Text of PRESENTATION BY B.K.JHA. Home safety Bathroom Safety Tips The combination of water, medications and...
PRESENTATION BY B.K.JHA
Home safety Bathroom Safety Tips The combination of water, medications and electrical appliances make safety precautions in and around the bathroom essential for every family member. Safe storage of supplies, constant adult supervision around water and swift cleaning of slick surfaces should be common practice to help reduce the risk of some of home injuries. Put non-slip strips in your tub or shower. Have a bath mat with a non-skid bottom next to the tub and shower Keep the bathroom floor clean and dry. Use nightlights in hallways and bathrooms.
Protect Young Children Dont let young children use the sink or tub without help. When children are in the tub, stay close enough to touch them. Know the things in your bathroom that are poisons. Look at the labels for the words Caution, Warning, or Danger on the box or bottle. Keep all medicines and cleaning products in the containers they came in. Keep labels on them.
All your medicines and cleaning products should have child safety caps. All medicines, cosmetics (make-up) and cleaning supplies should be locked in a cabinet. Set your water heater at 120 degrees F or less (or just below the medium setting).
Prevent Fire Blow out candles if you leave the bathroom. Have a large, deep ashtray for smokers in your family. Put water on cigarette buttes before throwing them away.
Prevent Electrical Shock Injuries Keep hair dryers, curling irons and electric razors away from water. Always unplug appliances after using them. The electrical outlet in the bathroom should have a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI). This is a tool that protects you from a dangerous shock when water and electricity come together. An electrician can install a GFCI for you.
Falling Millions of People are only a step away from becoming victims of the leading cause of unintentional home injuries - falls. Falls are by far the leading cause of unintentional home injury death. The vast majority of fall deaths occur among people age 65 and older and fall death rates are higher for males. In an effort to reduce injuries among people of all ages, the Home Safety Council encourages families to identify and correct potential falling hazards in and around the home. Home Safety "Walk-Through" All stairs and steps should be protected with a secure hand-rail. Make sure all porches, hallways and stairwells are well lit. Use the maximum safe wattage in light fixtures. (Maximum wattage is typically posted inside light fixtures.)
Keep stairs, steps, landings and all floors clear. Reduce clutter and safely tuck away telephone and electrical cords out of walkways. In homes with children, make sure toys and games are not left on steps or landings. When very young children are present use safety gates at the tops and bottoms of stairs. Keep the floor clean. Promptly clean up grease, water and other spills. If you use throw rugs in your home place them over a rug-liner or choose rugs with non-skid backs to reduce your chance of falling.
Use a sturdy step stool with hand rails when climbing is necessary. Follow medication dosages closely. Using multiple medications and/or using medications incorrectly may cause dizziness, weakness and other side effects which can lead to a dangerous fall. Have handrails on both sides of stairs and steps. In with young children, use safety gates at the tops and bottoms of stairs.
Kitchen safety To keep unintentional injuries out of your kitchen, the Home Safety Council suggests taking these simple steps to prevent kitchen fires and burns: Always stay in the kitchen while cooking on the range, especially when frying food. Keep things that can burn, such as dishtowels, paper or plastic bags, and curtains at least three feet away from the range top. Keep grease from building up on the range top, toaster oven and in the oven.
Always turn pot handles toward the back of the range to prevent small children from reaching and pulling down a hot pan. Keep pans, hot beverages and trays that have just come out of the oven away from the edge of counters, so that children are not able to reach them. Hot liquid and food burns often occur when children pull hanging tablecloths or placemats. Use table cloths and decorations with care. Food cooked in a microwave can be dangerously hot. Remove the lids or other coverings from microwaved food carefully to prevent steam burns. Always test microwaved food for heat before giving it to children. Keep children and pets away from the range when anyone is cooking and keep a close eye on them at all times.
Electrical outlets in the kitchen should be protected by Ground- Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs). If you don't have them, hire an electrician to install these devices to protect electrical receptacles near water. For safer water temperatures to prevent scalds from hot tap water, keep your hot water heater set at 120 degrees Fahrenheit or below. Never leave barbecue grills unattended while in use. Keep grills at least three feet away from other objects, including the house and any shrubs or bushes. Post emergency numbers in visible areas
Electrical Safety Tips Electrical appliances and tools that enhance our lives with convenience, comfort, and entertainment. But the power that drives these important devices can be a source of pain and tragedy if it is misused. These guidelines from the Home Safety Council will help us spot electrical problems which may be present in our home and take appropriate action to correct or remove dangers. For continuous safety, give our home periodic checkups to be sure that no new hazards develop. Safe Lighting Use the right light bulbs in all lamps and light fixtures. Look inside the light fixture. Find a label that tells you which light bulb size (wattage) is right for the fixture.
Safe Electrical Systems Small Appliance Safety The electrical outlet in the bathroom should have a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI.) This is a tool that protects us from a dangerous shock when water and electricity come together. An electrician can install a GFCI for us All electrical outlets and switches should be covered by faceplates. All electrical cords should be in good condition. Dont tie or knot cords. Dont let furniture sit on cords. Unplug toaster ovens, coffee makers and other small appliances after using them. Dont plug in too many appliances at once. Call an electrician if your lights flicker, or if your power goes out a lot.
Precaution after Burn Injuries Treat a minor burn injury immediately with cool running water for 3-5 minutes. Do not apply ice, which can harm the skin. Do not apply butter or lotions, because this can keep the skin temperature hot, increasing the injury. Apply a sterile bandage to the injured area. If the burn is serious, seek medical treatment immediately. If your clothing catches fire remember the phrase, STOP, DROP and ROLL. This can save your life and limit your burn injuries. Stop where you are. Drop to the floor. Roll over and over to smother the fire. If someone elses clothing catches fire, help them by telling them to stop, drop and roll. If they attempt to run, use a heavy rug or blanket to try to stop them and use it to smother the flames if you can do so safely.
Precaution from Carbon monoxide (CO) Carbon monoxide (CO) is a deadly gas that is difficult to detect because it is odorless and invisible. As a result, it is known as the silent killer. CO is produced by fuel-burning appliances and equipment in our homes. If we have heating, cooking or power equipment that uses fuels such as oil, natural gas, coal, wood, propane, gasoline, etc., then our home is at risk for potential CO poisoning. Homes with attached garages are also at risk, because vehicles left running in the garage can cause CO to seep into the home. CO poisoning can be prevented by proper care and use of household equipment. CO alarms can provide early detection if CO leaks or accumulation occurs. Both are important for your safety.
If you suspect CO poisoning in your home, call the appropriate responding agency, Keep all emergency response numbers posted by every telephone. CO alarms are different from smoke alarms, and have different functions. CO alarms do not provide early warning of a fire. Smoke alarms do not provide early warning of CO exposure. Your home needs both CO and smoke alarm protection. Symptoms of CO poisoning are similar to symptoms of the flu, and can include headache, dizziness, nausea and shortness of breath. To distinguish between symptoms of flu and CO poisoning - if you feel better after leaving home and then worse again when you return, it may be CO exposure causing the symptoms. If your CO alarm sounds check to see if it is plugged in properly, or if battery- powered, check the battery to be sure the device is operating. If you suspect that CO is leaking in your home, follow these steps:
Open windows and doors to ventilate the rooms, or in severe cases of CO exposure, evacuate the home. Call to report that you suspect CO is accumulating. Usually the appropriate agency Seek immediate medical treatment for anyone who has severe symptoms. Follow the advice of the responding agency before re-entering your home, and