R27-157 IDOT Project Presentation SS(060115)

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    lasticity Requirement of Aggregatesed in Base and Sub base (R27-157

    Abdolreza (Reza) Osouli SIUE

    Erol Tutumluer - UIUC

    Brent Vaugn - SIUE

    Sa!!ad Salam SIUE

    1

    !"#$% S&ring'eld% !)une **% 2+15

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    #utline

    !ntroduction

    iterature Reie.

    Receied /A 0 Aggregate

    /A0 gradations

    atri of $ests

    U&dates and !ssues

    Results

    Receied /A 2 Aggregate

    /A2 gradationsatri of $ests

    U&dates and !ssues

    2

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    !ntroduction

    Pur&ose of $3e Pro4ect

    !dentifying t3e &ro&er criteria for &lasticity andgradation of aggregate used in 3ig3.ay

    a&&lications

    6

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    terature Re e.arious S&eci'cations

    S"e#i$#ation%ame

    Allo&able'er#ent'assing %o**

    'I(+)

    ,,(+)

    ustRatio

    es#ri"tion

    Ar8ansas 6 - 15 9 0 9 25 9 2:6 -

    /alifornia + - 1; - - - Sand

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    ra at on o ece eaterial

    0

    +,+1+,111+1+++

    1+

    2+

    6+

    =+

    5+

    0+

    7+

    A+

    ;+

    1++

    U&&er imit

    o.er imit

    Recei-ed aterial

    Sie-e o&ening si?e% mm

    Percent &assing (D

    *

    Sie-e

    Eo,2++

    Sie-e

    Eo, =

    Small Fuantity ofPassing Eo, 10

    aterial

    SieeEo, 10

    *

    SieeEo, =+

    GH

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    Pro&erties of /A0 AggregateRe#ei.ed CA/ In0ormation

    Article 1++=

    A Abrasion $est Result

    #riginal @rams >inal @rams #SS D

    5+++ 60;6 20,1 D

    S&eci'c @raity

    #riginal @rams et @rams Submerged @rams

    605 6;26 2===

    "ry S&eci'c @raity 2,016

    Surface "ry S&eci'c @raity 2,052

    Absor&tion 1,5 D

    Atterberg imits

    I 1,7D P I 15,7D P! I 6D

    7

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    Process before Pre&aring Sam&les

    1

    #utside Bin !nside Bin

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    Process before Pre&aring Sam&les

    ;

    >ine content .it3.ater after .as3ing

    as3ing Process

    23

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    Process before Pre&aring Sam&les

    1+

    "ried Aggregate

    4

    "ried >ine /ontent

    /

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    Process before Pre&aring Sam&les

    11

    Cammered >inecontent (Passing Eo,

    2++

    5

    Sieed Aggregate

    6

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    "eelo&ment of $arget @radation

    16

    "RI+,2 causes gradationanomaly"R I

    1- $3e gradation for &ercent &assing of 1H% LH% and Eo,=+siee si?e is determined for all sam&les .it3 t3e >ullerequation assuming nI+,5 ( to ac3iee 3ig3er density,

    2- Eo, =+ is calculated based on &ercent &assing Eo, 2++ and"R,

    6- Eo, 10 &assing &ercentage is assigned to be bet.een t3eone for &assing Eo, = and Eo, =+ considering requiredamount .as3ing aggregates,

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    ! P

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    o e ers on ! o or P an"ust Ratio /3ange !

    @radation $able (all alues are &ercent &assing

    Si?e mm /-/A0-5-A /-/A0-5-B

    /-/A0-5-/

    /-/A0--A

    /-/A0--B

    /-/A0--/

    /-/A0-12-A

    /-/A0-12-B

    /-/A0-12-/

    /A0-U /A0-

    1 1:2M 67,5 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++

    1M 25 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ 1++ ;+

    1:2M 12,5 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 72 ;+ 0+

    Eo,= =,75 =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 =6 50 6+

    Eo,10 1,1 6= 6= 6= 6= 6= 6= 6= 6= 6= =+ 1+

    Eo,=+ +,=25 12,5 ,6 5 2+ 16,6 6+ 2+ 12 - -

    Eo,2++ +,+75 5 5 5 12 12 12 12 =

    "R D - +,= +,0 1 +,= +,0 1 +,= +,0 1 - -

    10

    "R .as c3anged from+,2 to +,= to eliminatet3e gradation &roblem

    $arget @ra at on a ter "R / ange

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    $arget @ra at on a ter "R / ange(+,2 to +,=

