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  • Eindhoven University of Technology

    MASTER

    Quantifying the added value of building information modelling in infrastructure projects

    van Zandvoort, R.

    Award date: 2015

    Link to publication

    Disclaimer This document contains a student thesis (bachelor's or master's), as authored by a student at Eindhoven University of Technology. Student theses are made available in the TU/e repository upon obtaining the required degree. The grade received is not published on the document as presented in the repository. The required complexity or quality of research of student theses may vary by program, and the required minimum study period may vary in duration.

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    https://research.tue.nl/en/studentthesis/quantifying-the-added-value-of-building-information-modelling-in-infrastructure-projects(da0425d4-affd-41e7-9d6c-96c0d23f16bb).html

  • QUANTIFYING THE ADDED VALUE OF

    BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING IN

    INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS

    EINDHOVEN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

    AND ARCADIS NL

    In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the

    degree of Master of Science in Construction

    Management and Engineering

    Author

    R. (Roy) van Zandvoort

    Graduation program

    Construction Management and Engineering

    Graduation committee

    Prof.dr.ir. B. (Bauke) de Vries (TU/e)

    Dr. dipl.-ing. J. (Jakob) Beetz (TU/e)

    Ing. D.B. (Dick) Grotholt (Arcadis NL)

    Date

    August 12, 2015

    Date of final presentation

    August 17, 2015

    18 mei 2015

    : Final Version

  • Quantifying the added value of Building Information Modelling in infrastructure projects

    : TU/e & ARCADIS

    1

  • Quantifying the added value of Building Information Modelling in infrastructure projects

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    TU/e & ARCADIS :

  • Quantifying the added value of Building Information Modelling in infrastructure projects

    : TU/e & ARCADIS

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    Preface

    Proudly I present this thesis, which is the result of my graduation project performed in close

    collaboration with the Eindhoven University of Technology and Arcadis. This thesis fulfils the

    last requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Construction Management and

    Engineering. The thesis encompasses my time as a student at the TU/e and is the starting point

    for a new phase in my life.

    The past six months of the master track were dominated by intensive research into Building

    Information Modelling (BIM). The opportunity to perform my research at Arcadis (divisie:

    Mobiliteit, marktgroep: Wegen, Verkeer & Informatiemanagement, adviesgroep:

    Informatiemanagement, Amersfoort) enabled me to explore the current state of BIM in

    building projects. I became aware of the key concepts of BIM, including the BIM levels, the

    uses and benefits of BIM, the implementation of BIM in practice and the Return on Investment

    (ROI) of BIM. Closing the gap between these concepts contributed to the main purpose of this

    research to quantify the benefits of BIM in order to prove its added value in building projects.

    A theoretical approach is used to conduct this research and the findings will be supported and

    reinforced by practical examples.

    During this research I faced several challenges. The hardest challenge was to set up with a

    proper methodology able to quantify the effects of BIM. Other challenges were finding a

    suitable topic and expertly company, interpretation of literature and analysing outcomes and

    conclusion drawings.

    I could not have succeeded to meet these challenges and to write this thesis without the help

    of many people. First, I want to thank my direct supervisors: Jakob Beetz (TU/e) and Dick

    Grotholt (Arcadis). Jakob, thank you for your input and guidance during this research. Despite

    your busy schedule and your more technical view towards BIM, you freed up time to share

    your knowledge regarding BIM and to provide useful and critical feedback on this thesis. This

    was very helpful in order to study this topic in more depth. Dick, as my supervisor at Arcadis,

    your help was indispensable. Each meeting you asked the right questions and got me thinking

    about several issues. In addition, you introduced me to many people who possessed the

    necessary knowledge and expertise to help me with this research. Moreover, during my

    internship, I experienced a pleasant personal connection in a comfortable work environment.

    One of those people I have met is Bram Mommers (Arcadis). I want to thank him for helping

    me with data gathering and with the interpretation of the findings. His promising thoughts

    about BIM were contagious and made me enthusiast.

    I want to thank Bauke de Vries (TU/e) for the brief conversations we had and his overall

    supervision on the progress of my graduation project.

    Even a thank for all the employees of Arcadis, which I have talked to and which helped me.

    Finally, I would like to thank my family and friends for their help and support. But also for the

    moments of relaxation.

    Enjoy reading!

    Roy van Zandvoort

    Nijmegen, August 2015

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    TU/e & ARCADIS :

  • Quantifying the added value of Building Information Modelling in infrastructure projects

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    Summary

    This research values solutions to the challenges that the traditional way of building processes

    is facing nowadays. According to many stakeholders in the AEC industry, building projects are

    too expensive, last too long, do not work as well as they could and do not have a sufficient life

    span. BIM is identified as a potential solution to this. It seems that the implementation of BIM

    includes higher efficiency and ensures reduced time and costs over the project life cycle.

    However, its use seems to be difficult to implement, especially in civil engineering, due to the

    absence of an appropriate method to quantify the added value of BIM. Until now, project

    managers had to decide whether or not to utilize BIM based on speculated qualified benefits.

    Hence, this thesis aims at quantifying the added value of BIM in infrastructure projects as an

    additional tool to simplify decision making with regard to the implementation of BIM.

    In order to find well substantiated quantified benefits of BIM, an extensive literature study is

    conducted. This study is used to identify key concepts that provide insight to the added value

    of BIM and to investigate their interrelationships. The literature study also establishes

    qualitative and quantitative metrics. Whereas the quantitative metrics need to be expanded,

    specified and summarized, the qualitative metrics could be tested in practice directly. The

    metrics are tested in practice using a case study approach. Eight case studies are selected,

    three using a BIM approach, on which background information is gathered. All the selected

    case studies include infrastructure projects as the research focuses on the added value of BIM

    in civil engineering. The obtained data is evaluated and conclusions are provided from the

    data. The research framework is validated and the research solution is formulated.

    The developed model combines the four key concepts that mainly contribute to the added

    value of BIM. The model includes the BIM levels, the uses and benefits of BIM, case studies

    using BIM and the ROI of BIM. By connecting the mutual concepts it becomes clear what their

    contribution to the research topic is. A phased methodology is used to make the model

    conclusive. The consulted case studies are classified based on the BIM levels, the case studies

    are analysed based on the uses and benefits of BIM, the BIM levels are linked to the uses and

    benefits of BIM, the ROI of BIM is determined, the ROI of BIM is proved using the case studies

    and the ROI of BIM is explained based on the uses and benefits of BIM.

    The results discuss the classification of the case studies based on the BIM levels, for which an

    extensive description of the BIM levels is used. It also presents the BIM uses that are applied in

    the projects and what benefits this entailed. The results suggest that there is a difference in

    the uses and benefits of BIM depending on the BIM level. When a project is performed at BIM

    level 2, instead of BIM level 1, it benefits more fro