Click here to load reader

Regulisanje saobracaja

  • View
    126

  • Download
    3

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Pravilnik

Text of Regulisanje saobracaja

  • 13.

  • 13. ................................................................................................. 1

    13.1 ........................................... 1 13.1.1 ...................................................................................................... 2 13.1.2 ............................................................. 2

    13.2 ............................................................................... 4 13.2.1 ............................................................................................. 4 13.2.2 ....................................................................... 6 13.2.3 ............................................................................................... 10

    13.3 .................................................................................10 13.3.1 ............ 10 13.3.2 ............................................................. 12 13.3.3 - .....................................................................................................................................16

    13.4 (WEBSTER) ..........................17 13.4.1 ......................................................................... 19 13.4.2 ................................................................... 21

    13.4.2.1 ......................... 22

    13.5 ........................................26 13.6 ..........................................26 13.7 .........................................28 13.8 ......................................29 13.9 ......................................30 13.10 ....................................................................................30 13.11 .................................................31

    ......................................................................................................... 32

  • 13.

    1

    13.

    13.1

    " " " " . , , , , ( ). , . . . 16.5. .

    , . 2000. 450 , 128 , .

    , , . , .

  • 13.

    2

    13.1

    13.1.1

    . ( ) ( 13.2). , .,, .

    13.2

    13.1.2

    . , , , ,

  • 13.

    3

    . . , " " , . , .

    () .

    , , , , .

    . :

    (d) , ()

    , , . .

    . , ( , , , .). ( ) ( "" 1 ). ( ). " " . ( ).

    1 , . .

  • 13.

    4

    . .

    : , - , HCM 2000.. , " ". ( ). (Webster) HCM 2000 . 2.

    15 ( ). . . , . ( ).

    13.2

    13.2.1

    , , () , ( ). ( )

    2 . , (2010)

  • 13.

    5

    . "" . , " ", "" " " , 3.

    ( 13.3) , - , " ". " " " " , " ".

    13.3

    , ( ), . ( ) ( ) . "" [/]. 100% " " . . ,

    3 .

  • 13.

    6

    . "" 4 , " ". ( 13.3), , 1200 / ( 30 ). , . .

    (Webster, Cobbe, 1965-67.), , , , ( ), , .

    (Kimber, Simens, 1982.) , , 5, , , .

    , , . .

    13.2.2

    .

    () - ; , " " 2290 /; ; , , , ( 3 m 35 m), , , ; () - , , ,

    4 ( ) "" , " ".

    5 "" .

  • 13.

    7

    ; , ; " " () ; ; () - , () , ; () - ( ); ; 2120 , 6006 " "; , .

    :

    I ( , .) ( ). . "" ( ), "", .

    II 7 ( ), ( ); III : 300 , 40 300 , 40 ; , , "", " ".

    6 ( ) 600 /, .

    7 , ;

  • 13.

    8

    8 :

    [/ "" ] (1) Sp - ( 1, 2 3), N - , f1 - ( 4), f2 - ( 5), f3 - ( 6), f4 - ( 7). Sp :

    1: (/) : *

    Sp 1600 1900 2120 *) . - ( ) , ; ; - : , , ; ( ) ( ), , , ; 9 ; - ; ; 2: (/)

    Sp x 1750 - 1800; 1500

    8 , , , , , .

    9 "", .

  • 13.

    9

    3: ( ; ) (/)

    50 Sp 1550 1538 1490 1450 1430 1400 1370 1360 1350 1330 *

    *) 50, .

    - 1470 (/); - 1250 (/). 4: ( 13.4 - "") [/] 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 f1 0,97 0,95 0,92 0,87 0,82 0,76 0,69 0,62 0,57 0,53 0,50

    13.4 5: ( 13.4 - "") [/] 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 >500 f2 0,97 0,94 0,90 0,83 0,75 0,67 0,60 0,56 0,53 0,51 0,51

    2

    6:

    5 7 10 12 15 17 20 25 f3 0,97 0,95 0,92 0,90 0,87 0,85 0,83 0,79

    .

  • 13.

    10

    7: ( ) < 40.000 40.000 - 300.000 > 300.000 f4 0,85 0,90 1,0

    13.2.3

    , . . , " ", " " " " ( ).

