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PROTEST SONGS. The Beatles - Revolution. History. In early 1968, media coverage in the aftermath of the Tet Offensive spurred increased protests in opposition to the Vietnam War The Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1The Beatles - Revolution

History In early 1968, media coverage in the aftermath of the Tet Offensive spurred increased protests in opposition to the Vietnam WarThe Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War The Viet Cong and North Vietnam attacked South Vietnam, the United States and their allies in a surprise attack during a period of time when there were supposed to be no attacksOn March 17, 1968 several thousand demonstrators marched to the American embassy in Londons Grosvenor Square and violently clashed with policeThe Beatles had avoided expressing political viewpointsLennon soon decided to write a song about the social upheavalI thought it was about time we spoke about it [revolution], the same as I thought it was about time we stopped not answering about the Vietnamese war. I had been thinking about it up in the hills of India.HistoryLennon expressed in Revolution that he wanted to see the plan from those advocating toppling the systemThe repeated phrase Its gonna be alright in Revolution came directly from Lennons meditation experiences in India He was trying to convey the idea that God would take care of the human race no matter what happened politically.POLITICAL RECEPTIONThere were immediate responses from the New Left and counterculture pressThe New Left is a reference to activists, educators, agitators and others in the 1960s and 197 who sought to implement a broad range of reforms associated with the Hippie MovementOthers on the left praised the Beatles for rejecting radicalism and advocating pacifismThe far right remained suspicious of the BeatlesSaying they were moderate subversives Creedence Clearwater Revival Fortunate Son

HISTORY The song was inspired by David Nixon, the grandson of Dwight David Eisenhower ,who married Julia Nixon, the daughter of President Richard Nixon in 1968John Fogerty said:Julie Nixon was hanging around with David Eisenhower, and you just had this feeling that none of these people were going to be involved with the war. In 1968, the majority of the country thought morale was great among the troops, and eighty percent of the them were in favor of the war. But to some of us who were watching closely, we just knew we were headed for trouble.HISTORYAt the time the draft was going on and it seemed the only boys getting out of being drafted were the well to do and the politicians sons.This is an antiestablishment song of defiance and blue-collar pride, both ant- Washington and against the Vietnam WarJohn Fogerty and Doug Clifford were both drafted in 1966 and discharged from the army in 1967HISTORYThough it speaks out against the Vietnam war, it is supportive of the soldiers fighting there

Marvin Gaye Whats Going on

HISTORYThe songs inspiration came from Renaldo Obie Benson, a member of the Motown vocal group the Four TopsIn Berkeley, CA, on tour, Benson witnessed police brutality and violence in the citys Peoples Park during a protest held by anti-war activists Benson said: I saw this and started wondering what the heck is going on, what is happening here? One question led to another. Why are they sending kids so far away from their families overseas? Why are they attacking their own children in the streets

HISTORYBenson discussed what he saw with songwriter Al Cleveland, who in turn wrote and composed a song to reflect Bensons concerns. Benson wanted to give the dong to his band, but they turned it down saying it was a protest song.Benson then presented the song to Marvin Gaye

HISTORYMarvin added a new melody and revised the song to his liking adding his own lyricsGaye was inspired by social ills committed in the United States, emotional conversations shared between him and his brother Frankie, who returned from three years of service in Vietnam and his cousins death while serving troops.Gaye said: With the world exploding around me, how am I supposed to keep singing love songs?

Edwin Starr War

HISTORYWar is a soul song written by Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong for the Motown label in 1969The Temptations were supposed to be the original vocalists but their recording of it was withheld to not alienate their more conservative fansWhitfield then recorded the song with Edwin StarrHISTORYStarrs version of War was a number one hit in 1970War is one of the most popular protest songs ever recorded Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S., the song was placed on the list of post-9/11 inappropriate titles

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