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Text of Andalus (the.medieval.and.Early.modern.iberian.world)

  • RicardoNotaRevisiting al-Andalus (The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World) by AndersonEnglish | Oct 31, 2007 | ISBN: 9004162275 | 341 Pages | PDF | 6 MB

    Revisiting al-Andalus brings together a range of new approaches to the material culture of Islamic Iberia, highlighting especially new directions in Anglo-American scholarship in this field since the influential exhibition in 1992, Al-Andalus: the Art of Islamic Spain.

  • Revisiting Al-Andalus

  • The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World

    (formerly Medieval Iberian Peninsula)

    Editors

    Larry J. Simon (Western Michigan University)Gerard Wiegers (Radboud University Nijmegen)

    Arie Schippers (University of Amsterdam)Donna M. Rogers (Dalhousie University)

    Isidro J. Rivera (University of Kansas)

    VOLUME 34

  • Revisiting Al-Andalus

    Perspectives on the Material Culture of Islamic Iberia and Beyond

    Edited by

    Glaire D. Anderson and Mariam Rosser-Owen

    LEIDEN BOSTON2007

  • Cover illustration: The Alhambra Court, Crystal Palace, Sydenham. View from the nave into the Court of the Lions. Tinted photograph, Crystal Palace Guide and Souvenir, early 20th century.

    This book is printed on acid-free paper.

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    A C.I.P. record for this book is available from the Library of Congress

    ISBN 1569-1934ISBN 978 90 04 16227 3

    Copyright 2007 by Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.Koninklijke Brill NV incorporates the imprints Brill, Hotei Publishing,IDC Publishers, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers and VSP.

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from the publisher.

    Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use is granted by Koninklijke Brill NV provided that the appropriate fees are paid directly to The Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Suite 910, Danvers, MA 01923, USA.Fees are subject to change.

    printed in the netherlands

  • CONTENTS

    List of Illustrations .................................................................... viiContributors .............................................................................. xvIntroduction .............................................................................. xvii Glaire D. Anderson and Mariam Rosser-OwenMap ........................................................................................... xxxvi

    Part I

    Architecture and Urbanism in Umayyad Crdoba

    Madnat al-Zahrx: Transformation of a Caliphal City .......... 3 Antonio Vallejo TrianoThe Dwellings of Madnat al-Zahrx: a Methodological

    Approach ............................................................................... 27 Antonio AlmagroVilla (munya) Architecture in Umayyad Crdoba: Preliminary

    Considerations ...................................................................... 53 Glaire D. Anderson

    Part II

    Reading the Regency

    Poems in Stone: the Iconography of {mirid Poetry, and its Petrifi cation on {mirid Marbles ................................... 83

    Mariam Rosser-OwenLove in the Time of Fitna: Courtliness and the

    Pamplona Casket ................................................................ 99 Cynthia Robinson

    Part III

    Uncovering Almohad Iberia

    Evolution of the Andalusi Urban Landscape: from the Dispersed to the Saturated Medina ..................................... 115

    Julio Navarro and Pedro Jimnez

  • Re-Examining Almohad Economies in South-western al-Andalus through Petrological Analysis of Archaeological Ceramics ................................................................................. 143

    Rebecca Bridgman

    Part IV

    Conquest and Colonisers: al-Andalus and Beyond in the Sixteenth Century

    The Andalusi House in Granada (Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries) ................................................................................ 169

    Antonio OrihuelaUnderstanding Architectural Change at the Alhambra:

    Stratigraphic Analysis of the Western Gallery, Court of the Myrtles .............................................................................. 193

    Camilla Mileto and Fernando VegasSixteenth-Century Viceregal Ceramics and the Creation of

    a Mudjar Myth in New Spain .............................................. 209 Mara Judith Feliciano

    Part V

    Myth and Modernity: Constructions of al-Andalus

    Owen Jones and the Alhambra Court at the Crystal Palace .... 227 Kathryn FerryVisions of al-Andalus in Twentieth-Century Spanish Mosque

    Architecture ............................................................................. 247 Jennifer Roberson

    Bibliography ................................................................................ 271

    Index ........................................................................................... 291

    vi contents

  • LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

    VallejoFiguresFig. 1 Plan of the palace-city of Madnat al-Zahrx, showing Roman

    aqueduct (A) and its caliphal spur (B).Fig. 2 Plan of the excavated zone of the palace, showing House of

    Ja{far (13), and the Court of the Pillars (16).Fig. 3 Detail of the sanitary infrastructure on the upper terrace

    of the palace. The central rectilinear channel is the Roman channel.