    (/) (2)

    :

    i - (i) , Si - [/], - (z) (C). ( 13.3) 300 /, 0,25 (30/120), 1200 / ( ).

    13.3

    13.3.1

    ( ) . q- ( 13.5). . ( 6 ).

  • 13.

    11

    . . , , " " ( ).

    13.5

    . - . ( , "" ). q- , ( - ) . "" : .

    , ( 13.5).

    (s) (3)

    (4) , .

  • 13.

    12

    ( ) (2) "z" .

    13.3.2

    , ( "" ). ( ) .

    ( ) . 13.6 . , .

    (s) (5)

    : "i" "" .

    13.6

    , " ". ,

  • 13.

    13

    . . "i" . " " , "" . , : (Vi=30 km/h). . "" . . . . ( " "). (Vj=60 km/h). . ( , , ). .

    ti-j (i) (""). ( 13.7).

  • 13.

    14

    13.7

    . . , .

    , , . ( ). . () , . .

    . . . , PP1 PP2 ( 13.8).

  • 13.

    15

    13.8

    . ( PP1 ( 13.8), PP1 PP2 ). . (Vv=30 km/h). :

    (s) (6)

    . , "" . , . .

    , "" (). ( ) . 5 km/h, (1,2 1,4 m/s) (, , ).

    (s) (7)

    , .

  • 13.

    16

    . Vv=60 km/h. , 1 m ( PP2 - 13.8), . PP2 PP1 ( 7 ). .

    . . 5 5 . () , "" , . , 5 , "" . , .

    ( , ). (ITE).

    13.3.3 - 10

    = t+ v/(2a +2Gg) (8) :

    - s t - s v - / m/s a - m/s2 G - m/s2 (9.81) g - / % = 4.5 m/s2; t=1s;

    10 ITE - Institute of Transport Eng. of USA

  • 13.

    17

    85% . . (clearance interval) :

    r= (w+L)/v (9)

    r= max((w+L)/v;P/v) (10)

    r=(P+L)/v (11) :

    r - s w - ( ) m P -

    m L - m V - 85% m/s 80 90 . (Traffic Control Device Handbook 1983, ITE journal 1984 .) .

    1 . 7 60 km/h. .

    8.

    13.4 (WEBSTER)

    . .

    . , . .

  • 13.

    18

    (s) (12)

    L , . . , (13), ti-, (d=+c), ("", 13.5) ("", 13.5). "" "c" (=, 13.5) 3 ( ), . . 3 "" , .

    (s) (13)

    n - ,

    d - " " ( "+"), ti- - i . "Y". "y" i ( 14). "y" "". "Yi" i- , "Y"- "" .

    (14)

    ( 30 120 ) . (). .

    (s) (15) . ( ) "Y"- ( "Yi". .

  • 13.

    19

    13.4.1

    ( 13.9) . ( , , ).

    13.9

    , ( 8). 8 -

    I II I II

    1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 3.1 3.2 4 Q 200 200 400 150 450 450 350 S 1450 714 1490 900 1450 1550 1538 y 0,137 0,28 0,268 0,166 0,31 0,29 0,227 Yi x 0,268 0,31 Y 0,578

    . ( 13.10) , 9 .

  • 13.

    20

    13.10 9 -

    ti- 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 3.1 3.2 4 1.1 X X 1 X X X 3 1.2 X X 1 2 X X 2 2.1 3 3 X X 1 2 X 2.2 X 2 X X 2 3 X 3.1 X X 2 1 X X 1 3.2 X X 2 1 X X 1 4 1 3 X X 3 3 X

    (9) ( 3 ) (8) , (11) () () . "" " " . () ( 13.11).

    Z1=z1+d-=23+3-3=23 s

    Z2= z2+ d- =20+3-3=20 s

  • 13.

    21

    13.11

    13.12

    13.4.2

    , . TRANSYT , ( ). :

    (s/) (16)

    , . 11. 5-15% , (ALLSLOP) : 0.45, 0.43 .

    (s/) (17)

    11

    ( )

  • 13.

    22

    :

    C - z = R, R -

    .

    , . h = qC/zs > 1, qC>zs q>s. p ( , 0.9) , q< sp.

    13.4.2.1

    .

    , , . , , .

    , .

    , , , .

    :

    ,

    , . , , , , ,

    , PP- ,

    .

