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Psychoanalysis Criticism

Psychoanalysis Criticism. Sigmund Freud 1856 - 1939 psychoanalysis Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis Dreams unconscious The unconscious

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  • Psychoanalysis Criticism
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  • Sigmund Freud 1856 - 1939 psychoanalysis Austrian psychiatrist and founder of psychoanalysis Dreams unconscious The unconscious activities of our mind Sexual desires Guilt FEAR Shameful experiences
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  • The Conscious Mind Freud believed our unconscious was revealed through dreams. The idea being in our sleep we are more emotionally unstable, and our repressed fears and desires can come to surface.
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  • Archetypes in Dream Freuds theories were similar to Jungs, and believed certain symbols or situations that appeared in dreams were specific representations of our unconscious. Dream interpretation was taken up as part of psychoanalysis at the end of the 19th century; the perceived, manifest content of a dream is analyzed to reveal its latent meaning to the psyche of the dreamer.
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  • Examples Falling: this dream is common in people who are having a major life problem with work, relationships, or elsewhere. Showing up school/work naked: The experts largely agree that this dream represents vulnerability and anxiety. Being chased: this dream is supposed to encourage the dreamer to finally face a problem that has been hanging over his or her head. Flying: the dream encourages a person to let go of current issues and allow things to fall naturally into place. Similarly, flying is a sign that there is an out of control situation in real life.
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  • Personality Model In a later generations, psychoanalytic critics analyze characters within the novel using Freuds famous Personality model. Critics see them as a projection of authors psyche Personality structure: Id unconscious part of the psyche that serves as a storehouse of our desires, wishes, and fears. Superego the conscience, criticizes and prohibits his or her drives, fantasies, feelings, and actions. Ego the thinking part of both id and superego, the reality
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  • The Beginning of Psychoanalytic Criticism Freuds belief in the significance of dreams leads to the study of psychoanalysis Psychoanalytical criticism applies Freuds theories to literature They are also revealed in creative arts such as in literature A work of literature is a fantasy or a dream
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  • Analyzing Literature (in Depth) Manifest content the surface of a work Latent content the real desire (hidden) because writers often express their (or their characters) unconscious desires and anxieties indirectly in text Psychoanalytic literary critic tries to expose the latent content of a work
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  • Analyzing Literature (in Depth) Symbolism - the repressed object represented in disguise Condensation thoughts or persons condensed into a single image Displacement anxiety or wish displaced onto the image of another
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  • Common Strategies Oedipus/Electra Complex Phallic Symbols Central Problemsassociated with sexual awakening, dependence/independence conflict, inferiority complex, separation/desertion anxiety.
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  • Activity I have had a dream past the wit of man to say what dream it was. Man is but an ass if he go about [to] expound this dreamI will get Peter Quince to write a ballad of this dream. (IV, i, 215-224) With your knowledge of psychoanalysis and dreams, your group will be assigned to analyze the dream of one of the characters. Using your notes, determine the latent desires of the character that is revealed through their actions and dialogue in the forest/dream. Summarize your finding into a ballad, or song, to share with the class.
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  • Chapter from How to Read Literature like a Professor Pans Labyrinth Phallic Symbols Say Anything The Use of Force
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  • Questions?
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