Public Health &Epidemiology

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Public Health &Epidemiology. September 18, 2012. W hat is Public H ealth?. Focus… Maintaining and improving the health of the population through Research Intervention Prevention Tools… Epidemiology Biostatistics Policy Social & Behavioral Science. Examples. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Public Health &Epidemiology

  • Public Health &Epidemiology September 18, 2012

  • WHAT IS PUBLIC HEALTH?FocusMaintaining and improving the health of the population throughResearchInterventionPreventionToolsEpidemiologyBiostatisticsPolicySocial & Behavioral Science*

  • EXAMPLESInfectious disease outbreaksDrug safetyClinical trial design and AnalysisHuman Geneticsmapping disease loci and their contribution to diseaseIdentifying determinants of chronic diseasesHeart disease, cancer, respiratory, neurological, psychiatric, injuriesPolicy development and AnalysisDisease SurveillanceHealth Services AdministrationClinical effectivenessMany, many, more*

  • SOWHAT DO YOU ACTUALLY DO AGAIN?EpidemiologyCombines math, statistics, and modeling to analyze the distribution and incidence of disease in the population, and to evaluate interventionsBiostatisticsThe theory and application of statistical science to analyze public health problems and to further biomedical researchHuman dataRandomized and observational studiesMethods to obtain unbiased and precise resultsAreas of applicationHIV and other infectious diseases, cancer, metagenomics, health disparities, environmental exposures, psychiatry, basic biology*

  • WHAT DOES OUR RESEARCH LOOK LIKE?Specific aims / HypothesesPrevious literature, public health concernDesign studyRandomized trial, observational follow up, disease surveillance, simulationCollect datasurveys, measurements, biomarkers, etc.Data managementCorrect for measurement error, impute missing data, reduce data complexity (dimensional reduction)Statistical analysis of primary or secondary dataModels + assumptionsQuantify degree of uncertainty in resultsWork with clinicians and health professionals

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  • CAREER PATHS AND MORE INFORMATIONAssociation of Schools of Public Healthhttp://www.asph.org/http://www.whatispublichealth.org/(Public health career info)American Statistical Association http://www.amstat.org/ (Biostats career info)

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  • DEPARTMENTS AT HSPHBiostatistics (SM, PhD)Environmental Health (SM, SD, PhD, DPH)Epidemiology (SM, SD, DPH)Genetics and Complex Diseases* (PhD)Global Health and Population (SM, SD, DPH)Health Policy and Management (SM, PhD)Immunology and Infectious Diseases* (PhD)Nutrition* (SD, DPH, PhD)Society, Human Development, and Health (SM, SD, DPH)Master of Public Health (MPH, MD/MPH, JD/MPH)Interdisciplinary Non-degree Programs

    *partly or exclusively basic science

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  • HARVARDS DEGREE PROGRAMS IN EPIMaster of Science 42.5 credit (one year)No thesis requiredMaster of Science 80 credit (two years)Thesis requiredDoctor of Science (ScD) / Doctor of Public Health (DPH)2 years courseworkEpidemiological theory, study design and analysis, biostatistics, and concentration specific electivesWritten examOral examDissertation defense (3 publishable papers)

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  • Concentrations in EpidemiologyCancer Epidemiology and Cancer PreventionCardiovascular EpidemiologyClinical EpidemiologyEnvironmental and Occupational EpidemiologyEpidemiologic MethodsEpidemiology of AgingInfectious Disease EpidemiologyMolecular and Genetic EpidemiologyNeuro-Psychiatric EpidemiologyNutritional EpidemiologyPharmarcoepidemiologyReproductive, Perinatal, and Pediatric Epidemiology

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  • WHATS HARVARD EPI LIKE?Focus on theoretical aspects of Study designSource of and adjustment for biasParticular emphasis on causal inference methods developed at HarvardParticularly strong in cancer, genetics, nutrition, cardiovascular, pharmacoepidemiology, and epidemiologic methods developmentRecognized as a thought leaderpioneered novel study designsExpanding interest in global chronic diseasesAccess to many of the longest running cohorts*

