Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    1/84

    RICHARD L HOLCOMB (HI Bar No. 9177)Holcomb Law, A Limited Liability Law Corporation1136 Union Mall, Suite # 808Honolulu, HI 96813Telephone: (808) 545-4040Facsimile: (808) 356-1954

    Email:rholcomblaw@gmail.com

    ALAN BECK (HI Bar No. 9145)Attorney at Law4780 Governor DriveSan Diego, California 92122Telephone: (808) 295-6733Email: ngord2000@yahoo.com

    Attorneys for Plaintiffs

    IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

    FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII

    Steve Fotoudis,

    Plaintiff,vs.

    City and County of Honolulu;

    Lois Kealoha, Chief of the HonoluluPolice Department, in his individualcapacity;

    David Louie, Attorney General ofHawaii, in his individual and officialcapacity;

    and, John Does 1-50 in their individualor official capacities.

    Defendants.

    )))))

    ))))))))))))

    ))))))

    CASE NO. 1:14-CV-00333

    PLAINTIFFS MOTION FORPRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE

    RELIEF; MEMORANDUM INSUPPORT OF MOTION FORPRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVERELIEF; DECLARATION OF

    STEVEN FOTOUDIS;DECLARATION OF RICHARD L.

    HOLCOMB; EXHIBITS ONETHROUGH TWELVE;

    CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE

    HEARING:

    Date:Time:

    Judge: Not Assigned

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6 Filed 07/24/14 Page 1 of 3 PageID #: 43

    mailto:rholcomblaw@gmail.commailto:rholcomblaw@gmail.com
  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    2/84

    PLAINTIFFS MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF

    COMES NOW the Plaintiff, Steve Fotoudis, by and through undersigned

    counsel and pursuant to the Second and Fourteenth Amendments to the United

    States Constitution, Title 42 U.S.C. 1983, and Rule 65(a) of the Federal Rules of

    Civil Procedure, and request that this Court issue a preliminary injunction

    enjoining Defendants and/or their officers, agents, servants, employees, and all

    persons in concert or participation with them who receive notice of this injunction,

    from enforcing the United States citizenship requirements of Section 134-2(d) of

    the Hawaii Revised Statutes and any other Hawaii statutory language that imposes

    a United States citizenship requirement which operates to restrict lawfully admitted

    permanent resident aliens from exercising Second Amendment rights. Further, Mr.

    Fotoudis requests this Court compel the same to:

    (a) allow Mr. Fotoudis to apply for a permit pursuant to Section 134-2

    of the Hawaii Revised Statutes;

    (b) to promptly and meaningfully evaluate, with no more or less

    scrutiny than would be applied to a citizen applicant, Mr. Fotoudis

    application and background to determine his fitness and qualifications

    to lawfully keep firearms; and,

    (c) insofar as Mr. Fotoudis is determined to be fit and qualified to

    keep firearms, to immediately thereafter issue to Mr. Fotoudis the

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6 Filed 07/24/14 Page 2 of 3 PageID #: 44

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    3/84

    permit contemplated by Section 134-2 of the Hawaii Revised Statutes,

    vesting Mr. Fotoudis with the same rights and privileges to keep and

    possess firearms as those of a United States citizens who obtains a

    permit pursuant to Section 134-2.

    In support of this Motion, Mr. Fotoudis relies on the Memorandum in

    Support of his Motion for Preliminary Injunction and its attachments, including but

    not limited to the Declarations of Plaintiff and of counsel, and all corresponding

    exhibits to those Declarations, filed contemporaneously herewith.

    DATED: Honolulu, Hawaii; July 24, 2013.

    s/Richard L. Holcomb__

    Richard L. Holcomb

    Attorney for Plaintiff

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6 Filed 07/24/14 Page 3 of 3 PageID #: 45

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    4/84

    0

    IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

    FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII

    Steve Fotoudis,

    Plaintiff,vs.

    City and County of Honolulu;Lois Kealoha, in his individual capacity;and, John Does 1-50 in their individualor official capacities.

    Defendants.

