Raeana GallKelsey RodriguezManhattan Johnson The Japanese Kabuki1Who and when it was started by?Izumo no Okuni started the Kabuki danceStarted in 1603Women were the first to perform They were later banned in 1629The sensuality of the actors proved to be too disruptive for the government and community
Who is in this culture dance now?Young boys and menCalled yar-kabukiWhich is an all man PerformanceYoung boys played as women due to less masculine appearance and the higher pitch of their voices compared to adult men.
Specific dancesMidareMieMaigotoReligious OriginsThe original dance was a Buddhist dance.Has been a form of Buddhistnembutsu, a dance of worship in praise of Amida;
How the dance came to be?Okuni was seen by Sanzaburo, whos from Nagoya had been sent by his family to be trained for the priesthood in the Kennin TempleHe influenced her to greater abandon the religious worship, and taught her to dance the popular songs of the day and music of his own composition. This wasKabuki, a slang designation of the time later to be dignified by the use of written characters signifying the art of song and dance Dance DescriptionA very exotic dance with Very elaborate costumesVery sharp movements Exotic facial expressionsAlso exotic makeupVery vibrant colors used for everything
Kabuki DanceMake uphttps://www.youtube.com/watch?t=32&v=hALJT_zRzOgDance performance-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4JjLuh4Ns7sThe steps to the Make UpKabuki makeup is applied heavily to create a brightly painted mask that uses colors to indicate age, gender, and the moods of each character.First, the actor applies oils and waxes on his face to help the makeup stick to the skin. Then a thick coat of white makeup called Oshiroi is put on to cover the whole face. The white face creates a dramatic look onstage, and many historians believe that the white faces were more easily seen in the centuries before stages were lit with electricity. The Oshiroi is made of rice powder, and different shades of white are used depending on the age, class, and gender of the character. On this white face, red and black lines are used to outline the eyes and mouth, which are also shaped differently for male and female characters.
Meaning behind the make upStandard makeup applied to most actors and kumadori makeup which was applied to villains and heroes.The dramatic lines and shapes applied on the face in different colors, each representing different qualities. The most commonly used colorsdark red = passion or angerdark blue = depression or sadness and evilpink = youthlight green = calmblack = fearpurple = nobility.
SettingUsually preformed in a theater in front of an audience
Setting ContinuedThe theater stage is very elaborate which consists of Trap doorsA foot isleRevolving back ground
Performance Description Percussion is heavily used to complement the movements performed by the actor(s).Story line that can differ depending on the theme of the performance. Highly exotic with facial expressions
Continued..Use of Elaborate Kimonosa long, loose robe with wide sleeves and tied with a sash, originally worn as a formal garment in Japan and now also used elsewhere as a robe
Props..The use of elaborately decorated fans Also the use of decorative staffs and Swords
HYOSHI-GIStereotypes:Many white Americans, particularly well-educated white Americans, think of Japanese Americans as a "model minority" because of their reputation for hard work and their high educational attainment. Despite this reputation, many Japaneseas well as other Asian Americanscomplain that they are stereotyped as good technicians but not aggressive enough to occupy top managerial and leadership positions. Anti-Asian graffiti can sometimes be found at top universities where at least some white students voice jealousy and resentment toward perceived Asian American academic success.
Discrimination/BigotryThe Japanese are discriminated against by some other groups of people just by the way they look or talk. This could effect the way they express their culture.
Cultural celebrations:Festivals are often based around one event, with food stalls, entertainment, and carnival games to keep people entertained. Some are based around temples or shrines, others hanabi (Fireworks), and still others around contests where the participants sport loin cloths
MatsuriJapanese word for a festival or holiday. In Japan, festivals are usually sponsored by a local shrine or temple, though they can be secularThere are no specific matsuri days for all of Japan; dates vary from area to area, and even within a specific area, but festival days do tend to cluster around traditional holidays such as Setsubun or Obon. Almost every locale has at least one matsuri in late summer/early autumn, usually related to the rice harvest.