  • 13.

    23

    :

    -

  • 13.

    24

  • 13.

    25

  • 13.

    26

    13.5 12

    : , , , , , , . () ().

    13.6

    : , , ( ), .

    , .

    , , : , , (VI-1). , , , : , , (VI-1.1). , , , ( VI-2.1 VI -2.9). . , .

    12 ( ) 2010 .

  • 13.

    27

    , . .

    ( ), - , - .

    , .

    ( VI-4.1 VI-4.5) .

    , .

    VI-1.1

    VI-1

    VI-2.6 VI-2.4 VI-2.5 VI-2.3 VI-2.1 VI-2.2 VI-2.9 VI-2.7 VI-2.8

    VI-3.1

    VI-3

  • 13.

    28

    ( VI-5.1 VI-5.3) , ( ). .

    13.7

    . , , : , .

    (VI-6). . , , .

    VI-4.2 VI-4.1 VI-4.4 VI-4.3 VI-4.5

    VI-6

    VI-5.2

    VI-5.1

    VI-5.3

  • 13.

    29

    13.8 13

    ( VI-7.1 VI-7.14). , . , - .

    13

    VI-7.3 VI-7.1 VI-7.4 VI-7.2 VI-7.7 VI-7.5

    VI-7.9

    VI-7.6

    VI-7.8

    VI-7.14 VI-7.12 VI-7.13 VI-7.11 VI-7.10

  • 13.

    30

    13.9

    . .

    , , , , : , , (VI-8). , .

    13.10

    , .

    .

    , , .

    , , .

    VI-8

  • 13.

    31

    , . 40 cm2, . , .

    , , - , (VI-9). , , .

    13.11

    .

    (VI -10 VI -10.1). , , : , (VI-10). , , : , (VI -10.1). .

    VI-10 VI-10.1

    VI-9

  • 13.

    32

    [1.] Webster F., V., (1966), Traffic Signals, HMSO, London [2.] Stoffers K.E, (1968), Scheduling of Traffic Lights- A new approach,

    Transp.Res. 2, 199-234 [3.] Murchland J., Tully Z. (1976), Program SQGN: Traffic Signal Sequence

    Generator, UCL, Interim Report [4.] Highway Capacity Manual (TRB Special Report) - FHA(2000)., Vasington. [5.] ., ., (1975),

    , , .

    [6.] ., (1980), , , ., , .

    [7.] Tarnoff and Parsons, "Selecting Traffic Signal Control at Individual Intersections", NCHRP Report 233, Transportation Research Board, DC, 1981.

    [8.] Akcelik, R., "Traffic Signals: Capacity and Timing Analysis", Ausralian Road Research Board, Researsh Report, ARR No 123, 1981.

    [9.] ., (1983), , , .

    [10.] ., ., (1983), " ", , V YU

    [11.] ., (1987), - , 12, .

    [12.] . (1988), TRAFISG: A computer program for signal settings at an isolated under-or oversaturated fixed time controlled intersection, Traffic Eng. Control 29, 562-566

    [13.] ., (1988), () , 15, 855-857, .

    [14.] Papageorgiou, M., "Concise Encyclopedia of Traffic and Transportation Systems", Pergamon Press, 1991.

    [15.] "Traffic Engineering Handbook", ITE, Prentice Hall, 1992. [16.] Strong W. D., (1994) Changes to Chapter 9 of the 1985 Highway Capacity

    Manual (Signalized Intersections), ITE 1994 Compendium of Technical Papers.

    [17.] Teply S., (1994), Principles of Capacity, ITE 1994 Compendium of Technical Papers.

    [18.] .,(1996) , 5-6 , 21-27

  • 13.

    33

    [19.] ., ., (1997), HCM 1994, I 3/97 . 131-135,

    [20.] ., ., ., (1998) (I ),

    [21.] ., (2004) HCM 2000 . 2/2004.

    [22.] ., (2005) , - 5/2005,

    [23.] Traffic Signal Timing Manual, ITE 2009 [24.] Traffic Engineering Handbook, 6th edition, ITE 2009 [25.] ., 2010 [26.] Richtlinien fur Lichtsignalanlagen RILSA ( english version) 2003 [27.] Traffic Control Systems Handbook, FHWA Hop -06 , 2005