Rebuilding Communities. Planned Approach to Recovery. Lessons learnt. Understanding Risk : T here is very limited organised capacity to track how the risks are evolving in different geographies due to emerging development patterns . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Rebuilding CommunitiesPlanned Approach to Recovery1Lessons learntUnderstanding Risk: There is very limited organised capacity to track how the risks are evolving in different geographies due to emerging development patterns.Realistically, the national aspiration to fix the development deficit and move towards sustainable development will take long time Hence: maintain organised capacity for disaster preparedness at right level to contain losses and protect development gains.risk management process and practice to be handled within limited geographies like, district, block or village/city level. Risk management perspective and practices have to flow into the mainstream development processes like preparation of sectoral PIPs at district level, building regulations, design of.As of now, there is very limited organised capacity within Government to track how the risks are evolving in different geographies due to emerging development patterns. How are the risk getting amplified, entrenched, reduced etc. etc. needs to be known in real time to inform development planning and civil operations. This will be feasible if the risk management process and practice is handled within limited geographies like district, block or village/city level. Both, people at-risk of disaster and their duty bearers at these levels need knowledge, skills and right kind of attitude to act decisively to reduce/manage/prevent/mitigate the risk. Risk management perspective and practices have to flow into the mainstream development processes like preparation of sectoral PIPs at district level, building regulations, design of construction project big and small, planning of cities, social protection nets, academics etc. 2How did the DM System do?6 Capacity Factors of a SystemOrgaisation/institution: Leadership and coordination Human resourcesEstablishments, Supplies and equipmentFinancingInformation managementService delivery (benchmarked for early recovery, DRR, social equity, inclusion, quality, coverage..)Learning from the DisasterIn July flashfloods and landslides, people, land, animals and properties were washed away along with livelihood of thousands.Damage to roads, bridges and other means of connectivity had multi dimensional impact including loss of productivityThe damages are counted, but the losses are uncountable. Disasters, in spite of so much of improvement in early warning continue to play spoilsport. They strike at a time when you least expect them. In mid-June, hardly with monsoon setting in, no one expected this to strike so hard. Nearly 800 persons dead, about 14,000 animals dead/missing, commercial & private establishments destroyed it was a bad timed disaster! Disconnected people could not produce anything, or even if they produced, they could not sell it / market it. It was time for receiving relief, and not contribute to the economy. 4Counting the LossesLet us take an example: Time lost by ChildrenSocial Cost of closure of schools - for about 21 days.Among all the MDM receiving children about 9% are anemic which is 63,000Amidst food insecurity, with no MDM in schools for 21 days - its impact on health, growth and development of childrenPlacing a cost on all these will be difficultDamages have been numbered how many dead, how many missing, how many houses damaged etc.etc. But we need to count the losses losses to the society and economy. The social cost. (So that sessions like these become meaningful.) All schools in the state were closed for at least 3 weeks. Just counting the students registered in government schools alone from 1st 12th grade we have about 14,40,000 students in the state. This is not counting private schools. So, if about 14,00,000 students have lost 4 hours of study hours we have lost 56 lakh hours of education! Considering that a child studies on an average 4 hours in schools for 15 years on an average of 200 days a year (from Class 1 to Graduation) = 15 x 200 x 4 = 12,000; So, 56,00,000 / 12,000 = 468 Childrens entire life of education has been washed away. If we add the hours lost by teachers, it would be phenomenal as the teachers get paid even during these breaks, with no or minimal productivity. (Source for anemia: State AWP & Budget for 2012-13 of Uttarakhand for Midday meal in schools page 18 from cover page)5UN Technical Support Look into Social Aspect of DamagesRapid Needs AssessmentSocial Sectoral Plan in FIVE districts 78 Villages Coverage216 VillagesENABLING GO-NGO-CORPORATE COORDINATIONIMPLEMENTATION OF A COORDINATED LIVE SOCIAL SECTORAL PLANCOORDINATED ACTIONPLAN- SSPsASSESSMENTUsing the SSPs DMs of Rudraprayag (4 Sep) and Chamoli (6 Sep) for Uttarkashi & Pithoragarh for multi stakeholder conclave at district level to allocate roles and responsibilities for reconstructionWith huge infrastructure losses, and the weight of giving away relief falling on the government and humanitarian agencies, the needs of social recovery cannot be delayed. So, on request of Govt. UN mobilised technical support for transition and recovery planning.A rapid needs assessment undertaken by a team of over 40 persons covering 78 villages in late June & early July when situation was still rapidly changing, it brought out the fact that there is a need for social sectoral planning to respond to the situation appropriately.Accordingly a detailed assessment looking into Health, Education, Nutrition, Food, Food Security, Livelihood, and Shelter needs has been prepared with the government for use, for corporates, NGOs, educational & research institutions, Financial institutions and even professionals who may be willing to offer their services. It may not be the perfect one, but it covers a whole range of issues and sub-themes within each of these sectors.In the process of coordination, UN is helping government to play the role of a major enabler in coordinating the response and recovery, while strengthening the system. In other words, it has gone through three steps: Assessment Planning and looks to Coordinated Action.
6Taking ForwardThe plans to be placed before Corporates, NGOs and other stakeholders in four districtsTasks and places to be allotted to the NGOs / Corporate sector as either a whole village concept or thematic approach.UN continue to coordinate with administration and other stakeholders for quality and effective delivery.Support Government to monitor implementation of SSPs in 4 districts. Prepare Capacity development plan for the social sectors at district level. This will help Government take-up capacity building work in the state. Using the SSPs DMs of Rudraprayag (4 Sep) and Chamoli (6 Sep) for Uttarkashi & Pithoragarh for multi stakeholder conclave at district level to allocate roles and responsibilities for reconstruction7Recognizing the inevitability of disaster- driven to a great extent by incautious development and a changing climate is only a first step, more difficult step is developing best practices for taking forehanded action to assess and minimize their impact.Margareta Wahlstorm, UNISDR
Solutions from the plains have limited relevance for mountains, Uk citizens need to take leadership in planning and decision making