Reader at Work1

  • View
    47

  • Download
    5

Embed Size (px)

Text of Reader at Work1

MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF BASIC ENGLISH

CONTENTSForeword xi Acknowledgements xiii MARY 1 HANAKO 1 2 LONGLEAT HOUSE NEW YORK UNIVERSITY 3 UNIVERSITY OF LONDON 3 4 JIM KATE 5 THE OLD ENGLAND RESTAURANT & THE STATUE OF LIBERTY 7 TOMIKO 8 TOMIKO, KING AND TED 9 THE GARSTON FAMILY 10 11 CINEMAS 12 PLAZA SHOPPING CENTRE THE INTERNATIONAL HOTEL 13 JOB ADVERTISEMENTS 15 YOUNG LOVE 16 VARIOUS ADVERTISEMENTS 17 SAN FRANCISCO 18 LETTER FROM HALIMA AND AHMED 20 DEREK 22 ROLAND-EVI-DELLA 23 LETTER FROM PAM 24 JOAN 26 MAHATMA GANDHI 27 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 28 ALFRED HITCHCOCK 29 CHARLIE CHAPLIN 30 SUPER TANKER DISASTER 31 SELTON'S SECOND SHOPPING CENTRE 32 LEBRATS VISIT 33 THE BUZZ SURVEY 34 D.H. LAWRENCE 35 THE FUNNIEST FILM 35V

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71

TOM'S DIARY ELVIS PRESLEY GOING TO BRITAIN TRANSPORTATION IN TURKEY AMY'S RESTAURANT SMALL CARS HOME SWEfeT HOME A MEETING LAURA LETTER FROM WENDY EDUCATION AT HOME (1) EDUCATION AT HOME (2) JOHN LENNON GUIDE TO GOOD EATING RADIO TIMES READER HOLIDAYS SEAFORD SCHOOL & BEDGEBURY SCHOOL LETTER FROM GEORGE NOTTINGHAM & BANGOR A LANGUAGE TEACHER'S PERSONAL OPINION THE WORLDS OF WALT DISNEY LETTER FROM FAMILY FRIENDS AGENCY LETTER FROM KATHY SINGLE FATHERS' CLUB PLANE CRASH IN PERU INVERNESS LACROSSE THE BARASANA THE MOTOR CAR INDUSTRY THE OSTRICH RUDYARD KIPLING VIDEO CLIPS DREAMS ORANGES THE POSTAGE STAMP VOLCANOES CONTAINERS LUMINOUS AND NON-LUMINOUS BODIES COAL vi

37 38 39 41 42 43 43 45 46 48 49 50 51 53 54 55 56 58 59 60 62 64 66 67 69 71 73 74 75 76 77 79 81 83 85 86 89 91

72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108

CARS OF THE FUTURE USING ELECTRICITY POLYMER BA'iTERIES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES EFFECTS OF CIGARETTE SMOKING MICROSCOPIC ORGANISMS ROLLER-SKATING TAKES OFF LEARNING ABOUT MARS PIRATES GEOTHERMAL ENERGY BALI LIFE IN SPACE NICE NOT EASY THE OLYMPIC MARATHON THE TECHNOLOGICAL REVOLUTION MANCHESTER 'SEN' OR SZ? VIVE LA DIFFERENCE! TORNADOES INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE AND SAFETY LEARNING ABOUT COMPUTERS SEAT BELTS JAMES DEAN SKYSCRAPERS TEMPERATE CLIMATES THE PEN POPULAR vs. QUALITY NEWSPAPERS ACID RAIN (1) ACID RAIN (2) THE KON-TIKI VOYAGE, 1947 U.S. CITIES: PAST AND PRESENT SPAS: GOOD OR BAD? ARTS OR SCIENCE? OUR FIRST WORDS YOUR DIET DANGER FOR THE FUN OF IT LOSING FERTILE LAND MONEY vii

93 94 96 98 99 102 103 106 109 111 113 115 117 119 121 123 125 127 129 131* 132 133 135 136 138 140 142 143 144 146 148 151 153 155 157 160 162

109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142

MONEY THEN AND NOW THE CASHLESS SOCIETY DAMS MOTHERHOOD IN A CHANGING WORLD: WOMEN IN GHANA ORDINARY ASPIRIN IS TRULY A WONDER DRUG SOLAR ENERGY DESALINATION METHODS RENEWABLE AND NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES BOOKWORMS WHAT A GOOD IDEA! A LOAD OF RUBBISH WORK AT HOME WOMAN PILOT SAVES GANGSTER FROM PRISON INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION AROUND THE WORLD IN A PAPER PLANE! FOOD RURAL MIGRATION OUTWARD BOUND A PLAIN MAN'S GUIDE TO INVESTMENT THE SAMARITANS WHAT HAPPENED TO THE DINOSAURS? THE ELEPHANTS' GRAVEYARD A NATION OF PET-LOVERS BUSINESS GOES GREEN! A GREENER WORLD A 90-DAY STRETCH GLENN CURTIS FLYING GRANDMOTHER PROPRIETARY SCHOOLS VEGETARIANISM THE OZONE LAYER A HOLIDAY BROCHURE THE CONSUMER SOCIETY THE ELIZABETHAN GRAMMAR SCHOOLviii

164 165 167 169 170 172 173 175 177 178 179 182 185 187 189 191 194 196 198 200 202 203 204 206 207 209 211 213 215 217 219 221 224 225

