Questions to think about as we learn how WWI - to think about as we learn how WWI ... • Why did the…

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<ul><li><p>Questions to think about as we learn how WWI started: </p><p> How can new technology affect </p><p>warfare? </p><p> Why did the war become a stalemate on </p><p>the Western Front? </p><p> What led to the fall of the czarist regime </p><p>in Russia? </p><p> What effect did peace settlements have </p><p>on Europe after World War I? </p></li><li><p>The BIG Idea </p><p>Competition Among Countries Militarism, nationalism, and a crisis in the Balkans led to World War I. </p><p>Should a country support one of its allies under all circumstances? </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p>Causes of the War Nationalism, militarism, and a system of alliances contributed to the start of World War I. </p></li><li><p>Alliances= Strength with friends </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> Two alliances were created dividing Europe along national lines. </p><p> Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy </p><p> Triple Entente: France, Great Britain, and Russia </p><p>Causes of the War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> Rivalries over colonies and trouble in the Balkans left European nations resentful of each other and eager for revenge. </p><p> Nations began to adopt a policy of militarism, or a readiness for war. They established conscription to ensure an adequate supply of troops. </p><p>Causes of the War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> Nationalism resulted in ethnic groups who had not become nations dreaming about their own national states. </p><p> Growing socialist labor movements encouraged leaders to enter the war in order to suppress internal disorder at home. </p><p>Causes of the War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p>The Outbreak of War </p><p>Serbias determination to become a large, independent state angered Austria-Hungary and started hostilities. </p><p> Serbia was determined to create a vast independent Slavic state, a vision supported by Russia and greatly opposed by Austria-Hungary. </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, visited Sarajevo, Bosnia. </p><p>The Spark that started the war </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb, assassinated the archduke and his wife. Austria-Hungary was outraged and ready to wage war on the Serbian government. </p><p>The Outbreak of War (cont.) </p><p> Gavrilo Princip, </p><p> Was a member of he black hand. </p><p> Fire two shots hitting Francis in the neck and his wife in the stomach. </p><p> He was too young for the death penalty at 19 years and was sentence to 20 years in jail. </p><p> Died of TB after 3 1/2years. </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> The Austrian government feared Russia would support Serbia so they asked Germany for their support. </p><p> Emperor William II of Germany promised Austria-Hungary full support if war broke out with Russia. </p><p>The Outbreak of War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. </p><p> In response to Austria-Hungarys declaration of war, Russias Czar Nicholas II ordered mobilization of the Russian army in order to support Serbia. </p><p> Germany reacted quickly and declared war on Russia. </p><p>The Outbreak of War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> General Alfred von Schlieffen of Germany designed a plan for a two-front war against Russia and France. </p><p> Germany would conduct a small holding action against Russia. </p><p> There would be a rapid invasion of France. </p><p>The Outbreak of War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p> Great Britain declared war on Germany after von Schlieffen violated Belgian neutrality by demanding that German troops be allowed to pass through Belgium. </p><p> By August 4, all the Great Powers of Europe were at war. </p><p>The Outbreak of War (cont.) </p></li><li><p>Section 1 </p><p>Which countries did Great Britain align with at the beginning of the war? </p><p>A. Austria-Hungary and Germany </p><p>B. Germany and Russia </p><p>C. Russia and France </p><p>D. Serbia and Austria-Hungary </p></li><li><p>VS 1 </p><p>RECAP THE BIG IDEAS. </p><p> Nationalism contributed to the start of World War I, as rivals vied for colonies and trade. </p><p> European nations increased the size of their militaries, heightening existing tensions. </p><p> Serbias desire for an independent state angered Austria-Hungary. </p></li><li><p>The End </p><p>Next the War </p></li></ul>


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