of 73 /73
Recap: Vowels & Consonants V – central “sound” of the syllable C – outer “shell” of the syllable (C) V (C) (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)

Recap: Vowels & Consonants

  • Author
    yakov

  • View
    139

  • Download
    6

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Recap: Vowels & Consonants. V – central “sound” of the syllable C – outer “shell” of the syllable. (C) V (C). (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C). Recap: Vowels & Consonants. V – central “sound” of the syllable C – outer “shell” of the syllable. Syllabic Consonants. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Recap: Vowels & Consonants

  • Recap: Vowels & ConsonantsV central sound of the syllable C outer shell of the syllable(C) V (C)(C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)

  • Recap: Vowels & ConsonantsV central sound of the syllable C outer shell of the syllable

  • Syllabic ConsonantsV central sound of the syllable C outer shell of the syllablebuttonlittleteacherLPD

  • Consonants3 features: Manner Place Voicing

  • How much constriction?plosive: completely blockedfricative: partly blockedapproximant: slightly hinderednasalizationDoes the air flow through both the nose and the mouth, or just the mouth?1 Manner of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresaffricate: plosive + fricative

  • Plosive (stop)FricativeAffricateNasalLateralApproximant1 Manner of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic features

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresWhere in the mouth does the constriction occur?

    What parts of the mouth are involved (lips, teeth, tongue, roof of the mouth)?

  • bilabiallabiodentaldentalalveolarpalatalvelarglottal2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic features

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresPlosives:bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)

  • Consonants:plosivesThe following slides were made using Daniel Currie Halls website athttp://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~danhall/phonetics/sammy.html

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresPlosives:bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresPlosives:bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresPlosives:bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)

  • 2 Place of ArticulationConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresPlosives:bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)

  • 3 VoicingConsonants: 3 phonetic featuresAre the vocal chords vibrating or not?REMEMBER THE TERMSFORTIS and LENIS(at least until the next slideshow)

  • Features:unvoicedbilabialstoppThe six RP plosives

  • Features:voicedbilabialstopbThe six RP plosives

  • Features:unvoicedalveolarstoptThe six RP plosives

  • Features:voicedalveolarstopdThe six RP plosives

  • Features:unvoicedvelarstopkThe six RP plosives

  • Features:voicedvelarstopgThe six RP plosives

  • bilabialalveolarvelar(palatal)Recap: Plosives

  • labiodentaldentalalveolarpost-alveolarpalato-alveolarPlaces of articulation: fricatives

  • Features:unvoicedbilabialstopppipe

  • Features:voicedbilabialstopbbaby

  • (Features:unvoicedbilabialfricative)

  • (Features:voicedbilabialfricative)vamos

  • Features:unvoicedlabiodentalfricativeffine, life

  • Features:voicedlabiodentalfricativevvery clever

  • Features:unvoiceddentalfricativethink

  • Features:voiceddentalfricativethis

  • Features:unvoicedalveolarstopttart

  • Features:voicedalveolarstopddid

  • Features:unvoicedalveolarfricativessea

  • Features:voicedalveolarfricativezzero

  • Features:unvoicedpostalveolarfricativeshe, pressure

  • Features:voicedpostalveolarfricativemeasure

  • Features:unvoicedglottalfricativehhome

  • Wells, under Articulation

  • f,v

  • f,v

  • ,=

  • AffricatesThere are no affricates in Icelandic, but if youve mastered the post-alveolar fricatives they should cause no problemschessJessfortislenis

  • Dont forget to make a clear distinction between the fortis and lenis forms: rich - ridge larch largesearch surgenot only with the voicing of , but also by clipping caused by Affricates

  • SIBILANTS

  • sea ship zero measure church judge

  • sea ship zero measure church judges sjipp ser mesjr tsrts dsds

  • Problems with sibilantsIcelandic has only 1 sibilant:

    English has 4:

    and two afficates:

  • Problems with sibilantsSpelling is a poor indication of which sibilant is used VOICING of s or z is particularly badly represented

    base phase loose choose

    rates clothes wages szsz

  • plural the dog gave two short barkspossessive the dogs bark, the dogs barks3rd person sg. this dog barksabbreviation for is his barks worse than his biteabbreviation for has his barks been recorded-s, -s, -s, -es

  • cats cats cats gets barks --s, -s, -s, -esdogs dogs dogs runs mews -fishes fishs fishes massescatches judges roses Rosesboxes Butchs

  • 21

  • NasalsThe following slides were made using Daniel Currie Halls website athttp://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~danhall/phonetics/sammy.html

  • Features:voicedbilabialstopbb

  • Features:voicedbilabialnasalm

  • Features:voicedalveolarstopd

  • Features:voicedalveolarnasaln

  • Features:voicedvelarstopg

  • Features:voicedvelarnasal

  • Features:voicedbilabialnasalm

  • Features:unvoicedbilabialnasalmo

  • Features:voicedalveolarnasaln

  • Features:unvoicedalveolarnasalno

  • Features:voicedvelarnasal

  • Features:unvoicedvelarnasalo

  • English: 3 nasalsIcelandic: 10 nasals

  • SHORTLONGUNVOICEDBILAB

    ALV

    PAL

    VEL

  • ng?singer fingerhanger angersting stink

  • longer longestyounger youngeststronger strongestEXCEPTIONS:

    *