Matsuri continued:One can always find in the vicinity of a matsuri booths selling souvenirs and food such as takoyaki, and games, such as Goldfish scooping. Karaoke contests, sumo matches, and other forms of entertainment are often organized in conjunction with matsuri. If the festival is next to a lake, renting a boat is also an attraction.Takoyaki- made of a wheat flour-based batter and cooked in a special takoyaki pan. It is typically filled with minced or diced octopus (tako), tempura scraps (tenkasu), pickled ginger, and green onion.
New Years DayNew Year is a time for debts to be paid and quarrels to be settled. It is an occasion when houses are cleaned, baths are taken, and new clothes are worn. On New Year's Eve, many Japanese Americans go to temples and shrines. Shinto shrines are especially popular. Just inside the red tori gate, worshippers wash their hands and rinse their mouths with water from the special basin. Then a priest cleanses them by sprinkling water from a leafy branch on them and blesses them by waving a wand of white prayer papers. The people sip sake, receive amulets (charms), and give money.
New years continuedOfferings are set in various places of honor around the house. The offering consists of two mochi (rice cakes), a strip of konbu (seaweed), and a citrus arranged on a "happiness paper" depicting one or all of the seven gods of good luck. The offerings symbolize harmony and happiness from generation to generation. At breakfast on New Year's Day many Japanese Americans eat ozoni, a toasted mochi, in a broth with other ingredients such as vegetables and fish. Mochi is eaten for strength and family cohesiveness. Sometimes children compete with each other to see if they can eat mochi equal to the number of their years.
Contributed to American cultureOne of the main things the Japanese culture has contributed is Martial ArtsThey have also contributed by all the foods they eat like sushi.
Contributed to American cultureAlso from the Japanese company Sanrio Hello Kittywas introduced in Japan in 1974, and brought to the United States in 1976
Tradition and dance acculturated??The Japanese traditions and dance have evolved over the years. They have become stronger even when immigrating over to another country. To this day they still stick to there traditions and culture. For example the parents encourage their children to be educated about their culture.
What Has Been LostThe culture surrounding the kabuki dance has remained throughout the years for the most part. However some things have been lostThe first thing lost was womens role in the cultural dance in the 1629.Another thing that has been lost is the role it played in Japanese society through the 1600sNever gained wide representation in the U.S. WW2 Traditional storied passed through families have also suffered due to the discontinuation of the family line, or even families no longer participating in the traditional dance.
What IS The Dance To Dominant Culture PeopleThe dance hasnt grabbed the attention with the dominant cultures in America for a few reasonsJapan was a very isolated society until the 1800sWorld War 2 caused much discrimination against the Japanese peopleThe Japanese Kabuki Dance is a very family oriented and established tradition. It gets passed down through family members as the generations go on.
Social StructuresThere are still strict family and social rules that are still in place as far as learning the dance goes. Family members pass down their own styles of dance and performingNon family members may spend their ENTIRE LIVES shadowing (apprenticing) underneath a Master Performer without ever getting the chance to perform on their own.It is a very highly prized and noble performance highly honored within the Japanese community.
What have I learned ManniI personally have learned a lot. This is actually a part of my culture and where my family comes from. I had the opportunity to talk to my dad about his childhood and family traditions relating to the kabuki dance. It was interesting to go back into my own family history and find out what the Kabuki dance really was. I always wanted to know more about my culture and where it comes from and I finally have another piece to my Family History puzzle.RaeI have learned a lot about where the dance first started and a lot about how there make up can mean several different things. For me it was really fun and interesting learning about kabuki because I didnt even know what it was or had even heard about it before this and it was really eye opening how much we dont know about each others culture
KelseyI have learned so much about the cultural celebrations in the Japanese culture. My favorite thing was learning some of the things they do at the Matsuri.