143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179

ONE WOMAN'S RACE ACROSS ALASKA PHOBIAS THE HAUNTED HOUSE WHITE LIES THE DIRTY OLD MAN OF EUROPE FOOD ADDITIVES HOLIDAYS BODY LANGUAGE COMPUTERS IN THE MODERN WORLD THE COMPUTER A NATIONAL DISEASE GETTING THE U.S. TO GO METRIC THE CASH MACHINE FAIR PLAY FOR WOMEN'S FOOTBALL WHAT IS NEWS? TV OR NOT TV; THAT'S THE PROBLEM THE EARTH'S SPREADING DESERTS MR. JONES FIRST TO SKI CROSS CONTINENT INFLATION HOME-SCHOOLING EXPLORERS OF AMERICA A ROSE-RED CITY A SURVEY ON EDUCATION THE ROYAL NATIONAL INSTITUTE

227 230 232 234 236 238 240 242 243 245 247 249 251 253 255 257 258 262 264 266 268 270 272 274

FOR THE BLINDHOW TO SEE' A CITY STUNTPEOPLE COMPUTER EDUCATION RUNNING AWAY FROM TROUBLES FRIENDSHIP AMERICAN CITIES CULTURE SHOCK! COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE FREE TRADE TWO STRANGERS ON A TRAIN VILLAGE VOICE WHAT IS THIS THING CALLED LOVE?ix

276277 279 281 283 285 287 289 290 293 295 296 299

180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204

WHO'S CRAZY? BRITISH UNIVERSITIES LESS EQUALITY IN EDUCATION, MORE QUALITY WELCOME TO PRESTEL WHERE ARE WE GOING? ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE WEATHER? AUTOMATION AUTOMATION IS CREATING CONFLICT AMONG WORKERS ASH FROM A VOLCANO: IT MAY REMAIN ALOFT ADVERTISING ARE YOU REALLY A NON-SMOKER? SCHOOL INSPECTORS PAIN TYPHOONS WHAT DOES THE CHIP MEAN TO YOU? THE OCEAN FLOOR MOTORWAYS CONSUMER PRESSURE LAW OF CONSERVATION OF MATTER: EVERYTHING MUST GO SOMEWHERE THE PALEOLITHIC AGE TRENDS NUCLEAR POWER - A SAFE SOLUTION? HOW TO STOP COMPUTER ABUSE THE MIND AND THE BODY INDEX OF TITLES

301 304 306 308 310 312 314 317 318 320 321 324 326 328 330 333 335 337 340 342 344 347 349 352 356 358

x

FOREWORDThis book is a collection of the reading sections of the exam papers prepared in the Department of Basic English in the last ten years. It is intended to provide students with supplementary material for EFL reading practice and exam preparation as it is believed that the reading material in the main textbooks is not always sufficient for this purpose. In their English-medium academic mainstream, reading will be of utmost importance for our students; therefore, we believe that they should be encouraged to read as much as possible outside class and we hope that this book will equip both the students and the teachers with enough means to emphasize reading comprehension and vocabulary development. The material in this book has been graded according to text difficulty and the level of the exercises so that it will serve the needs of our students - from the beginner level to intermediate - in the first semester. There are 204 passages in the book, which will enable each student to read extensively at his own level and to move on to the more advanced texts for challenge. In selecting the passages, an attempt has been made to include a variety of topics and text types so as to promote reading for pleasure as well. Finally, the material has been edited to maintain a reasonable level of consistency in the exercise types throughout the book. Although it is prepared with the students of the Department of Basic English in mind, we believe that this book will help any enthusiastic student of English as a foreign language. If the book proves to be beneficial, we will consider ourselves useful. Blent KANDLLER Aysun VELOLU Ankara, 1995

xi

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSThe greatest contribution to the compilation of this book has of course come from our testers. We owe many thanks to: Glsima BAYKAL Hale BNAY Fgen GLSEN Demet KOKSAL Sibel TZEL KYMEN Asuman SAYINER Zuhal SAYMAN Gaye TOLUNG Serap YCEL We must express our gratitude to ebnem Avcolu, Naz Dino and Afife Tnay, who prepared Reading Comprehension, which has certainly been a bestseller over the years, for 29 of the passages in this book. We hope that we will be forgiven for not having been able to mention here the names of all the testers who produced the original forms of the material in Reading Comprehension, to whom we are especially grateful. The successful completion of the book owes much to the support of many of our colleagues. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to Hale BNAY, Demet KOKSAL, Glsima BAYKAL, Serper TMER, Erday BLSOY, Anita AKKA, Tahir ONUR and, especially, Ayfer TOPPARE, for their invaluable cooperation in the proofreading of this material. We would also like to thank Ayen YILMAZER, Ayen KARABA, Pnar AKMAN and Ardan YARDIM for putting in time and effort to help us revise this book. Our thanks are extended to Abdullah CAN of the METU Printing Office for preparing the cover of the book. Finally, we thank Naz DNO, Head of the Department of Basic English, who helped and encouraged us throughout the project. B.K., A.V.

xiii

3LONGLEAT HOUSELongleat House is 140 kilometres west of London, between the cities of Salisbury and Bath. The house is the home of Lord Bath. & is about 400 years old. Visitors can walk through and look at the beautiful rooms and they can see the antique furniture in the rooms. There is also a Safari Park at Longleat House. Visitors can drive through the park and see many animals there. Longleat House is open every day from 10 o'clock in the morning to 6 o'clock in the evening. The Safari Park is open only in the summer.

5

1. Where is Longleat House?

2. Who owns the house?

3. What can visitors see inside the house?

4. What can visitors do in Safari Park?

5. When is Longleat House open?

6. When is the Safari Park open?

7. Line 2, "If means _ 8. Line 4, 'they' means

2

4NEW YORK UNIVERSITYNew York University is in Greenwich Village. Students can get almost everything they need near the university campus. There is a post office on 9 th Street. There is a bank on 5*h Avenue, and there are two on 8^h Street. The restaurants and coffee shops in Greenwhich Village are very popular.1. Where is New York University?