Responsive Envelopes

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Facade + | Chicago Conference | RVTR Presentation



    Geoffrey ThnOctober 11, 2012

    Facades and Innovation, IIT Chicago

    Responsive Envelopes

  • North House Project 2008-

  • ON $.08 / kWh $.80 / kWh

    NY $.19 / kWh $.00 / kWh

    MN $.11 / kWh $.01 / kWh

    WI $.12 / kWh $.25 / kWh

    MI $.13 / kWh $.65 / kWh

    OH $.11 / kWh $.00 / kWh

    PA $.12 / kWh $.00 / kWh

    IN $.09 / kWh $.00 / kWh

    IL $.11 / kWh $.07 / kWh

    Residential Distributed Energy Production Incentives in the GLM: existing and proposed FIT programs 2009 NREL/DOE

  • ZEMCH Industrial Ecologies

  • Mass Customization: Diawa Corp, Japan / Boeing, Washington USA

  • Evaluative models to interrogate assumptions regarding sustainable best practices

  • Team North Organization

  • North House Tectonic System Logics

  • North House Responsive Envelope: Dynamic, Passive, Phase Change Elements

  • Shading System, Glazing Selection and Envelope Detailing Impacts on Performance

  • Window System Development and Mullion Prototyping

  • North House Faade Prototype

  • Reactive and Proactive Control Strategies

  • Centralized Home Automation System for interrelated component coordination

  • Adaptive Living Interface System (ALIS):A system of interfaces and visualization tools to help the inhabitant become aware of energy use patterns

  • North House Graphic User Interface (GUI) Master Control Panel ALIS Individual Element Controls and Alerts

  • University of Waterloo Lauren Barhydt, Kush Bubbar, Prof. Philip Beesley, Chris Black, Sebastian Brideau, Eric Bury, Dr. Michael Collins, Brent Crowhurst, Chloe Doesburg, Jonathan Gammell, Dr. Rob Gorbet, Brittany Hanam, Andrew Haydon, Haley Isaacs, Natalie Jackson, Jen Janzen, Chris Knight, Ivan Lee, Bart Lomanowski, Andrew Marston, Mike McWilliam, Matt Peddie, Kirsten Robinson, Kevin Shorn, Dr. Siva Sivothathaman, Matt Storus, Dr. John Straube, Prof. Geoffrey Thn, Prof. Kathy Velikov, Alan Wilson, Dr. John Wright

    Ryerson University Aya Dembo, Joe Dhanjal, Dr. Alan Fung, Dr. Mark Gorgolewski, Damian Rogers, Amir Shahrokhi, Humphrey Tse, Dr. Hessam Taherian, Farzin Rad, Omar Siddique, Dahai Zhang, Toktam Saeid, Andrew White

    Simon Fraser University Davis Marques, Prof. Ron Wakkary, Dr. Robert Woodbury, Prof. Lyn Bartran, Johnny Rogers, Kevin Miuse, Rob McKenzie

    University of Michigan / RVTR research group

    Geoffrey Thn, Kathy Velikov, Colin Ripley, Mary OMalley, Dr. Lars Junghans, Julie Janiski, Lauren Shirley, Din Botsford, Geoffrey Salvatore, Anthony Pins, Sara Dean, Jessica Mattson, Jason Prasad, Chris Niswander, James Christian, Zain Abusier, Lisa Sauve, Adam Smith, Lauren Abrahams, Dan McTavish, Dr. Ted Kesick (Building Systems), Bart Lomanowski, Eric Malbeuf, Leila Mazhari, Farid Noufailly, Nebojse Ojdrovic (Structural), Clayton Payer, Matt Peddie, Maya Przybylski, Sonja Storey-Fleming, Matt Storus,

    Build Partner MCM2001.Inc: Gregory Rybak, Sean Baldwin, Jack Debski (Project Manager)

    Professional Industry Partners David Bowick, Cory Burrell, Blackwell Bowick Partnership (Structural) David Lieberman Architect (Window Frame Fabrication Detailing) Red Electric: PV Electrical Consulting EcoOptions: HVAC Fabrication Consultants

    Funding US Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, MITACS Accelerate Ontario, Ontario Power Authority, Forest Product Association of Canada

  • Internal view with articulated variable microclimate and spatial zoning provided by the Stratus system

    The Stratus Project 2010-2011

  • Air velocity vectors produced through FLUENT complex fluid dynamics simulator

  • Sensing and Actuation Logics

  • Assembly of membranes, sensors and breathing cells into the tensegrity weave

  • Cell actuation relative to temperature change and Arduino code regulating cell movement

  • Opening of breathing cells in response to temperature and CO2

  • Fluent model of air velocity and direction in occupied room configuration (in m/s)

  • Variable Sectional Configurations according to occupancy type and loading produce variable velocity and stratification scenarios

  • University of Michigan / RVTR research group

    Geoffrey Thn, Kathy Velikov, Colin Ripley, Mary OMalley, Dr. Lars Junghans, Zain Abusier, Lisa Sauve, Adam Smith, Dan McTavish, Matt Peddie, Sara Dean, Jessica Mattson, Jason Prasad, Chris Niswander, James Christian.

    Wireless Sensing and Actuation Dr Jerry Lynch, Mike Kane, Devki Desai

    Air Flow Modeling / Controls Optimization Dr. Aline Cotel, Dr. Lars Junghans

    External Collaborators Thomas Auer, Transsolar KlimaEngineering

  • Kinetic Systems Integration (Thn, Arch)

    Wireless Telemetry for Sensing and Control (J Lynch, Civil and Environmental Eng)

    Energy harvesting and Scavenging (B Peterson, Elect. / Comp Sci)

    Multifunctional Materials (V Li, Civil and Environmental Eng / Material Sci)

    Occupant Interface Design & Occupant Behaviour (K. Velikov & J. Wineman, Arch)

    CFD Modelling / Optimization (A. Cotel, Civil and Environmental Eng, L. Junghans, ARCH )

    LCA (G Keoleian, Civil and Environmental Eng / SNRE )

    Integrated Responsive Buildings Group University of Michigan

  • Exterior Interior

    Integrated Responsive Buildings Group University of Michigan

  • Curricular Synergies

  • Curricular Synergies

  • Curricular Synergies

  • Master of Science concentration in Material Systems (MS_MS)

    The MS_MS program is a one year intensive post graduate degree that aims to advance architectural research methodologies and design practice in new materials and adaptive / high performance architectural material assemblies with an emphasis on material performance, fabrication, environmental performance and technology integration. Research streams will include material-scale performance, fluid modeling energy evaluation, and technology-integrated material explorations with emerging manufacturing processes. Participants will work with interdisciplinary faculty from architecture and engineering, manufacturers and professional firms that link innovation with the ability to prototype and test new building components.

    Advances in the fields of materials engineering, biotechnology, nanotechnology and microsystems are changing the role of the architect to one of active engagement with the development of new material techniques and systems integration. The concentration seeks to make contributions in not only developing new integrated building systems but also the toolkits for performance evaluation of building components, material performance and environmental feedback. Given the renewed focus on attaining better efficiencies and more sustainable building performance, it is important for the discipline to transform previously single-purpose building system components into components that are multi-purpose, integrated, and able to communicate with each other.