    )

    ))))))))))))

    CASE No. 1:14-CV-00333

    MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OFMOTION FOR TEMPORARY

    RESTRAINING ORDER AND INSUPPORT OF MOTION FOR

    PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION

    MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF

    MOTION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND

    IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6-1 Filed 07/24/14 Page 1 of 25 PageID #: 46

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    5/84

    i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    I. LEGAL BACKGROUND. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    II. FACTUAL BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    III. ARGUMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    A. Mr. Foutodis will likely succeed on the merits. . . . . . . 4

    1. Mr. Fotoudis core Second Amendment

    rights continue to be violated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    2. Mr. Foutodis has been denied equalprotection of the laws. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

    3. Mr. Fotoudis Due Process Rights

    have been violated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    B. Mr. Fotoudis will be irreparably harmed. . . . . . . . . . . 14

    C. The balance of equities tips sharply inMr. Fotoudis favor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    D. The injunction serves the publics interests. . . . . . . . . 18

    IV. CONCLUSION. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6-1 Filed 07/24/14 Page 2 of 25 PageID #: 47

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    6/84

    ii

    TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

    Reported Cases

    Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Pena, 515 U.S. 200 (1995) . . . . . . . . . 12

    Associated General Contractors v. Coalition for Economic Equity,

    950 F.2d 1401 (9th Cir. 1991) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

    Chan v. City of Troy, 559 N.W.2d 374. (Mich.Ct.App. 1997) . . . . . . 10

    Collins v. Brewer, 727 F. Supp. 2d 797 (D. Ariz. 2010) . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 5, 7

    Fletcher v. Haas, 851 F.Supp.2d 287 (D. Mass 2012) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7, 11, 13

    Freminger v. Principi, 422 F.3d 815 (9th Cir. 2005) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Graham v. Richardson, 403 U.S. 365 (1971) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9, 10

    Kwong Hai Chew v. Colding, 344 U.S. 590 (1953) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

    McDonald v. City of Chicago, Ill., 130 S. Ct. 3020 (2010) . . . . . . . . 4-5

    Monterey Mech. Co. v. Wilson, 125 F.3d 702 (9th Cir. 1997) . . . . . . 15

    People v. Nakamura, 62 P.2d 246 (Colo. 1936) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    People v. Rappard, 28 Cal.App.3d 302,

    104 Cal.Rptr. 535 (Cal.App. 1972) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    Sammartano v. First Judicial District Court Carson City,

    303 F.3d 959 (9th Cir. 2002) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 18-19

    Sandiford v. Commonwealth, 225 S.E.2d 409 (Va. 1976) . . . . . . . . . 10-11, 13

    Smith v. South Dakota, 781 F.Supp.2d 879 (D. S.D. 2011) . . . . . . . . . 11

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6-1 Filed 07/24/14 Page 3 of 25 PageID #: 48

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    7/84

    iii

    State v. Chumphol, 634 P.2d 451 (Nev. 1981) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11, 13

    Takahashi v. Fish & Game Commission, 334 U.S. 410 (1948) . . . . . 9

    Toll v. Moreno, 458 U.S. 1 (1982) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    Tom v. Sutten, 533 F.2d 1101 (9th Cir. 1976) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    United States v. Lopez-Flores, 63 F.3d 1468 (9th Cir. 1995) . . . . . . 9

    United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez, 494 U.S. 259 (1990) . . . . . . . . 6-7, 8

    Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.,

    129 S.Ct. 365 (2008) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4, 17, 18

    Unreported Cases and Dispositions

    Alexander Say v. John Adams, et.al.,

    No. 3:07-cv-377-R, 2008 wl 718163 (D. Ky. March 14, 2008) . . . . 11, 15, 17,

    18, 19

    Carlos Nino de Rivera Lajous v. David Sankey,

    No. 4:13-cv-03070 (D. Neb. Oct. 15, 2013) (Exhibit Eight) . . . . . . . 11, 18

    John W. Jackson, et. al. v. Gorden E. Eden,

    No. 1:12-cv-00421 (D. N.M. March 31, 2014)

    (Exhibits Nineand Ten) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12, 18

    Martin Pot, et. al. v. Colonel Stan Witt,

    No. 3:13-cv-03102 (W.D. Ark. May 8, 2014) (Exhibit Eleven) . . . . 12

    National Rifle Association, et. al. v. State of Washington, et. al.,

    No. C08-1613 RSM (W.D. Wash. Jan. 27, 2009) (Exhibit Twelve). . 12

    Second Amendment Foundation, Inc., et. al. v. Jim Suttle, et. al.,

    No. 8:11CV335 (D. Neb. Nov. 21, 2011) (Exhibit Seven) . . . . . . . . . 11

    Case 1:14-cv-00333 Document 6-1 Filed 07/24/14 Page 4 of 25 PageID #: 49

  • 8/12/2019 Resident Alien Preliminary Injunction

    8/84

    iv

    Statutes, Rules, and Other Authorities

    18 U.S.C. 922 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Haw. Rev. Stat. 134-2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1, 12, 13,

    17, 18

    Haw. Rev. Stat. 134-17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .