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Proper Use of Agricultural Mechanics Power Tools 6831.15

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Text of Proper Use of Agricultural Mechanics Power Tools 6831.15

  • Proper Use of Agricultural Mechanics Power Tools6831.15

  • Cutting ToolsShould be sharp to improve safety and efficiency

  • Abrasive Cutoff SawUses a circular blade to cut metal

  • Nail GunIs used to drive nails

  • Band SawUses thin, continuous, flexible blade to cut either curved or straight lines

  • Circular SawMakes straight cuts in wood

  • Compound MiterIs a cutoff type saw used to cut angles and square cuts

  • DrillMakes round holes through wood or metal using a bit

  • Drill PressIs a stationary tool used to make round holes in wood or metal using a bit

  • GrinderShapes and smoothes metal, sharpens tools, or removes rust

  • HacksawA stationary power tool that uses a blade with back and forth motions to cut metal

  • Hammer DrillIs used to drill holes in masonry

  • Jig SawUses a back and forth (up and down) motion to cut curves

  • JointerIs used to straighten and smooth edges of boards or cut bevels

  • PlanerSmoothes and cuts lumber to exact thickness

  • Radial Arm SawMoves to cut a stationary piece of wood

  • Reciprocation SawIs used in tight or close situations in remodeling work

  • RouterIs used to make molding or designs in wood surfaces, dado cuts, and rabbet cuts

  • SanderSmoothes wood surfaces

  • Saber SawCuts curves in wood or other materials

  • Table SawIs used to crosscut, rip, dado or miter

  • General Safety RulesCare should be taken to use guards and to keep hands and clothing away from cutting parts of tools and equipment

  • General Safety RulesAll safety procedures should be followed

  • Band SawShort or sharp curves in wood require a narrow blade or less

  • Band SawTo help prevent the wood from binding, the miter gauge and the rip fence should not both be used at the same time

  • Band SawA band saw used to cut metal must have a speed control that will slow the blade speed, and a metal cutting blade must be used

  • DrillA center punch should be used to dent the metal before starting to drill a hole in metal

  • DrillThe bit should be tight in the chuck, and the chuck key removed before using a drill

  • JointerThe depth of cut should be about 1/16 each pass

  • JointerThe depth of cut is determined by adjusting the front in-feed table

  • JointerThe last pass on each edge of the board should be with the grain for a smooth cut

  • PlanerAbout 1/16 of wood should be removed on each pass

  • PlanerNails, dirt and loose knots should be remove before the board is planed

  • PlanerThe thin end of a rough cut board should be put in the planer first

  • PlanerThe final pass on each side of the board should be with the grain to get a smooth finish

  • Portable GrinderOperator should use both hands as with a circular saw

  • Portable GrinderIt is unsafe to use a grinding wheel after one half its original diameter is worn away

  • Portable SawOperator should use both hands with a circular saw

  • Portable SawCircular saw is used to make straight crosscuts or rip cuts in wood

  • Portable SawSaw teeth should point toward front of saw used to cut wood

  • Portable SawOther types of portable saws include saber, jig, scroll and reciprocation

  • Radial Arm SawThe wood remains stationary on the saw table, and the saw is pulled to the wood

  • Radial Arm SawThe saw should be secured after each use

  • Sander Belt sander requires operator to use both hands

  • SanderBelt should be turning before it is gently touched to the wood

  • SanderSander should continue to run and be moved with the wood grain until it is lifted from the wood when finished

  • SanderAfter use, a belt sander should be laid on its side

  • SanderA finishing sander should be used to sand with the grain to get a smooth finish

  • Table SawIf a board is ripped less than 3 wide, a push stick should be used

  • Table SawTo get the correct board width, measure from side of fence nearest saw blade to the saw blade tooth nearest the fence

  • Table SawInstall the correct blade for the job with the teeth pointing toward the direction of rotation of the saw motor

  • Table SawBlade height should be adjusted so that only the saw teeth are above the wood

  • Proper Use of Agricultural Mechanics Power Tools6831.15

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