Right Livelihood in Theravada Buddhism

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    Buddhist

    EconomicsStudies

    Lecturer:Ajahnhitao

    RIGHT LIVELIHOOD IN

    THERAVDA BUDDHISM ANDWESTERN ECONOM

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    Ven! N"u#en Ho$n" %huc

    &ID!''()*()(+,-Ven! N"u#en T.on" Vinh

    &ID!''()*()(/0-

    GROU% '

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    INTRODUCTION

    The fth path o the eightold isRight Livelihood. What does thisean! e"actl#! and ho$ do #ou%no$ i #our livelihood is a&right& one'

    Right livelihood eans to avoidhar through #our $or% in the$orld. The on%s in the(uddha)s tie addressed thisissue *# ta%ing vo$s o povert#.+on%s then and no$ renounceaterial possessions! e"cept ora ro*e! a *egging *o$l! and e$other ites.

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    Right livelihood as%s #ou to loo% at #our choices or$or% and decide i $hat #ou are doing to put oodon the ta*le is causing har to an#one or an#thing

    else.,ven orethan notdoing har!right

    livelihoodgoes a stepurther andencourages

    #ou to do$or% that arehelpul toothers. -t

    reuests that#ou live an

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    &And $hat is right

    livelihood' There is thecase $here a disciple othe no*le ones! havinga*andoned dishonest

    livelihood! %eeps his liegoing $ith rightlivelihood: This is calledright livelihood.&

    S.45.8 (Vibhagasutta)

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    To practice Right Livelihood3sa4j5va6! #ou have tofnd a $a# to earn #our living

    $ithout transgressing #ourideals o love andcopassion. The $a# #ousupport #oursel can *e an

    e"pression o #our deepestsel! or it can *e a source osu2ering or #ou and others...0ur vocation can nourish ourunderstanding and

    copassion! or erode the.We should *e a$a%e to theconseuences! ar and near!o the $a# $e earn our living.

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    THERE ARE 2OUR3INDS O2 RIGHT

    LIVELIHOOD&SAMM456VA-7

    7. Duccaritamicchjva virati:-n the case o lait#!reraining ro$rong livelihood

    *# eans oioral ph#sicaland ver*al actions.

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    . Kuhandi

    micchjvavirati: -n thecase o on%sand recluses!reraining rotric%er# anddeception *#

    eans o$or%ing$onders.

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    ;. Tiracchna vijj micchjva virati: -n the

    case o on%s and recluses! reraining ro$rong livelihood! e.g. *# eans o peroring*ase arts! such as reading signs and oens!$hich are against the rules and practices o the

    0rder.

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    RIGHT LIVELIHOOD 2ORBHI33HUS ON

    %RISUDDHIS6LA

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    i. Restraint in accordance$ith the onastic

    disciplinar# code3p=io%%hasa>varas5la6!

    ii. Restraint o the senses3indri#asa>varas5la6!

    iii.

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    The ollo$ing are the si" precepts that Lord (uddhalaid do$n regarding occupation:

    7. A on% $ith $rong desire controlled *# greed $hoalsel# clais a superior huan state that he doesnBthave coits a

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    The coentar# e"plains thatthe ter Right Livelihood

    eans Right Honduct 3cra6$hich Lord (uddha praises inaction and speech regarding

    the reuisites! such as ood!clothing! shelter and edicine.Ij5vaprisuddhis5la is

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    T$ent#4one %inds o $rong livelihood oronastics 3(hi%%hus and (hi%%hun5s6:

    7. +edical practice3vejja%aa> %aroti6

    8. Acting as a essenger3dKta%aa> %aroti6

    . oing things at the *ehest o

    la#en 3pahia%aa>%aroti6

    ;. Lancing *oils 3gaa> phleti6

    G. Miving oil or edicalapplication 3arua%%haa>

    deti6@. Miving eetics 3uddha>

    virecana> deti6

    N. Miving purgatives 3adhovirecana> deti6

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    O. pacati6

    P. pacati6

    7Q. deti677. deti6

    78. deti6

    7. deti6

    7;. deti67G. deti6

    7@. deti6

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    7N. deti6

    7O. Ssing 9attering speech 3c=u%a%aa> %aroti6

    7P. Acting li%e hal4coo%ed *ean soup! i.e.! spea%ing

    hal4truths3uggasKpi#a> %aroti6

    8Q. /ondling children 3pri*ha=u> %aroti6

    87. Running errands 3jaDghapesani#a> %aroti6.

    3+A.iii.@6

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    gLivelihood orLa# /ollo$ersThe (uddha entions fve specifc

