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PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE AND CULTURE · PDF file PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE AND CULTURE. ENDANGERED NATURE We work to preserve the world’s most endangered . habitats, on land

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  • ARCADIA 2010

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE AND CULTURE

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    An introduction to Arcadia

    Protecting endangered nature

    Protecting endangered culture

    Our financial commitments

    How we operate

    Meet the team

    Palimpsest manuscript containing hidden erased text, St Catherine’s Monastery, Egypt

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE AND CULTURE CONTENTS

  • AN INTRODUCTION TO ARCADIA

    AN INTRODUCTION TO ARCADIA

    02 Arcadia works internationally to preserve endangered nature and culture. Since its establishment in 2001 we have given $149 million to these causes.

    In 2010 we paid out $16.9 million across 27 ongoing conservation projects. We also awarded 10 new grants worth $7.1 million.

    This report reviews our activity over the last 12 months.

    It celebrates the successes of grants completed in 2010, and highlights how our recent awards support our existing and new projects.

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE AND CULTURE

    ENDANGERED NATURE

    We work to preserve the world’s most endangered habitats, on land and in our oceans. Supporting a number of NGOs, we fund active conservation projects, research and training, and advocacy.

    8 Over the last nine years, we have helped to conserve over 19 million hectares of land and 53 million km2 of ocean habitat.

    8 This support is helping to protect such critically endangered species as the Bornean orangutan, the Black rhinoceros and the Hawksbill turtle.

    ENDANGERED CULTURE

    Working to preserve our global heritage, we protect at-risk historical records and objects. Supporting universities, museums and archives, we also seek to improve access to knowledge through technology.

    8 Our grants cover a range of cultural materials including books, manuscripts, newspapers and historical artefacts such as African rock art.

    8 Through our support of SOAS, University of London, we have helped to record over 200 of the world’s most endangered languages.

    Critically endangered Hawksbill turtle in Nicaragua, one of the many marine species Arcadia is helping to save

    SOAS working to record endangered languages in Ghana, Africa

  • PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    Marine conservation, which receives limited support from public and private funders, is a key concern for Arcadia.

    Building on our existing grants, in 2010 we awarded a further $5 million to help preserve the world’s oceans.

    04 PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    MARINE CONSERVATION

    According to Oceana, one of the world’s leading marine NGOs, less than 1% of the oceans currently has protected status. This is compared with 10% of the world’s landmass.

    To address this imbalance, in 2007 we awarded $6.8 million over three years to fund the core operating costs of Oceana and the Marine Conservation Biology Institute (MCBI).

    Over the last three years our grantees have secured major changes in marine policy including widespread bans on destructive fishing techniques, tighter controls on mercury and oil pollution and the creation of new Marine Protected Areas. Encouraged by these successes, in 2010 we awarded both organisations repeat grants.

    A fishing trawler operating in the Pacific Ocean off the West Coast of the US, an area hit hard by overfishing

  • MARINE CONSERVATION BIOLOGY INSTITUTE (MCBI) GRANT: $500,000 (2010 - 2011)

    MARINE CONSERVATION BIOLOGY INSTITUTE

    06 In July 2010 President Obama introduced the US Government’s first ever nationwide policy on ocean management.

    Over the last 18 months MCBI has played an integral part in shaping this policy change. With our continuing support, MCBI is now working with the US Government to put this policy into practice.

    US NATIONAL OCEAN POLICY

    In July 2009 we awarded MCBI $500,000 to support its campaign for an integrated national approach to ocean management in the US.

    Advocating the need for better Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), MCBI secured the support of 262 leading scientists, and in February 2010, submitted a proposed MSP framework in response to the US Government consultation on ocean policy.

    MCBI is working to ensure that the more detailed MSP framework being developed on a regional level finds a balance between competing environmental and commercial pressures.

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    “ Arcadia immediately saw that the USA’s first National Ocean Policy was an unprecedented opportunity to transform how the marine environment is governed. Its support has been essential in all MCBI has done to shape ecosystem-based management in 11+ million km2 of ocean.”

