Prescription & Illegal Drug Abuse Unit. Unit 7 In Book Pg. 404-409 & 436-479. Terms P. 404-405. Define the terms: Drug- Responsible Drug Use- Drug Misuse- Drug Abuse-. Drug- substance that changes the way the body or mind functions. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Text of Prescription & Illegal Drug Abuse Unit
Prescription & Illegal Drug Abuse Unit
Unit 7 In BookPg. 404-409 & 436-479
Terms P. 404-405
• Define the terms:Drug-Responsible Drug Use-Drug Misuse-Drug Abuse-
Drug- substance that changes the way the body or mind functions.
Responsible Drug Use- taking appropriate amounts of a legal drug for it’s intended medical purpose.
Drug Misuse-taking a legal drug for their intended purpose, but not correctly.
Drug Abuse- taking a legal drug for reasons other than those intended or using any controlled substance.
Medicine- drugs that help cure, lessen severity, relieve symptoms or prevent disease.
Placebo- “sugar pill” psychological
Legal Drug Abusep. 407
OTC ( Nonprescription Drugs)- OTC drugs are safe if used correctly. OTC drugs can be overused, however both OTC & prescription drugs are given two names: generic & brand names. Both of these have active & inactive ingredients.
Brand vs. Genericp.406• Generic must have same active
ingredients as brand name, but has different inactive ingredients.
active- ingredients used to relieve symptoms and cure illness.
inactive- ingredients put in to add flavor or coloring, no medicinal purposes.
Pain Relievers- relieves fever, pain and inflammation.
1. Bayer (Aspirin)- can irritate stomach.
2. Tylenol( Acetaminophen)3. Advil (Ibuprofen)- can irritate
• Strong link with someone recovering from a viral illness and the use of aspirin. The rare but often fatal disease. The victims of this disease are often children under the age of 15.
• This effects the brain and other internal organs.
• Taking prescription medication safely requires that you understand the diagnosis, know what the medicine is being prescribed for, and follow the instructions. Follow recommended guidelines for use, storage, disposal, and replacement of medicines.
Antibiotics- see handout
1. Define antibiotics2. Identify 3 ways bacteria evolve to
become resistant to drugs.3. What is the primary reason bacteria
become resistant. 4. Give an example of how the
widespread of antibiotics has contributed to the problem of bacteria becoming resistant. (list 3 reasons)
Factors that Change Medicines’ Effects• The drug itself• Form in which you take the drug
(pill, capsule, liquid, spray,cream)• Route in which the drug is taken• Did you take it with food• Age• Weight• Use of other drugs• Feelings• Their Health
5 Ways Drugs are Takenp.4051. Orally- most common2. Injected- one of the most potent ways
3. Inhaled- one of the most potent ways4. Absorbed
Drug Testing & Safety
- Companies must prove that ingredients in medicines are safe and effective before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) allows them to sell their product.
- Scientists study the risks of each drug compared with the benefits. Drugs that carry low risks to health in comparison to their benefits are more desirable in the treatment of disease.
Controlled Drug- a drug whose possession, manufacture, distribution, and sale are controlled by Federal Government.
DEA Resources, For Students
Dose- amount taken at one time.1. Therapeutic- desired results2. Toxic- poisonious, causes harm3. Lethal- results in death4. Overdose- the act of taking a toxic or lethal dose.
Antagonistic- reduces/blocks effect
Synergistic- multiplies the effects of the drug
Addictionp. 458Physical- the body’s chemistry actually changes,
the body must actually have the drug to be able to function on a normal level. Physical drug addiction always has a psychological effect and a strong mental craving.
Psychological- can occur without a physical addiction. People who never learned to cope with emotional pain often develop psychological addictions to drugs.
Drug Dependencyp.458• Symptoms:
• Withdraw Symptoms:
* The most severe drug withdraw symptoms come from being addicted to Sedative Hypnotics (depressants).
Why do People Abuse Drugs?
** People’s natures affect whether they abuse drugs.
Why Addictions Occur
A. The Nature of the Person- physical/genetic nature- curiosity-peer pressure-self-esteem
B. The Nature of the Drug-Euphoria- a sense of great well-being & pleasure brought on by the drug.
C. The Consequences from Society- a society or family that tolerates abuse actually encourages it.
**See The Roots of Addiction Article
**The only sure way to escape drug addiction is to never experiment with drugs!
Drugs & CodependencyPg. 460
Explain the following terms:1. Codependence- 2. Codependent-3. Enabler-
Risk Factors that increase a teen’s risk of drug abuse
Risk Factor- something that increases the likelihood of a negative outcome.
Warning Signs of Drug Usep. 455
Protective Factors that Reduce the Risk of Drug Use P. 456-457Protective Factor- Something that
increases the likelihood of a positive outcome.
Patterns of Use/Stages of Dependency pg. 459
1. Experimentation- curiosity-social events- often not repeated
2. Desired Effect- social use-low risk
3. Tolerance- certain activities-used for coping-high risk
4. Denial-high doses over time-habit forming-dependence developing
5. Drug dependency- out of control-dependent- experiencing withdrawal symptoms-interferes with family, school, work, etc.
The Impact of Drug dependency on Society
*** see article1. Who else is affected by drug abuse ,
other than the drug addict? ( list 4 answers)
2. In 2002 what was the economic cost of drug abuse in the US? Does this cost surprise you? why or why not
3. What are the two most common & dangerous diseases that result from sharing needles during intravenous drug use?
4. Children whose parents & other family members’ abuse drugs are often physically/emotionally abused and often lack what? ( list 4 things)
5. Explain why businesses are often affected economically by drug abuse?
6. What are the obvious economic consequences of methamphetamines?