    %inds o livelihood $hich *ringhar to others and are thereoreto *e avoided: dealing in $eapons!in living *eings 3including raising

    anials or slaughter as $ell asslave trade and prostitution6! ineat production and *utcher#! inpoisons! and in into"icants.

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    &A la# ollo$er should notengage in fve t#pes o*usiness. Which fve'(usiness in $eapons

    3satthavaijj6! *usiness inhuan *eings3sattavaijj6! *usiness ineat 3a>savaijj6!*usiness in into"icants3ajjavaijj6! and *usinessin poison 3visavaijj6.&

    3A.G.7NN 4?aijjsutta6

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    4 (usiness in $eapons: trading in all %inds o$eapons and instruents or %illing.

    4 (usiness in huan *eings: slave trading!prostitution! or the *u#ing and selling ochildren or adults.

    4 (usiness in eat: &eat& reers to the

    *odies o *eings ater the# are %illed. Thisincludes *reeding anials or slaughter.

    4 (usiness in into"icants: anuacturing orselling into"icating drin%s or addictive drugs.

    4 (usiness in poison: producing or trading inan# %ind o poison or a to"ic productdesigned to %ill.

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    e urther naes severaldishonest eans o gaining$ealth $hich all under$rong livelihood: practicingdeceit! treacher#!soothsa#ing! tric%er#! and

    usur#. 0*viousl# an#occupation that reuiresviolation o right speech andright action is a $rong oro livelihood! *ut otheroccupations! such as selling$eapons or into"icants! a#

    not violate those actors and

    A BALANCED

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    A BALANCEDLIVELIHOOD

    The (uddhaBs thought o the certaineconoic and ethical ideas or the la#persons that $ill reain al$a#s relevant tolead a successul ail# and social lie. Therelevanc# o those ideas is aplifed in thepresent situation as the su*jects oteptation have gro$n enorousl# *eore us

    $ith the econoic glo*aliUation. /or the(uddha! the eaning o the happiness isdi2erent ro $hat is *eing projected toda#*# the ar%et runners. e sa#s that there

    are our conditions conduce to aB

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    4 The accoplishent opersistent e2ort3u==hnasapad6!

    4 The accoplishent o$atchulness 3ra%%hasapad6!

    4 Mood riendship3%al#aittat6

    4 And *alanced livelihood3saaj5vit6.

    3A.O.G; 4 ?#gghapajjasutta6

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    The frst happiness is to enjo# econoicsecurit# or suVcient $ealth acuired *# justand righteous eans 3atthisu%ha61

    The second is spending that $ealth li*erall#on hisel! his ail#! his riends andrelatives! and on eritorious deeds3*hogasu%ha61

    The third to *e ree ro de*ts3aaasu%ha61The ourth happiness is to love a aultless!and a pure lie $ithout coitting evil in

    thought! $ord or deed 3anavajjasu%ha6.A.;.@8 4 Ina asutta

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    Honsidering these principles! $eshould re9ect careull# $hat $eactuall# need in our lie rather than

    $hat ar%et $ants us to *elieve as

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    CONCLUSI

    ONAccording to (uddhis! Right Livelihood isa*andoning $rong $a#s o living $hich *ringhar and su2ering to others. Right

    Livelihood eans not to live on $or% that$ould in an# $a# *ring har to living *eings.

    The (uddha said: "Do not earn your living byharming others. Do not seek happiness bymaking others unhappy". And the Westernconcept o right livelihood is a jo* priaril#or the one# rather than the social good.

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