    ELLIOTT NORSE, MCBI PRESIDENT

    The Oregon coastline and a school of goatfish in Hawaii, two of the diverse regions that fall under the management of the new US National Ocean Policy

  • OCEANA

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    GLOBAL SUCCESSES FOR 2010

    NORTH AMERICA - helped secure a ban on offshore drilling in the Gulf of Mexico following the BP Deepwater Horizon oil disaster.

    CENTRAL AMERICA – secured a trawler ban from the Belize government, protecting the Belize Barrier Reef, the world’s second largest coral reef system.

    SOUTH AMERICA – successfully lobbied the Chilean government on the creation of the Sala y Gomez Marine Park, preserving one of the world’s last truly pristine ecosystems.

    EUROPE – continued to campaign against destructive fishing techniques in the Mediterranean, securing bans on the use of drift nets in Morocco and Turkey.

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    “ When the story is told of the saving of the world’s oceans, Arcadia will get a starring role. On behalf of all the fish, and the billion people who rely on the oceans, we hope you know how grateful we are.”

    ANDREW SHARPLESS, CEO OF OCEANA

    A Grey Reef shark, one of the many species now protected by the new Sala y Gomez Marine Park in Chile

    OCEANA GRANT: $2.5 MILLION (2010 - 2013)

    Oceana aims to restore the health of our oceans. It works to reduce commercial fishing subsidies, end the use of illegal fishing techniques and tackle marine pollution.

    Arcadia’s decision to renew its core funding will help Oceana to continue influencing marine policy around the world.

  • LOCAL CONSERVATION WORK

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    PATAGONIA NATIONAL PARK

    Incorporating evergreen rainforest, temperate beach forest, and semi-arid grassland, the new Patagonia national park already covers over 185,000 hectares.

    Encouraging biodiversity across the region, the park provides a haven for a number of endangered species, such as the Huemel deer.

    When completed, the project will join together two existing nature reserves, connecting the region’s ecosystems with a central migration corridor.

    Our 2010 grant will help Conservacion Patagonica buy a further 115,000 hectares.

    LIVING LANDSCAPE SCHEME

    Working with landholders and land users across the South East, the Kent and Sussex Wildlife Trusts help improve public understanding of the need for conservation management.

    Having identified almost 290,000 hectares of Biodiversity Opportunity Areas (BOAs), these two organisations will work together to link conservation regions and create an ecological network across both counties.

    This work will benefit the region’s fauna and flora including wetland species, wild flowers and endangered species such as dormice.

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED NATURE

    CONSERVATION LAND TRUST GRANT: $500,000 (2010 - 2011)

    LOCAL CONSERVATION WORK GRANT: $1 MILLION (2010 - 2015)

    We have also continued to support the efforts of our grantees to protect habitats on land.

    In Chile, for example, we have been working with the Conservation Land Trust and its sister organisation, Conservacion Patagonica, to establish a new national park in the Chacabuco Valley.

    Closer to home, we awarded $500,000 each to the Kent and Sussex Wildlife Trusts.

    These two new grants will help to protect local landscapes and indigenous species.

    One of Britain’s most endangered species, dormice are in steep decline

    Patagonia National Park, Chile

  • The Belize Barrier Reef, now protected from the damaging practice of bottom trawling as a result of the work of Oceana

  • PROTECTING ENDANGERED CULTURE

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED CULTURE

    14 Through digitisation we are able not only to preserve cultural collections but also to make them more accessible for researchers and the general public via the web.

    In 2010 Harvard University Library and Aluka, two of Arcadia’s major grantees, completed large digitisation projects.

    PROTECTING ENDANGERED CULTURE

    DIGITISING CULTURE

    Working with leading cultural institutions, since 2001 we have given over $70 million to help identify and digitise endangered manuscripts, monographs, maps and other cultural records.

    As well as helping to digitise material, we have enabled many of our grantees to develop the necessary infrastructure and skills to provide access to their collections online.

    In 2010 we awarded the Early Manuscripts Electronic Library (EMEL) funding to develop new technology which will help scholars explore historical records in greater detail.

    One of 16,000 images of endangered African rock ar

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