  • DEGREE PROGRAMS IN BIOSTATISTICSPhD no prior advance degree required, trains students in development of methodology, consulting, and teachingMS (80 credits)50 credits in probability, statistical inference, survival analysis, longitudinal analysis, clinical trials, statistical genetics, computing, computational biologyMS (60 credits)prepares students for applied research, 40 credits of coursework, 20 credits of collaborative research practicumMS (42.5 credits)requires previous masters in a mathematical science or doctorate in quantitative field

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  • APPLICATIONS, DEADLINES, FUNDING ETC.http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/December 15th Program specific entry requirementsEpidemiologyPrior MPH, MS, or work experienceStrong background in biology and mathematicsBiostatisticsRequired courses: calculus through multivariable integration, linear algebraRecommended courses: probability, statistics, advanced calculus, numerical analysisGRE, recommendations, etc.

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  • FUNDINGBiostatisticsGuaranteedEpidemiologyNo guarantee, start looking earlyInitiative for Maximizing Student Diversity (2 years)Office of Financial AidUniversity wide (varies, specific criteria)Presidential (5 years)Doctoral Scholarships (up to 5 years)Loans and grantsDepartmentalDiscretionary (for returning students)NIH Training grantsNon-institutional awards (e.g. FDA)

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  • FUNDINGNIHRuth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award (NRSA) F-31 (offered by specific institutesFellowship to promote diversity related researchhttp://www.nigms.nih.gov/Training/RuthKirschstein Minority Component as wellIMSD program aids you in submitting a competitive applicationCDC Grants for Public Health Research Dissertation (R36)

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  • MIDAS CENTER FOR COMMUNICABLE DISEASE DYNAMICSModels of Infectious Disease Agent StudyFunded September 2009 by NIHHub for research, outreach and educationDoctoral FundingComplete funding for Masters in ID EpiTuition waiverSalaryTravel scholarshipsUp to $2000 to travel to meet with faculty at Harvard or attend conferences elsewhereGRE prep course fundingSummer program in Epidemiologyhttp://ccdd.hsph.harvard.edu/opportunities

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  • What is Infectious Disease Epi ?Marc Lipsitch (Director) assisted CDC and advised White House during H1N1 pandemicPredict transmission ratePredict course and severity of pandemicDetermine effectiveness and long-term side-effects of HIV treatmentsAnalyze spread of antibiotic resistance in hospitalsCareer paths in academia, policy, government or private industry

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  • Student life in ID EpiLarge supportive communityAnnual ID Epi SymposiumShowcase student and staff work2nd Thursdays casual networking functionInformally over pizza and beerSpring seminar lunch seriesScientists present work to studentsWeekly Chalk TalksStudents and faculty informally discuss their research and provide feedback

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  • ID Epi Websitewww.idepi.hsph.harvard.edu MIDAS Center Websitewww.ccdd.hsph.harvard.eduPoint of Contact for internships, applications, travel scholarships, and more:Felisa Noblesfnobles@hsph.harvard.edu 617-432-1498*

  • SUMMER PROGRAMSIntensive 4-week program designed to expose students to quantitative methods for biological, environmental, and medical researchIncludes:Coursework in biostatisticsResearch project w/ faculty and grad student mentorGRE practice testLectures in Biostatistics, Epidemiology, and Society, Human Development, & HealthOpportunity to meet researches in other public health fieldsApplication Deadline: February 15

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  • THANK YOU!Questions?Comments?Concerns?Contact Information:Felisa Noblesfnobles@hsph.harvard.eduJohn Paulsonjpaulson@hsph.harvard.eduAdmissionsadmissions@hsph.harvard.eduTodays Speaker: Molly Franke, ScDmolly_franke@hms.harvard.edu

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    *Basic science, or the natural sciences, seek to understand the mechanism of disease at the cellular or molecular level. Public Health seeks to understand and intervene on disease at the population level. Its an interdisciplinary field********