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Proceedings of the SIXTH INTERNATIONAL Proceedings of the SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION ICEM'97 held in SINGAPORE October

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  • Proceedings of the

    SIXTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RADIOACTIVE

    WASTE MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION

    ICEM'97

    held in

    SINGAPORE October 12 16 1997

    sponsored by

    THE NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DIVISIONS ASME

    in cooperation with

    CHINESE NUCLEAR SOCIETY INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY

    EUROPEAN COMMISSION OECD NUCLEAR ENERGY AGENCY

    US DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    edited by

    R Baker ADTECHS Corp S Slate Battelle Pacific NW National Lab

    G Benda NUKEM Nuclear Technologies

    T H E A M E R I C A N S O C I E T Y O F M E C H A N I C A L E N G I N E E R S UNITED ENGINEERING CENTER • 345 EAST 47TH STREET • NEW YORK NY 10017

    UB/TIB Hannover 89 OPnnted on Recycled Papei

  • Table of Contents

    DESCRIPTIONS OF NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS

    IAEA s Project on Environmental Restoration Technology and the International Registry of Radioactively Contaminated Sites 1 Donald E Clark International Atomic Energy Agency

    Recent Progress in Environmental Remediation of Historic Low Level Radioactive Waste Sites in Canada 5 R L Zelmer R W Pollock B A McCallum C H Clement Low Level Radioactive Waste Management Office

    Radioactive Waste Management A Service to National Community in Chile 11 Azucena Sanhueza Mir Common Chilena de Enegia Nuclear

    Low and Intermediate Level Radioactive Waste Management in France 15 J M Potter Andra

    Cora Project — The Italian Way for Conditioning High and Low Level Liquid Radioactive Wastes 23 Carlos A Calle Alfredo Luce ENEA CR Saluggia

    Radioactive Waste Management in Lithuania 29 Povdas Poskas Jonas Erdvilas Adomaitis -Lithuanian Energy Institute

    The Role of Education in Radiological Environmental Management Challenges and Reality 33 Victor V Projaev Alexander F Nechaev St Petersburg Institute of Technology

    The Status of Radioactive Waste Management in Saudi Arabia 37 RasheedAl Owain and Abdullah I Almarshad Institute of Atomic Energy Research

    Contaminated Ground at UKAEA Sites 40 Years of Nuclear Operations Their Effect on the Environment and Its Remediation 41 D Graham Ukaea

    Current Geological Disposal Issues in Slovak Republic 47 Jan Timul dk Tibor Krajd Decom Slovakia Ltd Michal Lukaj Geological Office of Slovak Republic Maria Vandhkovd Slovak Power Plants

    Low & Intermediate Level Radioactive Waste Management in Spam 55 Jose M Grdvalos Pablo Zuloaga Enresa

    Nuclear Waste Management in Switzerland 63 Gunter E Mauser Nord Ostschweizeriche Kraftwerke (NOK) Hans R Burn Electrowatt Engineering Ltd

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    Approaches to the Augmentation of Ecological Safety for Radioactive Wastes Management 69 VI Geets A N Varbanets TI Berezhnaya Ukrainian Scientific Hygienic Center

    Radiation Hygienic Situation in Forests Located in the Chernobyl Excluding Zone 71 / / Karachev Z V Kalashnikova Ukrainian Scientific Hygienic Center

    Reprocessing A Proven Spent Fuel Management Route 75 R Dodds MJ Dunn and 1R Tophss British Nuclear Fuels

    The Nirex Approach to the Management of the Scientific Programme to Establish the Post Closure Performance of a Deep Repository for Long Lived Radioactive Waste 79 J Holmes United Kingdom Nirex Ltd

  • Radioactive Waste Management at Magnox Electric pic Power Plant 85 R E Streatfield Magnox Electric pic

    Development Work on the Current Options for the Management of Magnox Electric pic Radioactive Wastes 89 R E Streatfield Magnox Electric pic

    Innovative Environmental Remediation Technologies 93 Kevin M Kostelnik LMITCO

    PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT, ECONOMICS, REGULATIONS AND OTHER CROSS CUTTING ISSUES

    Radioactive Waste Disposal Policy in Canada 97 Peter A Brown and Geraldine A Underdown Natural Resources Canada

    Analysis of Natural Radionuchdes in Lead and Environmental Management of Radioactive Lead 103 Lu Quanxing and Tang Fanghua Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology (NINT)

    Aspects of Waste Package Characterization Resulting from Transport Regulations 107 F Nitsche F W Collin Bundesamtfur Strahlenschutz

    Approaches for Regulating Management of Large Volumes of Waste Containing Natural Radionuchdes in Enhanced Concentrations 113 L C Scholten J van der Steen KEMA

    The National Approach to Radioactive Waste Management The Philippine Experience 119 EM Valdezco EA Marcelo JB Junto AL Alamares andD S Salom Radiation Protection Service

    Clarification of Radiation Uncertainties Public Expectations and Socio Economic Consequences 125 Edward D Aluker NadezhdaL Aluker NinaG Malakhova AlexandarF Nechaev YuriN Sagonov Kemerovo State University Igor A Vasiliev Alelxander F Nechaev Kemerovo State University Igor A Vasihev Alexander F Nechaev St Petersburg Institute of Technology Ilia M Obodovsky Science and Technology Center of Applied Physics Vimos

