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Colorado Reading First, 2005 Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency

Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

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Page 1: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

RevisitingPhonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency

RevisitingPhonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency

Page 2: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-2

Content StandardsDemonstrate how to connect phonemic awareness (sound work) and phonics (word work).

Demonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency strategies into classroom instruction.

Page 3: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-3

Reflection Activity:

Survey of Knowledge

Page 4: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Assessment is only valuable when followed with additional instructional intervention so that students achieve grade level reading outcomes.

National Reading Panel, 2000

Research PointResearch Point

Page 5: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Phoneme awareness, the alphabetic principle (connections between letters and sounds), and phonics strategies help children accurately recognize words.

National Reading Panel, 2000

Research PointResearch Point

Page 6: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-6

Building Instruction Through Assessment Data

Weak phonemic segmentation

Weak decoding of simple wordsSpelling errorsLack of fluency

Weak phonemic segmentation

Page 7: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Reading and the Brain:The Four Part Processor

Adams, 1990

Orthographic Processor

PhonologicalProcessor

MeaningProcessor

ContextProcessor

1-7

Page 8: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-8

Explicit phonemic awareness instruction helps all beginning readers, including those having reading difficulties and ELL.

National Reading Panel, 2000

Research PointResearch Point

Page 9: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Stages of Phonological Awareness Development

INTERMEDIATE STAGE

Mid K – 1st GradeRhyming: ProductionSegmenting & Blending:

syllables:compound wordsmultisyllabic words

onset-rimePhonemic Awareness

one syllable wordsinitial/final/medial soundsblending/segmentingcounting sounds

BEGINNING STAGEPre K – Mid 1st GradeRhyming: RecognitionAlliterationSegmenting:Sentences to words

(count words)

ADVANCED STAGEMid 1st – 2nd Grade

Phonemic Awarenessdeletion

substitutionaddition

initial/final/medial

Dodson, Kuhn

1-9

Page 10: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-10

Strategies to Increase Phoneme Segmentation

Sound Tapping

Sound Counting Activities

Oral Word Play

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr

Page 11: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Activity: Activity: Sound TappingSound Tapping

1-11

Page 12: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Partner and trade off being student and teacher.Create a list of 5 to 10 words from a story in your core reading materials.Use “Say It and Move It” mat by segmenting and blending the sounds in the words.

/b/ /a/ /t/ /s/

Activity: Activity: Sound CountingSound Counting

1-12

Page 13: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Review Initial – Final Game

Toss Away Sound Game

Activity: Oral Word Activity: Oral Word Play GamePlay Game

1-13

Page 14: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-14

Building Instruction Through Assessment Data

Weak phonemic segmentation

Weak decoding of simple words

Spelling errorsLack of fluency

Weak decoding skills

Page 15: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Reading and the Brain:The Four Part Processor

Adams, 1990

Orthographic Processor

PhonologicalProcessor

MeaningProcessor

ContextProcessor

1-15

Page 16: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-16

Let’s Read this Unfamiliar Text:

The beneficiaries would have taken per sterpes but for the testamentary trust.

Page 17: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Systematic and explicit phonics instruction is effective for children of different ages and abilities from various social and economic levels.

National Reading Panel, 2000

Research PointResearch Point

Page 18: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Phonics instruction improves word reading skills and text comprehension, especially for kindergarteners, first graders and older struggling readers.

National Reading Panel, 2000

Research PointResearch Point

Page 19: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-19

CVC Words/Syllables

What does CVC mean? What can we predict about a CVC word? What do we know about this pattern?

dengatsimcothisbuntofmap

Page 20: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-20

Closed Syllable

If you have a vowel, followed by (at least one) consonant, the vowel sound is short and it is called a closed syllable pattern.

bluntaskchopfan

Page 21: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-21

Ongoing review and practice of sounds and letters

Word building activities

Strategies to Increase Simple Word Decoding

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr

Page 22: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-22

Word building with the tracking matFlip-over Decoding Game Closed syllable folder activity

Word Building Activities

Page 23: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Choose 10 single consonants / digraphs and 3 vowels that your student might need to practice. Each person creates a chain or words using those letters, making only one change at a time.Working with a partner, using the tracking mats, take turns building and reading words to each other.

Activity: Word Building Activity: Word Building

1-23

Page 24: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

bl ea t sst oi ppr ir ktr ou mcl ar f

p a d sm e tsh o pj i mch u th

Consonant Blends and Vowel Combinations

Single Consonants, Diagraphs and Vowels

Level IILevel I

Activity: FlipActivity: Flip--Over Over Sounds GameSounds Game

1-24

Page 25: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

1 = Change initial position2 = Change middle position3 = Change final position4 = Free choice (change any position)5 = Delete the first sound6 = Add plurals

Activity: FlipActivity: Flip--Over Sounds Over Sounds Game (cont.)Game (cont.)

1-25

Page 26: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

1. Write closed syllables on sticky notes.ran / dom mas / cot pub / lish

2. Number 1-6 in the bottom section of the folder.3. Place sticky notes randomly in the top section of

the folder.4. Organize sticky notes to form words, placing each

word next to a number.5. Read the words.

Activity: Closed Activity: Closed Syllable FolderSyllable Folder

1-26

Page 27: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-27

Building Instruction Through Assessment Data

Weak phonemic segmentation

Weak decoding of simple words

Spelling errorsLack of fluency Spelling errors

Page 28: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Using phonemic awareness and letter knowledge leads to better spelling.

