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Kuliah Pengantar IlmuKomputer.Com Copyright © 2003 IlmuKomputer.Com RingkasanMateriKuliah Pengantar Informatika Noor Haryono [email protected] Lisensi Dokumen: Copyright © 2003 IlmuKomputer.Com Seluruh dokumen di IlmuKomputer.Com dapat digunakan, dimodifikasi dan disebarkan secara bebas untuk tujuan bukan komersial (nonprofit), dengan syarat tidak menghapus atau merubah atribut penulis dan pernyataan copyright yang disertakan dalam setiap dokumen. Tidak diperbolehkan melakukan penulisan ulang, kecuali mendapatkan ijin terlebih dahulu dari IlmuKomputer.Com.

Ringkasan Materi Kuliah Pengantar Informatika · PDF filePerangkat keras komputer secara garis besar terdiri atas tiga komponen utama, yaitu ... Komputer Digital, ... Berdasarkan ukuran

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  • Kuliah Pengantar IlmuKomputer.Com Copyright 2003 IlmuKomputer.Com

    Ringkasan Materi Kuliah Pengantar Informatika

    Noor Haryono [email protected]

    Lisensi Dokumen: Copyright 2003 IlmuKomputer.Com Seluruh dokumen di IlmuKomputer.Com dapat digunakan, dimodifikasi dan disebarkan secara bebas untuk tujuan bukan komersial (nonprofit), dengan syarat tidak menghapus atau merubah atribut penulis dan pernyataan copyright yang disertakan dalam setiap dokumen. Tidak diperbolehkan melakukan penulisan ulang, kecuali mendapatkan ijin terlebih dahulu dari IlmuKomputer.Com.

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    Daftar Isi

    BAB 1. PENDAHULUAN...........................................................................................................................3

    Definisi Komputer.......................................................................................................................................................3

    Sistem Komputer.........................................................................................................................................................3 Perangkat Keras ........................................................................................................................................................3 Perangkat Lunak .......................................................................................................................................................4 SDM ..........................................................................................................................................................................5

    Klasifikasi Komputer..................................................................................................................................................5 Berdasarkan Sinyal Masukan ...................................................................................................................................5 Berdasarkan Ukuran .................................................................................................................................................6 Berdasarkan Generasi ...............................................................................................................................................6 Berdasarkan Tujuan Pembuatan ...............................................................................................................................6

    BAB 2. REPRESENTASI DATA................................................................................................................7

    Landasan Pengetahuan ..............................................................................................................................................7

    Sistem Bilangan...........................................................................................................................................................7 Perubahan basis.........................................................................................................................................................7 Aritmatika Basis N....................................................................................................................................................9

    Logika Matematika Dasar .........................................................................................................................................9 Himpunan..................................................................................................................................................................9 Logika .....................................................................................................................................................................10 Aljabar Boolean ......................................................................................................................................................11

    Tipe Data Dasar ........................................................................................................................................................11

    Representasi Bilangan Bulat / Integer ....................................................................................................................12

    Representasi Bilangan Pecahan / Floating Point ...................................................................................................13

    Representasi Karakter..............................................................................................................................................14 ASCII ......................................................................................................................................................................15 Unicode ...................................................................................................................................................................15

    BAB 3. MANAJEMEN DATA...................................................................................................................16

    Pengertian Basisdata ................................................................................................................................................16

    Klasifikasi Basisdata.................................................................................................................................................16

    Pengenalan Basisdata Relasional ............................................................................................................................16 Model E-R (Entity-Relationship) ...........................................................................................................................17 RDBMS...................................................................................................................................................................17

    BAB 4. KOMUNIKASI DATA DAN JARINGAN KOMPUTER.................................................................18

    Klasifikasi Jaringan Komputer ...............................................................................................................................18 Berdasarkan luas area .............................................................................................................................................18 Berdasarkan Topologi Jaringan ..............................................................................................................................18

    Transmisi Data ..........................................................................................................................................................19 Media Transmisi .....................................................................................................................................................19 Kapasitas transmisi .................................................................................................................................................19

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  • Kuliah Pengantar IlmuKomputer.Com Copyright 2003 IlmuKomputer.Com

    Jenis transmisi .........................................................................................................................................................19 Arah transmisi .........................................................................................................................................................19

    Protokol Komunikasi................................................................................................................................................20

    BAB 5. PEMPROGRAMAN.....................................................................................................................21

    Pengertian ..................................................................................................................................................................21

    Klasifikasi Pemprograman ......................................................................................................................................21 Berdasarkan tingkat ................................................................................................................................................21 Berdasarkan paradigma...........................................................................................................................................21

    Cara Kerja .................................................................................................................................................................23

    Pengantar Teori Bahasa...........................................................................................................................................23

    BAB 6. SISTEM INFORMASI..................................................................................................................24

    Pengertian ..................................................................................................................................................................24 Sistem Informasi Manajemen (SIM) ......................................................................................................................24 Sistem Pendukung (pengambilan)Keputusan (SPK)..............................................................................................24 Ilustrasi Sistem Informasi .......................................................................................................................................24 Karakteristik Sistem Informasi Manajemen .............................................................................