Revew Structural Design

Embed Size (px)

Text of Revew Structural Design

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    1/32

    Structural Design

    NOTE: ??? unrecognizable text

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    2/32

    This is a seconar! e""ect in shears anes$eciall! %o%ents o" "ra%e %e%bers

    inuce b! 'ertical loas acting onlaterall! is$lace builing "ra%e()*elta e""ectOrthogonal E""ect+ertical E""ect,rregularit! E""ect

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    3/32

    - store! .hose strength is less than /01o" the strength o" the store! abo'e is

    consiere as 2222222222(So"t Store!

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    4/32

    >os$itals @o%%unication @enters anothers .hich are necessar! "or

    e%ergenc! $ost*earthAua=e o$erationsare classi"ie as 22222222222(>azarous BacilitiesDistribution BacilitiesSeis%ic BacilitiesEssential Bacilities

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    5/32

    - horizontal or nearl! horizontal s!ste%acting to trans%it lateral "orces to the

    'ertical resisting s!ste% incluing thehorizontal bracing s!ste%(Dia$hrag%Dia$hrag% StrutCrace)lat"or%

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    6/32

    This is essentiall! a 'ertical truss s!ste%$ro'ie to resist lateral "orces o" a

    builing(Shear .all s!ste%S=eletal Bra%eCrace Bra%e)lat"or%

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    7/32

    @onstructing a high* rise builing reAuiresconcrete that can easil! be $u%$e(

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    8/32

    The recors o" test %aterial an o"concrete %ust be $reser'e a"ter the

    co%$letion o" the $roect "or at least222222222(F !earsG !earGH !earsI !ears

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    9/32

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    10/32

    - t!$e o" gunite %ixe .ith anaccelerating a%ixture .ith aggregate

    larger than G0%% originall! s$ra!euner high air $ressure o" lining tunnels(Shotcrete)nue%atic MuniteEarl! Strength Munite)nue%atic %ortar

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    11/32

    ," a structure is uge uner theconition either to be no longer use"ul "or

    its intene "unction or to unsa"e it hasreache its 2222222222(i%it stateu$ture statelti%ate strengthBracture State

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    12/32

    - $heno%enon o" "ailure or a%age that%a! result in suen an brittle "racture

    o" a uctile %aterial ue to re'ersals o"stresses a$$lie to a bo! re$eatel! or agreat nu%ber o" ti%es(

    Torsional ru$turePetal Batiguei%it Stage,nelastic "ailure

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    13/32

    ??? act $arallel to each other Qo""set toeach other a istance R a$art o" the

    sa%e %agnitue but [email protected]$leesultant

    Po%ent

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    14/32

    The loa at .hich a $er"ectl! straight%e%ber uner co%$ression assu%es a

    e"lecte $osition(Eccentric loa-xial loaDe"lecting loa

    Cuc=ling loa

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    15/32

    ,t is a $oint .ithin the structure at .hich a%e%ber Qbea%Ucolu%n can rotate

    slightl! to eli%inate all bening %o%ent inthe %e%ber at that $oint(@ontra"lexure $ointoller>ingeSu$$ort

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    16/32

    ,t is a bea% t!$e su$$orte b! ahingeUroller at one en an the other en

    is $roecting be!on a "ixe su$$ort(Se%i*continuous bea%Si%$l! su$$orte bea%Bixe bea%

    @ontinuous bea%

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    17/32

    Bloors in o""ice builings an in otherbuilings .here $artition locations are

    subect to change shall be esigne tosu$$ort in aition to all other loas auni"or%l! istribute loa eAual to

    2222222222(G000 )aH00 )aGH00 )a

    F000 )a

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    18/32

    The u$.ar $ressure against the botto%o" the base%ent "loor o" a structure or

    roa slab cause b! the $resence o".ater(>!raulic $ressureCearing $ressure>!ro!na%ic $ressure$li"t $ressure

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    19/32

    The $articular t!$e o" $in*connectetension %e%ber o" uni"or% thic=ness .ith

    "orge loo$ or hea o" greater .ith thanthe bo! .ith is $ro$ortione to $ro'iea$$roxi%atel! eAual strength both in the

    hea an the bo!(E!ebarTunbuc=leoc=er

    Colt

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    20/32

    - re'et%ent consisting o" rough stones o"'arious sizes $lace co%$actl! to $rotect

    the ban=s or be o" a ri'er "ro% theeroing e""ects o" the "lo.ing .ater(Sheet [email protected]""era%[email protected]

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    21/32

    - three*i%ensional s$atial structure%ae u$ o" one or %ore cur'e slabs or

    "ole $lateshose thic=nesses are s%allco%$are to their other i%ensions(Cearing all s!ste%Bunicular structureThin shellMeoesic o%e

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    22/32

    ,t re"ers to a $iece or $air o" iagonalbraces to resist .in or other horizontal

    "orces on a builing(Cuc=ling %o%entO'erturning %o%[email protected]! o'er %o%ent

    None o" these

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    23/32

    ,t re"ers to a $iece or $air o" iagonalbraces to resist .in or other horizontal

    "orces on a builing(S.a! braceKnee [email protected]'ron bracing

    Sti""ener

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    24/32

    This is esigne as s$ecial "ounation "orintense colu%n loas on a $lat"or%

    consisting usuall! o" t.o la!ers o" rollesteel oists one on to$ o" other at rightangles(

    Pat "ounationBloating "ounationa"t "ounationMrillage "ounation

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    25/32

    e"erring to an! arti"icial %etho o"strengthening the soil to reuce its

    shrin=age an ensure that it .ill not%o'e( @o%%on %ethos are %ixing thesoil .ith ce%ent or co%$action

    San rainSoil in'estigationSoil StabilizationSoil E'aluation

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    26/32

    - $it ug in the base%ent "loor uringexca'ation %ae to collect .ater into

    .hich a $u%$ is $lace the liAui to these.er $i$e(Su%$Se$tic [email protected]""era%@istern

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    27/32

    ,t is a long straight bea% .hich b! theins$ection i" t.o hinges in alternate

    s$ans "unctions essentiall! as acantile'er bea%(Stra$ bea%Mrae bea%Tie bea%Merber bea%

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    28/32

    -n instru%ent .hich %easures the actualis$lace%ent o" the groun .ith res$ect

    to a stationar! $oint uring anearthAua=e(De"lecto%eterSeis%ogra$h-ccelerogra$hSeis%o%eter

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    29/32

    The beha'ior o" san! soil to .ea=en itsca$acit! to carr! i%$ose loas .hen

    subecte to 'ibration such as earthAua=e$articularl! .hen .ater table saturatesthis la!er(iAue"[email protected]%$actionSettle%ent

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    30/32

    ,t is a bea% es$eciall! $ro'ie o'er ano$ening "or a oor or .ino. to carr! the

    .all o'er o$ening(Transo% bea%S$anrel bea%intel bea%

    Mrae bea%

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    31/32

    Bor an! gi'en granular %aterial thestee$est angle .ith horizontal a hea$e

    soil sur"ace .ill %a=e in nor%al conitionthat .ill not slie(-ngle o" inclination-ngle o" re$ose-ngle cohesion-ngle o" sur"ace tension

  • 8/10/2019 Revew Structural Design

    32/32

    END