Rome, Jesus, and the Spread of Christianity
Rome, Jesus, and the Spread of ChristianityWhat are the basic facts about Christianity from a historical perspective?How did Christianity go from an unknown, illegal movement to being one of the main driving forces behind western civilization?
1Two questions:What are the basic facts about Christianity from a historical perspective?How did Christianity go from an unknown, illegal movement to being one of the main driving forces behind western civilization?
Rome: The Right time The right place!!!GEOGRAPHIC FACTORSRELIGIOUS/SOCIAL FACTORSPOLITICAL FACTORS
All above Factors paved the way for Christianity to spread. Christianity could not have expanded the way it did at any other time in history.
2QUICKLY Geography, Philosophy, and Politics all paved the way for Christianity to spread. Christianity could not have expanded the way it did at any other time in history. But there are even more important factors than just the Roman culture:Rome at the Birth of Christ
3This is a rough approximation of the boundaries of the Roman Empire around the time Christianity began.Rome at the Birth of Christ
4This map gives a little more detail The yellow shows when the Empire began with the rise of Caesar Augustus, the green is the territory Augustus added to the empire, and the Red shows the empire at the death of Marcus Aurelius in 180 AD. So you see-the empire was growing during the rise of Christianity;-Judea was a recent addition to the empire out on its eastern edge (POINT OUT WHERE JUDEA IS)Rome: The Right time the right place!!!Geographic FactorsRoman OrderTransportationAll roads lead to Rome
5Rome: The Right time the right place!!!RELIGIOUS/SOCIAL FACTORSRoman Religion (mythology)Blending of Greek & Other Religious beliefsPolytheism Many GodsPagan State recognition of Traditional Greek Gods now known as Roman GodsSeen with the Emperors some considered themselves descendants of the Gods
6Briefly describe paganism and the disillusionment that was going along with it.Political FactorsRome provided for religious freedom Christians and Jews looked down upon for their condemnation of Roman gods however, free to do pretty much as they wished, in most places, most of the time.
Persecution did take place but were infrequent and involved very few people. Once Roman Religion (mythology) no longer embraced by the Head of the empire allowed for Christianity to be embraced more
Example: when a Roman governor in Asia Minor began a persecution of Christians during the second century, "the entire Christian population of the region paraded before his house as a manifesto of their faith and as a protest against injustice. The more significant part of this story is not that the Christians had the nerve to protest, but that they went unpunished.Christianity: Seizing the moment
8Christianity: Seizing the MomentJesus is born in 4, 5, or 6 BCWhy not 0?What the heck does AD mean?
9The Appeal of JesusHis Ministry
His ClaimJesus of Nazareth
10The Appeal of JesusHIS MINISTRYHealing
The Kingdom of GodEmbrace God and have eternal life?Jesus of Nazareth
11The Appeal of JesusHIS DEATHNo trial or execution in history has had such an impact as that of Jesus in Roman-occupied Jerusalem, 2000 years ago.But was it an execution or a judicial murder; and who was responsible?
Jesus of Nazareth
12The Appeal of JesusTHE CLAIMResurrectionAvailable to BelieversHope After Death
YShua min NazaretJesus of Nazareth
13Key People & Actions foster the Spread of ChristianityPETERTraveling PreacherLater revered as First Pope or the Bishop of RomeMartyred in Rome in mid-60s AD Killed by emperor Nero in 64 ad
14Going back in time one of the key players: Peter mostly told other Jewish people about Jesus throughout the Roman EmpireKilled by emperor Nero in 64 adKey People & Actions foster the Spread of ChristianityPAUL (Saul of Tarsus)JewishStarted Gentile ChurchesWrote letters which make up 1/3 of the New TestamentMartyred in Rome in mid-60s ADPaul is a key figure in this transition he specifically went to non-Jewish people and told them that if they became followers of Jesus, they were acceptable to God
15Key People & Actions foster the Spread of ChristianityConstantines Edict of Toleration (313 AD)Theodosius declares Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire (380 AD)Augustine & the Rise of the Holy Roman Empire (430 AD)
16Was this universally appealing? The Alexamenos graffito is an inscription carved in plaster on a wall near the Palatine Hill in Rome, now in the Palatine Antiquarian Museum. It may be the earliest surviving image of Jesus and is alleged to be among the earliest known pictorial representations of the Crucifixion of Jesus
Key Resource for the Spread of ChristianityTHE NEW TESTAMENTPortable Translatable ReligionSpawns other writings
Who Killed JesusThe story begins when the Galilean rebel Jesus rides into Jerusalem on a donkey, deliberately fulfilling a prophecy in the Hebrew Bible about the coming of the Messiah. He's mobbed by an adoring crowd.The next day Jesus raids the Temple, the heart of the Jewish religion, and attacks money-changers for defiling a holy place.The leaders of the Jewish establishment realize that he threatens their power, and so do the Romans, who fear that Jesus has the charisma to lead a guerrilla uprising against the Roman Empire.Jesus is arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, tried by Caiaphas and then by the Roman Governor. He's sentenced to death and executed.
Meet the Defendants
Caiaphas Pontius Pilate Jesus