Romanticism/ Transcendentalism 1800-1860. Romanticism Overview The Romantic Period was an intellectual, literary, and artistic movement that began in

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Romanticism Literature – Expressed own intuitive experiences – Subject matter was nature – Inner world of human nature emphasized emotions, intuition, individual, human nature (what makes people tick; their private inner being) – Seeks unspoiled nature – Finds truth and beauty in world of imagination – Sees poetry as highest expression of imagination

Text of Romanticism/ Transcendentalism 1800-1860. Romanticism Overview The Romantic Period was an...

Romanticism/ Transcendentalism Romanticism Overview The Romantic Period was an intellectual, literary, and artistic movement that began in Europe. It eventually made its way to America and influenced writers we will be reading and discussing in this class. Romanticism Literature Expressed own intuitive experiences Subject matter was nature Inner world of human nature emphasized emotions, intuition, individual, human nature (what makes people tick; their private inner being) Seeks unspoiled nature Finds truth and beauty in world of imagination Sees poetry as highest expression of imagination Transcendentalism Overview This is NOT a religion. It is a way of thinking. Its a view that the basic truths of the universe lie beyond the knowledge we obtain from our senses; this knowledge transcends (goes beyond) what we hear, see, or learn from books. Intuition= how we come to know life Transcendental Beliefs Respect nature and its relationship to humanity (man/nature connection) Value individualism Maintain positive, optimistic view of life Self-reliance, non-conformist; intuition over reason Rejection of materialism Simplicity is the path to spiritual greatness Nature is source of truth and inspiration Difference between Romanticism and Transcendentalism Transcendentalism- God is an internal force and everyone has within him a divine spark or internal light that can be accessed through nature; POSTIVE element in everyone Romanticism- God is more external; the battle between POSTIVE and NEGATIVE occurs in everyone Anti-Transcendentalists/ Dark Romantics Overview Famous authors were Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, and Edgar Allen Poe Anti-Transcendentalists/ Dark Romantics Beliefs Explores darker side of nature Life is a combination of good and evil Explores psychological effects of guilt, sin, madness, derangement in human psyche Believe in mystical and melancholy (gloomy state of mind) occurrences Believe spiritual truths may be ugly or frightening Transcendental Elements through Songs Get out a sheet of paper and fold it hot dog style. Then fold it hamburger style. You should now have 4 boxes. Listen to the following songs and write down notes of how they reflect transcendentalism. Song One- Dirty Paws by Of Monsters and Men https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCHUw7ACS8o Song Two- Drive by Incubus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgT9zGkiLig Song Three- Straight Line by Silverchair https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=47P3bzefCVI Song Four- Go Do by Jonsi https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y5VgLOs0LwQ