    17

    +,+1+,111+1+++

    1+2+

    6+

    =+

    5+

    0+

    7+

    +

    ;+

    1++

    U&&er

    imito.er

    imit

    /-/A0-5-

    A

    /-/A0-5-B

    /-/A0-5-

    /

    /-/A0--

    A

    /-/A0--B

    /-/A0--

    /

    Siee o&ening si?e% mm

    Percent &assing (D

    SieeEo, =

    SieeEo, 10

    SieeEo, =+

    Siee Eo,2++

    GH

    aterial Pre&aration to eet Plasticity

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    aterial Pre&aration to eet Plasticityand iquid imit $arget alues

    arious combinations of diJerent ty&es of 'ne

    material .ere tested,

    >ollo.ing 'gure demonstrates t3at 3o. muc3 ofeac3 si?e is included for eac3 dust ratio,

    1

    "R I 1,+ "R I +,0 "R I +,=+

    2+

    =+

    0+

    +

    1++

    Passing Eo, =+ andRetaining on Eo,

    2++Passing Eo, 2++P

    er

    cent

    (D

    ater a Pre&arat on to eet

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    ater a Pre&arat on to eetPlasticity and iquid imit $argets !n order to target s&eci'c P! of 5D and ;D% for

    eac3 of t3e dust ratio arious 'ne materials (i,e,Passing Eo, 2++ siee .ere mied and tested,

    $3e 'ne contents .ere a mi of /A0 'nes and

    materials t3at come from ot3er resources Red /lay (P!I25D

    imestone "ust ineral >iller (non-&lastic

    / soil on S!U< /am&us (P!I1+D

    yoming sodium Bentonite (P!I55+ to 05+D

    1;

    "ee o&ment o > ne ater a

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    "ee o&ment o > ne ater a N$arget P! of 5D and ;D,etter%ame

    ,i7uid,imit

    Target 'I(+)

    R Total 8eigt91**+ ,,(+)

    ',(+)

    'I(+)

    Passing Eo, =+and Retaining on

    Eo, 2++

    Passing Eo, 2++

    A - 5 +,= 0+D =+D 2+,5 1=,7

    5,7

    - -5DBentonite

    ;5D /A0>ine

    - -

    B - 5 +,0 =+D 0+D 1,1 16,6

    5,+

    1,= 16,1

    26D > 77D/A0>ine

    1,2 16,=

    / - 5 1,+ +D 1++D 2+ 15 5,5

    22,2 170+D > =+D /A0

    >ine 22,= 10,2

    < 1 ; +,0 =+D 0+D 17,; 1+,5

    ,2

    2+,6 125D /lay ;5D /A0>ine

    1;, 1+,

    > 1 ; 1,+ +D 1++D 2=,2 15 ,7

    26, 10,65D > 05D /A02+

    O > I ineral

    >iller

    /om&act on Resu ts etter <

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    /om&act on Resu ts% etter ine% imestone

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Eon-Plastic >ine% imestone

    urrent study% etter

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    /BR Resu ts% etter ine% imestone

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Eon-Plastic >ine% imeston

    /urrent study% etter

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    /om&act on Resu ts% etter >/om&arison .it3 !/$- R27- 1

    26

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Plastic >ine% imestone

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Eon-Plastic >ine% imestone

    11;

    12=

    12;

    16=

    16;

    1==

    "ry Unit Beig3t s oisture /ontent/-/A0-5-> /-/A0-->

    /-/A0-12->

    oisture /ontent (D

    "ry Unit Beig3t (&cf

    /urrent study% etter >,P!I;D% I1;,6D% "RI+,0

    /BR Resu ts etter >

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    /BR Resu ts% etter >/om&arison .it3 !/$- R27- 1

    2=

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Plastic >ine% imestone

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Eon-Plastic >ine% imeston

    /urrent study% etter >,P!I;D% I2=,2D% "RI1,+

    2

    6

    =

    5

    0

    7

    ;

    1+

    11

    12

    16+

    1+

    2+

    6+

    =+

    5+

    0+

    7+

    /BR !nde s oisture /ontent

    /-/A0-5-> /-/A0-->

    /-/A0-12->

    oisture /ontent (D

    Soa8ed /BR alue (D

    /om&act on Resu ts etter /

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    #souli et al, (2+15

    /om&act on Resu ts% etter //om&arison .it3 !/$- R27- 1

    25

    Re&ort !/$- R27- 1Plastic >ine% imestone

    Re&ort !/$- R27-