REPORTED SPEECH mowa zależna TENSE REPORTED SPEECH Present Simple ?· REPORTED SPEECH mowa zależna…

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    28-Feb-2019

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<p>REPORTED SPEECH mowa zalena </p> <p>TENSE REPORTED SPEECH </p> <p>Present Simple Past Simple </p> <p>Present Continuous Past Continuous </p> <p>Present Perfect Past Perfect </p> <p>Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous </p> <p>Past Simple Past Perfect </p> <p>Past Continuous Past Perfect Continuous </p> <p>Future Simple Future in the Past </p> <p>Future Continuous Future Continuous in the Past </p> <p>Future Perfect Future Perfect in the Past </p> <p>Future Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous in the Past </p> <p>First conditional Second Conditional </p> <p>now then </p> <p>lots of many </p> <p>a little any </p> <p>today that day </p> <p>for ages last week </p> <p>tonight that night </p> <p>tomorrow the next day / the following day </p> <p>next week the following week </p> <p>yesterday the day before / the previous day </p> <p>3 days ago 3 days before </p> <p>last month the month before / the previous month </p> <p>this that </p> <p>these those </p> <p>here there </p> <p>will would </p> <p>can could </p> <p>Future in the Past : would + I forma </p> <p>Future Continuous in the Past : would + be + verb-ing </p> <p>Future Perfect in the Past : would + have + III forma </p> <p>Future Perfect Continuous in the Past : would + have + been + verb-ing </p> <p>Mowa zalena suy gwnie do relacjonowania wypowiedzi innych osb np: On powiedzia, e... Zdania oznajmujce: Present Simple He says: "I do it." He said that he did it. Present Continuous I am doing it . </p> <p>He said he was doing it . Present Perfect Simple I have done it . He said he had done it . Present Perfect Continuous </p> <p>I have been doing it . He said he had been doing it . Past Simple I did it . He said he had done it . Past Continuous I was doing it . He said he had been doing it . Past Perfect Simple I had done it . He said he had done it . </p> <p>Past Perfect Continuous I had been doing it . He said he had been doing it . Future simple I will do it . He said he would do it . Future Continous </p> <p>I will be doing it . He said he would be doing it . Future Perfect Simple I will have done it . He said he would have done it . Future Perfect Continuous I will have been doing it . He said he would have been doing it . </p> <p>atwo zauway, e wymiana czasw nastpuje zawsze o jeden czas do tyu co oznacza, e czasy teraniejsze zamieniaj si w przesze, a czasy przesze w zaprzesze. Czasy zaprzesze pozostaj bez zmian gdy nie maj ju moliwoci cofnicia. Time expressions: now - then today - that day yesterday - the day before tomorrow - the next day next e.g. Monday - the following Monday last week - the previous week two days ago - two days before </p> <p>here - there this - that these - those Zdania pytajce: Pytania oglne w mowie zalenej poprzedzone s spjnikiem "if" lub "whether" i maj </p> <p>szyk zdania oznajmujcego. PRZYKADY: Is he going with us? I asked if he was going with us. I wanted to know whether he was going with us. I was curious if he was going with us. "Do you get up early?" - she asked me. She asked me if I got up early. "Has she come back yet? - she asked me. She asked me if she had come back yet. Analogicznie we wszystkich innych czasach. </p> <p> Pytania szczegowe w mowie zalenej rozpoczynaj si od swek pytajcych (what, who, why itp.) i maj szyk zdania oznajmujcego. PRZYKADY: What time do you get up every day? I asked what time you got up every day. I wanted to know what time you got up every day. "Why did you behave like this last Monday?" - she asked me. </p> <p>She asked me why I had behaved like this the pervious Monday. "How much was this bike?" - she asked me. She asked me how much that bike had been. Zdania pytajce: Zdania rozkazujce w mowie zalenej s jedynym rodzajem zda, w ktrych nie stosuje si wymiany czasw. Ma tutaj zastosowanie konstrukcja bezokolicznika, za pomoc czasownikw: - tell sb to do sth </p> <p>- ask sb to do sth - order sb to do sth - beg sb to do sth PRZYKADY: "Open the window!" I asked you to open the window. "Help me" - he said to her. He told her to help him. "Don't do it" - he said to me. He said to me not to do it. </p> <p> Zdania wykrzyknikowe: Zdania wykrzyknikowe maj rwnie szyk oznajmujcy i nastpuje nastpstwo czasw. PRZYKADY: "What a lovely day it is today?" - he said. </p> <p>He exclaimed what a lovely day it was that </p> <p>day </p> <p> remarked </p> <p> expressed the surprise </p> <p> greeted </p> <p>"What a nice picture I have got!" </p> <p>I exclaimed what a nice picture I had got. </p> <p>What excellent meals she cooks" </p> <p>I exclaimed what excellent meals she cooked. </p>