Revised Presentation at GIU-PMO-28-Oct-2015[1]

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Governance Innovation Unit Prime Ministers Office Understanding SDGs Scopes & Challenges for Bangladesh

Governance Innovation UnitPrime Ministers Office

Understanding SDGsScopes & Challenges for Bangladesh28th October 2015Training event on Revisiting MDG & Understanding SDGsKarabi Hall, Prime Ministers Office

Presented by Dr. Aminul IslamSenior Adviser, Sustainable Development, UNDP, Bangladesh

Why we are Here Today?Orientation on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and Sustainable Development GoalsLay the groundwork for taking action to advocate the Participants to be leaders in implementing the SDGs at home and abroad

History of the MDGs

The greatest triumph of the MDGs was to mobilize broad support for a global development agendaMDGs were developed by a small group of experts and was not member state driven. It completely overlooked the issue of inequality and governance.The MDGs place great weight on social goals. But can social development take place, and more importantly can it be sustained, without economic development and good governance?

The Strengths of SDGs over MDGs Key Strengths of the proposed SDGs include:-

Stand alone goal of Inequality (within and between countries)

Stand alone goal on gender inequality , including ending of all forms of violence, discrimination, child marriages, and female genital mutilationsEnvironmental issues are strongly represented fulfilling a long sought marriage between development and environment (climate change, marine and land base ecosystems, and sustainable consumption and production) Governance - for the first time incorporating a goal and targets on governance and peaceful societies (legal identity, tackling corruption and bribery etc)Participatory/Inclusiveness Process in formulation of the SDGs: The participation and buy in of a wide range of stakeholders including member states and non governmental organizationsThe broad nature of the SDG is also a reflection of the nature of challenges facing the world today

Analytics: The World We Want and MY WorldMY World : 7,138,023 Votes (17 Feb 2015)

Sustainable development:Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

World Commission on Environment and Development (1987): Our Common Future

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Six Elements of the SDGs

Understanding of SustainabilitySustainability needs to be well defined in terms of measureable, verifiable targets and indicators under each GoalWhat are the components of sustainability and how to measure this in terms ofQualitative and how to assess the change needed to achieve the desired goals such as good governance;Quantitative- some data are available but many other indicators need to be defined. Sustainability should be understood broadly Multi-sectoral balance and synergyCapacity building at individual, institutional and systemic levelFinancial sustainabilityEquity and prosperity within the life support systemQuality assurance and its sustenance.

Lessons Learned for Planning the Next Journey to SDGsRecent analysis captured in the British Medical Journal flagged Bangladesh as the one of the top most successful countries for achieving overall MDGs because of following driving factors:Political vision and emphasis on human rights, alignment of development aid with countrys policy & plans and consideration of sustainability issues;Systematic adoption of evidence based or catalytic strategies which includes mobilization of partnerships, effective planning and timely evidence based feedback in decision making process and enable accountability have contributed to the optimal use of resources for results;Effective implementation of Multisectoral approach and good governance. This means that half of the reduction in poverty can be attributed to proper investments in sectors that influence agriculture, health, education, water, energy, sanitation, gender parity and climate change adaptation.

Steps towards continuation of the Leadership from MDG to SDGs MDG was limited to only 8 goals with emphasis on social goals with quantitative targets while SDGs aimed at achieving 17 goals with 169 targets which calls for qualitative change with social, economic, environment and governance dimensions. Stock taking of who is doing what, gap analysis, capacity assessment and establishment of baseline data should be the first step.Emphasis should be given to the sustainability measurement with quality reflected at grassroots, cost-benefit analysis in programme intervention, value for money consideration in any investment, resilience building and effective service delivery with equity and justice.

The Universality DilemmaWhat do we mean by universal Goals and Targets?SDG framework norms and principles are relevant to all nations, irrespective of economic, social or environmental contexts, so the goals will apply to all countriesBut global goals dont easily translate to national contexts because of different, starting points, capacities, priorities etc. So to be useful for all countries (and to create national ownership) global goals will be adapted into targets and indicators that reflect national contexts. Challenge:Ensuring coherence between broad global goals and widely differing national contexts

Sustainable development...considers future and present needs when making decisions about:resource and energy usetechnological developmentdirection of investmentssocial, political & institutional change...etc. etc. etc.

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SOCIETYENVIRONMENTECONOMY

ECONOMYENVIRONMENTSOCIETYTRADITIONALDECISION MAKINGPARTICIPATORY ECOSYSTEM-BASEDDECISION MAKING

ECO-SYSTEMHEALTH

SDG CALLS FOR INTEGRATED APPROACH OF DECISION MAKING

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Fragmented decision-making

ISSUE nationalmunicipalpublicprivateLocal regionalotherinterestscommunitygroups

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Integrated decision-making

regional

municipalmunicipalprivateprivatecommunitycommunitygroupsgroupspublicpublicother other interestsinterestsfederal/federal/nationalnational

ISSUEISSUESource: Adapted after Barrett and Kidd, 1991Local

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Decentralized Local PlanningPiloting SDG implementation through formation of Village / Local Sustainable Development GroupsSectoral Planning (e.g. Agriculture, Water, Health, Energy) - How the plans are incorporating and addressing the SDGs goals through their plansResource and Budget Mapping Integrated Planning Verticalhorizontal integration and coordination among relevant departmentsParticipatory Planning Participation in rural and urban planning of multi-stakeholdersApplication of Planning Tools Currently in Use for gathering of relevant data, analysing it to set priorities, matching the set priorities to available budgets.

Big Data Management

Way Forward Localizing the SDG? What does this mean in practice? Implementation Plan and institutional arrangement (Local SD Group). Piloting and mainstreaming. Establish clearly defined indicators /targets and baseline. Participatory and Localizing monitoring SDGs at village/ward to disaggregated data at sub-national and national level and capacity issues Localizing as the role of LGIs in partnership with broad-based stakeholders for implementation of the goals capacity issues?Incredible MDG achievements in terms of quantitative figures now on calls for qualitative improvement to ensure sustainability;Integration within the SDG framework is essential in that a number of development challenges - gender, equality, rights, governance, and resilience, cut across all of the goals which calls for whole of the Government approach;The unfinished business of the MDGs - what worked and what didnt work?Role defined in terms of Mandates of each Ministries and AgenciesBig data/data revolution Is there a role for the UN and DPs in Bangladesh? Look at the capacity gaps and data requirements and even test some of the proposed SDGs to inform the data and capacity gaps.