provides quick energy 2 types - complex (starches) ïƒ healthy - simple (sugars) ïƒ unhealthy complex found in whole grain, fruits & vegetables, etc. simple

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Text of provides quick energy 2 types - complex (starches) ïƒ healthy - simple (sugars)...

nutrition

~*N u t r I t I o n*~by Naomi GantugC O M P U T E R S 8Carbohydrates provides quick energy 2 types - complex (starches) healthy - simple (sugars) unhealthy complex found in whole grain, fruits & vegetables, etc. simple found in white bread, candy, soda, etc. formula - CH2O (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen) suggested daily intake - 130 grams (minimum) - 200 grams (maximum)

Fats helps absorb vitamins stored for future energy use 3 types - unsaturated healthy - saturated moderate - trans unhealthy found in nuts, oils, dairy products, meats, etc. daily recommended intake is 65 g too much increases risk of heart disease

Protein

maintains, builds, and mends body tissue produces hemoglobin (red blood cell component) 2 types - complete (all amino acids) - incomplete (some amino acids) incomplete found in fruits & vegetables, grains, nuts, etc. complete found in meats, eggs, and dairy body weight (pounds) 2 = suggested daily intake (grams)

Fibre controls blood levels and appetite helps process food and eliminate waste 2 types - soluble prevents constipation - insoluble lowers cholesterol soluble found in fruits (apples, pears, strawberries), etc. insoluble found in beans, oats, wholegrain, etc. daily recommended intake - 25 g (adult women) - 38 g (adult men) - 5 g + age (children)

Vitamins helps in development and function 2 types - water soluble A, D, E, K (flow through blood stream) - and fat soluble B and C (stored in fat) A - healthy eyesight and skin B - energy and red blood cell production C - tissue maintenance and immunity D - skeletal health and calcium absorption E - tissue maintenance and red blood cell production K - blood clotting

Minerals helps in growth and development produces hormones and transmits nerve signals 2 types - macrominerals (calcium, potassium, sulfur, etc.) - trace minerals (iron, copper, fluoride, etc.) body has more demand on macrominerals small amounts of trace minerals is needed found in dairy, meats, leafy vegetables, and citrus fruits

Water hydrates the body highly necessary for survival all fluids contain water (juice, milk, etc.) daily recommended intake - 8 to 10 glasses (adults) - 6 glasses (children) 60 - 70 % of body is water

Bibliography http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/carb.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/fat.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/protein.html http://netdoctor.co.uk/focus/nutrition/facts/lifestylemanagement/fibre.htm http://www.carbs-information.com/dietary-fiber-daily-needs.htm http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/vitamin.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/minerals.html http://kidshealth.org/kid/nutrition/food/water.html

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