Revolutions in Latin America Part 1. What is Latin America? Latin America is Central and South America (and the Caribbean) Latin America is Central and

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<ul><li><p>Revolutions in Latin AmericaPart 1</p></li><li><p>What is Latin America?Latin America is Central and South America (and the Caribbean)</p><p>It is the countries that were originally colonized by Spain, Portugal, and Francethe Latin Language countries.</p><p>Spain colonized most of Latin America.</p></li><li><p>Map of South America</p></li><li><p>Go Over Handout</p></li><li><p>Social Structure of Latin AmericaSocial status determined by parentage (A racial hierarchy).</p><p>PeninsularesPeople that were born in Spain. They dominated political and social life. </p><p>CreolesPersons whose ancestors were from Europe but who were born in Latin America. Usually upper middle class (owned large rancheshaciendas, mines or were merchants). They resented their second-class status. </p></li><li><p>Mestizos People of European and native American descent. They too, resented their third class status.</p><p>Mulattoes People of African and European descent. They were angry about being denied the status, wealth, and power that was available to the whites.</p></li><li><p>Native AmericansPeople whose ancestors were born in the Americas.</p><p>SlavesPeople from Africa.</p></li><li><p>Economic PoliciesMercantilismThe colonies could only trade with the mother country.</p><p>(What would be the 2 things that would cause tension in Latin America towards the mother country [Spain])?</p></li><li><p>Reasons Colonists are upset with Spain1. They resent the fact that the Peninsulares dominate colonial society and politics.</p><p>2. They resent mercantilism.</p><p>3. The Creoles learn of the ideas of the Enlightenment and see the revolutions in America and France.</p></li><li><p>When the Colonists RevoltWhen Napoleon conquered Spain in 1808, he put his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. The colonists (especially the creoles) saw this as a good time to try for independence.</p></li><li><p>Simon BolivarBorn to a wealthy Creole family in what is today Venezuela, Bolivar was educated in Europe and taught the ideas of the Enlightenment.</p><p>Like many Creoles, he resents the privileged position of the Peninsulares and the mercantilist policies of Spain.</p></li><li><p>Also, Bolivar was encouraged by the revolutions in the United States and France.</p><p>Called the Liberator or The George Washington of Latin America.</p></li><li><p>What is Latin America?</p><p>What country had colonized most of Latin America?</p><p>What determined a persons social status in Latin America?</p><p>What group was at the top of Latin Americas social structure?</p><p>Why did people like Bolivar want to be independent of Spain (want a revolution)?</p></li><li><p>The Revolution BeginsIn 1810, Bolivar leads the Revolution that establishes a republic in Venezuela.</p><p>By 1821, Bolivar had liberated Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.</p></li><li><p>Jose de San MartinA Creole from Argentina who went to military school in Europe.</p><p>In 1816 he led the fight that gained Argentina independence from Spain.</p><p>Martin, then won independence in both Chile and Peru.</p></li><li><p>Bolivar and San MartinFor a while, they try and work together but their views were too different and it didnt work out.</p><p>Eventually, San Martin steps aside and lets Bolivar win the final victories against Spain</p></li><li><p>Stop Here</p></li><li><p>What happens after IndependenceBolivar hoped for a united South America, but it quickly fell apart because of rivalries.</p><p>Bolivar ended up bitter.</p><p>The Creoles benefit the most.</p><p>As for the lower classesthe mulattoes and the Native Americans, nothing really changes.</p></li><li><p>What is Latin America?</p><p>What country had colonized most of Latin America?</p><p>What determined a persons social status in Latin America?</p><p>What group was at the top of Latin Americas social structure?</p><p>Why did people like Bolivar want to be independent of Spain (want a revolution)?</p><p>Who is known as the liberator of Latin America?</p><p>Why did Bolivar end up bitter after the Revolution?</p><p>What group benefited most from the Revolution?</p><p>How did the Revolution effect the lower classes in Latin America?</p></li><li><p>*************</p></li></ul>