REPORTED SPEECH mowa zalena
TENSE REPORTED SPEECH
Present Simple Past Simple
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Present Perfect Past Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Past Simple Past Perfect
Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple Future in the Past
Future Continuous Future Continuous in the Past
Future Perfect Future Perfect in the Past
Future Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous in the Past
First conditional Second Conditional
lots of many
a little any
today that day
for ages last week
tonight that night
tomorrow the next day / the following day
next week the following week
yesterday the day before / the previous day
3 days ago 3 days before
last month the month before / the previous month
Future in the Past : would + I forma
Future Continuous in the Past : would + be + verb-ing
Future Perfect in the Past : would + have + III forma
Future Perfect Continuous in the Past : would + have + been + verb-ing
Mowa zalena suy gwnie do relacjonowania wypowiedzi innych osb np: On powiedzia, e... Zdania oznajmujce: Present Simple He says: "I do it." He said that he did it. Present Continuous I am doing it .
He said he was doing it . Present Perfect Simple I have done it . He said he had done it . Present Perfect Continuous
I have been doing it . He said he had been doing it . Past Simple I did it . He said he had done it . Past Continuous I was doing it . He said he had been doing it . Past Perfect Simple I had done it . He said he had done it .
Past Perfect Continuous I had been doing it . He said he had been doing it . Future simple I will do it . He said he would do it . Future Continous
I will be doing it . He said he would be doing it . Future Perfect Simple I will have done it . He said he would have done it . Future Perfect Continuous I will have been doing it . He said he would have been doing it .
atwo zauway, e wymiana czasw nastpuje zawsze o jeden czas do tyu co oznacza, e czasy teraniejsze zamieniaj si w przesze, a czasy przesze w zaprzesze. Czasy zaprzesze pozostaj bez zmian gdy nie maj ju moliwoci cofnicia. Time expressions: now - then today - that day yesterday - the day before tomorrow - the next day next e.g. Monday - the following Monday last week - the previous week two days ago - two days before
here - there this - that these - those Zdania pytajce: Pytania oglne w mowie zalenej poprzedzone s spjnikiem "if" lub "whether" i maj
szyk zdania oznajmujcego. PRZYKADY: Is he going with us? I asked if he was going with us. I wanted to know whether he was going with us. I was curious if he was going with us. "Do you get up early?" - she asked me. She asked me if I got up early. "Has she come back yet? - she asked me. She asked me if she had come back yet. Analogicznie we wszystkich innych czasach.
Pytania szczegowe w mowie zalenej rozpoczynaj si od swek pytajcych (what, who, why itp.) i maj szyk zdania oznajmujcego. PRZYKADY: What time do you get up every day? I asked what time you got up every day. I wanted to know what time you got up every day. "Why did you behave like this last Monday?" - she asked me.
She asked me why I had behaved like this the pervious Monday. "How much was this bike?" - she asked me. She asked me how much that bike had been. Zdania pytajce: Zdania rozkazujce w mowie zalenej s jedynym rodzajem zda, w ktrych nie stosuje si wymiany czasw. Ma tutaj zastosowanie konstrukcja bezokolicznika, za pomoc czasownikw: - tell sb to do sth
- ask sb to do sth - order sb to do sth - beg sb to do sth PRZYKADY: "Open the window!" I asked you to open the window. "Help me" - he said to her. He told her to help him. "Don't do it" - he said to me. He said to me not to do it.
Zdania wykrzyknikowe: Zdania wykrzyknikowe maj rwnie szyk oznajmujcy i nastpuje nastpstwo czasw. PRZYKADY: "What a lovely day it is today?" - he said.
He exclaimed what a lovely day it was that
expressed the surprise
"What a nice picture I have got!"
I exclaimed what a nice picture I had got.
What excellent meals she cooks"
I exclaimed what excellent meals she cooked.