Preparing Students for Critical Thinking: Accessing and ... Critical Thinking I Slide 1 Critical Thinking

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  • Preparing Students for Critical Thinking: Accessing and Appraising Biomedical Evidence

    Larry D. Crouch PhD College of Dentistry

    University of Nebraska Medical Center

  • D1 year Critical Thinking II Critical Thinking III

    Fall SummerSpring

    Critical Thinking I

    UNMC College of Dentistry ADEA CCI Project

    “Increasing Critical Thinking Opportunities in the D1 Biomedical Sciences”

    Critical Thinking I – tools for critical thinking, accessing and appraising biomedical literature

    Critical Thinking II – argument, reasoning, bias, fallacies; concept mapping, decision algorithms

    Critical Thinking III – integrated biomedical science PBL course where students work through case-based scenarios

  • Critical Thinking I

    1Slide

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

    OB 535 CTI LM A(2): 6 slide total

    • Accessing and appraising biomedical literature

    • 28 learning modules

    • Delivered online via Blackboard

    • Modules take 15-30 minutes to complete

    • PLUS most modules have an active learning component that requires additional time

    • Learn it, use it

  • Critical Thinking I

    1Slide

    1. Orientation and expectations Critical Thinking I 1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

    OB 535 CTI LM A(2): 6 slide total

    • Several websites contain information regarding the impact of nutritional supplements on health and disease. Antioxidants, in particular, have attracted a great of attention for the past several years. As an example, go to this web site to read what it says about select antioxidants and cardiovascular health: Quantum Health

    • Using whatever internet search engine or database you prefer, perform a search regarding antioxidants and cardiovascular health. Quickly look over three of the sources of information that your search identified.

  • Critical Thinking I

    1Slide

    1. Orientation and expectations

    OB 535 CTI LM A(2): 6 slide total

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

  • Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation and expectations

    % of students using each

    search engine

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

    0 %

    50 %

    100 % 87%

    Google

    4.3%

    Yahoo

    2.2%

    Foxfire

    6.5%

    PubMed

    • Interestingly, 98% said they knew of PubMed

    • 76% claimed to have used PubMed “extensively”

  • Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation and expectations Critical Thinking I 1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

    • 48% stated the evidence they found supported the claim • 52% stated the evidence they found did not support the claim

    • 98% used Wikipedia as a primary source of information

    • Other primary sources were:

    HeartMart NutraIngredients WikiHealth GoogleHealth WebMD Cleveland Clinic Newsletter

  • Critical Thinking I

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

    9. The nature of evidence

  • Critical Thinking I

    “Extraordinary claims require extraordinary

    proof!”

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Review yourself to success 4. Medical terminology: Its logic 5. Medical terminology: Prefixes 6. Medical terminology: Suffixes 7. Standards and competencies 8. Core concepts in statistics 9. The nature of evidence 10. The end of know-it-all-ism 11. Introduction to PubMed 12. Refining a PubMed search I 13. Refining a PubMed search II 14. Not all studies are equivalent 15. Hierarchy of evidence I 16. Hierarchy of evidence II 17. The power of the placebo 18. Not all publications/journals

    are equivalent 19. Using UNMC / UNL libraries 20. Appraising a research article I 21. Appraising a research article II 22. Formulating a PICO question I 23. Formulating a PICO question II 24. Finding the evidence I 25. Finding the evidence II 26. Finding the evidence III 27. Finding the evidence IV 28. Evidence-based clinical practice

  • Critical Thinking I

    Critical Thinking I

    1. Orientation & expectations 2. Conduct and academic integrity 3. Revie