ti garigebebis dadebisufleba (ius commercii) da kanonieri qorwinebisufleba (ius conubii); laTinebis es fena (latini prisci) Zv. w. I saukuneSi gaqra.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 17

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    laTinTa meore fenas kolonebis laTinebi (latini coloniarii) warmoadgendnen. ase iwodebodnen romis koloniebis, provinciebisa Tu olqebis mcxovreblebi; isinigauTanabrdnen romis moqalaqeebs uflebebSi, Tumcakanonieri qorwinebis ufleba ar gaaCndaT.

    peregrinebi _ am kategoriaSi Sediodnen romisprovinciebis mcxovreblebi, romelTac arc moqalaqisda arc laTinTa uflebebi ar gaaCndaT; asevedasjili da romidan gandevnili moqalaqeebi; isiniucxoelebad da uufleboebad ganixilebodnen. maTTansamarTlebrivi urTierTobebi ius gentium-iTregulirdeboda.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 18

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    monebis samarTlebrivi mdgomareobamona ar warmoadgenda samarTlis subieqts; igi

    samarTlis obieqtad miiCneoda, radgan nivTTan iyogaTanabrebuli.

    `monoba aris xalxTa samarTlis dawesebuleba, romliTac erTi piri bunebis sawinaaRmdegod meorepiris batonobas emorCileba~. florentinusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli V, 4.

    `xolo monas es saxeli (servus) iqidan ewoda, romimperatoris brZanebiT tyveebs hyidian da, Cveulebriv maT sicocxles unarCuneben (servare) daar klaven.~ instituciebi, wigni I, titili III,4.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 19

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    `amrigad, monebi [TavianTi] batonis xelisuflebis qveSarian. amasTan, es xelisufleba xalxTa samarTalsekuTvnis, vinaidan Cven SegviZlia SevniSnoT, rom batons yvela xalxSi [Tavisi] monis `sikvdilisa da sicocxlisufleba~ gaaCnia, da, rasac mona SeiZens, mas misi batoniiZens.

    magram dRes romis qveSevrdomTagan aravis aqvs ufleba, romgadaWarbebuli [sisastikiT] da kanoniT cnobili mizezisgareSe sastikad moeqces Tavis monebs. vinaidanRvTaebrivi antoniusis konstituciis Tanaxmad is, vincTavis monas umizezod moklavs, aranakleb isjeba, vidreis, vinc sxvisi mona mokla. da monaTmflobelTa zedmetisisastike isjeba imave princefsis konstituciiT.~

    gaiusi, digestebi, wigni I, tituli VI, 1.

    2012 DAVIT BOSTOGHANASHVILI 20

  • romis samarTali (safuZvlebi)pirebi romis samarTalSi

    monobis damyarebis gzebi

    dabadebiT monoba _ Tundac mama Tavisufalimoqalaqe yofiliyo, Tu deda mona iyo, Svili monad iTvleboda, xolo,