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presentación oral invitada en el workshop REMEDIA 2012 en la temática de mitigación de GEi transversal

Text of Remedia ana iglesias

  • 1. Exploring the role ofstakeholders inmitigation andadaptation decisionsAna Iglesias, UPMRemedia Workshop, 8 March 2012, Bilbao 1

2. Acknowledgements87 scientists balos D, Agull E, Albiac J, Aranda X, ArtetxeA, Benito-Garzn M, Biel C, Bravo C, Bustamante MA, CastrillnL, Chadwick DR, Chirinda N, Cunningham R, De Herralde F, Del HierroO, Del Prado A, Doltra J, Domingo F, Durn JM, Fernndez J, FernndezNava Y, Fons, Funes I, Gallejones P, Garca MA, Garcia-MartinezS, Gmez-Aparicio L, Guimaraes AC, Hernndez S, Herrera I, IglesiasA, Kahil MT, Khatun K, Kowalski AS, Lgdsmand M, Lago C, LechnY, Maran E, Martn J, Medina F, Merino P., Milego R, MisselbrookT, Moral R, Moran D, Navas LM, Newbold C J, Ojea E, OlesenJE, Omaa JM, Ormaechea P, Ors F, Oyonarte C, Pardo G, PardoN, Paredes C, Paredes V, Pascual D, Prez IA, Perez-Espinosa A, Perez-Murcia MD, Prez-Priego O, Pinto M, Pinto M, Pla E, QuirogaG, Quiroga S, Romero L, Ruiz JJ, Ruiz-Benito P, Sez R, SanchezB, Snchez J, Snchez LF, Snchez ML, Snchez-Caete E, SanzMJ, Sanz-Cobea A, Sav R, Scholefield D, Serrano-Ortiz P, Tapia J, ToppC, Vallejo A, Were A, Wu L, Zavala MA 2 3. food forests, dryenergylands technology, eEXPERIMENTSc. efficiencyMODELSSURVEYSinformation,governance knowledge adaptation motivationbarriers3A view of the problem from the academic side 4. Water Drylands, C storage 20-30% of the terrestrial global total Forests and trees contain 70% C of total vegetation global Inventario Forestal Nacional Espaol (IFN) y del CORINELand Cover Basque Country grasslands (about 30 % of the total area) Mitigation policies in the Huesca province of Aragon. Environmental policies: emission taxes, input-based taxes(irrigation water and nitrogen), reduction of irrigation waterby 25 percent, improved feed of swine herd, and reductionof swine herd by 15 percent There is not a unique preferred measure. Local characteristics and social acceptability Many economic assessment: models, assumptions 4 5. The south of the north 6. Iglesias et al. (2005-2012) Projects: PICCMAT, Smart Soils, AnimalChange, Climate Cost Understand social, institutional andbehavioural motivation and barriers Participatory evaluation Economic valuation (efficiency, equity) Understand cost of action and cost of inaction 6 7. Influences on mitigation decisions (Iglesias, Medina, PICCMAT, 2009; Iglesias et al., ANIMAL CHANGE, ongoing)MotivationKnowledge, Mitigationinformation actionBarriers Tools: Behavioural economics 8. Very highimplementationlow noBarriers to no highNone Very small Very largePotential benefitof the measures 9. Guidelines for improving SOC(Iglesias, Sanchez, Quiroga, SMART SOILS, ongoing) 9 10. Full costs of climate change =cost of inactioneconomic costs (impacts, baseline)- cost of action+ costs of mitigation + costs of adaptation- benefits from mitigation - benefits fromadaptationIglesias et al., 2011, Looking into the future ofagriculture, European Review of AgriculturalEconomics, 2011, Ciscar et al., 2011, PNAS --- Project: ClimateCost10 11. 11 12. Scenario A1B_av Adaptation 1&3Irrigation water demand change (% of baseline) 02 10 20 30 8012 13. Scenario A1B_avAdaptation 2Nitrogen fertiliser change (% of baseline)0 2550 100 200 30013 14. Reasons to be optimistic? (my own view)Optimistic PesimisticTechnologyxCompetitiveness, efficiency xxTrade and pricesxxEquity xInformation, knowledgexMitigation policy xxAdaptation policy xxLack of Governance x14 15. A view of the role of REMEDIA and how may influence mitigation decisions Legisla- Research tionfunding Interested parties Research Humanprogra-resourcesSocietalmmes Perceived Public values Scientific solutions discourse Economic know- goalsledge PresencePolitical Technicalof leader attentionexpertise 16. thank [email protected] made at the:REMEDIA Workshop, Bilbao, 8 March 2012 16