Questions to think about as we learn how WWI - to think about as we learn how WWI ... • Why did the…

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  • Questions to think about as we learn how WWI started:

    How can new technology affect

    warfare?

    Why did the war become a stalemate on

    the Western Front?

    What led to the fall of the czarist regime

    in Russia?

    What effect did peace settlements have

    on Europe after World War I?

  • The BIG Idea

    Competition Among Countries Militarism, nationalism, and a crisis in the Balkans led to World War I.

    Should a country support one of its allies under all circumstances?

  • Section 1

    Causes of the War Nationalism, militarism, and a system of alliances contributed to the start of World War I.

  • Alliances= Strength with friends

  • Section 1

    Two alliances were created dividing Europe along national lines.

    Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

    Triple Entente: France, Great Britain, and Russia

    Causes of the War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    Rivalries over colonies and trouble in the Balkans left European nations resentful of each other and eager for revenge.

    Nations began to adopt a policy of militarism, or a readiness for war. They established conscription to ensure an adequate supply of troops.

    Causes of the War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    Nationalism resulted in ethnic groups who had not become nations dreaming about their own national states.

    Growing socialist labor movements encouraged leaders to enter the war in order to suppress internal disorder at home.

    Causes of the War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    The Outbreak of War

    Serbias determination to become a large, independent state angered Austria-Hungary and started hostilities.

    Serbia was determined to create a vast independent Slavic state, a vision supported by Russia and greatly opposed by Austria-Hungary.

  • Section 1

    On June 28, 1914, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, visited Sarajevo, Bosnia.

    The Spark that started the war

  • Section 1

    Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb, assassinated the archduke and his wife. Austria-Hungary was outraged and ready to wage war on the Serbian government.

    The Outbreak of War (cont.)

    Gavrilo Princip,

    Was a member of he black hand.

    Fire two shots hitting Francis in the neck and his wife in the stomach.

    He was too young for the death penalty at 19 years and was sentence to 20 years in jail.

    Died of TB after 3 1/2years.

  • Section 1

    The Austrian government feared Russia would support Serbia so they asked Germany for their support.

    Emperor William II of Germany promised Austria-Hungary full support if war broke out with Russia.

    The Outbreak of War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

    In response to Austria-Hungarys declaration of war, Russias Czar Nicholas II ordered mobilization of the Russian army in order to support Serbia.

    Germany reacted quickly and declared war on Russia.

    The Outbreak of War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    General Alfred von Schlieffen of Germany designed a plan for a two-front war against Russia and France.

    Germany would conduct a small holding action against Russia.

    There would be a rapid invasion of France.

    The Outbreak of War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    Great Britain declared war on Germany after von Schlieffen violated Belgian neutrality by demanding that German troops be allowed to pass through Belgium.

    By August 4, all the Great Powers of Europe were at war.

    The Outbreak of War (cont.)

  • Section 1

    Which countries did Great Britain align with at the beginning of the war?

    A. Austria-Hungary and Germany

    B. Germany and Russia

    C. Russia and France

    D. Serbia and Austria-Hungary

  • VS 1

    RECAP THE BIG IDEAS.

    Nationalism contributed to the start of World War I, as rivals vied for colonies and trade.

    European nations increased the size of their militaries, heightening existing tensions.

    Serbias desire for an independent state angered Austria-Hungary.

  • The End

    Next the War