    Fig. 4 4.1. Plan of the House of Ja{far; 4.2. Pre-existing houses on the site of the House of Ja{far

    (13A, 13B and 13C).Fig. 5 5.1. Building known as the Court of the Pillars

    5.2. Pre-existing buildings at the Court of the Pillars (16A and 16B).

    PlatesPlate 1 Aerial view, excavated palace zone.Plate 2 2.1. House of Ja{far during restoration; 2.2. Court of the Pillars.Plate 3 3.1., 3.2., 3.3. Pre-existing buildings on the site of the House

    of Ja{far.Plate 4 4.1., 4.2., 4.3. Pre-existing buildings and structures on the site

    of the Court of the Pillars.

    Colour PlatesColour Plate 1 1A. Interior, Hall of {Abd al-Ramn III (so-called

    Saln Oriental, or Eastern Hall) 1B. Interior doorway with vegetal ornament, House

    of Ja{far.

    AlmagroFiguresFig. 1 General Plan of the palace of Madnat al-Zahrx with the

    location of the residential buildings marked.

  • Fig. 2 Houses without courtyards: (A) Dr al-Mulk; (B) al-Munya al-Rummniyya

    Fig. 3 Houses with courtyards but without porticos.Fig. 4 Houses with courtyards and one portico.Fig. 5 Houses with courtyards and several porticos.

    Colour PlatesColour Plate 2 2A. Interior room of the Dr al-Mulk. 2B. Courtyard of Service Quarter B.Colour Plate 3 3A. Main courtyard of the House of Ja{far. 3B. Interior courtyard at the House of Ja{far.Colour Plate 4 4A. Courtyard of the House of the Small Pool from

    the eastern portico. 4B. North-east corner of the House of the Small

    Pool.Colour Plate 5 Interior of the western portico-room of the House

    of the Small Pool. Colour Plate 6 6A. Court of the Pillars. 6B. First hall on the west side of the Court of the

    Pillars.

    AndersonFiguresFig. 1 Map of Crdobas western suburban zone with approximate

    locations of munya remains marked with *. Courtesy of the Conjunto Arqueolgico de Madnat al-Zahrx, and after Anto-nio Vallejo Triano, Madnat al-Zahrx: Gua Ofi cial del Conjunto Arqueolgico ( Junta de Andaluca: Consejera de la Cultura, 2004)

    Fig. 2 Fragments from the Huerta de Valladares, in the Museo Arqueolgico Provincial, Crdoba

    Fig. 3 Plan of al-Rummniyya, showing the terraces and extent of the grounds around the munya; after Velzquez Bosco, Medina Azzahra y Alamiriya

    Fig. 4 (A) al-Rummniyya, lower terrace walls (B) al-Rummniyya, monumental pool, upper terrace

    Fig. 5 Sculptural fragments recovered from al-Rummniyya; after Velzquez Bosco, Medina Azzahra y Alamiriya

    viii list of illustrations

  • Fig. 6 (A) Painted wall decoration, Madnat al-Zahrx (B) Painted dado, excavated bath, Crdoba (Campo Santo

    de los Mrtires)Fig. 7 (A) Large basin excavated at al-Rummniyya, in the Museo

    Arqueolgico Provincial, Crdoba (B) Detail of design on the al-Rummniyya basins exterior Fig. 8 (A) Small basin excavated at al-Rummniyya, in the Museo

    Arqueolgico Provincial, Crdoba (B) Detail of design on the small basins exterior

    Colour PlatesColour Plate 7 7A. Panels from the Cortijo del Alcaide, in the Museo

    Arqueolgico Provincial, Crdoba. 7B. Remains of pool, Cortijo del Alcaide.Colour Plate 8 Finds from other probable munya sites, in the Museo

    Arqueolgico Provincial, Crdoba: 8A. Chinales 8B. Arruzafa

    Rosser-OwenFiguresFig. 1 The Granada basin, showing where it was preserved in the

    Alhambra complex, until the nineteenth century. After Owen Jones, Plans, Elevations, Sections and Details of the Alhambra, Vol. I, pl. XLVI, 1842. By permission of the National Art Library.

    Fig. 2 View of the original front of the Marrakesh basin. The background shows the ablutions courtyard in the Madrasah Ibn Ysuf, where it was found. After Gallotti, Sur un cuve de marbre, Fig. 1.

    Colour PlatesColour Plate 9 9A. Marble basin made for al-Manr, d. 987988

    (the Madrid basin), in the Museo Arqueolgico Nacional, Madrid (inv. 50428). Courtesy of the Archivo Fotogrfi co, Museo Arqueolgico Nacional.

    9B. Marble basin made for {Abd al-Malik ibn al-Manr (the Marrakesh basin), in the Dr Si Sa{d in Marrakesh. Photograph by Bruce White. Photograph 1992 The Metropol