National Research Council, 1998

Research PointResearch Point

Page 29: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-29

Strategies that Work to Improve Spelling

Phonological instruction– Consonant features

and sounds– Vowel features and

soundsAnalysis of spelling errors

0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

1st Qtr 2nd Qtr 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr

Page 30: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-30

Alphabetic Code: Consonant Sounds

Continuous Sounds Stop Sounds

Page 31: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-31

Examples of Consonant Sounds

/f/ (fish) /m/ (mitten)/s/ (sock) /v/ (valentine)/z/ (zipper)

/n/ (nest)/l/ (leaf) /r/ (rabbit)/th/ (thumb, this)/sh/ (ship)

Continuous Sounds

Page 32: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-32

Examples of Consonant Sounds

/b/ (bat)/t/ (table)/d/ (dog)/k/ (kite, cat)

/g/ (goat)/j/ (jug)/p/ (pig)/ch/ (chair)

Stop Sounds

Page 33: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

VoicedUnvoiced

Activity: Examples of Activity: Examples of Consonant PairsConsonant Pairs

1-33

/p/ /b//t/ /d//k/ /g//f/ /v/

/th/ /th//s/ /z/

/sh/ /ch/ /zh/ /j/

Page 34: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-34

Examples of Vowel Sounds

yuoiea

gymup

octopusitch

edgeappleShort

cry; babycutehopebikePetemadeLong

Page 35: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-35

Consonant Sound Combinations

ConsonantBlends

ConsonantDigraphs

/l/ /a/ /g/ /i/ /p//sh//f/

Page 36: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-36

Vowel Sound Combinations

Vowel Digraph

Vowel Diphthong

/p/ /ai/ /n/ /t/ /oi/ /l/

Page 37: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

litslistcheepsheepvatfatlitlistjatjetdgdog

Type of ErrorStudent Spelling

Word

Activity: Analyzing Student Spelling Errors

1-37

Vowel omissionVowel substitutionConsonant omissionVoiced/voiceless substitutionContinuant for a stopSound sequencing/PA

Page 38: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Vowel substitution error

Ted can drive fast in his green van.

Tid cn dive fats in his cren fan.

Activity: Spelling Analysis

1-38

Page 39: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Vowel omission

Ted can drive fast in his green van.

Tid cn dive fats in his cren fan.

1-39

Activity: Spelling Analysis

Page 40: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-40

Building Instruction Through Assessment Data

Weak phonemic segmentation

Weak decoding of simple words

Spelling errors

Lack of fluency

Page 41: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

“Fluency may be almost a necessary condition for good comprehension and

enjoyable reading experiences.”

(Nathan & Stanovich, 1991)

Research PointResearch Point

Page 42: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-42

Bridge to ComprehensionFluency forms the bridge between word recognition and comprehension

PAPhonics

VocabularyComprehension

Page 43: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-43

AutomaticityGood readers and spellers recognize and spell words accurately, rapidly and with little attention or effort.

Their focus is on meaning, but they can quickly refocus their attention on decoding and spelling unfamiliar words when necessary.

Page 44: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Reading and the Brain:The Four Part Processor

Adams, 1990

Orthographic Processor

PhonologicalProcessor

MeaningProcessor

ContextProcessor

1-44

Page 45: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Sequence of Fluency Instruction

Sounds

Letters

Words

Phrases

Sentences

Text Reading

Comprehension

Page 46: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-46

Quick and Easy Fluency Tips

Letter Name or Letter-sound Fluency

Word Families and Letter Patterns

Speed Drills, High Frequency Words

Page 47: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-47

Quick and EasyFluency Tips

InflectionSmoothnessVoiceRhythm

.

,

Page 48: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-48

Steps to Reading Connected Text

The frog jumps in the pond.

Word Readingpond the in frog

the frog jumpsPhrase Reading

jumps

in the pond

Sentence Reading

Page 49: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Builds a bridge between word-by-word reading and connected readingPhrases carry meaning which leads to increased reading comprehensionIncreases prosody

Activity: Activity: Phrase Cue ReadingPhrase Cue Reading

Page 50: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Three critical factors:Three critical factors:1. Selecting appropriate instructional tasks2. Scheduling sufficient practice (brief,

multiple opportunities per day). 3. Systematically increase the rate of

response (create realistic target goals)

Effective Fluency Building Instruction

Page 51: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Reading and the Brain:The Four Part Processor

Adams, 1990

Orthographic Processor

PhonologicalProcessor

MeaningProcessor

ContextProcessor

1-51

Page 52: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Group Activity: Group Activity: Mingle, MingleMingle, Mingle

Page 53: Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency … · Revisiting Phonemic Awareness Phonics and Fluency ... zDemonstrate how to integrate phonemic awareness, phonics and fluency

Group Activity: Mingle, Mingle

The student is having difficulty decoding simple words such as rat, back, cat, and man. Share at least 2 activities that you would consider teaching.

Share

Share a PA activity that you might add to your class lesson for children who are weak in phoneme segmentation.

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Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

1-54

Teaching reading is about making decisions that will change lives.

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Colorado Reading First, 2005

Reading Components: Phonemic Awareness and Phonics

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Thank you! This concludes the presentation.