    Dynamic Assessment of Population Anxiety Changes Related the Chernobyl Accident 127 I Zykova St Petersburg Institute of Radiation Hygiene

    Development of Clean Up Standards for Rehabilitation of Radioactively Contaminated Land in South Africa 129 IL Petr Council for Nuclear Safety

    Toxicity of Radioactive Waste 133 IL Petr Council for Nuclear Safety

    Establishment of Clearance Levels and Regulation of Solid Radwaste in Taiwan 137 Shan Wen Lin and Syh Tsong Chiou Atomic Energy Council

    Regulatory Framework for Exemption of Radioactive Waste from Regulatory Control in Ukraine 145 L Bogdan Nuclear Regulatory Administration H Mikolaitchouk AtomauditLtd

    Overview of the ISO 14000 Environmental Management Standards and their Impact on Waste Management and Remediation 147 Gary L Johnson U S Environmental Protection Agency

    Collaborative Partnerships The Key to Successfully Siting Controversial Facilities 153 Thomas A Kerr and William F Newberry LMITCO

    On Equity — A Different Perspective 157 Thor Strong Michigan Low Level Radioactive Waste Authority

    VI

  • Recent Risk Assessment Initiatives in Support of Environmental Cleanup at the U S Nevada Test Site 161 Edward J Bentz Jr CB BentzandTD O Hora EJ Bentz & Associates Inc Donald Baepler and Dennis Weber Harry Reid Center for Environmental Studies David L Hippensteel DEO/NV ETD

    Performance Assessment — Risk Assessment Vive la Differences 167 Robert L Nitschke LMITCO

    Performance Assessment in Support of Compliance Certification Application for the WIPP Project 171 Hong Nian Jow D R Anderson Mel Marietta Sandia National Laboratories John Helton Arizona State University George Basabilvazo Department of Energy

    Major Technical Issues for the WIPP Performance Assessment 175 R Thomas Peake Chuck By rum Shankar Ghose and Anthony Wolbarst U S Environmental Protection Agency

    STORAGE, TRANSPORTATION, AND CONDITIONING OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL AND HLW

    Embalse NPP Dry Spent Fuel Storage Facility — Safety Analysis 177 H Perl Comisidn Nacional de Enertia Atomica

    Development of a Container for Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal in Clay 183 Luc Janssen Guy Detnazy Synatom Michel Detilleux Tractebel Guy Nuyt Belgonucleaire

    Interim Storage of Spent fuel in Belgium 189 Michel De Valkeneer Tractebel Energy Engineering Paul Havard Electrabel Pierre Goldschmidt Synatom

    Framatome ATEA Technologies for Fuel Pool Storage 193 T Daffos B Kopecky F Marquet Framatome ATEA

    Growth of a Dual Purpose Casks Family The TN 24 for LWR Spent Fuel Assemblies 197 Vincent Roland Transnucleaire

    High Sludge Loading Capacity Using Novel Granular Filters — Development and Experience from Russian Nuclear Fuel Industry 201 Igor M Balakin Sergey L Nikuhn Elena I Rylova SverdNIIchimmash Vitahy P Ufimtsev Evgeniy G Dzekun Pavel P Shevtsev Majak Production Association

    Extractors of the Mixer Settler Type with Mechanical Phase Agitation and those with a Granular Layer for Reprocessing Radioactive Solutions 205 Igor M Balakin Artur N Roshchin Vasfny T Iljinykh SverdNIIchimmash

    Encapsulation of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Sweden 209 Tommy Hedman Swedish Nuclear Waste Management CO (SKB)

    Spent Fuel Characterisation for Burnup Credit Safeguards and Waste Disposal Applications 215 AndrewS Chesterman BNFL Instruments Ltd

    A Systems Engineering Approach for Evaluating Plasma Arc Vitreous Ceramic Processes for Stabilizing Pu Ash Sand Slag and Crucibles and Other Pu Residues 223 Xiangdong Feng Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

    TREATMENT AND QUALIFICATION OF HIGH LEVEL WASTE FOR DISPOSAL Study on the Saline High Level Liquid Waste in China 225 Liang Junfu Tian Guoxing Song Chongh Jiao Rongzhou Liu Binren Liu Xiuqin and Guo Tifei Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology

    Extraction Ability of Podand PAIV for Some Elements of HLW 229 Wu Qiuhn Tsinghua University

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  • Studies on the Solvent Extraction Separation of Amencium from Fission Product Lanthanides 233 Yongjun Zhu Rongzhou Jiao and Jing Chen Tsinghua University

    Ion Exchange Kinetics and the Hot Test for the Removal of Cesium from HLLW with Potasium Titanium (IV) Hexacyanoferrate (II) 237 Xu Shiping Liang Junfu Wang Jianchen Song Chongh Tsinghua University

    Removal of Cesium and Strontium from Highly Saline Acidic or Alkaline HLW using Pan Based Composite Absorbers 241 F Sebesta J John A Motl Technical University in Prague \

    SrTreat —A Highly Effective Ion Exchanger for the Removal of Radioactive Strontium from Nuclear Waste Solutions 245 Jukka Lehto Leena Brodkin and Risto Harjula University of Helsinki

    Development of Evaporation and Calcination Process for Radioactive Waste 249 D P Pande Bhabha Atomic Research Center f

    Long Lived Nu

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