2. The Renaissance Movement This movement originated in Italy and spanned from the 14 thto the 17 thcentury.Renaissance means rebirth in French, and it began in Florence, Tuscany in the Middle Ages and later spread to the rest of Europe. 3. Artists during the Renaissance
Giotto di Bondone
Leonardo da Vinci
4. Renaissance Art Movement
The Italian Renaissance was noted forfour things.
A reverent revival of Classical Greek/Roman art forms and styles
A faith in the nobility of Man ( Humanism )
The mastery oflinear perspective(depth in a painting)
Thenaturalisticrealism of its faces and figures
Italian Renaissance artists and thinkers became inspired by the ideas and forms of ancient Greece and Rome. This was perfectly in tune with their desire to create a universal, even noble form of art which could express the new and more confident mood of the times.
Humanismis the secular cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that spread throughout Europe as a result of the rediscovery of the arts and philosophy of the ancient Greeks and Romans.Early Renaissance artists strove to achieve greater realism in all their works.
Linear perspectiveis a form of perspective in which drawings or paintings are given apparent depth by showing parallel lines as converging on the horizon.Great efforts were made to create realistic 'depth' in paintings during the renaissance.
Faces now became more life-like ( naturalistic ), bodies were painted in more realistic postures and poses, and figures began to express real emotion.
6. The Renaissance Chronology
The Proto-Renaissance Period(1300-1400) Italian art was dominated by religious painting and architecture.The covent church of St. Francis at Assisi was decorated entirely in fresco by Cimabue (Cennidi Peppi) one of the most famous artists of the day.He had a young assistant namedGiotto di Bondone . Giotto's figures have a three-dimensional quality, a sense of depth and space, achieved through Giotto's unprecedented use of modelling, shadow and perspective. The European Cultural Revolution had begun. Giotto's innovative mastery of disegno and new realism would lay the foundations for later Italian movements known as Early Renaissance, High Renaissance, and Mannerism.North of the Alps, Giotto's work would be further developed and refined in the Northern Renaissance.
The Early Renaissance Period(1400-1490)Humanistic philosophy placed Man at the centre of things, and in the visual arts this led to a close study of the human body, a return to the nude and, leading on from this, a preoccupation with nature in all its forms.
7. The Renaissance Chronology
The High Renaissance Period (1490-1530) This golden age - perhaps the most creative era in the history of art - set the standards in both fine art painting and sculpture for centuries to come.Famous artist from this period Leonardo Da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Giorgione, Paolo Veronese, and Tiziano Vecellio.
The Northern Renaissance (1430-1580)The Renaissance was emerging in Italy, and a similar phenomenon was occurring in the Low Countries of Flanders and Holland, and Germany.Northern art is practical, down-to-earth and dispassionate. This affected the popularity of the painting genres, and we see history painting gradually giving way to portrait art, genre-painting, and still life, especially after the Reformation (c.1520) when the Church in Rome ceased to be a major patron of the arts in Northern Europe.
The Mannerism Period (1530-1600)Mannerist art include: tension, emotionalism, elongation of the human figure, strained poses, unusual effects of scale, lighting or perspective, vivid often lurid colours. Mannerist art contained more movement, expression, drama, sensuality, colour - more of almost everything. It also reflected the political scene following the sack of Rome in 1527.
8. Giotto di Bondone The Lamentation 1305-1306 91 x 93 in Arena Chapel in Padua 9.
Leonardo da Vinci , The Last Supper, (184 K) 1498 Fresco 460 x 880 cm
10. Sandro BotticelliMadonna of the Magnifocat (72 K)c.1485 Tempera on Panel, diameter 118 cm 11. Raphael Santi , The School of Athens (181 K) 1509-10 Fresco, 770 cm wide Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Vaticani, Rome 12. Michelangelo Buonarroti Creation of Adam Ceiling of Sistine Chapel 1510 13. Giovanni Bellini St. Francis in the Wilderness Ca. 1485 14. Works Cited